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The "QWERTY keyboard layout, along with its direct derivatives such as "QWERTZ and "AZERTY, is the primary keyboard layout for the "Latin alphabet. However, there are also keyboard layouts that do not resemble QWERTY very closely, if at all. Some of these are used for languages["which?] where QWERTY may be unsuitable.["why?]["citation needed] Others are specially designed to reduce finger movement and are claimed by some proponents to offer higher typing speed along with "ergonomic benefits.

Comparison[edit]

This is a chart of alternative "keyboard layouts for typing "Latin-script characters. National and specialized versions of QWERTY which do not change the letter keys are not included.

Layout Design priorities Base language, country Created year # changes from QWERTY Backspace location Extra arrow keys? Programmer features? Math and symbols? Modifiers (#core, #aux) Dead keys?
"QWERTY Typewriter operation "English, "United States 1870 (approx.) 0 5top right 5no 5no 4mostly no 4varies 2varies
"Dvorak Ergonomics (hand alternation) English, United States 1936 28 5top right 5no 4varies 5no 31 main, 1 aux 2varies
"Colemak Ergonomics (total movement, combos); QWERTY learning [1][2][3] English, United States 2006 17 1center left (QWERTY capslock) 5no 5no 5no 31 main, 1 aux 214 aux; acute accent non-dead
"Workman Ergonomics (lateral extension, finger-specific); QWERTY learning [4] English, United States 2010 22 1center left (QWERTY capslock) 5no 4varies 5no 31 main, 1 aux 114 aux; acute accent non-dead
"Neo Ergonomics (home row, alternation) [5] "German, "Germany 2010 28 3top right, and shifted alternate 1yes 1yes (home-area shifted punctuation) 2yes (<100) 03 main 13 main; 8 shifted; 6 aux
"BÉPO Ergonomics (combos, home row)[6] "French, "France 2004-2006 29 1center left (QWERTY capslock) 5no 2yes (unshifted punctuation) 3some (<50) 31 main, 1 aux 214 aux
Asset QWERTY similarity; Ergonomics (combos, home row)[7] English, United States 2006 15 1center left (QWERTY capslock) 5no 5no 5no 51 main 5No
Minimak QWERTY learning; Ergonomics (total movement, repetition) [8] English, United States 2012 8 default (versions with 4 or 12 available) 1center left (QWERTY capslock) 5no 5no 5no 31 main, 1 aux 2??
QWPR QWERTY learning; Ergonomics (total movement, repetition) [9] English, United States 2013 11 2left (QWERTY tab), top right 1yes 1yes (home-area shifted punctuation) 0yes (>>100) 22 main 01 main, 2 shifted, 14 aux, 6 doubled
JCUKEN (Latin) Phonetic similarity to ЙЦУКЕН International, "Soviet Union 1919 30 5top right 5no 5no 5no 5? 5?
Turkish (F-keyboard) Ergonomics for Turkish (letter frequency and hand muscles) "Turkish, "Turkey 1955 27 5top right 5no 5no 5no 5? 5?

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Easy to learn". Colemak. 2009-11-21. Retrieved 2015-02-24. 
  2. ^ "Colemak computer design process (Page 1) / General / Colemak forum". Forum.colemak.com. Retrieved 2015-02-24. 
  3. ^ "Shai how did you come up with Colemak? (Page 1) / General / Colemak forum". Forum.colemak.com. Retrieved 2015-02-24. 
  4. ^ "The Layout Designed with Hands in Mind". Workman Layout. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  5. ^ "Paradigmen – Neo-Layout". Wiki.neo-layout.org. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  6. ^ "Qu'est-ce que le bépo ? - Disposition de clavier francophone et ergonomique bépo" (in French). Bepo.fr. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  7. ^ "Qwerty, Dvorak and the Asset Keyboard". Millikeys.sourceforge.net. 2004-05-17. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  8. ^ "FAQ". Minimak. 2012-10-21. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
  9. ^ "Qwpr keylayout and layout translator : Wiki : Home". Sourceforge.net. Retrieved 2013-08-18. 
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