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Lawrence Gilman Roberts
Born (1937-12-21) December 21, 1937 (age 79)
"Connecticut, United States
Alma mater "Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Known for Founding father of the "Internet
Awards
Website packet.cc
Scientific career
Institutions "Lincoln Lab, "ARPA, "Telenet
Influences "J. C. R. Licklider, "Ivan Sutherland
Notes

Lawrence G. Roberts (born December 21, 1937 in "Connecticut) is an American scientist who received the "Draper Prize in 2001 "for the development of the "Internet",[4] and the "Principe de Asturias Award in 2002.

As a program manager and office director at the "Advanced Research Projects Agency, Roberts and his team created the "ARPANET using "packet switching techniques invented by British computer scientist "Donald Davies.[5][6] The ARPANET was a predecessor to the modern Internet.

Contents

Early life and education[edit]

Lawrence (Larry) Roberts grew up in "Westport, Connecticut as the son of Elliott and Elizabeth Roberts, who both had earned their doctorates in "chemistry.[7] During his youth, he built a "Tesla coil, assembled a television, and designed a telephone network built from transistors for his parent's "Girl Scout camp.[7]

Roberts attended the "Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he received his "bachelor's degree (1959), "master's degree (1960), and "Ph.D. (1963), all in "electrical engineering.[7]

Career[edit]

After receiving his PhD, Roberts continued to work at the MIT "Lincoln Laboratory.[7] Having read the seminal 1961 paper of the ""Intergalactic Computer Network" by "J. C. R. Licklider, Roberts developed a research interest in "time-sharing using "computer networks.[8]

In 1967, he was recruited by "Robert Taylor in the ARPA "Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO) to become the program manager for the "ARPANET. "Wesley A. Clark suggested the use of a dedicated computer, called the "Interface Message Processor at each node of the network instead of centralized control. Shortly afterwards, at the 1967 "ACM Symposium on Operating System Principles, Roberts met a member of "Donald Davies' team (Roger Scantlebury) who presented their research on "packet switching and suggested it for use in the ARPANET.[9] Roberts applied Davies' concepts of packet switching for the ARPANET,[10][11][12] and sought input from "Paul Baran and "Leonard Kleinrock. Subsequently, Roberts developed the plan for the ARPANET, the first wide area packet-switching network, and managed its implementation. ARPA issued a "request for quotation (RFQ) to build the system, which was awarded to "Bolt, Beranek and Newman (BBN). When Robert Taylor was sent to "Vietnam in 1969 and then resigned, Roberts became director of the IPTO.

In 1973, Roberts left ARPA to commercialize the nascent packet-switching technology in the form of "Telenet,[13] the first packet switch utility company, and served as its "CEO from 1973 to 1980. In 1983 he joined "DHL Corporation as President and "CEO. He was CEO of NetExpress, an "Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) equipment company, from 1983 to 1993. Roberts was president of ATM Systems from 1993 to 1998. He was chairman and CTO of Caspian Networks, but left in early 2004; Caspian ceased operation in late 2006.[14]

As of 2011, Roberts was the founder and chairman of Anagran Inc. Anagran continues work in the same area as Caspian: IP flow management with improved "quality of service for the Internet.[15]

Since September 2012, he was CEO of Netmax in "Redwood City, California.

Awards and honors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lawrence Gilman Roberts". World of Computer Science (fee, via "Fairfax County Public Library). "Gale. 2006. Gale Document Number GALE|K2424100099. Retrieved 2013-01-16.  Gale Biography In Context (subscription required)
  2. ^ "Big achievements included room-size computers". "MIT News. May 21, 2003. Retrieved 2013-01-16. 
  3. ^ "Lawrence G. Roberts: 1990 W. Wallace McDowell Award Recipient". IEEE Computer Society. Retrieved 2013-01-16. 
  4. ^ "Draper Prize Honors Four 'Fathers of the Internet'". Wall Street Journal. February 12, 2001. Retrieved 5 September 2017. 
  5. ^ "Donald W. Davies, 75, Dies; Helped Refine Data Networks". New York Times. 4 June 2000. Retrieved 4 September 2017. 
  6. ^ Abbate, Jane (2000). Inventing the Internet. MIT Press. p. 38. "ISBN "0262261332. 
  7. ^ a b c d Josh McHugh (May 2001). "The n -Dimensional Superswitch". "Wired Magazine. 
  8. ^ Roberts, Dr. Lawrence G. (November 1978). "The Evolution of Packet Switching". IEEE Invited Paper. 
  9. ^ Gillies, James; Cailliau, Robert (2000). How the Web was Born: The Story of the World Wide Web. Oxford University Press. p. 25. "ISBN "0192862073. 
  10. ^ Isaacson, Walter (2014). The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses, and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution. Simon and Schuster. pp. 237–246. 
  11. ^ Katie Hefner (November 8, 2001), "A Paternity Dispute Divides Net Pioneers", New York Times ; "Robert Taylor (November 22, 2001), "Birthing the Internet: Letters From the Delivery Room; Disputing a Claim", New York Times, Authors who have interviewed dozens of Arpanet pioneers know very well that the Kleinrock-Roberts claims are not believed. 
  12. ^ Scantlebury, Roger (25 June 2013). "Internet pioneers airbrushed from history". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  13. ^ Otis Port (2004-09-27). "Larry Roberts:He made the Net Work". "Business Week. 
  14. ^ Bobby White (2007-10-02). "Its Creators Call Internet Outdated, Offer Remedies". "The Wall Street Journal. 
  15. ^ "Management Team". Anagan web site. Retrieved April 19, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Harry H. Goode Memorial Award". "IEEE. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g "Brief Summary of Recipients' Careers". "NEC. 2005-11-17. 
  18. ^ "W. Wallace McDowell Award". "IEEE. 
  19. ^ "SIGCOMM Awards". "ACM "SIGCOMM. 
  20. ^ "IEEE Internet Award Recipients". IEEE. 
  21. ^ "Lawrence G. Roberts Lawrence G. Roberts - Draper Award". NAE Website. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  22. ^ "The Internet is one of the most eloquent examples of the benefits that accrue from scientific research and a commitment to technological innovation. A myriad of people and institutions were involved in this work. The jury wishes to acknowledge them all in awarding the prize to the four leaders of so extraordinary a development."The Jury for the Prince of Asturias Award for Technical and Scientific Research 2002 (D. José Luis Álvarez Margaride, D. Ernesto Carmona Guzmán, "et al.) (2002-05-23). "Minutes of the Jury – Technical and Scientific Research 2002". "Fundación Príncipe de Asturias. 
  23. ^ "The great success and popularity of the Internet are due to the efforts of a great many people, but it was the three members of Group B who truly created the technological foundation for its success...Dr. Roberts, at ARPA, was responsible for creating the first computer network, the ARPANET, and for its architecture and overall management." "Foundation for C&C Promotion Announces Recipients of 2005 C&C Prize – Mr. Kei-ichi Enoki, Mr. Takeshi Natsuno, Ms. Mari Matsunaga, Dr. Robert E. Kahn, Dr. Lawrence G. Roberts, & Professor Leonard Kleinrock". "NEC. 2005-11-17. 
  24. ^ 2012 Inductees, "Internet Hall of Fame website. Last accessed April 24, 2012

External links[edit]

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