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The following is a list and timeline of "innovations as well as "inventions and "discoveries that involved "South African people or "South Africa including predecessor states in the "history of the formation of South Africa. This list covers innovation and invention in the mechanical, electronic, and industrial fields, as well as medicine, military devices and theory, artistic and scientific discovery and innovation, and ideas in religion and ethics.
- 1743 - "Jukskei - is a folksport originating from the Cape and is thought to be the forerunner of the American game "Horseshoes.
- pre-1772 - "Rooibos tea - the "Khoisan of the Cederberg region made the tea for hundreds of years and later in 1772; naturalist "Carl Thunberg noted, "the country people made tea" from a plant related to rooibos or redbush which reignited interest in the tea.
- 1787-1828 - "Iklwa - this new shorter form of the Assegai was popularized under the rule of "Shaka Zulu.
- 1925 "Pinotage is South Africas signature variety wine grape and was bred from a cross between Pinot noir and Cinsaut grapes.
- 1963 "CT scan or the CAT scan was invented by "Allan MacLeod Cormack and it won him the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (along with Godfrey Hounsfield) for his work on X-ray computed tomography (CT).
- 1963 "Dolos is a concrete block in a complex geometric shape weighing up to 20 tons, used in great numbers to protect harbour walls from the erosive force of ocean waves.
- 1965 "Retinal cryoprobe; "Selig Percy Amoils refined the "cryoextraction method of "cataract surgery by developing a "cryoprobe that was cooled through the "Joule-Thomson effect of gas expansion.
- 1965 - "Vuvuzela - Freddie "Saddam" Maake claimed the invention of the vuvuzela by fabricating an aluminium version in 1965 from a bicycle horn.
Retinal Cryosurgery • While working at Soweto's Baragwanath Hospital in 1965, South Africa's Dr Selig Percy Amoils unveiled the Amoils Cryo Pencil, which is the world's first surgical tool that uses extreme cold (nitrous oxide) to destroy unwanted tissue. Dr Amoils' pencil has made retinal detachment surgery and cataract extraction simple and safe - it has been used to treat Margaret Thatcher and Nelson Mandela's eyes. His invention has transformed cryosurgery (the use of extreme cold produced by liquid nitrogen) for gynaecology, lung, heart, mouth, liver and prostate surgery.
• Pratley’s Putty, George Pratley invented Pratley’s Putty while trying to create a glue that would hold components in an electrical box. Pratley’s Glue had a part in the success of the Moon Landing. In 1969 the substance was used to hold bits of the Apollo XI mission’s Eagle landing craft together.
- 1980 "Casspir; Unique design for military personnel carrier in relation to landmines.The main armoured steel body of the vehicle is raised high above the ground, so when a mine is detonated, the explosion is less likely to damage the crew compartment and kill the occupants. The cross-section of the hull is V-shaped, directing the force of the explosion outwards, further protecting the occupants.
- 1984 - "Denel Rooivalk - the first military attack helicopter developed that is capable of making a 360 degree loop, a feat previously seen as impossible.
- 1989 Flightscope invented by Henri Johnson  it is a radar system used by professional golfers for analysing recorde trajectory, their launch angle, speed and direction.
- 1991 APS Therapy invented by Gervan Lubbeit is used to treat sports injuries and provides relief from chronic pain conditions.
- 1992 Speed Gun is a device that measures the speed of cricket balls; invented by Henri Johnson from "Somerset West and used in the "1999 Cricket World Cup. Johnson also invented the Speedball (invention) that measures the speed and angle of objects especially cricket and tennis balls and is used in various sporting tournaments.
- 1995 "Shark Shield a portable electronic device that emits an electromagnetic field and is used by scuba divers, spearfishing, ocean kayak fishing and surfers to repel sharks.
- 1995 "Thawte Consulting is a certificate authority (CA) for X.509 certificates. Thawte was founded by "Mark Shuttleworth.
- 1996 - "Prepay Mobile Phone - "Vodacom became the first network to introduce prepay mobile, under the 'Vodago' package, using an 'Intelligent Network' platform. This made it possible to debit customers’ accounts in real time, and led to a dramatic increase in uptake.
- 1997 "CyberTracker a piece of software from a CyberTracker Conservation, that develops handheld data capture solutions for illeterate animal trackers.
- 1997 "Hippo water roller: a device for carrying water more easily and efficiently than traditional methods, particularly in the developing world. It consists of a barrel-shaped container which holds the water and can roll along the ground, and a handle attached to the axis of the barrel.
- 1998 "Blaster (flamethrower), "Charl Fourie designed the flamethrower to provide a defence against carjackings.
- 1999 Smartlock Safety syringe, a three part single use syringe credited with dramatically reducing "HIV infection rates in South Africa.
- 2001 Cobb grill. Ken Hall based his design on the paraffin stove in many rural areas of South Africa, the grill was featured in the TIME magazines best inventions of the year for 2001.
- 2001 Oil-Can Guitar made by engineer Graeme Wells in Cape Town.
- 2004 "Ubuntu (operating system) was invented by entrepreneur "Mark Shuttleworth and runs on the Linux system.
- 2008 Freeplay foetal heart rate monitor, a power-free foetal heart monitor.