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  "North Jutlandic Island (Denmark) is historically a part of Jutland although it was separated from it by a flood in 1825.
  "Northern Jutland (Denmark)
  "Northern Schleswig (Denmark)
  "Southern Schleswig (Germany)
  "Holstein (Germany)

Jutland ("/ˈʌtlənd/; "Danish: Jylland "[ˈjylanˀ]; "German: Jütland "[ˈjyːtlant]), also known as the Cimbric or Cimbrian Peninsula ("Latin: Cimbricus Chersonesus; "Danish: Den Kimbriske Halvø; "German: Kimbrische Halbinsel), is a peninsula of "Northern Europe that forms the continental portion of "Denmark and part of northern "Germany. The names are derived from the "Jutes and the "Cimbri, respectively. Jutland's terrain is relatively flat, with open lands, "heaths, plains and "peat "bogs in the west and a more elevated and slightly hilly terrain in the east.

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Geography[edit]

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Dunes on Jutland's northwest coast.

Jutland is a peninsula bounded by the "North Sea to the west, the "Skagerrak to the north, the "Kattegat and "Baltic Sea to the east and "Germany to the south. Geographically and historically, Jutland comprises the regions of South Jutland, West Jutland, East Jutland (including "Mols) and North Jutland (including "Himmerland, "Vendsyssel and "Thy). There are several historical subdivisions and regional names, some of which are still occasionally encountered today. They include Nørrejyllland, Sydvestjylland, Nordvestjylland and Slesvig. Politically, Jutland currently comprises the three contemporary Danish Administrative Regions of "North Denmark Region, "Central Denmark Region and the "Region of Southern Denmark, along with portions of the German state of "Schleswig-Holstein.

Historically, Jutland was regulated by the "Law Code of Jutland (Jyske Lov). This civic code covered the Jutland Peninsula from the area north of the "River Eider to "Funen as well as the "North Jutlandic Island and other smaller islands.

The Danish part of Jutland is currently divided into three administrative regions: "North Denmark Region, "Central Denmark Region and "Region of Southern Denmark.[1] These three regions have a total area of 29,775 km2 (11,496 sq mi), a population of 2,599,104 (2016)[2] and a population density of 84 per km2 (218 per sq.mi.).

The northernmost part of Jutland is separated from the "mainland by the "Limfjord, a narrow stretch of water which bisects the peninsula from coast to coast following a "flood in 1825.[3] This area is called the "North Jutlandic Island, "Vendsyssel-"Thy (after its districts) or simply Jutland north of the Limfjord; it is only partly co-terminous with the "North Jutland region.

The islands of "Læsø, "Anholt and "Samsø in "Kattegat and "Als at the rim of the "Baltic Sea South are administratively and historically tied to Jutland although the latter two are also regarded as traditional districts of their own. Inhabitants of Als would agree to be South Jutlanders, but not necessarily Jutlanders.["citation needed]

The "Danish Wadden Sea Islands and the German "North Frisian Islands stretch along the southwest coast of Jutland in the "German Bight.

Danish part[edit]

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"Flensburg has the largest "Danish minority of any city in Germany.

The largest cities in the Danish section of Jutland are as follows:

  1. "Aarhus
  2. "Aalborg
  3. "Esbjerg
  4. "Randers
  5. "Kolding
  6. "Horsens
  7. "Vejle
  8. "Herning
  9. "Silkeborg
  10. "Fredericia

"Aarhus, "Silkeborg, "Billund, "Randers, "Kolding, "Horsens, "Vejle, "Fredericia and "Haderslev, along with a number of smaller towns, make up the "East Jutland metropolitan area.

Administratively, Danish Jutland comprises three of "Denmark's five regions, namely the "Region Nordjylland, "Region Midtjylland and the western half of "Region of Southern Denmark, which includes "Funen. The five administrative regions came into effect on 1 January 2007, following a structural reform.[4]

German part[edit]

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"Kiel is the largest city on the German side of the Jutland Peninsula.

The southern third of the Jutland peninsula is made up of the "German "Bundesland of "Schleswig-Holstein. Schleswig-Holstein has two parts: the former duchies of "Schleswig (Danish fief) and "Holstein (German fief), both of which have passed back and forth between Danish and German rulers several times. The last adjustment of the Danish–German border followed the "Schleswig Plebiscites in 1920 and resulted in Denmark's regaining "Northern Schleswig ("Danish: Nordslesvig or more commonly today: Sønderjylland).

The historical southern border of Jutland is the "River Eider, which is also the border between the former duchies of Schleswig and Holstein, as well as the historical border between the Danish and German realms from c. 800 to 1864. Although most of Schleswig-Holstein is geographically part of the Jutland peninsula, most German residents there would not identify themselves with Jutland or even as "Jutlanders", but rather with North Germany ("German: Norddeutschland) and Schleswig-Holstein, considering themselves Northern Germans ("German: Norddeutsche) and Schleswig-Holsteiner.

The medieval "Code of Jutland applied for Schleswig until 1900 when it was replaced by the "Prussian "Civil Code. Some rarely used clauses of the Jutlandic Code still apply north of the Eider, but not south of the Eider.["citation needed]

Cities[edit]

The largest cities in the German part of Jutland or the Jutland Peninsula are "Hamburg, "Kiel, "Lübeck, "Flensburg and "Neumünster.["citation needed]

Geology[edit]

"Geologically the "Mid Jutland Region and the "North Jutland Region as well as the "Capital Region of Denmark are located in the north of Denmark which is rising because of "post-glacial rebound.

History[edit]

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Military stratagem in the Maneuver against the Romans by "Cimbri and Teutons circa 100 B.C.

Jutland has historically been one of the three "lands of Denmark, the other two being "Scania and "Zealand. Before that, according to "Ptolemy, Jutland or the Cimbric Chersonese was the home of "Teutons, "Cimbri and "Charudes.

Many "Angles, "Saxons and "Jutes migrated from "Continental Europe to "Great Britain starting in c. 450 AD. The Angles themselves gave their name to the new emerging kingdoms called England (i.e., "Angle-land").

"Saxons and "Frisii migrated to the region in the early part of the Christian era. To protect themselves from invasion by the "Christian "Frankish emperors, the Danes built the "Danevirke, a wall stretching across South Jutland from the "North Sea to the "Baltic Sea, beginning in the 8th century.

The "pagan "Saxons inhabited the southernmost part of the peninsula at the Baltic Sea until the "Saxon Wars in 772-804 AD in the "Nordic Iron Age, when "Charlemagne violently subdued them and forced them to be Christianised. "Old Saxony was politically absorbed into the "Carolingian Empire and "Abodrites (or "Obotrites), a group of "Wendish "Slavs who pledged allegiance to Charlemagne and who had for the most part "converted to Christianity, was moved into the area to populate it.[5] Old Saxony was later on referred to as "Holstein.

To speed transit between the Baltic and the North Sea, canals have been built across the peninsula, notably the "Eider Canal in the late 18th century and the "Kiel Canal, completed in 1895 and still in use.

Battle of Jutland[edit]

During the "First World War, the "Battle of Jutland in the North Sea west of Jutland was one of the largest naval battles in history. In this pitched battle, the "British "Royal Navy engaged the "Imperial German Navy, leading to heavy casualties and losses of ships on both sides. The British fleet sustained greater losses, but remained in control of the North Sea, so in strategic terms, most historians regard Jutland either as a British victory or as indecisive.[6]

Culture[edit]

Dialect[edit]

The distinctive "Jutish (or Jutlandic) "dialects differ substantially from standard "Danish, especially West Jutlandic and South Jutlandic. Dialect usage, although in decline, is better preserved in Jutland than in eastern Denmark, and Jutlander speech remains a stereotype among many "Copenhageners and eastern Danes.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The North Denmark Region". Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "Danmarks Statistikbank". Statistikbanken.dk. Retrieved 2016-03-30. 
  3. ^ "Fishery Before the flood the land was connected to the west. History". Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  4. ^ "Strukturreform" (in Danish). Danske Regioner. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 9 August 2014. 
  5. ^ Nugent, Thomas (1766). The History of Vandalia, Vol. 1. London. pp. 165–66. Retrieved 6 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "The Battle of Jutland". History Learning Site. Retrieved 2016-07-27. 
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