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Main article: "2008 East Timorese assassination attempts

On 11 February 2008, José Ramos-Horta was shot in an assassination attempt. In the gun skirmish, one of Ramos-Horta's guards was wounded, and two rebel soldiers, including rebel leader "Alfredo Reinado, were killed.[31][32] Ramos-Horta was treated at a New Zealand Military base in Dili before being transferred to the "Royal Darwin Hospital in Australia for further treatment. Doctors thought that he had been shot two or three times with the most serious injury being to his right lung.[33] His condition was listed as critical but stable.[34] He was placed in an "induced coma on full "life support,[35] and regained consciousness on 21 February.[36] A message from Ramos-Horta, still recovering in Darwin, was broadcast on 12 March. In this message, he thanked his supporters and Australia and said that he had "been very well looked after". A spokesman said that his condition was improving and that he had started taking short daily walks for exercise.[37]

Ramos-Horta was released from the Royal Darwin Hospital on 19 March, although he said that he would stay in Australia for "physical therapy for "a few more weeks". He also said on this occasion that he had remained conscious following the shooting and "remember[ed] every detail", describing how he was taken for treatment.[38] On 17 April, Ramos-Horta returned to Dili from Darwin. He gave a press conference at the airport in which he urged the remaining rebels in the mountains to surrender.[39]


Following the "2012 Guinea-Bissau coup d'état, he offered to mediate the conflict. As of 31 January 2013 he is the UN special envoy to the country.[40]

Other activities[edit]

Ramos-Horta and the Obamas

Ramos-Horta is a frequent speaker, along with other Nobel Peace Prize Laureates, at "Peacejam conferences.["citation needed] He has served as Chairman of the Advisory Board for TheCommunity.com, a web site for peace and human rights, since 2000. In 2001 he gathered the post 9/11 statements of 28 Nobel Peace Prize Laureates on the web site,[41] and has spearheaded other peace initiatives with his fellow Nobel Laureates.

Ramos-Horta supported the "U.S. invasion and occupation of Iraq and condemned the "anti-American tone of "its detractors as "hypocritical".[42] In the 1990s he had supported the cause of "Kurdish people in Iraq.[43]

José Ramos-Horta in 2009

In May 2009 Ramos-Horta stated that he would ask the "International Criminal Court to investigate the "ruling junta of Myanmar if they continue to detain fellow Nobel Laureate "Aung San Suu Kyi.[44] However, by August 2010, he had softened his views on "Myanmar, warmly receiving the Myanmar Foreign Minister "U Nyan Win, and said that he wants to improve relations and seek strong commercial ties with Myanmar.[45]

Ramos-Horta is an early "signatory of the "International Simultaneous Policy (SIMPOL) which seeks to end the usual deadlock in tackling global issues. Lucas became a signatory in 2006.[46]

On 5 August 2009, he attended the funeral of the late former president of the "Philippines "Corazon Aquino. He was the only foreign head of state to attend.["citation needed] On 30 June 2010, he attended the "inauguration of "Benigno S. Aquino III, the 15th "President of the Philippines. He was, again, the only "head of state who attended the inauguration and the first dignitary to arrive in the Philippines for the inauguration.["citation needed]

Ramos-Horta is a Member of the "Global Leadership Foundation, an organization which works to support democratic leadership, prevent and resolve conflict through mediation and promote good governance in the form of democratic institutions, open markets, human rights and the rule of law. It does so by making available, discreetly and in confidence, the experience of former leaders to today’s national leaders. It is a not-for-profit organization composed of former heads of government, senior governmental and international organization officials who work closely with Heads of Government on governance-related issues of concern to them.


The Roman Catholic priest "Carlos Belo of East Timor and Ramos-Horta were jointly awarded the 1996 "Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts. Both men also received the "Order of Liberty, the Grand Cross, from Portugal in 1996.

On 25 November 2013, the "Governor-General of Australia appointed Ramos-Horta an "Honorary Companion of the Order of Australia (AC) for eminent service to strengthening Australia and Timor-Leste bilateral relations and for his outstanding leadership to bring independence to Timor-Leste.[47][48]

Depictions in fiction[edit]

The 2000 documentary The Diplomat, directed by Tom Zubrycki, follows Ramos-Horta in the period from 1998 to his return to East Timor in 2000.[49][50] Ramos-Horta is played by "Oscar Isaac in the 2009 film "Balibo.[51] The film tells the story of the "Balibo Five and the events preceding the "Indonesian occupation of East Timor.[52]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Greenlees, Donald (11 May 2007). "East Timor hopes new leader will heal divisions". International Herald Tribune. 
  2. ^ Lindsay Murdoch (10 July 2006). "Ramos Horta vows to rebuild Timor". The Age. Melbourne. Retrieved 27 September 2006. 
  3. ^ Dr. José Ramos-Horta
  4. ^ "José Manuel Ramos-Horta". Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  5. ^ http://mitworld.mit.edu/speaker/view/1126
  6. ^ "Jose Ramos-Horta: A reluctant politician". Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  7. ^ YaleGlobal Online
  8. ^ A detailed statistical report prepared for the "Commission for Reception, Truth and Reconciliation in East Timor cited a lower range of 102,800 conflict-related deaths in the period 1974–1999, namely, approximately 18,600 killings and 84,200 'excess' deaths from hunger and illness. (Benetech Human Rights Data Analysis Group (9 February 2006). "The Profile of Human Rights Violations in Timor-Leste, 1974–1999". A Report to the Commission on Reception, Truth and Reconciliation of Timor-Leste. Human Rights Data Analysis Group (HRDAG). 
  9. ^ "Asia Times: Asean's commitment to East Timor faces tough test". Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  10. ^ The Norwegian Nobel Committee (2006). The Nobel Peace Prize 1996. Retrieved 26 June 2006.
  11. ^ "New structure of NCC proposed". 21 June 2000. 
  12. ^ "SC/6882 : Security Council briefed by Sergio Vieira de Mello, Special representative for East Timor". 27 June 2000. 
  13. ^ "?". Archived from the original on 22 December 2009. 
  14. ^ Seattle Times (3 June 2003). Nobel laureate takes security posts.
  15. ^ Australian Associated Press (2006). Timor's foreign minister resigns. Retrieved 25 June 2006.
  16. ^ Associated Press (2006). Alkatiri to remain as PM. Retrieved 25 June 2006.
  17. ^ AM (2006). Downer disappointed by Horta resignation. Retrieved 26 June 2006.
  18. ^ Reuters (2006). Jose Ramos-Horta to be East Timor prime minister. Retrieved 8 July 2006.
  19. ^ Associated Press (2006). Ramos-Horta named E Timor's new PM. Retrieved 8 July 2006.
  20. ^ UNSG.org (2006). Spec growing on Ramos-Horta. Retrieved 27 September 2006.
  21. ^ The Courier Mail (2006). Ramos Horta ‘on PM shortlist’. Retrieved 27 September 2006.
  22. ^ "East Timor PM to run for president", Al Jazeera, 22 February 2007.
  23. ^ "Nobel laureate Jose Ramos-Horta to run for president in East Timor", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 24 February 2007.
  24. ^ “We resisted the temptation of violence”- Ramos-Horta, GSDM 14 February 2015.
  25. ^ "Two set to square off for presidency", AAP (news.com.au), 18 April 2007.
  26. ^ "Guterres congratulates Horta as new president of Timor-Leste", Xinhua (People's Daily Online), 11 May 2007.
  27. ^ "Ramos-Horta sworn in as E Timor president", 20 May 2007.
  28. ^ East Timor President Jose Ramos-Horta admits poll defeat BBC News, 19 March 2012
  29. ^ Kingsbury, Damien Timor election a key test of stability Sydney Morning Herald, 17 April 2012
  30. ^ Powles, Anna Nationalism and nostalgia win in Timor Leste Asia Times, 27 April 2012
  31. ^ "Ramos-Horta wounded". The Sydney Morning Herald. 11 February 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2008. 
  32. ^ "Ramos Horta wounded, Reinado dead in Timor attack". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 11 February 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2008. 
  33. ^ Australian troops arrive in East Timor. AP, 12 February 2008.
  34. ^ news.com.au/story "Ramos-Horta on way to Darwin" Check |url= value ("help). 
  35. ^ "East Timor leader 'in induced coma'". London: BBC News. 11 February 2008. Retrieved 11 February 2008. 
  36. ^ "Ramos-Horta regains consciousness". ABC News. 21 February 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2008. 
  37. ^ Ed Johnson, "East Timor's Ramos-Horta Thanks Supporters From Hospital Bed", Bloomberg.com, 12 March 2008.
  38. ^ "Timorese president leaves Australian hospital after treatment following Feb. attack", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 19 March 2008.
  39. ^ Lindsay Murdoch, "Emotional homecoming for Ramos Horta", theage.com.au, 17 April 2008.
  40. ^ "E Timor's Jose Ramos-Horta gets UN Guinea-Bissau role". BBC News. 1 January 2013. 
  41. ^ "Cnn Live This Morning". CNN. 7 February 2001. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  42. ^ U.S. Soldiers Are The Real Heroes In Iraq, "Wall Street Journal 17 October 2005
  43. ^ Jose Ramos Horta, Nobel Peace Laureate, Speaks for Leyla Zana 28 May 1997
  44. ^ Arkar Moe (20 May 2009). "Is it Time to Take Than Shwe to International Criminal Court?". "The Irrawaddy. 
  45. ^ "Timor Leste seeks 'strong' commercial ties with Myanmar". "The Brunei Times. 21 August 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2010. 
  46. ^ About Simpol-UK ("International Simultaneous Policy Organization)
  47. ^ Governor-General of Australia. Retrieved 28 January 2014
  48. ^ "Ramos-Horta to receive Order of Australia". 25 November 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  49. ^ "The Diplomat (2000)". IMDB. Retrieved 16 January 2010. 
  50. ^ "A Place to Think: The Diplomat (2000)". ABC. Retrieved 16 January 2010. 
  51. ^ "Balibo (2009)". IMDB. Retrieved 22 August 2009. 
  52. ^ Davies, Luke (August 2009). "Robert Connolly's 'Balibo'". The Monthly. Retrieved 22 August 2009. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
"Mari Alkatiri
"Prime Minister of East Timor
Succeeded by
"Estanislau da Silva
Preceded by
"Xanana Gusmão
"President of East Timor
Succeeded by
"Vicente Guterres
Preceded by
"Fernando de Araújo
"President of East Timor
Succeeded by
"Taur Matan Ruak
) )