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"Moulin Rouge: La Goulue, a poster highlighting Louise Weber's work at the "Moulin Rouge, by "Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1891

La Goulue (13 July 1866 – 30 January 1929) was the "stage name of Louise Weber, a "French "can-can dancer who was a star of the "Moulin Rouge, a popular cabaret in the Pigalle district of Paris, near "Montmartre.[1] Besides La Goulue, pronounced [la guly] and meaning The Glutton, she also was referred to as the Queen of Montmartre.[2]

Contents

Childhood[edit]

Very little is known about her early childhood, but it is believed that Louise Weber was born into a "Jewish family from "Alsace that eventually moved to "Clichy, near "Paris. Her mother worked in a laundry. As an impoverished young girl who loved to dance, Weber is said to have enjoyed dressing up in laundry customers' expensive clothing and pretending to be a glamorous star on a great stage. At age 16, she was working with her mother in the laundry, but behind her mother's back began sneaking off to a dance hall dressed in a customer's "borrowed" dress.[3]

Early career[edit]

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La Goulue

Dancing at small clubs around Paris, Louise Weber quickly became a popular personality, liked for both her dancing skills and her charming, audacious behavior. In her routine, she would tease the male audience by swirling her raised dress to reveal the heart embroidered on her panties and would do a high kick while flipping off a man's hat with her toe.[4] Because of her frequent habit of picking up a customer's glass and quickly downing its contents while dancing past his table, she was affectionately nicknamed La Goulue (The Glutton).[5] Eventually she met the Montmartre painter "Pierre-Auguste Renoir, who introduced her to a group of models who earned extra money posing for the community's artists and photographers. Achille Delmaet, husband of "Marie Juliette Louvet, would later find fame as the photographer who had taken many nude photographs of La Goulue.[6]

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Henri Toulouse-Lautrec: La Goulue arriving at the Moulin Rouge (1892)

Star of the Moulin Rouge[edit]

Louise Weber was taken under the wing of Jacques Renaudin (1843–1907), a wine merchant who danced in his spare time under the "stage name "Valentin le Désossé.[7] They danced at the renowned "Moulin Rouge in Montmartre when it first opened, performing an early form of the "cancan known as the chahut.[8] The two were instant stars, but it was Weber who stole the show with her outrageously captivating conduct. Booked as a permanent headliner, La Goulue became synonymous with the can-can and the Moulin Rouge nightclub.[9] The toast of Paris and the highest paid entertainer of her day, she became one of the favorite subjects for "Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, immortalized by his portraits and posters of her dancing at the Moulin Rouge.[10]

Decline[edit]

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The "Montmartre Cemetery grave of Louise Weber, known as La Goulue, creator of the French "Can-can

Having achieved both fame and fortune, Weber decided to part company with the Moulin Rouge in 1895 and strike out on her own.[11] She invested a considerable amount of money into a show that traveled the country as part of a large fair; but her fans who had lined up to buy tickets at the Moulin Rouge did not take to the new setting, and her business venture turned into a dismal failure. Following the closure of her show, La Goulue disappeared from the public eye. Suffering from depression, she drank heavily and dissipated the small fortune she had accrued while dancing.[12]

Alcoholic and destitute, La Goulue returned to Montmartre in 1928. She eked out a living selling peanuts, cigarettes, and matches on a street corner near the Moulin Rouge; no one recognized the severely overweight and haggard former Queen of Montmartre. She died a year later and was buried in the "Cimetière de Pantin in the Paris suburb of "Pantin, but later her remains were transferred to the "Cimetière de Montmartre.[13]

Cultural references[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philippe Le Moal, ed., "La Goulue," in Dictionnaire de la Danse (Paris: Éditions Larousse, 1999).
  2. ^ Maximillien de Lafayette, The Rise and Fall of La Goulue, part 1, Louise Weber, Queen of the Parisian Cabarets, 2d ed. (New York: Times Square Books, 2011).
  3. ^ Michel Souvais, Moi, La Goulue de Toulouse-Lautrec: Mémoires de Mon Aïeule (Paris: Publibook, 2008).
  4. ^ Lucinda Jarrett, Stripping in Time: A History of Erotic Dancing (San Francisco: Harper Collins, 1997).
  5. ^ Walter Sorrell, "The Dancers of Toulouse-Lautrec," Dance Magazine (New York), October 1953, pp. 28-29, 66-67.
  6. ^ David Price, Cancan! (London: Cygnus Books, 2011).
  7. ^ Philippe Le Moal, ed., "Valentin le Désossé," in Dictionnaire de la Danse (Paris: Éditions Larousse, 1999).
  8. ^ Francis Henry Gribble, "The Origin of the Can-Can" (April 1933), reprinted in Dancing Times (London), October 1990, pp. 53-54.
  9. ^ Jacqeus Pessis and Jacques Crépineau, The Moulin Rouge (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1990).
  10. ^ Henri de la Toulouse-Lautrec and Federico Zeri, Toulouse-Lautrec: At the Moulin Rouge, One Hundred Paintings Series (London: Nde Publishers, 2000).
  11. ^ Robert Rey, "La Goulue", in Les Femmes Célébres (Paris, 1959)
  12. ^ Michel Souvais, Moi, La Goulue de Toulouse-Lautrec (2008).
  13. ^ Cemetières de France et d'Ailleurs: Biographie et Photos, online: www.landrucimitères.fr.
  14. ^ Beth Genné, The Making of a Choreographer: Ninette de Valois and Bar aux Folies-Bergère. Studies in Dance History (Society of Dance History Scholars, 1996).

External links[edit]

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