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The Norwegian Nobel Institute (headquarters pictured) assists the Norwegian Nobel Committee in selecting recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize and in organising the annual award in Oslo.

The "Norwegian Nobel Committee each year awards the "Nobel Peace Prize (Norwegian and "Swedish: Nobels fredspris) "to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses."[1] It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the 1895 "will of "Alfred Nobel (who died in 1896), awarded for outstanding contributions in "chemistry, "physics, "literature, peace, and "physiology or medicine.[2] As dictated by Nobel's will, the award is administered by the "Norwegian Nobel Committee and awarded by a committee of five people elected by the "Parliament of Norway.[3] The first Nobel Peace Prize was awarded in 1901 to "Frédéric Passy and "Henry Dunant; the prize was most recently awarded to the "International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons in 2017. Each recipient receives a medal, a diploma, and a monetary award prize that has varied throughout the years.[4] In 1901, Passy and Dunant shared a Prize of 150,782 "Swedish kronor, which was equal to 7,731,004 kronor in 2008. The Peace Prize is presented annually in "Oslo, in the presence of the "King of Norway, on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death, and is the only Nobel Prize not presented in "Stockholm.[5] Unlike the other prizes, the Peace Prize is occasionally awarded to an organisation (such as the "International Committee of the Red Cross, a three-time recipient) rather than an individual.

The prize is considered the most controversial of the Nobel Prizes with several of the selections having been criticised.[6][7] Despite having been nominated five times, "Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi never won the Prize. Following his assassination in 1948, the committee considered awarding it to him posthumously but decided against it and instead withheld the Prize that year with the explanation that "there was no suitable living candidate."[8] In 1961, "Dag Hammarskjöld, who died after his nomination but several months before the announcement, became the only laureate to be recognised posthumously; following this, the statutes were changed to make a future posthumous prize nearly impossible.[9] In 1973, "Le Duc Tho declined the Prize, because "he was not in a position to accept the Prize, citing the situation in Vietnam as his reason."[10] "Linus Pauling, the Nobel Peace Prize laureate in 1962, is the only person to have been awarded two unshared Nobel Prizes; he won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954.[10] At 17 years of age, "Malala Yousafzai, the 2014 recipient, is the youngest to be awarded the Peace Prize.



As of 2016, the Peace Prize has been awarded to 104 individuals and 23 organizations. Sixteen women have won the Nobel Peace Prize, more than any other Nobel Prize.[11] Only two recipients have won multiple Prizes: the "International Committee of the Red Cross has won three times (1917, 1944, and 1963) and the "Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has won twice (1954 and 1981).[10] There have been 19 years since its creation in which the Peace Prize was not awarded, more times than any other Nobel Prize.

"Lê Đức Thọ is the only person to refuse to accept a Nobel Peace Prize.[12] He was jointly awarded the 1973 award with Henry Kissinger but declined the prize on grounds that such "bourgeois sentimentalities" were not for him"[93] and that the Paris Peace Accords were not being adhered to in full.

Year Laureate Country Rationale
1901 ""Jean Henri Dunant.jpg "Henry Dunant   "Switzerland For his role in founding the "International Committee of the Red Cross[9][13]
""Frederic Passy.jpg "Frédéric Passy "France "[For] being one of the main founders of the "Inter-Parliamentary Union and also the main organizer of the first Universal Peace Congress"[9][13]
1902 ""Ducommun.jpg "Élie Ducommun   "Switzerland "[For his role as] the first honorary secretary of the "International Peace Bureau"[9][14]
""Charles Albert Gobat2.jpg "Charles Albert Gobat "[For his role as the] first Secretary General of the "Inter-Parliamentary Union"[9][14]
1903 ""Cremer.jpg "William Randal Cremer  "United Kingdom "[For his role as] the 'first father' of the "Inter-Parliamentary Union"[9][15]
1904 ""Logo of Institut de Droit International.svg "Institute of International Law  "Belgium "[F]or its efforts as an unofficial body to formulate the general principles of the science of international law"[9][16]
1905 ""Bertha von Suttner nobel.jpg "Bertha von Suttner  "Austria-Hungary For writing Lay Down Your Arms and contributing to the creation of the Prize[9][17]
1906 ""President Theodore Roosevelt, 1904.jpg "Theodore Roosevelt  "United States "[F]or his successful mediation to end the "Russo-Japanese war and for his interest in arbitration, having provided the "Hague arbitration court with its very first case"[9][18]
1907 ""Ernesto Teodoro Moneta.jpg "Ernesto Teodoro Moneta "Italy "[For his work as a] key leader of the Italian peace movement"[9][19]
""Louis Renault jurist.gif "Louis Renault "France "[For his work as a] leading French international jurist and a member of the "Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague"[9][19]
1908 ""KParnoldson.jpg "Klas Pontus Arnoldson  "Sweden "[For his work as] founder of the "Swedish Peace and Arbitration League"[9][20]
""Fredrik Bajer nobel.jpg "Fredrik Bajer  "Denmark "[For being] the foremost peace advocate in Scandinavia, combining work in the "Inter-Parliamentary Union with being the first president of the "International Peace Bureau"[9][20]
1909 ""Beernaert.gif "Auguste Beernaert  "Belgium "[For being a] representative to the "two Hague conferences, and a leading figure in the "Inter-Parliamentary Union"[9][21]
""PaulBalluet.gif "Paul Henri d'Estournelles de Constant "France "[For] combined diplomatic work for "Franco-German and "Franco-British understanding with a distinguished career in "international arbitration"[9][21]
1910 ""IPB logo svg.svg "Permanent International Peace Bureau   "Switzerland "[For acting] as a link between the peace societies of the various countries"[22][23]
1911 ""TMCasser.jpg "Tobias Asser  "Netherlands "[For being a] member of the "Court of Arbitration as well as the initiator of the "Conferences on International Private Law"[9][24]
""Alfred Hermann Fried nobel.jpg "Alfred Fried  "Austria-Hungary "[For his work as] founder of the "German Peace Society"[9][24]
1912 ""Elihu Root, bw photo portrait, 1902.jpg "Elihu Root[A]  "United States "[F]or his strong interest in international arbitration and for his plan for a world court"[9][25]
1913 ""HenriLaFontaine.jpg "Henri La Fontaine  "Belgium "[For his work as] head of the "International Peace Bureau"[9][26]
1914 Not awarded due to "World War I.
1917 ""Emblem of the ICRC.svg "International Committee of the Red Cross   "Switzerland "[For undertaking] the tremendous task of trying to protect the rights of the many prisoners of war on all sides [of "World War I], including their right to establish contacts with their families"[9][27]
1918 Not awarded due to "World War I.
1919 ""President Woodrow Wilson portrait December 2 1912.jpg "Woodrow Wilson  "United States "[F]or his crucial role in establishing the "League of Nations"[9][28]
1920 ""Léon Bourgeois.jpg "Léon Bourgeois "France "[For his participation] in both the "Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907" and for his work towards "what became the "League to such an extent that he was frequently called its 'spiritual father'"[9][29]
1921 ""Hjalmar branting stor bild.jpg "Hjalmar Branting  "Sweden "[F]or his work in the "League of Nations"[9][30]
""Christian Lous Lange.jpg "Christian Lange  "Norway "[For his work as] the first secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee" and "the secretary-general of the "Inter-Parliamentary Union"[9][30]
1922 ""Fridtjof Nansen LOC 03377u-3.jpg "Fridtjof Nansen "[For] his work in aiding the millions in Russia "struggling against famine" and "his work for the "refugees in Asia Minor and Thrace"[31][32]
1923 Not awarded
1925 ""Austen Chamberlain nobel.jpg "Sir Austen Chamberlain[A]  "United Kingdom For work on the "Locarno Treaties[9][33]
""Charles Dawes, Bain bw photo portrait.jpg "Charles G. Dawes[A]  "United States "[F]or [work on] the Dawes Plan for German reparations which was seen as having provided the economic underpinning of the "Locarno Pact of 1925"[9][33]
1926 ""Aristide Briand 2.jpg "Aristide Briand "France For work on the "Locarno Treaties[9][34]
""Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1989-040-27, Gustav Stresemann.jpg "Gustav Stresemann "Germany
1927 ""Ferdinand Buisson 1924.jpg "Ferdinand Buisson "France "[For] contributions to "Franco-German popular reconciliation"[9][35]
""Ludwig Quidde nobel.jpg "Ludwig Quidde "Germany
1928 Not awarded
1929 ""FrankKellogg.jpg "Frank B. Kellogg[A]  "United States "[F]or the "Kellogg-Briand pact, whose signatories agreed to settle all conflicts by peaceful means and renounced war as an instrument of national policy"[9][36]
1930 ""Nathan Söderblom nobel.jpg "Nathan Söderblom  "Sweden "[F]or his efforts to involve the churches not only in work for ecumenical unity, but also for world peace"[9][37]
1931 ""Jane Addams profile.jpg "Jane Addams  "United States "[F]or her social reform work" and "leading the "Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"[9][38]
""Nicholas Murray Butler ppmsca.03668.jpg "Nicholas Murray Butler "[For his promotion] of the "Briand-Kellogg pact" and for his work as the "leader of the more establishment-oriented part of the American peace movement"[9][38]
1932 Not awarded
1933 ""Norman Angell 01.jpg "Sir Norman Angell[A]  "United Kingdom For authoring "The Great Illusion and for being a "supporter of the League of Nations as well as an influential publicist [and] educator for peace in general"[39]
1934 ""1910 Arthur Henderson.jpg "Arthur Henderson "[F]or his work for the "League, particularly "its efforts in disarmament"[9][40][41]
1935 ""Carl von Ossietzky.jpg "Carl von Ossietzky[B]  "Germany "[For his] struggle against Germany's rearmament"[9][42]
1936 ""Carlos Saavedra Lamas.jpg "Carlos Saavedra Lamas  "Argentina "[F]or his mediation of an end to the "Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia"[9][43]
1937 ""Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood - Project Gutenberg eText 15306.jpg "The Viscount Cecil of Chelwood  "United Kingdom For his work with the "League of Nations[9][44]
1938 ""Flag of the League of Nations (1939–1941).svg "Nansen International Office for Refugees  "League of Nations For its work in aiding refugees[45]
1939 Not awarded due to "World War II.
1944 ""Emblem of the ICRC.svg "International Committee of the Red Cross   "Switzerland "[F]or the great work it has performed during the "war in behalf of humanity"[46]
1945 ""Hull-Cordell-LOC.jpg "Cordell Hull  "United States "[For] his fight against isolationism at home, his efforts to create a peace bloc of states on the American continents, and his work for the "United Nations Organization"[47]
1946 ""EmilyGreeneBalch.jpg "Emily Greene Balch "Formerly Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, "Women's International League for Peace and Freedom"[48]
""John Raleigh Mott, 1910.jpg "John Raleigh Mott "Chairman, International Missionary Council; President, "World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations"[48]
1947 ""Quaker star-T.svg "Friends Service Council  "United Kingdom "compassion for others and the desire to help them"[49]
"American Friends Service Committee  "United States
1948 Not awarded because "there was no suitable living candidate." (A tribute to the recently assassinated "Gandhi in "India.)[8]
1949 ""John Boyd Orr nobel.jpg "The Lord Boyd-Orr  "United Kingdom "Physician; Alimentary Politician; Prominent organizer and Director, General "Food and Agricultural Organization; President, "National Peace Council and World Union of Peace Organizations"[50]
1950 ""Ralph Bunche - 1963 March on Washington.jpg "Ralph Bunche  "United States "Professor, Harvard University Cambridge, MA; Director, division of Trusteeship, U.N.; Acting Mediator in Palestine, 1948"[51]
1951 ""Léon Jouhaux nobel.jpg "Léon Jouhaux "France "President of the International Committee of the European Council, vice president of the "International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, vice president of the "World Federation of Trade Unions, member of the ILO Council, delegate to the United Nations"[52]
1952 ""Bundesarchiv Bild 183-D0116-0041-019, Albert Schweitzer.jpg "Albert Schweitzer "Missionary surgeon; Founder of "Lambaréné (République de Gabon)"[53]
1953 ""General George C. Marshall, official military photo, 1946.JPEG "George C. Marshall  "United States "General President American Red Cross; Former Secretary of State and of Defense; Delegate U.N.; Originator of [the] '"Marshall Plan'"[54]
1954 "Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees  "United Nations "An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951"[55]
1955 Not awarded
1957 ""Lester B. Pearson with a pencil.jpg "Lester Bowles Pearson  "Canada "former Secretary of State for External Affairs of Canada; former President of the 7th Session of the United Nations General Assembly";[56] "for his role in trying to end the "Suez conflict and to solve the Middle East question through the United Nations."[9]
1958 ""Georges Pire 1958.jpg "Dominique Pire  "Belgium "Father in the "Dominican Order; Leader of the relief organization for refugees "L'Europe du Coeur au Service du Monde""[57]
1959 ""Philip Noel-Baker 1942.jpg "Philip Noel-Baker  "United Kingdom "Member of Parliament; lifelong ardent worker for international peace and co-operation"[58]
1960 ""Albert Lutuli nobel.jpg "Albert Lutuli "South Africa
(Born in "Southern Rhodesia)
"President of the "African National Congress,"[59] "was in the very forefront of the struggle against apartheid in South Africa."[9]
1961 ""Dag Hammarskjöld.jpg "Dag Hammarskjöld[C]  "Sweden "Secretary General of the U.N.,"[60] awarded "for strengthening the organization."[9]
1962 ""Pauling.jpg "Linus Pauling  "United States "for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing"[61]
1963 ""Emblem of the ICRC.svg "International Committee of the Red Cross   "Switzerland For their work in the protection of human rights in the ICRC's 100 years of existence.[62]
""Emblem of the IFRC.svg "League of Red Cross Societies
1964 ""Martin Luther King Jr NYWTS.jpg "Martin Luther King, Jr.  "United States Campaigner for "civil rights, "first person in the Western world to have shown us that a struggle can be waged without violence." King spent his time working in various areas of the civil rights movement; from equal education to economic disenfranchisement of minorities. King also organized the March on Washington, where he gave his famous “I Have a Dream Speech”.[63]
1965 "United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)  "United Nations "An international aid organization." [64]
1966 Not awarded
1968 ""René Cassin nobel.jpg "René Cassin  "France "President of the "European Court for Human Rights"[65]
1969 ""Flag of ILO.svg "International Labour Organization  "United Nations [66]
1970 ""Norman Borlaug (cropped).jpg "Norman E. Borlaug  "United States ""International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center;"[67] "for his contributions to the ""green revolution" that was having such an impact on food production particularly in Asia and in Latin America."[9]
1971 ""Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F057884-0009, Willy Brandt.jpg "Willy Brandt  "West Germany ""Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany; for West Germany's "Ostpolitik"[68]
1972 Not awarded
1973 ""Henry Kissinger.jpg "Henry Kissinger  "United States
(Born in "Germany)
"For the 1973 "Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces"[9][69]
""LeDucTho1973.jpg "Lê Đức Thọ[D] "Vietnam (North)
1974 ""Seán MacBride 1984.jpg "Seán MacBride  "Ireland
(Born in "France)
"President of the "International Peace Bureau; President of the Commission of "Namibia."[70] "For his strong interest in human rights: piloting the European Convention on Human Rights through the Council of Europe, helping found and then lead Amnesty International and serving as secretary-general of the International Commission of Jurists"[9]
""Satō Eisaku.jpg "Eisaku Satō  "Japan "Prime Minister of Japan,"[70] "for his renunciation of the nuclear option for Japan and his efforts to further regional reconciliation"[9]
1975 ""RIAN archive 25981 Academician Sakharov.jpg "Andrei Sakharov[E]  "Soviet Union "[for his] struggle for human rights, for disarmament, and for cooperation between all nations"[71]
1976 ""Betty Williams.jpg "Betty Williams  "United Kingdom "Founder[s] of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)"[72]
""Mairead Corrigan Gaza crop.jpg "Mairead Corrigan
1977 "Amnesty International "[for] protecting the human rights of "prisoners of conscience"[9][73]
1978 ""Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg "Mohamed Anwar Al-Sadat  "Egypt "for the "Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel"[74]
""Menachem Begin 2.jpg "Menachem Begin  "Israel
(Born in "Russia)
1979 ""MotherTeresa 090.jpg "Mother Teresa  "India
(Born in "Skopje, now "Republic of Macedonia)
"Founder of Missionaries of Charity"[75]
1980 ""Adolfo Pérez Esquivel agosto 2011.jpg "Adolfo Pérez Esquivel  "Argentina "Human rights leader;"[76] "founded non-violent human rights organizations to fight the military junta that was ruling his country (Argentina)."[9]
1981 "Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees  "United Nations "An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951"[77]
1982 ""ARB-Alva-Myrdal.jpg "Alva Myrdal  "Sweden "[for] their magnificent work in the "disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition"[78][79]
""Alfonso Garcia Robles 1981.jpg "Alfonso García Robles  "Mexico
1983 ""Lech Walesa OAF Visit.jpg "Lech Wałęsa "Poland "Founder of "Solidarność; campaigner for human rights"[80]
1984 ""Desmond tutu 20070607 2.jpg "Desmond Tutu  "South Africa "Bishop of Johannesburg; former Secretary General, South African Council of Churches"[81]
1985 "International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War  "United States For "authoritative information and by creating an awareness of the catastrophic consequences of atomic warfare. The committee believes that this in turn contributes to an increase in the pressure of public opposition to the proliferation of atomic weapons and to a redefining of priorities, with greater attention being paid to health and other humanitarian issues."[82]
1986 ""Elie Wiesel.jpg "Elie Wiesel  "United States
(Born in "Romania)
"Chairman of "The President's Commission on the Holocaust""[83]
1987 ""OscarArias.jpg "Óscar Arias  "Costa Rica "for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year"[84]
1988 ""Emblem of the United Nations.svg "United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces  "United Nations "[for] their efforts [that] have made important contributions towards the realization of one of the fundamental tenets of the United Nations"[85][86]
1989 ""Dalai Lama at WhiteHouse (cropped).jpg "Tenzin Gyatso,
14th Dalai Lama
(Born in "Tibet)[87]
"In his struggle for the liberation of "Tibet [he] consistently has opposed the use of violence. He has instead advocated peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people."[88][89]
1990 ""Mikhail Gorbachev 1987.jpg "Mikhail Gorbachev  "Soviet Union "General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and "President of the Soviet Union, "for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community"[90]
1991 ""Aung San Suu Kyi.jpg "Aung San Suu Kyi[F]  "Burma "for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights"[91]
1992 ""Rigoberta Menchu Tum.JPG "Rigoberta Menchú  "Guatemala "for her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples"[92]
1993 ""Nelson Mandela-2008.jpg "Nelson Mandela  "South Africa "for their work for the peaceful termination of the "apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa"[93]
""Frederik Willem de Klerk.jpg "Frederik Willem de Klerk
1994 ""ArafatEconomicForum.jpg "Yasser Arafat  "Palestine
(Born in "Egypt)
"to honour a political act which called for great courage on both sides, and which has opened up opportunities for a new development towards fraternity in the Middle East."[94]
""Yitzhak Rabin (1986) cropped.jpg "Yitzhak Rabin  "Israel
""Shimon Peres World Economic Forum 2007.jpg "Shimon Peres  "Israel
(Born in "Poland)
1995 ""Josef Rotblat ID badge.png "Joseph Rotblat  "United Kingdom
(Born in "Poland)
"for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"[95]
""Peace sign.svg "Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs  "Canada
1996 ""Carlosbelo.jpg "Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo  "East Timor "for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor."[96]
""EastTimor.JoseRamosHorta.01.jpg "José Ramos-Horta
1997 ""Icbl english.pdf "International Campaign to Ban Landmines   "Switzerland "for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines"[97]
""JodyWilliamsMay2010.jpg "Jody Williams  "United States
1998 ""John Hume 2008.jpg "John Hume  "Ireland "for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland"[98]
""David Trimble.jpg "David Trimble  "United Kingdom
1999 "Médecins Sans Frontières   "Switzerland "in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents"[99]
2000 ""Kim Dae-jung (Cropped).png "Kim Dae-jung  "South Korea "for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular"[100]
2001 ""Emblem of the United Nations.svg "United Nations  "United Nations "for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world"[101]
""Kofi Annan, Photo: Harry Wad "Kofi Annan  "Ghana
2002 ""Jimmy Carter.jpg "Jimmy Carter  "United States "for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development"[102]
2003 ""Shirin Ebadi - Fronteiras do Pensamento São Paulo 2011 (5839607998, cropped).jpg "Shirin Ebadi  "Iran "for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the "rights of women and "children."[103]
2004 ""Wangari Maathai in Nairobi.jpg "Wangari Muta Maathai  "Kenya "for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace"[104]
2005 ""Flag of IAEA.svg "International Atomic Energy Agency  "United Nations "for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way"[105]
""Mohamed ElBaradei.jpg "Mohamed ElBaradei  "Egypt
"2006 ""Professor Muhammad Yunus- Building Social Business Summit (8758300102).jpg "Muhammad Yunus  "Bangladesh "for advancing economic and social opportunities for the poor, especially women, through their pioneering microcredit work"[106]
"Grameen Bank
"2007 "Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change  "United Nations "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change"[107]
""Al Gore.jpg "Al Gore  "United States
"2008 ""Martti Ahtisaari.jpg "Martti Ahtisaari  "Finland "for his efforts on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts"[108]
"2009 ""Official portrait of Barack Obama.jpg "Barack Obama  "United States "for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples."[109]
"2010 "Liu Xiaobo  "China "for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China"[110]
"2011 ""Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, April 2010.jpg "Ellen Johnson Sirleaf  "Liberia "for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for "women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"[111]
""Leymah-gbowee-at-emu-press-conference.jpg "Leymah Gbowee
""Tawakkul Karman (2011).jpg "Tawakkul Karman  "Yemen
"2012 ""Flag of Europe.svg "European Union  "European Union "for over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe."[112]
"2013 "Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons International "for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons."[113]
"2014 ""Kailash Satyarthi.jpg "Kailash Satyarthi  "India "for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education"[114]
""Malala Yousafzai at Girl Summit 2014.jpg "Malala Yousafzai  "Pakistan
"2015 ""Tunisian national dialogue (October 2012).jpg "Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet  "Tunisia "for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011"[115]
"2016 ""Juan Manuel Santos and Lula (cropped).jpg "Juan Manuel Santos  "Colombia "for his resolute efforts to bring the country's more than 50-year-long civil war to an end, a war that has cost the lives of at least 220,000 Colombians and displaced close to six million people"[116]
"2017 "International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons   "Switzerland "for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons"[117].

See also[edit]


A Elihu Root, Austen Chamberlain, Charles G. Dawes, Frank B. Kellogg, and Norman Angell were all awarded their respective Prizes one year late because the Committee decided that none of the nominations in the year in which they are listed as being awarded the Prize met the criteria in Nobel's will; per its rules the Committee delayed the awarding of the Prizes until the next year, although they were awarded as the previous year's Prize.[25][33][36][39]
B Carl von Ossietzky's Prize was awarded in absentia because he was refused a passport by the government of Germany.[118]
C Dag Hammarskjöld's Prize was awarded posthumously.
D Lê Đức Thọ declined to accept the Prize.[69]
E Andrei Sakharov's Prize was awarded in absentia because he was refused a passport by the government of the Soviet Union.[119]
F Aung San Suu Kyi's Prize was awarded in absentia because she was being held prisoner by the government of Burma. Following her release from house arrest and election to the Pyithu Hluttaw, Suu Kyi accepted her award in person on 16 June 2012.[120]
G Liu Xiaobo's Prize was awarded in absentia because he was imprisoned in China.[121]



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External links[edit]

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