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|"The Right Honourable
Official parliamentary portrait, June 2017
|"Shadow Secretary of State for Deregulation|
6 May 2005 – 5 December 2005
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
|Shadow Secretary of State for the "Environment, "Transport and the "Regions|
15 June 1999 – 2 February 2000
|Preceded by||"Gillian Shephard|
|Succeeded by||"Archie Norman|
|"Shadow Secretary of State for Trade and Industry|
11 June 1997 – 15 June 1999
|Preceded by||"Michael Heseltine|
|Succeeded by||"Angela Browning|
|"Secretary of State for Wales|
27 May 1993 – 26 June 1995
|Prime Minister||"John Major|
|Preceded by||"David Hunt|
|Succeeded by||"William Hague|
|"Minister of State for Local Government|
15 April 1992 – 27 May 1993
|Prime Minister||"John Major|
|Preceded by||"Michael Portillo|
|Succeeded by||"David Curry|
|"Minister for Corporate Affairs|
26 July 1989 – 15 April 1992
|Prime Minister||"Margaret Thatcher
|Preceded by||"Francis Maude|
|Succeeded by||"Neil Hamilton|
|"Downing Street Chief of Policy to the Prime Minister|
5 May 1982 – 12 November 1987
|Prime Minister||"Margaret Thatcher|
|"Member of Parliament
11 June 1987
|Preceded by||"William van Straubenzee|
15 June 1951 |
"Dover, "Kent, England
|"Alma mater||"Magdalen College, Oxford
"All Souls College, Oxford
John Alan Redwood (born 15 June 1951) is a British "Conservative Party "politician, and "Member of Parliament (MP) for "Wokingham in the "county of "Berkshire. He was formerly "Secretary of State for Wales in "Prime Minister "John Major's "Cabinet, and was twice an unsuccessful challenger for the leadership of the Conservative Party in the 1990s.
Redwood is a veteran Eurosceptic who has been described as a "pragmatic Thatcherite". He has often been compared to a "Vulcan, a comparison originally made by "Matthew Parris, due to his appearance and intonation, a preference for making arguments with logic over passion and a reputation for being cold and humourless.
He was the "co chairman of the Conservative Party's Policy Review Group on "Economic Competitiveness until 2010. He has the role of Chief Global Strategist of investment management company Charles Stanley & Co Ltd. Redwood is a long term critic of the "European Union, and a member of the Eurosceptic pressure group "Leave Means Leave. He supported "Brexit in the "2016 EU Referendum.
John Redwood was born in Dover. The second child of William Redwood (1925—2016), an "accountant and "company secretary, and his wife, Amy Emma (née Champion), the manageress of a shoe shop. He had an elder sister, Jennifer, who died as a baby in 1949. He grew up in a council house, and describes his family buying their own house as a "big breakthrough" for the family
Redwood was schooled at "Kent College, Canterbury before reading a "Bachelor of Arts (BA) in History at "Magdalen College, Oxford and later obtaining a "DPhil from "All Souls College, Oxford. He was elected to a fellowship by examination at All Souls in 1972 which led on later to a Distinguished fellowship.
He was an "Oxfordshire "County Councillor between 1973 and 1977, the youngest ever at the age of 21 when elected, and contested "Southwark, Peckham in October 1982 at the "Peckham by-election, 1982 where he lost to "Harriet Harman. From 1983 onwards, he headed up Margaret Thatcher's policy unit, where he was one of the champions of privatisation.
Redwood became MP for "Wokingham in June 1987. Redwood was made a "Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State in July 1989 for Corporate Affairs at the "Department of Trade and Industry. In November 1990, he was promoted to "Minister of State. Redwood became Minister for Local Government and Inner Cities after the 1992 General Election, where he oversaw the abolition of the "Community Charge, known as the ""Poll Tax", and its replacement with the "Council Tax.
Redwood has voted against key LGBT rights questions, being opposed to attempts to reduce the age of consent for "homosexuality in both 1994 and 1999, choosing to vote to keep "Section 28 in November 2003 and general opposition to "same-sex marriage. He also voted for the reintroduction of "capital punishment in 1988, 1990 and 1994.
Redwood has stated "I have never spoken or written against civil partnerships and gay marriage and am not proposing any change to current laws. I regard the debate about capital punishment as being over and do not support its reintroduction. I never spoke or wrote in its favour."
According to some,["who?] he was energetic during his time as Secretary of State for Wales, while others consider it to be somewhat controversial.["citation needed] He deferred several road widening schemes which would have endangered the environment of rural areas in Wales.
In February 1995, he was at loggerheads with the Countryside Council for Wales, because he had decided to cut its grant by 16%. He also launched a scheme to provide more funding for popular schools with high numbers of applicants and concentrated extra expenditure on health and education services, away from administrative overheads.
Redwood consequently gained a somewhat haughty reputation with apparent disregard for national feeling; this did not endear him further to some of the population, most memorably when in 1995 he returned £100,000,000 of Wales's block grant to the Treasury unspent.
Redwood's made a gaffe in 1993, when he attempted to mime to the "Welsh national anthem at the "Welsh Conservative Party conference, when he clearly did not know the words. Redwood subsequently learned the anthem but, in August 2007, an unconnected news story on Redwood was illustrated with the same clip. This resulted in Tory activists filing complaints, and as a result the BBC apologised to Redwood for airing the dated footage.
When "John Major called upon his critics to "put up or shut up" and tendered his resignation to allow for a leadership challenge, Redwood resigned from the Cabinet, and stood against Major in the subsequent "party leadership election on 26 June 1995. In the ballot held on 4 July 1995, Redwood received 89 votes, around a quarter of the then Parliamentary Party. Major received 218 votes, or two thirds of the parliamentary party vote.
When Major resigned as party leader after the General Election defeat of May 1997, Redwood stood in the resulting "election for the leadership, and was again defeated. After being defeated in the third round with 38 votes to "Kenneth Clarke's 64 and "William Hague's 62, Redwood surprisingly backed Clarke against Hague.
Redwood was subsequently appointed Shadow "Secretary of State for Trade and Industry by the victorious "William Hague. He was appointed Shadow "Secretary of State for the Environment, Transport and the Regions in June 1999, but dropped in a mini reshuffle in February 2000, being succeeded by "Archie Norman.
Redwood is a veteran Eurosceptic. A critic of the "Euro before its launch, Redwood suggested that the "Eurozone should "break up" in 2011, and proposed that the United Kingdom should give up its veto in return for the ability to opt out of legislation of the EU.
Later that year, he joined 81 rebel Conservative MPs in voting for an in out referendum for leaving the European Union, saying afterwards "People used to call me an extreme Eurosceptic. Now I’m a moderate." Before the "Brexit referendum, Redwood wrote that to Conservative Eurosceptics like him leaving the EU was "more important than which party wins the next election or who is the prime minister."
Since then, he has suggested United Kingdom need not prioritise a post Brexit deal with the EU, and received criticism for writing an investment advice column which recommended investors "look further afield" than the United Kingdom. Redwood denied this interpretation as he simply advises investors of where international markets are heading and did not write an investment column “recommending investors pull their money out of the United Kingdom"
John Redwood worked as an investment analyst, manager and director for Robert Fleming and for NM Rothschild in the 1970s and 1980s. He cofounded Evercore Pan-Asset Capital Management Ltd in 2007, a financial management company which was subsequently sold to Charles Stanley He is currently Chief Global Strategist at Charles Stanley & Co Ltd. He was previously a non executive chairman of Mabey Securities, an investment arm of the engineering firm "Mabey.
He married Gail Felicity Chippington, a barrister, on 20 April 1974 in "Chipping Norton; they had two children, Catherine (born 1978) and Richard (born 1982). They divorced acrimoniously in July 2003.
Redwood was interviewed about the rise of "Thatcherism for the "BBC television documentary series of 2006, "Tory! Tory! Tory!, and continues to appear regularly on television, such BBC's "Question Time.
|url=value ("help). BBC. 16 October 2002. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
|"Parliament of the United Kingdom|
"William van Straubenzee
|"Member of Parliament
|"Secretary of State for Wales
|"Shadow Secretary of State for Trade and Industry
|Shadow Secretary of State for the "Environment, "Transport and the "Regions
|New office||Shadow Secretary of State for Deregulation