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A business entity is an entity that is formed and administered as per "corporate law in order to engage in "business activities, charitable work, or other activities allowable. Most often, business entities are formed to sell a product or a service. There are many types of "business entities defined in the legal systems of various countries. These include "corporations, "cooperatives, "partnerships, "sole traders, "limited liability company and other specifically permitted and labelled types of entities. The specific rules vary by country and by state or province. Some of these types are listed below, by country. For guidance, approximate equivalents in the company law of English-speaking countries are given in most cases,

≈ "public limited company (UK, Ireland and the Commonwealth)
≈ "Ltd. (UK, Ireland and the Commonwealth)
≈ "limited partnership
= unlimited partnership
= chartered company
= statutory company
= holding company
= subsidiary company
= one man company ("sole proprietor)
= NGOs

However, the regulations governing particular types of entity, even those described as roughly equivalent, differ from jurisdiction to jurisdiction.

When creating or restructuring a business, the legal responsibilities will depend on the type of business entity chosen.[1]

Contents

"Albania[edit]

"Argentina[edit]

"Australia[edit]

ILP (Incorporated limited partnership): used for venture capital investments comes in four types: Venture Capital Limited Partnership (VCLP), Early-stage Venture Capital Limited Partnership (ESCVLP), Australian Venture Capital Fund of Funds (AFOF), Venture Capital Management Partnership (VCMP).[5]

"Austria[edit]

See also help.gv.at (Austrian government site, in German)

"Belarus[edit]

Name in Belarusian Name in Russian Type Note
Адкрытае акцыянернае таварыства, ААТ Открытое акционерное общество, ОАО ≈ "plc (UK), open
Закрытае ацыянернае таварыства, ЗАТ Закрытое акционерное общество, ЗАО ≈ "plc (UK), closed
Індывідуальны прадпрымальнік Индивидуальный предприниматель "sole proprietorship does not possess legal personality
Прыватнае унітарнае прадпрыемства, ПУП Частное унитарное предприятие, ЧУП private unitary enterprise
Таварыства з абмежаванай адказнасцю, ТАА Общество с ограниченной ответственностью, ООО ≈ "Ltd. (UK)

"Belgium[edit]

"Dutch, "French or "German names may be used.

"Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

"Brazil[edit]

"Brunei[edit]

There are three main types of business entity in Brunei, namely sole proprietorship, partnership and company.[6]

A private company contains the term "Sendirian Berhad" or "Sdn. Bhd." as part of its name where as for a public company "Berhad" or "Bhd." is used.[7]

"Bulgaria[edit]

"Cambodia[edit]

"Canada[edit]

In Canada entities can be incorporated under either federal or provincial (or territorial) law. "Unlimited liability corporations can be formed in Alberta "AULC" and Nova Scotia "NSULC".

The word or expression "Limited", Limitée, "Incorporated", Incorporée, "Corporation" or Société par actions de régime fédéral or the corresponding abbreviation "Ltd.", Ltée, "Inc.", "Corp." or S.A.R.F. forms part of the name of every entity incorporated under the "Canada Business Corporations Act (R.S., 1985, c. C-44). ≈ Ltd. or Plc (UK)

As an exception, entities registered prior to 1985 may continue to be designated Société commerciale canadienne or by the abbreviation S.C.C.

Under the Canada Cooperatives Act (1998, c. 1), a co-operative must have the word "cooperative", "co-operative", "coop", "co-op", coopérative, "united" or "pool", or another grammatical form of any of those words, as part of its name.

Unlike in many other Western countries, Canadian businesses generally only have one form of incorporation available. The aforementioned AULC and NSULC are generally not used as operating business structures, but are instead used to create favorable tax positions for either Americans investing in Canada or vice versa.[8]

Rather, Canadian businesses are generally formed under one of the following structures:

"Chile[edit]

"China[edit]

"Colombia[edit]

"Croatia[edit]

Types of legal person business entities:[10]

Types of natural person business entities:

"Czech Republic[edit]

"Denmark[edit]

"Dominican Republic[edit]

"Ecuador[edit]

"Egypt[edit]

"Estonia[edit]

"Ethiopia[edit]

"European Economic Area (including the "European Union)[edit]

An SE or SCE may be created by registration in any of the EU/EEA Member States, and is subject to the "European Company Statute. It may relocate its registered office to any other EU/EEA Member State with minimal formalities.

"Finland[edit]

General economic entities

The abbreviations are usually in Finnish, but "Swedish names may also be used either as is or in combination with Finnish, e.g. Oy Yritys Ab.

Non-profit entities
For-profit entities of public law
Economic entities for special purpose
Real estate law corporations

In the corporations of real estate law, the ownership or membership may be vested either in the real property or in a legal or natural person, depending on the corporation type. In many cases, the membership or ownership of such corporation is obligatory for a person or property that fulfils the legal requirements for membership or wishes to engage in certain activities.

In addition to native types, European Union types are implemented:

"France[edit]

"Germany[edit]

"Greece[edit]

"Guatemala[edit]

"Haiti[edit]

"Hong Kong[edit]

"Hungary[edit]

In Hungary, business entities are mainly regulated by the Companies Act of 2006,[37] the Companies Registration Act of 2006 and the new Civil Code of 2013.[38] All companies are required to indicate their type in their name.

Name Type Notes
e.v. (egyéni vállalkozó) "sole trader must be a natural person
e.c. (egyéni cég) sole venture a company registered by and consisting of one sole trader
bt. (betéti társaság) "limited partnership requires one general partner with unlimited liability and one or more members with limited liability
kkt. (közkereseti társaság) "general partnership all members have unlimited liability
kft. (korlátolt felelősségű társaság) "limited liability company company without stocks, the most common company type in Hungary[39]
kht. (közhasznú társaság) "community interest company abolished in 2009, must operate as "nonprofit company instead[40]
kv. (közös vállalat) "joint venture abolished in 2006
rt. (részvénytársaság) "joint-stock company replaced by Zrt. and Nyrt. in 2006
Nyrt. (nyilvánosan működő részvénytársaság) "public limited company must be listed on a stock exchange
Zrt. (zártközűen működő részvénytársaság) "privately held company not listed on stock exchange, otherwise the same as Nyrt.
szöv. (szövetkezet) "cooperative
egyesülés interest grouping national version of European Economic Interest

Grouping / "EEIG

"Iceland[edit]

Name Type Notes
ehf. einkahlutafélag ≈ "Ltd. (UK)
  • Minimum capital: "ISK 500,000 (£2,750; €3,260; $4,250).
  • Minimum "shareholders: 1.
einstaklingsfyrirtæki "sole proprietorship
hf. hlutafélag ≈ "plc (UK)
  • Minimum capital: "ISK 4,000,000 (£22,000; €26,100; $34,000).
  • Minimum "shareholders: 2.
ohf. opinbert hlutafélag "government-owned corporation
saf. samlagsfélag ≈ "limited partnership
sv. samvinnufélag "cooperative
sam. samsteypa "conglomerate
sf. sameignarfélag ≈ "general partnership
sfs. sjálfseignarstofnun "non-profit organization
  • Minimum capital: "ISK 1,000,000 (£5,500; €6,520; $8,500).

"India[edit]

"Indonesia[edit]

"Iran[edit]

"Ireland[edit]

Similar to United Kingdom below, though without the class Community Interest Company. There were two forms of Company Limited by Guarantee, but only the form without a share capital is now used. "Irish names may also be used, such as cpt (cuideachta phoibli theoranta) for plc, and Teo (Teoranta) for Ltd.

"Israel[edit]

"Italy[edit]

"Japan[edit]

Business corporations are referred to as kaisha (会社) and are formed under the Companies Law of 2005. There are currently (2015) 4 types and each of them has legal personality:

Partnerships are referred to as kumiai (組合). Each of these 4 types has no legal personality though other corporations, which include "kumiai" in their name, have:

"Jordan[edit]

"Kazakhstan[edit]

"Korea, South[edit]

"Latvia[edit]

"Lebanon[edit]

  1. S.N.C.(Société en Nom Collectif): General partnership
  2. S.C.S.(Société en Commandite Simple): Partnership in commendam

"Lithuania[edit]

"Luxembourg[edit]

"Macedonia[edit]

"Malaysia[edit]

"Mexico[edit]

Business entities according to the "Ley General de Sociedades Mercantiles" (General Law of Business entities)

Note: Any of these entities can be incorporated as a "Capital Variable" entity, in which case has to add the " de C.V." sufix to its company name. Example: "S.A. de C.V.", "S. de R.L. de C.V."

Business entities according to the "Ley del Mercado de Valores" (Stock Market Law)

"Mongolia[edit]

"Montenegro[edit]

one of above mentioned form (Preduzetnik; O.D.; K.D.; A.D.; D.O.O.), as such it is registered in the Central Register of Companies. This form is a little bit specific and was created for companies that are domiciled registered in other countries and have its part in Montenegro.

"Morocco[edit]

"Namibia[edit]

"Nepal[edit]

"Netherlands[edit]

Companies are registered on the Companies Register and with a regional "Chamber of Commerce.[42]

"New Zealand[edit]

"Nicaragua[edit]

The Commercial Code establishes the following types of companies:

"Nigeria[edit]

"Norway[edit]

"Oman[edit]

"Pakistan[edit]

There are three main forms of business:

(a) Sole Proprietorship (b) Partnership (c) Company

In a sole proprietorship, an individual on his/her own account carries out the business or profession. No formal procedure or formality is required for setting up a sole proprietary concern.

A partnership is a business relationship entered into by a formal agreement between two or more persons or corporations carrying on a business in common. The capital for a partnership is provided by the partners who are liable for the total debts of the firms and who share the profits and losses of the business concern according to the terms of the partnership agreement.

Partnerships (other than banking companies) are generally limited in size to twenty partners. The interest of a partner is transferable only with the prior consent of the other partner(s). However, a partner's right to a share of the partnership income may be received in trust for another person.

For taxation purposes, partnerships are classified into:

(i) Registered Firms (ii) Unregistered Firms

The income of the registered firm is subject to Super Tax before distribution to the partners. Also the individual income of the partners is subject to income tax at the usual rates.

For unregistered firms, income tax is levied on the firm's income and the partners are not liable to pay tax on the shares of profit received from the unregistered firm(s).

A company is a legal entity formed under the Companies Ordinance, 1984. It can have share capital or can be formed without share capital.

A company having share capital may be formed as:

(i) A company limited by shares. (ii) A company limited by guarantee. (iii) An unlimited company.

The liability of its members is limited to the extent of their shares in the paid-up capital of the company. These companies may further be classified as public limited and private limited companies.

(i) Restricts the right to transfer its shares; (ii) Limits the number of its members to fifty; and; (iii) Prohibits any invitation to the public to subscribe for shares or debentures of the company.

A private limited company is required to use the words "(Private) Limited" as the last words of its name.

Means a company having the liability of its members limited by memorandum to such amounts as the members may respectively undertake to contribute to the capital of the company in the event of its winding up. A company limited by guarantee is usually formed on a 'non profit basis'. Companies limited by guarantee use the words (Guarantee) Limited" as the last words of their n Unlimited Company

Means a company having unlimited liability of its members

<https://www.secp.gov.pk/></https://www.secp.gov.pk/>

"Peru[edit]

"Philippines[edit]

Older forms (now rarely used)

"Poland[edit]

References: (Polish) Commercial Companies Code of 15 September 2000 (Dz.U. No 94 item 1037 as amended); (Polish) Civil Code of 23 April 1964 (Dz.U. No 16 item 93 as amended); (Polish) Law on Cooperatives of 16 September 1982 (Dz.U. 2003 No 188 item 1848 as amended)

"Portugal[edit]

"Romania[edit]

Societăți comerciale, abbreviated SC (Companies):

  1. Societăți de persoane (Unincorporated companies, also called Partnerships)
    • Societatea în nume colectiv, abbreviated SNC (General Partnership, abbreviated GP)
    • Societatea în comandită simplă, abbreviated SCS (Limited Partnership, abbreviated LP)
  2. Societăți de capitaluri (Incorporated companies, also called Corporations)
    • Societatea în comandită pe acțiuni, abbreviated SCA (Company Limited by Shares)
    • Societatea pe acțiuni, abbreviated SA (Joint-Stock Company)
  3. Societăți hibride (Hybrid companies)
    • Societatea cu răspundere limitată, abbreviated SRL (Limited Liability Company)
    • Societatea cu răspundere limitată cu proprietar unic, abbreviated SRL cu proprietar unic
  1. "S.A. (Societate pe Acţiuni): ≈ "plc (UK)
  2. S.C.A. (societate în comandită pe acţiuni): limited partnership with shares
  3. S.C.S. (societate în comandită simplă): ≈ "limited partnership
  4. S.N.C. (societate în nume colectiv): ≈ "general partnership
  5. S.R.L. (societate cu răspundere limitată): ≈ "Ltd. (UK)
  6. PFA (persoana fizica autorizata): ≈ "self-employed (UK) "Sole Proprietorship (US)
  7. O.N.G. (Organizație Non-Guvernamentală): ≈ Non-state pension fund (literally: Non-Governmental Organization)

limited liability company "societate cu raspundere limitata" (SRL); joint stock company "societate pe actiuni" (SA);

"Russia[edit]

"Saudi Arabia[edit]

"Serbia[edit]

"Singapore[edit]

Private Limited Company, Sole Proprietorship and Partnership are the predominant types of business found in Singapore.[46]

"Slovakia[edit]

"Slovenia[edit]

"South Africa[edit]

"Spain[edit]

"Sweden[edit]

"Switzerland[edit]

"AG (Aktiengesellschaft) "SA (Société anonyme) "SA (Società anonima) ≈ "plc (UK) or "Inc. (US). Min. "share capital "CHF 100,000. Bearer or registered shares, of a "par value of min. "CHF 0.01 each. Details of shareholders generally not publicly available (except for main shareholders and management shares of publicly listed companies).
"GmbH (Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung) "Sàrl (Société à responsabilité limitée) Sagl (Società a garanzia limitata) ≈ "Ltd. (UK), "LLC (US). Min. capital "CHF 20,000. Registered shares only, of a "par value of min. "CHF 100 each. Name, address and share of each owner (and any changes) publicly recorded in the Official Register of Commerce.<http://zefix.admin.ch/>

"Taiwan[edit]

"Thailand[edit]

"Turkey[edit]

According to Code of Obligations (fifth book of Civil Code) (Act No: 6098)

According to the Commercial Code (Act No: 6102)

Şahıs şirketleri ≈ "Partnerships (Unlike the partnerships in Anglo-American law, they also have legal personality like companies)

Sermaye şirketleri ≈ "Companies

According to the Capital Markets Act (Act No: 6362)

According to the Cooperatives Act (Act No: 1136)

Other entitites:

"Tunisia[edit]

"Ukraine[edit]

Company formation is regulated by the Ukrainian Civil Code and Commercial Code, Law of Commercial companies, Law of stock companies, law and order.

"United Kingdom[edit]

"United States[edit]

In the United States, the individual states incorporate most businesses. Very few special types are incorporated by the federal government.

Tax classifications[edit]

For federal tax purposes, the "Internal Revenue Service has separate "entity classification rules. Under the tax rules, an entity may be classified as a "corporation, a "partnership, a "Cooperative or a disregarded entity. A corporation may be taxed as either a "C corporation or elect to be treated as a "Subchapter S corporation. A disregarded entity has one owner (or a married couple as owner) that is not recognized for tax purposes as an entity separate from its owner. Types of disregarded entities include single-member "LLCs; qualified subchapter S subsidiaries and qualified "real estate investment trust subsidiaries. A disregarded entity's transparent tax status does not affect its status under state law. For example, for federal tax purposes, a sole-member LLC (SMLLC) is disregarded, so that all its assets and liabilities are treated as owned by its single member. But under state law, an SMLLC can contract in its own name and its owner is generally not personally liable for the debts and obligations of the entity.[53] To be recognized as a "Cooperative for tax purposes Cooperatives must follow certain rules under Sub Chapter T of the "Internal Revenue Code.[54]

Federally incorporated[edit]

The key word for a bank is "national". A bank chartered by the "Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) must have the word "national" in its name. A bank chartered by a state cannot have "national" in its name. For a savings bank (formerly called a savings and loan association) or credit union, the key word is "federal", and the same rules apply; a federally chartered savings bank or credit union must have the word "federal" in its name, while a state chartered savings bank or credit union cannot have "federal" in its name.

Many federal governmental units are specially formed "public corporations, while some private organizations have received a "charter from Congress.

State, territory or commonwealth incorporated[edit]

The following are the main business designations and types:

Partnerships[edit]

Limited Liability Companies[edit]

Corporations[edit]

Required designations for corporations, by U.S. state, territory or commonwealth:

State, territory or commonwealth Required in corporation name Authority
"Alabama "corporation", or "incorporated", or an abbreviation of one of such words, or if a banking corporation the words "bank", "banking", or "bankers" § 10-2B-4.01(a)(1) Code of Alabama 1975
"Alaska "corporation", "company", "incorporated", or "limited", or an abbreviation of one of these words; may not contain the word "city", "borough", or "village" or otherwise imply that the corporation is a municipality. §10.06.105 (a) and (b), Alaska Corporations Code
"Arizona "association", "bank", "company", "corporation", "limited" or "incorporated" or an abbreviation of one of these words or the equivalent in a foreign language. Corporation may not use "bank", "deposit", "credit union", "trust" or "trust company" unless it also has a license to operate one. May not use "limited liability company" or "limited company" or the abbreviations "L.L.C.", "L.C.", "LLC" or "LC" §10-401 Arizona Revised Statutes
"Arkansas "Corporation", "Company", or "Incorporated", or shall contain an abbreviation of one of those words; but the name may not end with the word "Company" nor the abbreviation "Co." if the final word or abbreviation is immediately preceded by "and" or any symbol for "and" §4-26-401 (1), Arkansas Code
"California "corporation", "incorporated" or "limited" or an abbreviation of one of such words is required and for a statutory close corporations for corporate provisions to apply. May not contain "bank", " trust", "trustee" or "credit union" unless approved by the Commissioner of Financial Institutions. §202(a), California Corporations Code
"Colorado "corporation", "incorporated", "company", "limited", "corp.", inc.", "co." or "ltd"; If the corporation is a professional corporation, it must contain the term or abbreviation "professional corporation", "p.c.", or "pc". §7-90-601, Colorado Revised Statutes
"Connecticut "corporation", "incorporated", "company", "Societa per Azioni" or "limited", or the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co.", "S.p.A." or "ltd." §33-655 General Statutes of Connecticut
"Delaware "association", "company", "corporation", "club", "foundation", "fund", "incorporated", "institute", "society", "union", "syndicate", or "limited", (or abbreviations thereof, with or without punctuation), or words (or abbreviations thereof, with or without punctuation) of like import of foreign countries or jurisdictions (provided they are written in Roman characters or letters) Title 8, §102, Delaware Code
"District of Columbia "corporation", "company", "incorporated", or "limited", or shall contain an abbreviation of 1 of such words § 29-101.08 District of Columbia Official Code
"Florida "corporation", "company", or "incorporated" or the abbreviation "Corp.", "Inc.", or "Co.", or the designation "Corp", "Inc", or "Co", §607.0401 Florida Statutes
"Georgia 'corporation,' 'incorporated,' 'company,' or 'limited,' or the abbreviation 'corp.,' 'inc.,' 'co.,' or 'ltd.,' or words or abbreviations of like import in another language; must not be longer than 80 characters O.C.G.A. § 14-2-401
"Guam "corporation", "incorporated", "company", or "limited", or the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co.", or "ltd.", or words or abbreviations of like import in another language; if the word "company" or its abbreviation is used, it shall not be immediately preceded by the word "and" or an abbreviation or symbol representing the word "and." Title 18, § 2110, Guam Code Annotated
"Hawaii "corporation", "incorporated", or "limited", or the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", or "ltd." §414-51 Hawaii Revised Statutes
"Idaho "corporation", "incorporated", "company", "limited", or the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co.", or "ltd.", or words or abbreviations of like import in another language; provided however, that if the word "company" or its abbreviation is used it shall not be immediately preceded by the word "and" or by an abbreviation of or symbol representing the word "and" §30-1-401 Idaho Statutes
"Illinois "corporation", "company", "incorporated", or "limited", or an abbreviation of one of such words 805 ILCS 5/4.05 Illinois Compiled Statutes
"Indiana "corporation", "incorporated", "company", or "limited", or the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co.", or "ltd.", or words or abbreviations of like import in another language § 23-1-23-1 Indiana Code
"Iowa "corporation", "incorporated", "company", or "limited", or the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co.", or "ltd.", or words or abbreviations of like import in another language. §490.401 Iowa Acts
"Kansas (except for banks) "association", "church", "college", "company", "corporation", "club", "foundation", "fund", "incorporated", "institute", "society", "union", "university", "syndicate" or "limited", or one of the abbreviations "co.", "corp.", "inc.", "ltd.", or words or abbreviations of like import in other languages if they are written in Roman characters or letters §17-6002 Kansas Statutes
"Kentucky "corporation", "incorporated" or the abbreviation "Inc.", or the word "company" or the abbreviation "Co."; but if the word "company" or the abbreviation "Co." is used, it may not be immediately preceded by the word "and" or the abbreviation "&." §273.177 Kentucky Revised Statutes
"Louisiana (except for railroad, telegraph and telephone corporations) "Corporation", "Incorporated" or "Limited", or the abbreviation of any of those words, or may contain instead the word "Company" or the abbreviation "Co." if the latter word or abbreviation is not immediately preceded by the word "and" or the symbol "&". No corporate name shall contain the phrase "doing business as" or the abbreviation "d/b/a". Only a bank or bank holding company is allowed to use any of "bank", "banker", "banking", "savings", "safe deposit", "trust", "trustee", "building and loan", "homestead", "credit union", "insurance", "casualty", "redevelopment corporation", or "electric cooperative". §12:23 Louisiana Revised Statutes
"Maine words or abbreviations of words that describe the nature of the entity, including "professional association", "corporation", "company", "incorporated", "chartered", "limited", "limited partnership", "limited liability company", "professional limited liability company", "limited liability partnership", "registered limited liability partnership", "service corporation" or "professional corporation"; beginning July 1, 2007, may also include "limited liability limited partnership" for business corporations: Title 13-C § 401 Maine Revised Statutes; for non-profit corporations: Title 13-B § 301-A Maine Revised Statutes
"Maryland For Corporations: "Company", if it is not preceded by the word "and" or a symbol for the word "and"; "Corporation", "Incorporated" or "Limited" or abbreviations; for Limited liability companies: "limited liability company", "L.L.C.", "LLC", "L.C.", or "LC"; for Limited liability partnerships: "limited liability partnership", "L.L.P." or "LLP"; for Limited partnerships: "limited partnership", "L.P.", or "LP"; for Limited liability limited partnerships: "limited liability limited partnership", "L.L.L.P.", or "LLLP"; for Professional corporations: "chartered", "chtd.", "professional association", "P.A.", "professional corporation", or "P.C." Maryland Code CORPORATIONS AND ASSOCIATIONS § 1-502
"Massachusetts "any name which, in the judgment of the secretary, indicates that it is a corporation" GENERAL LAWS OF MASSACHUSETTS Chapter 155: Section 9
"Michigan "corporation", "company", "incorporated", or "limited" or shall contain 1 of the following abbreviations, corp., co., inc., or ltd. Act 284 of 1972 Section 450.1211 MICHIGAN BUSINESS CORPORATION ACT
"Minnesota nonprofit corporations are not required to use any of these words; for business corporations, they must use "corporation", "incorporated", or "limited", or shall contain an abbreviation of one or more of these words, or the word "company" or the abbreviation "Co." if that word or abbreviation is not immediately preceded by the word "and" or the character "&" Chapter 302A, Section 302A.115 Minnesota Statutes (for Business Corporations); Chapter 317A, Section 317A.115 Minnesota Statutes (for non-profit corporations)
"Mississippi "corporation", "incorporated", "company" or "limited", or the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co." or "ltd." or words or abbreviations of like import in another language § 79-4-4.01 Mississippi code
"Missouri "corporation", "company", "incorporated", or "limited", or shall end with an abbreviation of one of said words

Chapter 351 Section 351.110 Missouri Revised Statutes

"Montana "corporation", "incorporated", "company", or "limited"; the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co.", or "ltd."; or words or abbreviations of similar meaning in another language 35-1-308 Montana Code Annotated
"Nebraska corporation, incorporated, company, or limited, or the abbreviation corp., inc., co., or ltd., or words or abbreviations of like import in another language, except that a corporation organized to conduct a banking business under the Nebraska Banking Act may use a name which includes the word bank without using any such words or abbreviations Section 21-2028 State of Nebraska Statutes
"Nevada No specific requirements stated except that a name appearing to be that of a natural person and containing a given name or initials must not be used as a corporate name except with an additional word or words such as "Incorporated", "Limited", "Inc.", "Ltd.", "Company", "Co.", "Corporation", "Corp.", or other word which identifies it as not being a natural person 78.035 Nevada Revised Statutes
"New Hampshire Contain the word "corporation", "incorporated", or "limited" or the abbreviation "corp." ""inc.", or "ltd." New Hampshire Revised Statutes TITLE XXVII; Section 293-A:4.01 for business corporations
"New Jersey Shall contain the word "corporation", "company", "incorporated", or shall contain an abbreviation of one of those words, or shall include the abbreviation Ltd. New Jersey Statutes 14A:2-2
"New Mexico contain the separate word "corporation", "company", "incorporated" or "limited" or shall contain a separate abbreviation of one of these words New Mexico Statutes Unannotated 53-11-7
"New York Shall contain the word "corporation", "incorporated" or "limited", or an abbreviation of one of such words; there is also a long list of words a business corporation is not allowed to use without additional approval from other agencies including "board of trade", "state police", "urban development", "chamber of commerce", "state trooper", "urban relocation", "community renewal", "tenant relocation", "acceptance", "endowment", "loan", "annuity", "fidelity", "mortgage", "assurance", "finance", "savings" and many others New York State Consolidated Laws, Business Corporations Law §301; Not-For-Profit Corporations Law, §301
"North Carolina a corporation must contain the word "corporation", "incorporated", "company", or "limited", or the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co.", or "ltd."; a limited liability company must contain the words "limited liability company" or the abbreviation "L.L.C." or "LLC", or the combination "ltd. liability co.", "limited liability co.", or "ltd. liability company"; a limited partnership that is not a limited liability limited partnership must contain the words "limited partnership", the abbreviation "L.P." or "LP", or the combination "ltd. partnership"; a limited liability limited partnership must contain the words "registered limited liability limited partnership" or "limited liability limited partnership" or the abbreviation "L.L.L.P.", "R.L.L.L.P.", "LLLP", or "RLLLP"; a registered limited liability partnership's name must contain the words "registered limited liability partnership" or "limited liability partnership" or the abbreviation "L.L.P.", "R.L.L.P.", "LLP" or "RLLP". North Carolina General Statutes § 55D‑20
"North Dakota must contain the word "company", "corporation", "incorporated", "limited", or an abbreviation of one or more of these words; may not contain the words "limited liability company", "limited partnership", "limited liability partnership", "limited liability limited partnership", or any abbreviation of these words. North Dakota century Code 10-19.1-13
"Ohio It shall end with or include the word or abbreviation "company", "co.", "corporation", "corp.", "incorporated", or "inc." Ohio Revised Code §1701.05
"Oklahoma The name of the corporation which shall contain one of the words "association", "company", "corporation", "club", "foundation", "fund", "incorporated", "institute", "society", "union", "syndicate", or "limited" or abbreviations thereof, with or without punctuation Oklahoma Statutes §18-1006
"Oregon For private corporations it shall contain one or more of the words "corporation", "incorporated", "company" or "limited" or an abbreviation of one or more of those words; shall not contain the word "cooperative." For non-profit corporations there is no specific requirement except the name cannot imply a purpose not dictated in its articles of incorporation and cannot contain the word "cooperative" or the phrase "limited partnership." "Oregon Revised Statutes 60.094 for Private Corporations; ORS 65.094 for Non-Profit corporations
"Pennsylvania Corporation, Corp., Company, Co., Incorporated, Inc., Limited, Ltd., Association., Fund., Syndicate or words or abbreviations of like import in languages other than English. Pennsylvania Code, Chapter 19, §23.3
"Puerto Rico Corporation, Corp. or Inc., or words or abbreviations of like import in other languages, provided they are written in roman letters or characters. Title 14, Subtitle 4, §2602, Laws of Puerto Rico.
"Rhode Island "corporation", "company", "incorporated", or "limited", or an abbreviation of one of these words Rhode Island General Laws § 7-1.2-401
"South Carolina "corporation", "incorporated", "company", or "limited", the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co.", or "ltd.", or words or abbreviations of like import in another language South Carolina Code of Laws Section 33-4-101
"South Dakota corporation, incorporated, company, or limited, or the abbreviation, corp., inc., co., or ltd., or terms or abbreviations of like import in another language South Dakota Codified Laws 47-1A-401
"Tennessee "corporation", "incorporated", "company", or the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co.", or words or abbreviations of like import in another language (provided they are written in Roman characters or letters); existing corporations which were formed using only "limited" or "ltd" are not required to change their name § 48-14-101 Tennessee Code
"Texas "company", "corporation", "incorporated", or "limited", or an abbreviation of one of those words. Texas Business Organizations Code § 5.054
"U.S. Virgin Islands name shall be such as to indicate that it is a corporation as distinguished from a natural person or partnership. Title Thirteen, § 2, Virgin Islands Code
"Utah "corporation", "incorporated", "company"; the abbreviation: "corp.", "inc." or "co." or words or abbreviations of like import to the words or abbreviations listed in another language; without the written consent of the United States Olympic Committee, may not contain the words "Olympic", "Olympiad", or "Citius Altius Fortius"; without the written consent of the Division of Consumer Protection may not contain the words "university", "college" or "institute" § 16-10a-401 Utah Code
"Vermont "corporation", "incorporated", "company", or "limited", or the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co.", or "ltd.", or words or abbreviations of like import in another language; shall not have the word "cooperative" or any abbreviation thereof as part of its name unless the corporation is a worker cooperative corporation; Title 11A, § 4.01 Vermont Statutes
"Virginia "corporation", "incorporated", "company", or "limited", or the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co.", or "ltd." § 13.1-630. Code of Virginia
"Washington "corporation", "incorporated", "company", or "limited", or the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co.", or "ltd."; must not include "Bank", "banking", "banker", "trust", "cooperative", or any combination of the words "industrial" and "loan", or any combination of any two or more of the words "building", "savings", "loan", "home", "association", and "society", § 23B.04.010 Revised Code of Washington
"West Virginia "corporation", "incorporated", "company" or "limited", or the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co." or "ltd.", or words or abbreviations of like import in another language §31D-4-401 West Virginia Code
"Wisconsin "corporation", "incorporated", "company" or "limited" or the abbreviation "corp.", "inc.", "co." or "ltd." or words or abbreviations of like import in another language §180.0401 Wisconsin Statutes (for "Stock corporations) and §181.0401 Wisconsin Statutes (for "non-stock corporations)
"Wyoming Unclear; apparently any of "corporation", "company", "incorporated", and probably the usual abbreviations of "Corp." "Co." and "Inc." § 17-16-401. Wyoming Statutes

"Uzbekistan[edit]

"Vietnam[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Choose a legal structure for a new business". "GOV.UK. Retrieved 19 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Limited liability company
  3. ^ "Sociedades de Garantía Reciproca". 
  4. ^ "Sociedades de Garantía Reciproca". Argentina Ministry of Industry. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "What is an Incorporated Limited Partnership?". LegalVision. 2016-11-06. Retrieved 2017-08-15. 
  6. ^ "Types of Business". Ministry of Finance, Brunei Darussalam. Retrieved 29 April 2016. 
  7. ^ "Types of Business". Brunei Economic Development Board. Retrieved 29 April 2016. 
  8. ^ "NS vs. Alberta ULCs". Retrieved 15 October 2014. 
  9. ^ https://www.sbif.cl/sbifweb/internet/archivos/DISCURSOS_5983.pdf
  10. ^ Trade Associations Act (in Croatian) http://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/2011_12_152_3144.html
  11. ^ Trade Associations Act, article 389, section 2 (in Croatian) http://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/2011_12_152_3144.html
  12. ^ Trade Associations Act - Addendum (in Croatian) http://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/2012_10_111_2392.html
  13. ^ Cooperatives Act (in Croatian) http://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/2011_03_34_764.html
  14. ^ Sole proprietorship Act (in Croatian) http://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/2013_12_143_3065.html
  15. ^ Ministry of entrepreneurship and crafts portal (in Croatian) http://portor.mingorp.hr/sporedna.htm
  16. ^ Agriculture Act (in Croatian) http://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/2015_03_30_612.html
  17. ^ http://obchodni-zakonik.eu/akciova-spolecnost/ § 154 a následující Obchodního zákoníku
  18. ^ http://obchodni-zakonik.eu/spolecnost-s-rucenim-omezenym/ § 105 a následující Obchodního zákoníku
  19. ^ Castllo Silverio, YuniorAndrés. "Constitución de Compañía CXA, y un Analisis de la Ley 479-08". Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  20. ^ Religious Freedom Act (453/2003), Chapter 2
  21. ^ Laki Suomen Punaisesta Rististä (453/2003). Retrieved 31-05-2012.
  22. ^ The decision of the Ministry of Justice to approve the bylaws of the general bar association (191/1959). Retrieved 31-05-2012
  23. ^ http://www.inarinpaliskunnat.org/organisaatio.html
  24. ^ Asunto-osakeyhtiölaki (1599/2009). Retrieved 31-05-2012.
  25. ^ a b Vakuutusyhtiölaki, Article 10. Retrieved 31-05-2012
  26. ^ Asunto-osakeyhtiölaki (1599/2009), Chapter 28. Retrieved 31-05-2012.
  27. ^ Finnish Sea Act (674/1994), Chapter 5 "Laivaisännistöyhtiö". Retrieved 31-5-2012.
  28. ^ Säästöpankkilaki (1502/2001). Retrieved 31-05-2012.
  29. ^ Vesilaki (587/2011), Chapter 6. Retrieved 31-05-2012
  30. ^ a b Vesilaki (587/2011), Chapter 7. Retrieved 31-05-2012
  31. ^ Laki yksityisistä teistä (358/1962), §50. Retrieved 31-5-2012
  32. ^ Vesilaki (587/2011), Chapter 9. Retrieved 31-05-2012
  33. ^ Vesilaki (587/2011), Chapter 12. Retrieved 31-05-2012
  34. ^ Yhteisaluelaki (758/1989). Retrieved 31-05-2012
  35. ^ Yhtesimetsälaki (109/2003). Retrieved 31-05-2012
  36. ^ http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/bgb/BJNR001950896.html#BJNR001950896BJNG006502377 §§ 705 ff. BGB
  37. ^ "Act IV of 2006 on Business Associations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 28 December 2015. 
  38. ^ "Changes in Hungarian corporate law in the new Civil Code". Eversheds. Retrieved 28 December 2015. 
  39. ^ "A kft. a legnépszerűbb cégforma". 24.hu. Retrieved 28 December 2015. 
  40. ^ "Kht helyett nonprofit gazdasági társaság". Vállalkozói negyed. Retrieved 28 December 2015. 
  41. ^ (in Italian) ""Wikisource link to Libro Quinto - Titolo V: Delle società: Capo V: Della società per azioni. "Wikisource. 
  42. ^ "Inschrijven bij de Kamer van Koophandel". Retrieved 15 October 2014. 
  43. ^ "Register a Joint Stock Company". Sultanate of Oman, Ministry of Commerce and Industry. Retrieved 21 July 2013. The commercial name should bear Omani Joint Stock Company (S.A.O.G) 
  44. ^ "Require to obtain pre approval to carry on business of the companies operating in the field of securities". Sultanate of Oman, Capital Market Authority. 
  45. ^ "Sociedad Anonima Cerrada y Abierta". 27 July 2007. Retrieved 3 November 2011. 
  46. ^ Singapore Business Types
  47. ^ registering subsidiary company
  48. ^ (The new companies' act that was always spoken about is now a reality)
  49. ^ "Gábilos - Sociedad Anónima Laboral", www.gabilos.com (in Spanish) 
  50. ^ "SOCIETAT COOPERATIVA CATALANA LIMITADA (SCCL)" (PDF), www.elclubdelemprenedor.org (in Spanish) 
  51. ^ "Companies Act 2006". Parliament of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 2016-10-13. 
  52. ^ Presti and Naegele Newsletter, 4 April 2012.
  53. ^ "IRS Sub Chapter T". Retrieved 15 October 2014. 

External links[edit]

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