Liberty is a loose term in English for the goddess or personification of the concept of "liberty, and is represented by the "Roman Goddess "Libertas, by "Marianne, the national symbol of France, and by many others.
The "ancient Roman "goddess "Libertas was honored during the "second Punic War by a temple erected on the "Aventine Hill in "Rome by the father of "Tiberius Gracchus. A statue in her honor also was raised by "Clodius on the site of "Marcus Tullius Cicero's house after it had been razed. The figure bears certain resemblances to "Sol Invictus, the late Roman Republic sun deity and the crown often associated with that deity often appears in modern depictions of Liberty.
In 1793, during the "French Revolution, the "Notre Dame de Paris "cathedral was turned into a ""Temple of Reason" and, for a time, the Goddess of Liberty replaced the "Virgin Mary on several altars.
In the United States, "Liberty" often is depicted with five-pointed stars, as appear on the American flag, usually held in a raised hand. Another hand may hold a "sword pointing downward. Depictions familiar to Americans include the following: