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( => ( => ( => List of countries by GDP (nominal) [pageid] => 380845 ) =>
Largest economies by nominal GDP in 2017
(counting the economies of the European Union as one)
according to "International Monetary Fund estimates.[1]
""A pie chart displaying the world's seven largest economies—the United States, the European Union, China, Japan, India, Brazil, and Canada.
""
The United States, the world's largest economy, accounts for approximately 25 percent of Nominal "world GDP, and the seven largest economies (amalgamating the European Union economies as one) account for 75 percent of the total.

Gross domestic product (GDP) is the "market value of all final goods and services from a nation in a given year.[2] Countries are sorted by nominal "GDP estimates from financial and statistical institutions, which are calculated at market or government official "exchange rates. Nominal GDP does not take into account differences in the "cost of living in different countries, and the results can vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the "exchange rates of the country's "currency.[3] Such fluctuations may change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference in the standard of living of its population.[4]

Comparisons of national wealth are also frequently made on the basis of "purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem, but has its own drawbacks; it does not reflect the value of economic output in "international trade, and it also requires more estimation than nominal GDP.[5] On the whole, PPP per capita figures are less spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.[6]

The "United States is the world's largest economy with a GDP of approximately $18.56 trillion, notably due to "high average incomes, "a large population,[7] capital investment, moderate "unemployment,[8] high consumer spending,[9] a relatively young population,[10] and technological innovation.[11] "Tuvalu is the world's smallest national economy with a GDP of about $32 million because of its very small population, a lack of natural resources, reliance on foreign aid, negligible "capital investment, demographic problems, and low average incomes.[12]

Although the "rankings of national economies have changed considerably over time, the United States has maintained its top position since the "Gilded Age, a time period in which its economy saw rapid expansion, surpassing the "British Empire and "Qing dynasty in aggregate output.[13][14] Since China's "transition to a market-based economy through privatisation and deregulation,[15][16] the country has seen its ranking increase from ninth in 1978 to second to only the United States in 2016 as economic growth accelerated and its share of global nominal GDP surged from 2% in 1980 to 15% in 2016.[14][1] India has also experienced a similar economic boom since the implementation of "neoliberal reforms in the early 1990s.[17] When "supranational entities are included, the "European Union is the second largest economy in the world. It was the largest from 2004, "when ten countries joined the union,[18] to 2014, after which it was surpassed by the United States.[19]

The first list largely includes data compiled by the "International Monetary Fund's "World Economic Outlook for 2016, the second list shows the "World Bank's 2016 estimates, and the third list includes data compiled by the "United Nations Statistics Division for 2015. Several economies which are not considered to be countries (the world, the European Union, and some "dependent territories) are included in the lists because they appear in the sources as distinct economies. These economies are italicized and not ranked in the charts, but are listed where applicable.

Contents

Lists[edit]

Per the "International Monetary Fund (2016)[1] Per the "World Bank (2016)[20] Per the "United Nations (2015)[21][22]
Rank Country GDP
(millions of US$)
 "World[19] 75,278,049
1  "United States 18,569,100
 "European Union[n 1][19] 16,408,364
2  "China[n 2] 11,218,281
3  "Japan 4,938,644
4  "Germany 3,466,639
5  "United Kingdom 2,629,188
6  "France 2,463,222
7  "India 2,256,397
8  "Italy 1,850,735
9  "Brazil 1,798,622
10  "Canada 1,529,224
11  "South Korea 1,411,246
12  "Russia[n 3] 1,280,731
13  "Australia 1,258,978
14  "Spain 1,232,597
15  "Mexico 1,046,002
16  "Indonesia 932,448
17  "Turkey 857,429
18  "Netherlands 771,163
19   "Switzerland 659,850
20  "Saudi Arabia 639,617
21  "Argentina 545,124
22  "Taiwan 528,550
23  "Sweden 511,397
24  "Poland 467,591
25  "Belgium 466,960
26  "Thailand 406,949
27  "Nigeria 405,952
28  "Austria 386,752
29  "Iran 376,755
30  "United Arab Emirates 371,353
31  "Norway 370,449
32  "Egypt 332,349
33  "Hong Kong 320,668
34  "Israel 318,386
35  "Denmark 306,730
36  "Philippines 304,696
37  "Singapore 296,967
38  "Malaysia 296,359
39  "South Africa 294,132
40  "Ireland 293,605
41  "Venezuela 287,274
42  "Pakistan 284,185
43  "Colombia 282,357
44  "Chile 247,025
45  "Finland 236,883
46  "Bangladesh 227,901
47  "Portugal 204,761
48  "Vietnam 201,326
49  "Peru 195,140
50  "Greece 194,248
51  "Czech Republic 192,991
52  "Romania 187,039
53  "New Zealand 181,991
54  "Iraq 167,026
55  "Algeria 160,784
56  "Qatar 156,734
57  "Kazakhstan 133,757
58  "Hungary 125,675
59  "Kuwait 109,859
60  "Morocco 103,615
61  "Puerto Rico 101,304
62  "Ecuador 98,010
63  "Angola 95,821
64  "Sudan 94,421
65  "Ukraine 93,263
66  "Slovakia 89,525
67  "Sri Lanka 82,615
68  "Syria[n 4] 77,460
69  "Ethiopia 72,523
70  "Dominican Republic 72,194
71  "Kenya 68,919
72  "Guatemala 68,175
73  "Uzbekistan 66,502
74  "Myanmar 66,324
75  "Oman 63,171
76  "Luxembourg 59,468
77  "Costa Rica 58,109
78  "Panama 55,122
79  "Uruguay 54,567
80  "Bulgaria 52,418
81  "Lebanon 51,991
82  "Croatia 50,441
83  "Belarus 48,847
84  "Tanzania 47,184
85  "Macau 44,110
86  "Slovenia 44,009
87  "Ghana 43,264
88  "Lithuania 42,749
89  "Tunisia 41,869
90  "Democratic Republic of the Congo 41,615
91  "Jordan 38,743
92  "Serbia 37,745
93  "Azerbaijan 37,556
94  "Turkmenistan 36,180
95  "Côte d'Ivoire 35,489
96  "Bolivia 34,831
97  "Libya 33,157
98  "Bahrain 31,907
99  "Cameroon 29,334
100  "Latvia 27,684
101  "Paraguay 27,441
102  "Yemen 27,318
103  "El Salvador 26,709
104  "Uganda 26,195
105  "Estonia 23,130
106  "Honduras 21,364
107  "Zambia 21,310
108    "Nepal 21,154
109  "Trinidad and Tobago 20,966
110  "Iceland 20,047
111  "Papua New Guinea 20,003
112  "Cyprus 19,810
113  "Cambodia 19,398
114  "Afghanistan 18,886
115  "Bosnia and Herzegovina 16,605
116  "Botswana 15,018
117  "Senegal 14,785
118  "Gabon 14,273
119  "Georgia 14,222
120  "Zimbabwe 14,174
121  "Mali 13,960
122  "Jamaica 13,950
123  "Laos 13,790
124  "Nicaragua 13,049
125  "Albania 12,126
126  "Mauritius 11,950
127  "Burkina Faso 11,182
128  "Equatorial Guinea 11,636
129  "Mozambique 11,283
130  "Brunei 11,182
131  "Mongolia 11,031
132  "Malta 10,953
133  "Macedonia 10,912
134  "Namibia 10,646
135  "Armenia 10,499
136  "Chad 10,103
137  "Madagascar 9,740
138  "Bahamas 8,939
139  "Benin 8,577
140  "Rwanda 8,406
141  "Haiti 8,257
142  "Republic of Congo 7,955
143  "Niger 7,479
144  "Tajikistan 6,922
145  "Moldova 6,750
146  "Kosovo 6,707
147  "Kyrgyzstan 6,551
148  "Guinea 6,512
149  "Malawi 5,492
150  "Eritrea 5,352
151  "Mauritania 4,714
152  "Fiji 4,640
153  "Barbados 4,588
154  "Togo 4,434
155  "Montenegro 4,126
156  "Sierra Leone 3,981
157  "Swaziland 3,770
158  "Suriname 3,570
159  "Guyana 3,437
160  "Maldives 3,379
161  "Burundi 3,133
162  "South Sudan 2,914
163  "Timor-Leste 2,498
164  "Lesotho 2,267
165  "Bhutan 2,115
166  "Liberia 2,111
167  "Djibouti 1,894
168  "Central African Republic 1,780
169  "Belize 1,743
170  "Cabo Verde 1,636
171  "San Marino 1,592
172  "Seychelles 1,405
173  "Antigua and Barbuda 1,398
174  "St. Lucia 1,385
175  "Solomon Islands 1,184
176  "Guinea-Bissau 1,155
177  "Grenada 1,027
178  "The Gambia 965
179  "St. Kitts and Nevis 903
180  "Samoa 786
181  "St. Vincent and the Grenadines 775
182  "Vanuatu 773
183  "Comoros 620
184  "Dominica 520
185  "Tonga 403
186  "São Tomé and Príncipe 350
187  "Federated States of Micronesia 322
188  "Palau 293
189  "Marshall Islands 183
190  "Kiribati 167
191  "Tuvalu 34
Rank Country GDP
(millions of US$)
 "World 75,641,577
1  "United States 18,569,100
 "European Union[n 1][23] 16,397,979
2  "China[n 5] 11,199,145
3  "Japan 4,939,383
4  "Germany 3,466,756
5  "United Kingdom 2,618,885
6  "France 2,465,453
7  "India 2,263,522
8  "Italy 1,849,970
9  "Brazil 1,796,186
10  "Canada 1,529,760
11  "South Korea 1,411,245
12  "Russia[n 3] 1,283,162
13  "Spain 1,232,088
14  "Australia 1,204,616
15  "Mexico 1,045,998
16  "Indonesia 932,259
17  "Turkey 857,748
18  "Netherlands 770,845
19   "Switzerland 659,827
20  "Saudi Arabia 646,438
21  "Argentina 545,866
22  "Sweden 510,999
23  "Poland 469,508
24  "Belgium 466,365
25  "Iran 425,326
26  "Thailand 406,839
27  "Nigeria 405,082
28  "Austria 386,427
29  "Norway 370,556
30  "Venezuela 371,337
31  "United Arab Emirates 370,293
32  "Egypt 330,779
33  "South Africa 312,798
34  "Hong Kong 309,929
35  "Malaysia 296,218
36  "Israel 296,075
37  "Denmark 295,164
38  "Singapore 292,739
39  "Colombia 292,080
40  "Philippines 291,965
41  "Pakistan 269,971
42  "Chile 240,216
43  "Ireland 238,020
44  "Finland 229,810
45  "Portugal 198,931
46  "Greece 195,212
47  "Bangladesh 195,079
48  "Vietnam 193,599
49  "Peru 192,084
50  "Kazakhstan 184,361
51  "Czech Republic 181,811
52  "Romania 177,954
53  "New Zealand 173,754
54  "Iraq 168,607
55  "Qatar 166,908
56  "Algeria 166,839
57  "Hungary 120,687
58  "Kuwait 112,812
59  "Puerto Rico 103,135
60  "Angola 102,643
61  "Ecuador 100,872
62  "Morocco[n 6] 100,360
63  "Ukraine 90,615
64  "Slovakia 86,582
65  "Sudan 84,067
66  "Sri Lanka 82,316
67  "Cuba (2013) 77,150
68  "Oman 70,255
69  "Dominican Republic 67,103
70  "Uzbekistan 66,733
71  "Myanmar 64,866
72  "Guatemala 63,794
73  "Kenya 63,398
74  "Ethiopia 61,537
75  "Luxembourg 57,794
76  "Belarus 54,609
77  "Uruguay 53,443
78  "Azerbaijan 53,047
79  "Panama 52,132
80  "Costa Rica 51,107
81  "Bulgaria 48,953
82  "Croatia 48,732
83  "Lebanon 47,103
84  "Macau 46,178
85  "Tanzania[n 7] 44,895
86  "Tunisia 43,015
87  "Slovenia 42,747
88  "Lithuania 41,244
89  "Ghana 37,864
90  "Jordan 37,517
91  "Turkmenistan 37,334
92  "Serbia 36,513
93  "Yemen 35,955
94  "Democratic Republic of the Congo 35,238
95  "Bolivia 33,197
96  "Bahrain 32,221
97 Cote d'Ivoire "Côte d'Ivoire 31,753
98  "Cameroon 29,198
99  "Libya 29,153
100  "Trinidad and Tobago 27,806
101  "Paraguay 27,623
102  "Latvia 27,035
103  "Uganda 26,369
104  "El Salvador 25,850
105  "Estonia 22,691
106  "Zambia 21,202
107    "Nepal 20,881
108  "Honduras 20,152
109  "Cyprus[n 8] 19,320
110  "Afghanistan 19,199
111  "Bosnia and Herzegovina 18,521
112  "Gabon 18,180
113  "Brunei 17,105
114  "Iceland 17,036
115  "Papua New Guinea 16,929
116  "Cambodia 16,778
117  "Georgia[n 9] 16,530
118  "Mozambique 15,938
119  "Botswana 15,813
120  "Senegal 15,658
121  "Equatorial Guinea 15,530
122  "Zimbabwe 14,197
123  "Republic of the Congo 14,177
124  "Chad 13,922
125  "Jamaica 13,891
126  "South Sudan 13,282
127  "Albania 13,212
128  "Namibia 12,995
129  "Mauritius 12,630
130  "Burkina Faso 12,542
131  "Mali 12,037
132  "Mongolia 12,016
133  "Laos 11,997
134  "Nicaragua 11,806
135  "Armenia 11,644
136  "Macedonia 11,324
137  "Madagascar 10,593
138  "Malta 9,643
139  "Benin 9,575
140  "Tajikistan 9,242
141  "Haiti 8,713
142  "The Bahamas 8,511
143  "Niger 8,169
144  "Moldova[n 10] 7,962
145  "Rwanda 7,890
146  "Kyrgyzstan 7,404
147  "Kosovo 7,387
148  "Guinea 6,624
149  "Somalia 5,707
150  "Bermuda 5,574
151  "Liechtenstein 5,488
152  "Suriname 5,210
153  "Mauritania 5,061
154  "Sierra Leone 4,838
155  "Montenegro 4,588
156  "Fiji 4,532
157  "Togo 4,518
158  "Swaziland 4,413
159  "Barbados 4,355
160  "Malawi 4,258
161  "Andorra 3,249
162  "Guyana 3,097
163  "Burundi 3,094
164  "Maldives 3,062
165  "Faroe Islands 2,613
166  "Greenland 2,441
167  "Lesotho 2,181
168  "Liberia 2,013
169  "Bhutan 1,959
170  "Cape Verde 1,871
171  "Central African Republic 1,723
172  "Belize 1,699
173  "Djibouti 1,589
174  "Seychelles 1,423
175  "Timor-Leste 1,417
176  "Saint Lucia 1,404
177  "Antigua and Barbuda 1,221
178  "Solomon Islands 1,158
179  "Guinea-Bissau 1,209
180  "The Gambia 851
181  "Grenada 884
182  "Saint Kitts and Nevis 852
183  "Vanuatu 815
184  "Samoa 800
185  "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 729
186  "Comoros 624
187  "Dominica 524
188  "Tonga 434
189 Sao Tome and Principe "São Tomé and Príncipe 337
190  "Federated States of Micronesia 318
191  "Palau 251
192  "Marshall Islands 187
193  "Kiribati 167
194  "Tuvalu 38
Rank Country GDP
(millions of US$)
 "World[24] 74,196,404
1  "United States 18,036,648
 "European Union[n 1][25] 16,832,631
2  "China[n 5] 11,158,457
3  "Japan 4,383,076
4  "Germany 3,363,600
5  "United Kingdom 2,858,003
6  "France 2,418,946
7  "India 2,116,239
8  "Italy 1,821,580
9  "Brazil 1,772,591
10  "Canada 1,552,808
11  "South Korea 1,377,873
12  "Russia[n 3] 1,326,016
13  "Australia 1,230,859
14  "Spain 1,192,955
15  "Mexico 1,140,724
16  "Indonesia 861,934
17  "Netherlands 750,318
18  "Turkey 717,887
19   "Switzerland 670,789
20  "Saudi Arabia 653,219
21  "Sweden 571,090
22  "Nigeria 568,499
23  "Poland 544,959
24  "Argentina 543,490
25  "Belgium 531,547
26  "Venezuela 509,968
27  "Norway 500,519
28  "Austria 436,888
29  "Iran 425,326
30  "Thailand 404,824
31  "United Arab Emirates 399,451
32  "Colombia 377,740
33  "South Africa 349,819
34  "Denmark 346,119
35  "Malaysia 326,933
36  "Singapore 307,872
37  "Israel 305,673
38  "Philippines 290,896
39  "Egypt 282,242
40  "Hong Kong 274,027
41  "Finland 272,217
42  "Chile 258,062
43  "Pakistan 251,255
44  "Ireland 250,814
45  "Greece 235,574
46  "Portugal 230,117
47  "Iraq 225,422
48  "Kazakhstan 216,036
49  "Algeria 213,518
50  "Qatar 211,817
51  "Czech Republic 205,270
52  "Peru 201,809
53  "Romania 199,045
54  "New Zealand 198,652
55  "Vietnam 186,205
56  "Bangladesh 173,062
57  "Kuwait 163,637
58  "Angola 146,676
59  "Hungary 138,347
60  "Ukraine 131,806
61  "Morocco 110,009
62  "Puerto Rico 103,676
63  "Ecuador 100,917
64  "Slovakia 100,249
65  "Cuba 87,205
66  "Sudan 81,894
67  "Oman 81,797
68  "Belarus 76,139
69  "Azerbaijan 75,193
70  "Sri Lanka 74,941
71  "Myanmar 66,478
72  "Luxembourg 64,874
73  "Dominican Republic 63,969
74  "Uzbekistan 63,030
75  "Kenya 60,936
76  "Guatemala 58,827
77  "Uruguay 57,471
78  "Croatia 57,137
79  "Bulgaria 56,718
80  "Macau 55,502
81  "Ethiopia 53,638
82  "Lebanon 49,631
83  "Costa Rica 49,553
84  "Slovenia 49,491
85  "Panama 49,166
86  "Lithuania 48,392
87  "Tanzania 48,030
88  "Turkmenistan 47,932
89  "Tunisia 47,423
90  "Serbia 43,866
91  "Libya 41,319
92  "Ghana 37,177
93  "Yemen 37,131
94  "Democratic Republic of the Congo 35,909
95  "Jordan 35,827
96 Cote d'Ivoire "Côte d'Ivoire 34,254
97  "Bahrain 33,850
98  "Bolivia 32,996
99  "Cameroon 32,051
100  "Latvia 31,286
101  "Paraguay 30,985
102  "Trinidad and Tobago 28,069
103  "Uganda 27,465
104  "Zambia 26,963
105  "Estonia 26,485
106  "El Salvador 25,164
107  "Cyprus 23,077
108  "Afghanistan 21,122
109  "Honduras 19,497
110    "Nepal 19,489
111  "Bosnia and Herzegovina 18,491
112  "Gabon 17,412
113  "North Korea 17,396
114  "Brunei 17,104
115  "Mozambique 17,081
116  "Iceland 17,036
117  "Cambodia 16,778
118  "Equatorial Guinea 16,731
119  "Papua New Guinea 16,576
120  "Georgia 16,530
121  "Botswana 15,813
122  "Senegal 15,658
123  "Zimbabwe 14,719
124  "Congo, Republic of the 14,077
125  "Jamaica 13,927
126  "Namibia 13,429
127  "Albania 13,413
128  "Chad 12,791
129  "Arab Palestinian areas 12,766
130  "Burkina Faso 12,756
131  "Mauritius 12,616
132  "Mongolia 12,067
133  "Mali 11,979
134  "Nicaragua 11,806
135  "Laos 11,749
136  "Macedonia 11,319
137  "South Sudan 11,007
138  "Armenia 10,889
139  "Madagascar 10,674
140  "Malta 10,536
141  "New Caledonia 10,234
142  "Benin 9,575
143  "Tajikistan 9,242
144  "Haiti 8,599
145  "The Bahamas 8,510
146  "Niger 8,169
147  "Moldova 7,944
148  "Rwanda 7,903
149  "Kyrgyzstan 7,404
150  "Kosovo 7,387
151  "Monaco 7,060
152  "Guinea 6,579
153  "Liechtenstein 5,855
154  "Malawi 5,720
155  "French Polynesia 5,623
156  "Bermuda 5,601
157  "Suriname 5,210
158  "Mauritania 5,092
159  "Timor-Leste 4,970
160  "Sierra Leone 4,893
161  "Montenegro 4,588
162  "Togo 4,576
163  "Fiji 4,532
164  "Swaziland 4,482
165  "Barbados 4,353
166  "Eritrea 3,858
167  "Cayman Islands 3,480
168  "Andorra 3,278
169  "Curaçao 3,159
170  "Guyana 3,086
171  "Maldives 3,032
172  "Burundi 2,869
173  "Aruba 2,664
174  "Greenland 2,441
175  "Liberia 2,122
176  "Lesotho 2,081
177  "Bhutan 1,965
178  "Cape Verde 1,855
179  "San Marino 1,845
180  "Central African Republic 1,838
181  "Belize 1,699
182  "Djibouti 1,589
183  "Seychelles 1,511
184  "Saint Lucia 1,406
185  "Somalia 1,375
186  "Zanzibar 1,289
187  "Antigua and Barbuda 1,248
188  "Guinea-Bissau 1,209
189  "Solomon Islands 1,103
190  "Sint Maarten 1,059
191  "British Virgin Islands 902
192  "Grenada 884
193  "Saint Kitts and Nevis 852
194  "The Gambia 851
195  "Samoa 824
196  "Vanuatu 812
197  "Turks and Caicos Islands 797
198  "Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 729
199  "Comoros 648
200  "Dominica 533
201  "Tonga 435
202 Sao Tome and Principe "São Tomé and Príncipe 337
203  "Federated States of Micronesia 308
204  "Cook Islands 311
205  "Anguilla 311
206  "Palau 234
207  "Marshall Islands 209
208  "Nauru 182
209  "Kiribati 180
210  "Montserrat 63
211  "Tuvalu 38

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The European Union (EU) is an "economic and "political union of 28 "member states that are located "primarily in "Europe.
  2. ^ Figures exclude "Taiwan, and "special administrative regions of "Hong Kong and "Macau.
  3. ^ a b c Figures exclude "Republic of Crimea and "Sevastopol.
  4. ^ Data for Syria's 2014 GDP is from the September 2011 WEO Database, the latest available from the IMF.
  5. ^ a b Figures exclude "special administrative regions of "Hong Kong and "Macau.
  6. ^ Includes Former Spanish Sahara.
  7. ^ Covers mainland Tanzania only.
  8. ^ Data are for the area controlled by the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.
  9. ^ Excludes "Abkhazia and "South Ossetia.
  10. ^ Excludes data for "Transnistria.

References[edit]

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  5. ^ Callen, Tim (28 March 2012). "Purchasing Power Parity: Weights Matter". "Finance & Development. "International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  6. ^ Callen, Tim (28 March 2012). "Gross Domestic Product: An Economy’s All". "Finance & Development. "International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 31 May 2014. 
  7. ^ Vo, Lam Thuy (30 May 2012). "The World's Richest Countries and Biggest Economies, In 2 Graphics". "Planet Money. "National Public Radio. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
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  19. ^ a b c "Report for Selected Country Groups and Subjects". "World Economic Outlook. "International Monetary Fund. October 2016. 
  20. ^ "GDP (current US$)". "World Development Indicators. "World Bank. Retrieved 1 July 2017. 
  21. ^ "GDP and its breakdown at current prices in US Dollars". "United Nations Statistics Division. December 2016. 
  22. ^ https://unstats.un.org/unsd/snaama/dnlList.asp
  23. ^ "EU GDP (current US$)". "World Development Indicators. "World Bank. Retrieved 1 July 2016. 
  24. ^ "All countries and regions/subregions (totals) for all years - sorted by region/subregion". United Nations. United Nations. Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
  25. ^ "All countries for all years - sorted alphabetically". United Nations. United Nations. Retrieved September 27, 2016. 
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