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John Coalter Bates
""Gen John Bates.jpg
General John C. Bates, official portrait by Cedric Baldwin Egeli
Born (1842-08-26)August 26, 1842
"St. Charles County, Missouri, U.S.
Died February 4, 1919(1919-02-04) (aged 76)
"San Diego County, California, U.S.
Buried "Arlington National Cemetery, "Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
Allegiance  "United States of America
Service/branch ""Seal of the United States Department of War.png "United States Army
Years of service 1861–1906
Rank ""Usa LTG 1861.jpg "Lieutenant general
Commands held "Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army

"American Civil War

"Indian Wars
"Spanish–American War
"Philippine–American War
Relations "Edward Bates (father)

John Coalter Bates (August 26, 1842 – February 4, 1919) was "Chief of Staff of the United States Army from January to April 1906. Along with "Arthur MacArthur, Jr., Bates was one of the last "American Civil War veterans still on active duty in the United States military at the time of his retirement.


Early life and education[edit]

Bates was born in "St. Charles County, "Missouri to congressman and future "Attorney General "Edward Bates and Julia Davenport Coalter. He was educated at "Washington University in St. Louis. He was commissioned a "first lieutenant with the "11th Infantry Regiment and later became an aide to General "George G. Meade, reaching the brevet rank of "lieutenant colonel for gallant and meritorious service in operations resulting in the capture of Richmond and surrender of Lee's army in April 1865.


He later served on the Indian "Frontier for many years (being promoted to "major in 1882 and to lieutenant colonel in 1886), was made a "colonel of the "2nd Infantry Regiment in 1892, and in May 1898 was promoted to "Brigadier general of an Independent Brigade consisting of the "3rd Infantry Regiment and "20th Infantry Regiment in the "Spanish–American War and commanded a division of volunteers in the "Philippines in the early stages of the "Philippine–American War. He was military governor of "Cienfuegos in 1899, went that year to the "Philippines, where he conducted the negotiations with the "Sultan of Sulu. From 1900–1901, he commanded the 1st Division, "Eighth Army Corps, conducted operations against "insurgents in southern "Luzon, and then commanded that department.

Later life and death[edit]

Bates commanded a provisional division in maneuvers at "Fort Riley and commanded the Departments of the "Missouri and the Lakes from 1901–1904 and later the Northern Division for a year before serving as "Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 15 January to 13 April 1906. During this time, he was promoted to "Lieutenant general and retired from active service in April 1906 having reached the mandatory retirement age of 64. He was the last Army Chief of Staff to have served in the American Civil War.

He was a member of the "Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States and the "Grand Army of the Republic.

General Bates died in "San Diego, "California on 4 February 1919.

Dates of rank[edit]

Insignia Rank Date Component
""Union army 1st lt rank insignia.jpg "First lieutenant 1 May 1861 "Regular Army
""Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg "Captain 1 May 1863 Regular Army
""Union army maj rank insignia.jpg "Brevet "major 1 August 1864 Regular Army
""Union Army LTC rank insignia.png Brevet "lieutenant colonel 9 April 1865 Regular Army
""Union army maj rank insignia.jpg "Major 6 May 1882 Regular Army
""Union Army LTC rank insignia.png "Lieutenant colonel 19 October 1886 Regular Army
""Union Army colonel rank insignia.png "Colonel 25 April 1892 Regular Army
""Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg "Brigadier general 4 May 1898 "Volunteers
""Union Army major general rank insignia.svg "Major general 8 July 1898 Volunteers
""Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg "Brigadier general 2 February 1901 Regular Army
""Union Army major general rank insignia.svg "Major general 15 July 1902 Regular Army
""Usa LTG 1861.jpg "Lieutenant general 1 January 1906 Regular Army


Military offices
Preceded by
"Adna Chaffee
"Chief of Staff of the United States Army
15 January - 13 April 1906
Succeeded by
"J. Franklin Bell
) )