"Tring, "Hertfordshire, "England
|Died||1677 (aged 46)
Washington Parish, "Westmoreland County, "Virginia, "British America
|Occupation||"Planter, Soldier, "Politician|
|Spouse(s)||Anne Pope (1st), Anne Gerrard (2nd), Frances Gerrard (3rd),|
|Children||"Lawrence, John II and Anne.|
|Parent(s)||"Lawrence Washington, Amphillis Twigden.|
Lt. Col. John Washington (1631–1677) was an "English "Virginia "planter, soldier, and "politician. He was the English ancestor and "great-grandfather of "George Washington, "first president of the "United States of America.
John Washington was born in 1631 in "Tring, Hertfordshire, England, the son of Amphilis Twigden and "Rev. Lawrence Washington (1602-1653). Prior to Lawrence Washington's marriage, he had been a "don at the "University of Oxford.
When John was eight his father enrolled him in "Charterhouse School in "London to begin preparing for an academic career. In the wake of the "English Civil War, however, the "royalist Lawrence Washington was stripped of his clerical 'don' post and became an "Anglican "rector who ministered to an impoverished parish in Essex. During this time, his sons were barred from entering Oxford. John Washington, his mother and siblings were given shelter by his relative Sir "Edwin Sandys.
John Washington found an apprenticeship with a London merchant through his Sandys relatives, which provided a valuable education in colonial trade.
In 1656 Washington invested in a merchant ship engaged in transporting tobacco to European markets and left his home in "Tring for the "Colony of Virginia. Washington was the ship's second officer. In 1657, the ship foundered in the "Potomac River. Although the vessel was repaired, Washington elected to remain in the colony. He had been accompanied to Virginia by his cousin, James Washington, the son of "London-"Rotterdam merchant Robert Washington (1616 - 1674), who was a descendant of Sir John Washington (d.1331), the brother of his ancestor Robert Washington (d.1324). James was the ancestor of Baron "Jakob von Washington. Unlike John, James returned to England from Virginia, before emigrating to "Rotterdam.
While first in Virginia, Washington stayed at the house of Col. Nathaniel Pope, a planter. During this stay, he fell in love with his host's daughter Anne. He settled at a site on "Bridges Creek.
After his marriage to Anne Pope and the wedding gift from Anne's father of 700 acres (2.8 km2) on Mattox Creek in "Westmoreland County of the "Northern Neck, Washington became a successful planter. He depended on the "labor of slaves and "indentured servants to cultivate "tobacco and kitchen crops. He was selected for the Virginia "House of Burgesses and became a politician in the colony.
During the events leading to "Bacon's Rebellion in 1676, Washington was appointed a colonel in the Virginia "militia. He led a company to back a group of Marylanders during a planned parley with the opposition and "American Indian leaders. The militia killed six chiefs of various tribes, and their peoples retaliated for the massacre in later raids and attacks against the colonists. Governor "William Berkeley strongly criticized Washington for the murders of the American Indian chiefs, but colonists supported Washington in the massacre. Relations between the Indians and colonists deteriorated.
He married Anne Pope in 1658.
They had three children together:
After Anne Pope's death, Washington married Anne Gerrard, daughter of Thomas Gerrard (widow of Walter Broadhurst and Henry Brett). When his second wife died also, John Washington married her sister, Frances Gerrard (widow of Thomas Speke, Valentine Peyton & John Appleton). This third marriage occurred about May 10, 1676 when a "joynture" was announce between Mrs Frances Appleton and John Washington in Northumberland County, Virginia.
Washington and his first wife Anne Pope are buried at what is now called the "George Washington Birthplace National Monument, in present-day "Colonial Beach, Virginia. His vault is the largest in the small family burial plot.
The name of the local parish of the "Anglican Church (the established church in colonial Virginia, and thereby a tax district of the county) was changed to Washington in his honor.