Satyarthi in 2015
|Native name||कैलाश सत्यार्थी|
11 January 1954 
"Vidisha, "Madhya Pradesh, India
|Alma mater||"Samrat Ashok Technological Institute, "Vidisha|
|Known for||Activism for "children's rights and "children's education|
|Awards||The Aachener International Peace Prize, Germany (1994)
"Robert F. Kennedy Human Rights Award (1995)
Alfonso Comin International Award (2008)
Medal of the Italian Senate (2007)
Defenders of Democracy Award (2009)
"Nobel Peace Prize (2014)
Harvard Humanitarian Award (2015)
Kailash Satyarthi (born 'Kailash Sharma'; 11 January 1954) is an Indian "children's rights and education advocate and an activist against "child labour. He founded the "Bachpan Bachao Andolan (lit. Save the Childhood Movement) in 1980 and has acted to protect the rights of more than 83,000 children from 144 countries. It is largely because of Satyarthi's work and activism that the "International Labour Organization adopted "Convention No. 182 on the worst forms of "child labour, which is now a principal guideline for governments around the world.
His work is recognized through various national and international honours and awards including the "Nobel Peace Prize of 2014, which he shared with "Malala Yousafzai of "Pakistan.
Originally named Kailash Sharma, Satyarthi was born on 11 January 1954 in the "Vidisha district of central Indian state "Madhya Pradesh.
He attended Government Boys Higher Secondary School in town, and completed his degree in electrical engineering at "Samrat Ashok Technological Institute, Vidisha and a post-graduate degree in high-voltage engineering. He then joined a college in "Bhopal as a lecturer for a few years.
In 1980, he gave up his career as an engineer and became secretary general for the "Bonded Labor Liberation Front; he also founded the Bachpan Bachao Andolan (Save the Childhood Movement) that year. He has also been involved with the "Global March Against Child Labor and its international advocacy body, the International Center on Child Labor and Education (ICCLE), which are worldwide coalitions of NGOs, teachers and trades unionists. He has also served as the President of the "Global Campaign for Education, from its inception in 1999 to 2011, having been one of its four founders alongside "ActionAid, "Oxfam and "Education International.
In addition, he established "GoodWeave International (formerly known as Rugmark) as the first voluntary labelling, monitoring and certification system of rugs manufactured without the use of child-labour in South Asia. This latter organisation operated a campaign in Europe and the United States in the late 1980s and early 1990s with the intent of "raising consumer awareness of the issues relating to the "accountability of global corporations with regard to socially responsible consumerism and trade. Satyarthi has highlighted child labor as a human rights issue as well as a welfare matter and charitable cause. He has argued that it perpetuates "poverty, "unemployment, "illiteracy, population growth, and other social problems, and his claims have been supported by several studies. He has also had a role in linking the movement against "child labour with efforts for achieving "Education for All". He has been a member of a "UNESCO body established to examine this and has been on the board of the Fast Track Initiative (now known as the "Global Partnership for Education). Satyarthi serves on the board and committee of several international organisations including the "Center for Victims of Torture (USA), the International Labor Rights Fund (USA), and the International Cocoa Foundation. He is now reportedly working on bringing child labour and slavery into the post-2015 development agenda for the United Nation's "Millennium Development Goals.
Satyarthi, along with Pakistani activist "Malala Yousafzai, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2014 "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education". Satyarthi is the fifth "Nobel Prize winner for India and only the second Indian winner of the Nobel Peace Prize after "Mother Teresa in 1979.
He lives in "New Delhi, India. His family includes his wife, a son, daughter-in-law and a daughter. He has been described as an excellent "cook.
Satyarthi has been the subject of a number of documentaries, television series, talk shows, advocacy and awareness films. Satyarthi has been awarded the following national and international honours:
The discussion of illegalization of child labor was raised after Satyarthi received the Nobel Prize. According to some, it will make child labour go "underground, which may cause reduced wages.
On 16 June 2015 Satyarthi gave a clarion call to leaders and countries towards global elimination of child labour and "slavery. Satyarthi was joined by a large number of child right groups and organisations at the Lincoln Memorial where he called for achieving freedom for the world's children from slavery, labour, abuse, "trafficking and "illiteracy.
Kailash Satyarthi was born Kailash Sharma in this Madhya Pradesh town but dropped the upper-caste surname […] Pravesh told The Telegraph. […] By 4pm, the Sharmas had had virtually the entire town of Vidisha visiting them. Almost every resident older than 50 has a story to tell about Kailash. Kailash had graduated in electrical engineering from the Samrat Ashok Technological Institute, Vidisha, and taught at a local polytechnic.
He was born and brought up in Chhoti Haweli in Andar Quila area of the town. […] locals were seen drawing affiliation to institutions linked to Satyarhti including his schools – Toppura Primary School, Pedi school and Government Boys Higher Secondary School and Samrat Ashok Technological Institute (SATI) from where Satyarthi graduated in Electrical Engineering and later taught there for two years before embarking his journey to serve humanity.
Mr Kailash Satyarthi has come a long way since his engineering days at Samrat Ashok Technological Institute, Vidisha, Madhya Pradesh, literally. My father, who was one year senior to this electrical engineering student, vividly remembers him […] who would come to the college in his staple kurta-payjama with a muffler tied around his neck.
Acting on emotional appeals from activists will do more harm than good for children in poverty
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|Awards and achievements|
"Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
|Laureate of the "Nobel Peace Prize
With: "Malala Yousafzai
"Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet