|This section relies largely or entirely upon a single "source. (May 2016)|
The survival of the "United States in large part depended on the actions of "George Washington, the dynamic leader in the "American Revolution and the country's first "President. Washington believed that the institution of slavery on its own would eventually die out and be replaced by an industrial revolution that was beginning to emerge in the Northern states.
Prior to the American Revolution, Washington never displayed any animosity towards slavery. His views on slavery were modified during the Revolution, between 1775 and 1784, having been influenced by the "egalitarian belief that men were born with "natural rights. Washington also discovered during the Revolution that free blacks who served in the "Revolutionary Army could match the industry, "dedication, and "courage exhibited by white soldiers.  In 1794, while President, to resolve his dilemma over slavery, Washington attempted to lease property at "Mount Vernon to English farmers on the condition that former slaves would work as paid free laborers. This idea had been postulated to Washington by a young French abolitionist, "Marquis de Lafayette, in a 1784 meeting at "Mt. Vernon. However, the plan proved to be improbable and no buyers could be found to purchase the land. Although Washington himself could have freed his own slaves and paid them as workers, he never did. According to historians, his death in 1799 under his new will in essence condemned Mt. Vernon to ruin and was in effect an act of "atonement for Washington's lifetime involvement in human "exploitation. Martha voluntarily freed Washington's slaves in 1800, sixteen months prior to her own death.
Washington's face and image are often used as national symbols of the United States, along with the icons such as the flag and great seal. Perhaps the most pervasive commemoration of his legacy is the use of his image on the "one-dollar bill and the "quarter-dollar coin. Washington, together with "Theodore Roosevelt, "Thomas Jefferson, and "Abraham Lincoln, is depicted in stone at the "Mount Rushmore Memorial.
Starting with victory in their Revolution, there were many proposals to build a monument to Washington. After his death, Congress authorized a suitable memorial in the national capital, but the decision was reversed when the Democratic-Republicans took control of Congress in 1801. The Democratic-Republicans were dismayed that Washington had become the symbol of the Federalist Party; furthermore, the values of Republicanism seemed hostile to the idea of building monuments to powerful men. Further political squabbling, along with the North-South division on the Civil War, blocked the completion of the Washington Monument until the late 19th century. By that time, Washington had the image of a national hero who could be celebrated by both North and South, and memorials to him were no longer controversial. Predating the obelisk on the National Mall by several decades, the "first public memorial to Washington was built by the citizens of "Boonsboro, Maryland, in 1827.
Many things have been "named in honor of Washington. George Washington is the namesake of the nation's capital, "Washington, D.C., and the state of "Washington, the only state to be named for a president. The "Washington Monument, one of the most well-known American landmarks, was built in his honor. A variety of "colleges and universities, throughout the United States, are named for George Washington. The "United States Navy has "named three ships after Washington. The "George Washington Bridge, which extends between "New York City and "New Jersey, and the "palm tree genus "Washingtonia, are also named after him. A bronze statue of Washington stands in "London at the "National Gallery, a gift from the Commonwealth of Virginia.
There are many other "Washington Monuments" in the United States, including two well-known equestrian statues, one in Manhattan and one in Richmond, Virginia. The first statue to show Washington on horseback was dedicated in 1856 and is located in Manhattan's Union Square. The second statue is known as either the Virginia Washington Monument or as the George Washington Equestrian Statue and was unveiled in 1858. It was the second American statue of Washington on horseback but figures prominently in the official seal of the Confederate States of America.
A "marble statue of Washington was made from life by sculptor "Jean-Antoine Houdon, and now sits in the Rotunda of the State Capitol in Richmond, Virginia. A duplicate, one of 22 bronze exact replicas, was given to the British in 1921 by the Commonwealth of Virginia and now stands in front of the "National Gallery at "Trafalgar Square.
"Washington Square Arch (1892) in "Washington Square Park, NYC, is perhaps the nation's most prominent monument celebrating the centennial of Washington's inauguration.
In 1917 the "886 Washingtonia "asteroid was named in his honor.
Many places and entities have been "named in honor of Washington. Washington's name became that of the nation's capital, Washington, D.C., one of two national capitals across the globe to be named after an American president (the other is "Monrovia, Liberia). The state of "Washington is the only state to be named after a United States president. "George Washington University and "Washington University in St. Louis were named for him, as was "Washington and Lee University (once Washington Academy), which was renamed due to Washington's large endowment in 1796. "Washington College in "Chestertown, Maryland (established by Maryland state charter in 1782) was supported by Washington during his lifetime with a 50 "guineas pledge, and with service on the college's Board of Visitors and Governors until 1789 (when Washington was elected president). According to the US Census Bureau's 1993 geographic data, Washington is the 17th most common street name in the United States, and the only person's name so honored among the twenty most-common street names.[a]
The centennial anniversary of Washington's inauguration as President fell on April 30, 1889. In observance of the occasion President "Benjamin Harrison followed the itinerary of one hundred years before, from the Governor's mansion in New Jersey to the foot of "Wall Street, in New York City, to old Saint Paul's Church, on Broadway, and to the site where the first Chief Magistrate first took the oath of office. Three days were a round of naval, military, and industrial parades, with music, oratory, pageantry, and festivities. For this Centennial Whittier composed an ode. The venerable "S. F. Smith, who had written "America" fifty-seven years before, was also inspired by the occasion to pen a Century Hymn, and to add to "America" the stanza:
The image of Washington has always been commonplace on U.S. currency and postage stamps.
Washington is commemorated on the "U.S. quarter
Washington, along with "Benjamin Franklin, appeared on the "nation's first postage stamps in 1847. Since that time Washington has appeared on many postage issues, more than all other presidents combined.
Washington's victory over Cornwallis at the Battle of Yorktown was commemorated with a two-cent stamp on the battle's 150th anniversary on October 19, 1931. The 150th anniversary of the signing of the Constitution with George Washington as presiding officer was celebrated with a three-cent issue on September 17, 1937, was adapted from the painting by Julius Brutus Stearns. Washington's presidential inauguration at Federal Hall in New York City was celebrated on its 150th anniversary on April 30, 1939.
Washington at "Brooklyn,
issue of 1951
George Washington is featured in modern video games as a prominent fictionalized character from world history in "Age of Empires III, "Civilization V and "Assassin's Creed III (as himself in game and a counter-history King in DLC). These games are discussed in Winnerling and Kershbaumer's Early Modernity and Video Games explaining that the player manipulating the games' semiotic system of communications thereby "gives insights in his historical consciousness."