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A classic jukskei game

The following is a list and timeline of "innovations as well as "inventions and "discoveries that involved "South African people or "South Africa including predecessor states in the "history of the formation of South Africa. This list covers innovation and invention in the mechanical, electronic, and industrial fields, as well as medicine, military devices and theory, artistic and scientific discovery and innovation, and ideas in religion and ethics.


18th Century[edit]

19th Century[edit]

Twentieth century[edit]


Dolosse - "Cape Town, South Africa


The prototype CT scanner


Retinal Cryosurgery • While working at Soweto's Baragwanath Hospital in 1965, South Africa's Dr Selig Percy Amoils unveiled the Amoils Cryo Pencil, which is the world's first surgical tool that uses extreme cold (nitrous oxide) to destroy unwanted tissue. Dr Amoils' pencil has made retinal detachment surgery and cataract extraction simple and safe - it has been used to treat Margaret Thatcher and Nelson Mandela's eyes. His invention has transformed cryosurgery (the use of extreme cold produced by liquid nitrogen) for gynaecology, lung, heart, mouth, liver and prostate surgery.

• Pratley’s Putty, George Pratley invented Pratley’s Putty while trying to create a glue that would hold components in an electrical box. Pratley’s Glue had a part in the success of the Moon Landing. In 1969 the substance was used to hold bits of the Apollo XI mission’s Eagle landing craft together.


21st century[edit]


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  2. ^ a b c d e http://www.thesouthafrican.com/the-top-10-south-african-inventions/
  3. ^ http://www.tritonleo.co.za/
  4. ^ http://www.railwaysafrica.com/news/the-scheffel-bogie
  5. ^ a b http://afkinsider.com/35226/17-things-didnt-realize-invented-by-south-africans/17/
  6. ^ http://www.kreepykrauly.co.za/our-success/
  7. ^ http://flightscope.com/company/about/
  8. ^ a b c d http://www.sablenetwork.com/inspirations/classic/3
  9. ^ http://afkinsider.com/35226/17-things-didnt-realize-invented-by-south-africans/5/#sthash.KtcMhVbZ.dpuf
  10. ^ http://www.southafrica.net/za/en/articles/entry/article-southafrica.net-henri-johnson
  11. ^ http://mybroadband.co.za/news/general/99208-great-south-african-inventions.html MyBroadband (2014) 'Great South African inventions'
  12. ^ http://www.cbr.co.za/news.aspx?pklnewsid=4810 Computer Business Review (2001) 'Mobile stats snapshot'
  13. ^ http://www.design.sabs.co.za/awards/smartlock-safety-syringe
  14. ^ http://www.southafrica.net/za/en/articles/entry/article-southafrica.net-ken-hall
  15. ^ http://www.popularmechanics.co.za/features/great-south-african-inventions/
  16. ^ http://designtoimprovelife.dk/free-play-fetal-heart-rate-monitor/
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