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Lawrence Washington
Born 1602
Died January 21, 1653 (aged 50–51)
Resting place St. Mary the Virgin with St. John Church, Great Brington, "Great Brington, Northamptonshire
Occupation "Rector
Spouse(s) Amphillis Twigden
  • "John
  • Lawrence
  • William
  • Elizabeth
  • Margaret
  • Martha
  • Lawrence Washington (1565–1616)
  • Margaret Butler

Rev. Lawrence Washington (1602 – 21 January 1653) was an English "rector, and the great-great-grandfather of "George Washington.[1]



Washington was born in 1602. He was the fifth son of Lawrence Washington (1565–1616) of "Sulgrave Manor, "Northamptonshire, son and heir of Robert Washington (1544–1619) esquire, of Sulgrave by his first wife Elizabeth Lyte, daughter and heiress of Walter Lyte of "Radway, "Warwickshire. His mother was Margaret Butler (d. 16 March 1651), the eldest daughter and co-heiress of William Butler, esquire, of Tyes Hall in "Cuckfield, "Sussex, and Margaret Greeke, the daughter of Thomas Greeke, gentleman, of Palsters, "Lancashire.

Lawrence Washington had seven brothers, Robert, Sir John, Sir William, Richard, Thomas, Gregory and George, and nine sisters, Elizabeth, Joan, Margaret, Alice, Frances, Amy, Lucy, Barbara and Jane.[2] His elder brother, Sir William Washington, married Anne Villiers, half sister of "James I's favourite, "George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham.[3][4][5][6]

Washington was the great-great grandson of John Washington and Margaret Kitson, the sister of "Sir Thomas Kitson of "Hengrave.[4]


Washington was admitted to "Brasenose College, Oxford in 1619. He graduated in 1623 with a "Bachelor of Arts,[7] and within a few days was elected a "Fellow of the College. In 1626 he was awarded a "Master of Arts, and in 1627 appointed university "lector.

On August 26, 1632 the "Archbishop of Canterbury "William Laud made Washington "proctor at Oxford. Laud sought to rid the university of its "Puritan clergy, and Washington was instrumental in carrying out the archbishop's purges.[8] Washington's services to Laud earned him an appointment to the well-compensated "rectory of "Purleigh in "Essex, a position he assumed in 1632. The appointment enabled Washington to marry Amphilis Twigden, a literate, wealthy young widow. Oxford dons were forbidden from marrying, and Washington had risked his post at the university by courting her.[8]

During the "Civil War more than one hundred priests of the Church of England referred to "as scandalous, malignant priests" were deprived of their livings for alleged treason or immorality by order of the "Puritan Parliament.[9] In 1643 Washington was censored on trumped-up charges of being "a common frequenter of ale-houses" who "[encouraged] others in that beastly vice" and lost his benefice.[10]

Following his ejection from Purleigh, Washington became rector of the impoverished parish of "Little Braxted in "Essex. Neither Amphilis nor their children accompanied him there, as they were given shelter by the family of Sir "Edwin Sandys, sympathetic relations whose patriarch had served as treasurer in the "Virginia Company. Through the Sandys, Lawrence's son "John secured an apprenticeship with a London merchant where he learned the tobacco trade.[11]

Interior of All Saints' Church, Maldon, burial place of Lawrence Washington
The Von Washington Coat of Arms

Washington died in poverty, leaving an estate of insufficient value to require the issuance of letters of administration, and was buried in All Saints' Church at "Maldon, Essex.[7]

Three of Washington's children emigrated to "Virginia, as did another family member, "Sir Samuel Argall, whose widowed mother, Mary (d. 1598), had married Washington's uncle, "Lawrence Washington (d. 1619) of "Maidstone, Registrar of the "Court of Chancery.[4][12][13]

In 1928 the Washington window, commemorating the Washington family, was given to All Saints' Church, Maldon, by the citizens of "Malden, Massachusetts.[7][14]

Marriage and issue[edit]

In 1630 Washington met Amphilis Twigden on a visit to "Pendley Manor in "Tring, "Hertfordshire.[15] Amphilis, baptized 2 February 1602, was the daughter and co-heiress of John Twigden of "Little Creaton, "Northamptonshire, and Anne Dicken, daughter of William Dicken. Lawrence and Amphilis married in Tring in December 1633, and had three sons and three daughters:[7][16]


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-17. Retrieved 2013-07-15.  Washington family, Sulgrave Manor, Northamptonshire Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  2. ^ Richardson IV 2001, p. 294.
  3. ^ Anne Villiers was the daughter of "Sir George Villiers by his first wife, Audrey Saunders (d.1587); she was buried at "Chelsea 25 May 1643.
  4. ^ a b c Washington Family Tree, Sulgrave Manor Archived 2013-07-17 at "Archive.is Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  5. ^ Metcalfe 1887, p. 45.
  6. ^ Firth 1892, p. 416.
  7. ^ a b c d Reverend Lawrence Washington, 1602-1652/3 Archived 2013-08-27 at "Archive.is Retrieved 27 August 2013.
  8. ^ a b Randall, p. 10.
  9. ^ White, John (1575–1648) "The First Century of Scandalous, Malignant Priests" (London:1643), listed as number 9 on p.4 Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  10. ^ Chernow, p. 5.
  11. ^ Randall, pp. 10–11.
  12. ^ Baldwin 2004.
  13. ^ Memorial to Lawrence Washington in All Saints Church, Maidstone Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  14. ^ Washington window in All Saints Church, Maldon, Essex Retrieved 30 August 2013.
  15. ^ "George Washington & the Tring Connection". Tring Local History Museum. Archived from the original on 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c d Richardson IV 2011, p. 294.
  17. ^ a b c Richardson IV 2011, p. 295.

See also[edit]


common frequenter of ale-houses, not only himself sitting daily tippling there, but also encouraging others in that beastly vice in op. cit. p. 5, s.v. Ancestry.

External links[edit]

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