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Main article: "Jeremiah Wright controversy

Wright, who was Barack Obama's former pastor, gained national attention when he was uninvited from giving a public invocation at Obama's February 10th, presidential announcement. Wright was still able to attend the event. In an interview he stated, "“When his enemies find out that in 1984 I went to Tripoli” to visit "Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi, with "Farrakhan, a lot of his Jewish support will dry up quicker than a snowball in hell.”[27]

In March 2008, "ABC News, after reviewing dozens of Wright's sermons,[28] excerpted parts which were subject to intense media scrutiny.[4][29][30][31] Obama denounced the statements in question, but after critics continued to press the issue of his relationship with Wright he gave a speech titled ""A More Perfect Union", in which he denounced Wright's remarks, but did not disown him as a person. The controversy began to fade, but was renewed in late April when Wright made a series of media appearances, including an interview on "Bill Moyers Journal, a speech at the "NAACP and a speech at the "National Press Club.[32] After the last of these, Obama spoke more forcefully against his former pastor, saying that he was "outraged" and "saddened" by his behavior, and in May he resigned his membership in the church.[33]

On June 9, 2009, in an interview with the "Daily Press of Newport News, Wright indicated that he hadn't had contact with Obama up to that point because "Them Jews aren't going to let him talk to me. I told my baby daughter, that he'll talk to me in five years when he's a lame duck, or in eight years when he's out of office." Wright also suggested that Obama did not send a delegation to the "Durban Review Conference in "Geneva on racism because of Zionist pressure saying: "[T]he Jewish vote, the "A-I-P-A-C vote, that's controlling him, that would not let him send representation to the Durban Review Conference, that's talking this craziness on this trip, cause they’re Zionists, they would not let him talk to someone who calls a spade what it is."[34] On June 11, 2009, Wright amended his remarks during an interview with Mark Thompson on his radio program, Make it Plain. "Let me say like "Hillary, I misspoke. Let me just say: "Zionists... I’m not talking about all Jews, all people of the Jewish faith, I’m talking about Zionists."[35]

Wright wrote on his "Facebook page apologizing for his remarks on June 12, 2009. He wrote, "I mis-spoke and I sincerely meant no harm or ill-will to the American Jewish community or the Obama administration... I have great respect for the Jewish faith and the foundational (and central) part of our Judeo-Christian tradition."[36] In response, Atlantic writer "Jeffrey Goldberg alleged, "In other words, he regrets speaking plainly instead of deploying a euphemism."[37] The "Anti Defamation League released a statement condemning Wright's remarks as "inflammatory and false. The notions of Jewish control of the "White House in Wright's statement express classic anti-Semitism in its most vile form."[38]

In June 2011, in a speech at Empowerment Temple in Baltimore City, Wright called the State of Israel "illegal" and "genocidal" and insisted, "To equate Judaism with the state of Israel is to equate Christianity with [rapper] "Flavor Flav."[39]


Wright retired as pastor from Trinity United Church of Christ in early 2008. Over the course of his tenure, he brought the Church's membership from 87 in 1972 to over 8,000 parishioners.[40] Trinity United purchased a lot in "Tinley Park, a predominantly white Chicago suburb, and built Wright a 10,340-square-foot (961 m2) home valued at $1.6 million.[41][42]


Wright has received a "Rockefeller Fellowship and seven "honorary doctorate degrees, including from "Colgate University, "Lincoln University of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, "Valparaiso University, "United Theological Seminary, Chicago Theological Seminary, and "Starr King School for the Ministry.[11] Wright was named one of "Ebony magazine's top 15 preachers.[14] He was also awarded the first Carver Medal by "Simpson College in January 2008, to recognize Wright as "an outstanding individual whose life exemplifies the commitment and vision of the service of "George Washington Carver".[43][44] On May 1, 2008, "Northwestern University withdrew its invitation for him to receive an honorary doctorate in light of the controversy over his recent remarks.[45]


Wright has written several books and is featured on "Wynton Marsalis's album "The Majesty of the Blues, where he recites a spoken word piece written by "Stanley Crouch, and on the "Odyssey Channel series Great Preachers.[46][47]


  1. ^ Rev. Dr. Jeremiah A. Wright Jr., Pastor Emeritus, Trinity United Church of Christ
  2. ^ a b Pastor Trinity United Church of Christ
  3. ^ Ramirez, Margaret (2008-02-11). "Barack Obama's former pastor, Rev. Jeremiah Wright Jr., preaches last sermon at Trinity United Church of Christ". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2008-03-22. 
  4. ^ a b Banks, Adelle (2008-03-22). "Obama Finds Pulpit in Center of Racial Divide". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-03-22. 
  5. ^ Barack Obama (2008-03-18). "Text of Obama's speech: A More Perfect Union". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  6. ^ "Obama's ex-pastor gives fiery speech to NAACP". CNN. Archived from the original on May 1, 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  7. ^ a b c Desmond S. King; Rogers M. Smith (4 September 2011). Still a House Divided: Race and Politics in Obama's America. Princeton University Press. pp. 4–. "ISBN "978-0-691-14263-0. 
  8. ^ Gabrielle Brochard and John DeVecchi (2006). "Biographical Essays". Retrieved 2008-03-25. 
  9. ^ Wright, Jeremiah A. (1989). The pilgrimage of a pastor: The autobiography of Jeremiah A. Wright, Sr. Aaron Press, ASIN B0006F1LD4
  10. ^ Bill Moyers Journa . Transcripts | PBS
  11. ^ a b c d e "Dr. Jeremiah A Wright Jr.". Corinthian Baptist Church. Retrieved 2008-03-25. 
  12. ^ Factor military duty into criticism - Lyndon B. Johnson, Dick Cheney, The White House -
  13. ^ Korb, Lawrence and Ian Moss. "Factor military duty into criticism". Available online. Archived.
  14. ^ a b "Rev. Dr. Jeremiah A. Wright Biography". The History Makers. 2002-01-11. Retrieved 2008-03-23. 
  15. ^ "The Biography of the Reverend Jeremiah A. Wright, Jr.". Charter Day 2004 Distinguished Alumni Biographies. "Howard University. 2004-03-04. Retrieved 2008-04-04. 
  16. ^ Emily Udell, "Keeping the Faith", In These Times, February 8, 2005. Available online. Archived.
  17. ^ Yearbooks of the United Church of Christ, 1971–72
  18. ^ Gorski, Eric (2008-03-18). "Message of Obama Pastor Forged in Civil Rights Movement". "Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  19. ^ a b Guess, J. Bennet (2008-03-14). "Chicago's Trinity UCC Is "Great Gift to Wider Church Family". "United Church of Christ. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  20. ^ "White People Welcome at Trinity United Church of Christ". "YouTube. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  21. ^ Jones, Sherry (producer & director), "Wilkins, Roger (correspondent), "Woodruff, Judy (anchor) (June 16, 1987). FRONTLINE: reports: Keeping the Faith. Alexandria, Virginia: "PBS Video. "OCLC 18127027. , "OCLC 21357978, "OCLC 18126496, "OCLC 42508237
    Ruth, Daniel (June 16, 1987). "Chicago minister exalts `Faith'" (paid archive). "Chicago Sun-Times. p. 50. 
    "McBride, James (June 16, 1987). "On leaving the ghetto" (paid archive). "The Washington Post. p. F3. 
    "'Sunday morning worship America's most segregated hour'". "Post-Tribune. June 21, 1987. p. 4. 
  22. ^ "Official Program". Washington, D.C.: Million Man March. 1995-10-16. 
  23. ^ "Donor Profiles". The Fund for Theological Education. Archived from the original on March 2, 2007. Retrieved 2008-03-23. 
  24. ^ Talev, Margaret (2008-03-20). "Obama's church pushes controversial doctrines". "The McClatchy Company. Retrieved 2008-03-28. 
  25. ^ Wright, Jeremiah (2007-03-01). "Talking Points". Trinity United Church of Christ website. Archived from the original on 2008-03-25. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  26. ^ Sermon printed in Preaching Today, 1990.
  27. ^ Kantor, Jodi (March 6, 2007). "Disinvitation by Obama Is Criticized". New York Times. Retrieved March 14, 2017. 
  28. ^ Obama's Pastor: God Damn America, U.S. to Blame for 9/11 Brian Ross and Rehab el-Buri, ABC News, March 13, 2008
  29. ^ Dilanian, Ken (2008-03-18). "Defenders say Wright has love, righteous anger for USA". "USA Today. Retrieved 2008-04-02. 
  30. ^ Adubato, Steve (March 21, 2008). "Obama's reaction to Wright too little, too late". MSNBC. 
  31. ^ Johnson, Alex (2008-03-14). "Obama Strongly Denounces his ex-Pastor". "MSNBC. Retrieved 2008-04-28. 
  32. ^ "Listening to Rev. Wright" OnPoint, 29 April 2008.
  33. ^ Michael Powell (2008-06-01). "Following Months of Criticism, Obama Quits His Church". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-02. 
  34. ^ Squires, David (June 10, 2009). "Rev. Jeremiah Wright says "Jews" are keeping him from President Obama". The Daily Press. Retrieved June 10, 2009. 
  35. ^ "Jake Tapper (June 11, 2009). "Rev. Wright: I Meant to Say "Zionists" Are Keeping Me from Talking to President Obama – Not Jews". ABC News: Political Punch. Retrieved June 11, 2009. 
  36. ^ Sweet, Lynn (June 12, 2009). "Wright Apologizes for 'Them Jews' as Museum Reopens". Politics Daily. Retrieved June 12, 2009.  External link in |publisher= ("help)
  37. ^ "Rev. Wright Clarifies". Jeffrey Goldberg at The Atlantic. June 11, 2009. Retrieved June 11, 2009.  External link in |publisher= ("help)
  38. ^ "ADL Expresses Outrage At Reverend Wright's Hateful And Inflammatory Comments". "Anti Defamation League. June 11, 2009. Retrieved June 12, 2009. 
  39. ^ Mossburg, Marta. " Wright brings his anti-American crusade to Baltimore." The Baltimore Sun. 21 June 2011. 22 June 2011.
  40. ^ Jennifer O'Shea. 10 Things You Didn't Know About Jeremiah Wright. US News and World Reports
  41. ^ Church to build on Wright's land. Seattle Times
  42. ^ Jeremiah Wright to retire in 'white suburb'. The Telegraph
  43. ^ Jeremiah Wright receives Simpson’s first Carver Medal
  44. ^ Schettler, Emily (2008-03-27). "Medal Recipient's Recent Comments Stir Controversy". The Simpsonian. Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-26. 
  45. ^ Goldman, Julianna (2008-05-01). "Rev. Wright's honorary degree canceled by Northwestern". Yahoo! News. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved 2008-05-05. 
  46. ^ The Majesty Of The Blues – Track list
  47. ^ Great Preachers: Jeremiah Wright (1998)

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