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This article provides a list of "political scandals that involve officials from the government of the "United States, sorted from most recent date to least recent.

Contents

Scope and organization of political scandals[edit]

The article is organized by presidential terms and then divided into scandals of the federal executive, legislative, and judicial branches. Members of both parties are listed under the term of the president in office at the time the scandal took place. Persons were either elected or appointed.

Scandal is defined as "loss of or damage to reputation caused by actual or apparent violation of morality or propriety". In politics scandals are kept separate from 'controversies', (which implies two differing points of view) and 'unpopularity'. Many decisions are controversial, many decisions are unpopular—that alone does not make them scandals.["citation needed]

Breaking the law is a scandal. Misunderstandings, breaches of ethics, unproven crimes or cover-ups may or may not result in inclusion depending on the standing of the accuser, the amount of publicity generated, and the seriousness of the crime, if any. The finding of a court with "jurisdiction is the sole method used to determine a violation of law.

Scandals are classified as major or minor, as defined by the public itself and the media's desire to feed that particular frenzy. Thus, small but salacious scandals can eclipse more serious scandals such as "suspending the Writ of Habeas Corpus in time of war.

Not included in this article are pervasive systemic scandals, such as the role of money in normal politics, which may purchase access and influence. Neither are 'revolving door' stories, which is the practice of hiring government officials to promote or lobby for companies they were recently paid to regulate. Though some rules now apply, to a great extent this is legal.["citation needed]

"Politicians are those who make their living primarily in politics, their staffs and appointees. By definition, political scandals involve politicians. Private citizens should be included only when they are closely linked to elected or appointed politicians such as party officials. This list also does not include crimes that occur outside the politician's tenure unless they specifically stem from acts while they were in office.

Senators and Congressmen who are rebuked, admonished, condemned, suspended, found in contempt, found to have acted improperly, used poor judgement, or were reprimanded by Congress are not included unless the scandal is exceptional or leads to expulsion. However, Presidents who were impeached, but not convicted, are included.

Federal government scandals[edit]

Donald Trump administration (2017–present)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Judicial Branch[edit]

Barack Obama administration (2009–2017)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

  1. "Lois Lerner, head of the IRS Office of Exempt Organizations, stated she had not done anything wrong and then took the "Fifth before the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.[50] She retired in 2013 after an internal investigation found that she neglected her duties and was going to call for her ouster.[51]
  2. Joseph H. Grant, commissioner of the IRS Tax-exempt and Government Entities division, resigned on May 16, 2013.[52]

Legislative Branch[edit]

  1. Paul Seewald worked for McCotter as his District Director of the "Michigan's 11th congressional district. He pleaded guilty to nine counts of falsely signing a nominating petition as circulator. He was sentenced to two years' probation and 100 hours of community service, and ordered to pay court costs and fees.[76]
  2. Don Yowchuang worked for McCotter as Deputy District Director of the Michigan 11th Congressional District. He pleaded guilty to ten counts of forgery and six counts of falsely signing a nominating petition and was sentenced to three years of probation, 200 hours of community service, court costs and fees.[77]
  3. Mary M. Turnbull was McCotter's Representative to the Michigan 11th Congressional District. She was convicted of conspiring to commit a legal act in an illegal manner and falsely signing a nominating petition. She was sentenced to two years of probation, a day in jail, and 200 hours of community service. Turnbull was also ordered to pay a $1,440 fine. In addition, she is forbidden from any participation in elections or the political process.[78]
  4. Lorianne O'Brady worked as a scheduler for McCotter in the Michigan 11th Congressional District. She pleaded no contest to charges that she falsely claimed to have legally collected signatures to get McCotter on the ballot when she actually had not. She was sentenced to 20 days in jail and a work program plus $2,625 in fines and court costs.[79]
  1. Ana Alliegro (R), the Campaign Manager for "David Rivera (R-FL), pleaded guilty to violation of US campaign laws. She was given six months in jail and six months of house arrest plus two years of probation. (2014)[83]

Judicial Branch[edit]

George W. Bush administration (2001–2009)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

  1. Francis J. Harvey (R) Secretary of the Army, appointed by G. W. Bush, resigned [139][140][141]
  2. Maj. Gen. George Weightman ( ) was fired for failures linked to the scandal [142][143][144][145]
  3. Lt. Gen. "Kevin C. Kiley (R) appointed by G. W. Bush, was relieved of command resigned for failures linked to the scandal.[146][147]
  1. "Attorney General "Alberto Gonzales[169]
  2. "Karl Rove, Advisor to President Bush[170]
  3. "Harriet Miers, Legal Counsel to President Bush, was found in Contempt of Congress[171]
  4. "Michael A. Battle, Director of Executive Office of US Attorneys in the "Justice Department[172]
  5. "Bradley Schlozman, Director of Executive Office of US Attorneys who replaced Battle[173]
  6. "Michael Elston, Chief of Staff to Deputy Attorney General Paul McNulty[174]
  7. "Paul McNulty, Deputy Attorney General to William Mercer[175]
  8. "William W. Mercer, Associate Attorney General to Alberto Gonzales[176]
  9. "Kyle Sampson, Chief of Staff to Attorney General Alberto Gonzales[172]
  10. "Monica Goodling, Liaison between President Bush and the Justice Department[177]
  11. "Joshua Bolten, Deputy Chief of Staff to President Bush was found in Contempt of Congress[171]
  12. "Sara M. Taylor, Aide to Presidential Advisor Karl Rove[178]
  1. "David Safavian (R) CoS of the GSA (General Services Administration) was convicted of making false statements as part of the "Jack Abramoff lobbying and corruption scandal and was sentenced to one year in prison. (2005)[199][200] found guilty of blocking justice and lying,[201] and sentenced to 18 months[202]
  2. Roger Stillwell (R) staff in the "Department of the Interior, pleaded guilty and received two years suspended sentence.[203]
  3. "Susan B. Ralston (R) Special Assistant to the President and Senior Advisor to "Karl Rove, resigned on October 6, 2006, after it became known that she accepted gifts and passed information to her former boss "Jack Abramoff.[204]
  4. "J. Steven Griles (R) Deputy to the "Secretary of the Interior pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice and was sentenced to 10 months[185]
  5. "Italia Federici (R) staff to the "Secretary of the Interior and President of the "Council of Republicans for Environmental Advocacy, pled guilty to tax evasion and obstruction of justice. She was sentenced to four years probation.[205][206][207]
  6. Jared Carpenter (R) Vice President of the "Council of Republicans for Environmental Advocacy, was discovered during the Abramoff investigation and pled guilty to income tax evasion. He got 45 days, plus 4 years probation.[208]
  7. "Mark Zachares (R) staff in the "Department of Labor, bribed by Abramoff, guilty of conspiracy to defraud.[198]
  8. "Robert E. Coughlin (R) Deputy Chief of Staff of the Criminal Division of the Justice Department, pleaded guilty to conflict of interest after accepting bribes from "Jack Abramoff. (2008)[209]
  1. suspend sections of the "ABM Treaty without informing Congress[240]
  2. bypass the "Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act allowing warrantless wiretapping of US Citizens within the United States by the "National Security Agency.[240]
  3. state that the "First Amendment and "Fourth Amendments and the "Takings Clause do not apply to the president in time of war as defined in the "USA PATRIOT Act[240]
  4. allow "Enhanced Interrogation Techniques (torture) because provisions of the "War Crimes Act, the "Third Geneva Convention, and the "Torture convention do not apply.[240]
Many of his memos have since been repudiated and reversed.[240][241] Later review by the Justice Department reported that Yoo and "Jay Bybee used "poor judgement" in the memos, but no charges were filed.[242]

Legislative Branch[edit]

  1. "Tom DeLay (R-TX) US Representative and House Majority Leader was reprimanded twice by the House Ethics Committee and his aides indicted (2004–2005); eventually DeLay himself was investigated in October 2005 in connection with the Abramoff scandal, but not indicted. DeLay resigned from the House June 9, 2006.[263] DeLay was found to have illegally channeled funds from "Americans for a Republican Majority to Republican state legislator campaigns. He was convicted of two counts of money laundering and conspiracy in 2010.[264] His conviction was oveturned on appeal.
  2. "Michael Scanlon (R) Communications Director to Tom DeLay, worked for Abramoff and pled guilty to bribery.[197][198]
  3. "Tony Rudy (R) Deputy CoS to Tom DeLay, pleaded guilty to conspiracy.[198]
  4. "Jim Ellis (political activist) (R) Executive Director of Tom DeLay's Political Action Committee "Americans for a Republican Majority (ARMPAC), was found guilty of money laundering.[265][266]
  5. "John Colyandro (R) Executive Director of Tom DeLay's political action committee, "Texans for a Republican Majority (TRMPAC), was indicted by Texas for money laundering[265]
  6. "Bob Ney (R-OH) US Representative pleaded guilty to conspiracy and making false statements as a result of his receiving trips from Abramoff in exchange for legislative favors. Ney received 30 months in prison.[198][267]
  7. "William Heaton (R) CoS to Bob Ney, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to commit "fraud[268] admitting to conspiring with Ney, "Jack Abramoff and others to accept vacations, meals, tickets, and contributions to Ney's campaign in exchange for Ney benefitting Abramoff's clients. (2006)[269]
  8. Neil Volz (R) former CoS to Bob Ney, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy in 2006 charges stemming from his work for Bob Ney. In 2007 he was sentenced to two years probation, 100 hours community service, and a fine of $2,000.[270]
  9. "John Albaugh (R) former CoS to "Ernest Istook (R-OK), pled guilty to accepting bribes connected to the Federal Highway Bill. Istook was not charged. (2008)[271]
  10. "James Hirni (R) former staff to Tim Hutchinson (R-AR), was charged with wire fraud for giving a staffer for "Don Young (R) of Alaska a bribe in exchange for amendments to the Federal Highway Bill. (2008)[272]
  11. "Kevin A. Ring (R) former staff to "John Doolittle (R-CA), was convicted of five charges of corruption and honset services fraud. sentenced to 20 months.[273][274]
  1. "Mitchell Wade private contractor and "co-conspirator" with Cunningham
  2. "Kyle Foggo Director of the CIA and friend to Wilkes, convicted of fraud
  3. "Brent R. Wilkes private contractor

Bill Clinton administration (1993–2001)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

  1. "Buzz Lukens (R-OH) was convicted of bribery and conspiracy.[303]
  2. "Carl C. Perkins (D-KY) pleaded guilty to a "check kiting scheme involving several financial institutions (including the House Bank).[303]
  3. "Carroll Hubbard (D-KY) was convicted of illegally funneling money to his wife's 1992 campaign to succeed him in congress.[304]
  4. "Mary Rose Oakar (D-OH) was charged with seven felonies, but pleaded guilty only to a misdemeanor campaign finance charge not related to the House Bank.[303]
  5. "Walter Fauntroy (D-DC) was convicted of filing false disclosure forms in order to hide unauthorized income.[303]
  6. Jack Russ, House Sergeant-at-Arms, was convicted of three counts.[303]
  1. "Dan Rostenkowski (D-IL) was convicted and sentenced to 18 months in prison in 1995.[306]
  2. "Joe Kolter (D-PA) was convicted of one count of conspiracy[307] and sentenced to 6 months in prison.[308]
  3. Postmaster Robert V. Rota was convicted of one count of conspiracy and two counts of embezzlement.[305]

George H. W. Bush administration (1989–1993)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

  1. "Caspar Weinberger, "Secretary of Defense under "Ronald Reagan, pardoned before trial[319]
  2. "Robert C. McFarlane, "National Security Advisor to "Ronald Reagan, guilty of withholding information,[319]
  3. "Elliott Abrams, Assistant Secretary of State to "Ronald Reagan, guilty of withholding information,[319]
  4. "Clair George, CIA Chief of Covert Ops, guilty of perjury[319]
  5. "Alan D. Fiers, Chief of the CIA's Central American Task Force, guilty of withholding information[319]
  6. "Duane Clarridge, CIA Operations Officer, pardoned before trial[319]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Judicial Branch[edit]

Ronald Reagan administration (1981–1989)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

  1. "Melvyn Paisley, appointed "Assistant Secretary of the Navy in 1981 by Republican President Ronald Reagan,[327] was found to have accepted hundreds of thousands of dollars in bribes. He pleaded guilty to bribery, resigned his office and served four years in prison.[328][329]
  2. James E. Gaines Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy, took over when Paisley resigned his office.[330] He was convicted of accepting an illegal gratuity, and theft and conversion of government property. He was sentenced to six months in prison.[331]
  3. Victor D. Cohen, Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Air Force, was the 50th conviction obtained under the Ill Wind probe when he pleaded guilty to accepting bribes and conspiring to defraud the government.[332]
  1. "Samuel Pierce, "Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, was not charged because he made "full and public written acceptance of responsibility".[335]
  2. "James G. Watt, the Secretary of Interior from 1981–1983, was charged with 25 counts of perjury and obstruction of justice, sentenced to five years probation, fined $5,000 and 500 hours of community service[336]
  3. "Deborah Gore Dean (R), Executive Assistant to "Samuel Pierce (Secretary of HUD from 1981–1987, and not charged), was convicted of 12 counts of perjury, conspiracy, bribery. Sentenced to 21 months in prison. (1987)[337]
  4. Phillip D. Winn, Assistant Secretary of HUD from 1981–1982, pleaded guilty to bribery in 1994.[337]
  5. "Thomas Demery, Assistant Secretary of HUD, pleaded guilty to bribery and obstruction.[337]
  6. Joseph A. Strauss, Special Assistant to the Secretary of HUD, was convicted of accepting payments to favor Puerto Rican land developers in receiving HUD funding.[338][339]
  7. Silvio D. DeBartolomeis was convicted of perjury and bribery.[340]
  1. "Edwin Meese (R) "Attorney General resigned, but was never convicted.[341]
  2. "Lyn Nofziger (R) White House "Press Secretary had a conviction of lobbying that was overturned.[342]
  3. "Mario Biaggi (D-NY) was sentenced to 2½ years in prison.[343]
  1. "Caspar Weinberger (R) Secretary of Defense, was indicted on two counts of perjury and one count of obstruction of justice on June 16, 1992.[350] Weinberger received a pardon from "George H. W. Bush on December 24, 1992, before he was tried.[351]
  2. "William Casey (R) Director of the CIA is thought to have conceived the plan, but was stricken ill hours before he would testify. Reporter "Bob Woodward records that Casey knew of and approved the plan.[352]
  3. "Robert C. McFarlane National Security Adviser was convicted of withholding evidence, but after a plea bargain was given only two years probation. Later pardoned by President "George H. W. Bush[353]
  4. "Elliott Abrams (R) Assistant Secretary of State, was convicted of withholding evidence, but after a plea bargain was given only two years probation. He was later pardoned by President "George H. W. Bush[354][355]
  5. "Alan D. Fiers Chief of the CIA's Central American Task Force, was convicted of withholding evidence and sentenced to one year probation. Later pardoned by President "George H. W. Bush[356]
  6. "Clair George Chief of Covert Ops-CIA was convicted on two charges of perjury, but was pardoned by President "George H. W. Bush before sentencing.[357]
  7. "Oliver North (R) Deputy Director of the National Security Council, was convicted of accepting an illegal gratuity, obstruction of a congressional inquiry, and destruction of documents, but the convictions were vacated, after the appeals court found that witnesses in his trial might have been impermissibly affected by his immunized congressional testimony.[358]
  8. "Fawn Hall, Oliver North's secretary, was given immunity from prosecution on charges of conspiracy and destroying documents in exchange for her testimony.[359]
  9. "John Poindexter (R) National Security Advisor, was convicted of five counts of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, perjury, defrauding the government, and the alteration and destruction of evidence. The Supreme Court overturned this ruling.[360]
  10. "Duane Clarridge Ex-CIA senior official, was indicted in November 1991 on seven counts of perjury and false statements relating to a November 1985 shipment to Iran. He was pardoned before trial by President "George H. W. Bush.[361][362]
  11. "Richard V. Secord an ex-major general in the Air Force, who organized the Iran arms sales and Contra aid, pleaded guilty in November 1989 to making false statements to Congress. He was sentenced to two years of probation.[363][364]
  12. "Albert Hakim Businessman, pleaded guilty in November 1989 to supplementing the salary of Oliver North by buying him a $13,800 fence. Hakim was given two years of probation and a $5,000 fine, while his company, Lake Resources Inc. was ordered to dissolve.[363][365]
  13. "Thomas G. Clines a former intelligence official, who became an arms dealer, was convicted in September 1990 on four income tax counts, including under-reporting of income to the IRS and lying about not having foreign accounts. He was sentenced to 16 months of prison and fined $40,000.[363][366]
  14. Carl R. Channell (R) a fund-raiser for conservative causes, pleaded guilty in April 1987 to defrauding the IRS via a tax-exempt organization to fund the Contras.[367] He was sentenced to two years probation.[363][368]
  15. Richard R. Miller associate to Carl R. Channell, pleaded guilty in May 1987 to defrauding the IRS via a tax-exempt organization led by Channell. More precisely, he pleaded guilty to lying to the IRS about the deductibility of donations to the organization. Some of the donations were used to fund the Contras.[369] Sentenced to two years of probation and 120 of community service.[363]
  16. "Joseph F. Fernandez CIA Station Chief of Costa Rica, was indicted on five counts in 1988.[370] The case was dismissed when Attorney General "Dick Thornburgh refused to declassify information needed for his defense in 1990.[371]
  1. "Anne Gorsuch, the Burford Head of the EPA, cut the EPA staff by 22% and refused to turn over documents to Congress citing ""executive privilege",[373] whereupon she was found in Contempt and resigned with twenty of her top employees. (1980)[374]
  2. "Rita Lavelle, a "U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Administrator, misused "superfund" monies and was convicted of perjury. She served six months in prison, was fined $10,000 and given five years probation.[375]

Legislative Branch[edit]

  1. Senator "Alan Cranston (D-CA) was reprimanded.[412]
  2. Senator "Dennis DeConcini (D-AZ) acted improperly.[413]
  3. Senator "Don Riegle (D-MI) acted improperly.[413]
  4. Senator "John Glenn (D-OH) used poor judgment.[413]
  5. Senator "John McCain (R-AZ) used poor judgment.[413]
  1. Senator "Harrison A. Williams (D-NJ) was convicted on nine counts of bribery and conspiracy, and was sentenced to three years in prison.[415]
  2. Representative "John Jenrette (D-SC) was sentenced to two years in prison for bribery and conspiracy.[416]
  3. "Richard Kelly (R-FL) accepted $25K and then claimed he was conducting his own investigation into corruption. Served 13 months.[417]
  4. "Raymond Lederer (D-PA) said that "I can give you me" after accepting $50,000. He was sentenced to three years in prison.[418]
  5. "Michael Myers (D-PA) accepted $50,000, saying "... money talks and bullshit walks." He was sentenced to three years in prison and was expelled from the House.[419]
  6. "Frank Thompson (D-NJ) was sentenced to three years in prison.[420]
  7. "John M. Murphy (D-NY) served 20 months of a three-year sentence.[421]
  8. Also arrested were NJ State Senator "Angelo Errichetti (D)[422] and members of the Philadelphia City Council.

Judicial Branch[edit]

James E. Carter administration (1977–1981)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

Legislative branch[edit]

  1. "Richard T. Hanna (D-CA) pleaded guilty[444] and sentenced to 6–30 months in federal prison.[445] Wound up serving a year in prison.[446]
  2. "John J. McFall, "Edward Roybal, and "Charles H. Wilson, all (D-CA), were involved. Roybal was censured and Wilson was reprimanded,[447] while McFall was reprimanded,[448]

Judicial[edit]

Gerald Ford administration (1974–1977)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Richard M. Nixon administration (1969–1974)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

"Vice President "Spiro Agnew (R-MD) was convicted of tax fraud stemming from bribery charges in Maryland and forced to resign.[463] "Gerald R. Ford (R-MI) was nominated by Nixon to replace Agnew as Vice President (the first person appointed to the Vice Presidency under the terms of the "25th Amendment).

  1. "John N. Mitchell (R) "Attorney General of the United States, was convicted of perjury and served nineteen months of a one to four-year sentence.[467]
  2. "Richard Kleindienst (R) Attorney General that replaced Mitchell, was convicted of "refusing to answer questions" given one month in jail.[468]
  3. "Jeb Stuart Magruder (R) Head of "Committee to Re-elect the President, pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy, August 1973[469]
  4. "Frederick C. LaRue (R) Advisor to "John Mitchell, was convicted of obstruction of justice.[469]
  5. "H. R. Haldeman (R) CoS for Nixon, was convicted of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury.[470]
  6. "John Ehrlichman (R) Counsel to Nixon, was convicted of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury.[471]
  7. "Egil Krogh (R) aide to John Ehrlichman, was sentenced to six years.[469][472][473]
  8. "John W. Dean III (R) counsel to Nixon, was convicted for obstruction of justice.[469]
  9. "Dwight L. Chapin (R) deputy assistant to Nixon, was convicted of perjury.[469]
  10. "Herbert W. Kalmbach (R) personal attorney to Nixon, was convicted of illegal campaigning.[469]
  11. "Charles W. Colson (R) special counsel to Nixon, was convicted for obstruction of justice.[468]
  12. "Herbert L. Porter (R) aide to the "Committee to Re-elect the President, was convicted of perjury.[469]
  13. "G. Gordon Liddy (R) Special Investigations Group, was convicted of burglary.[469]
  1. Harry Shuler Dent (R) Presidential Counsel and Strategist, pleaded guilty to violations of Federal election law for his part in the illegal fundraising operation.[480]
  2. "Herbert W. Kalmbach (R) Nixon's Personal Attorney, raised $3.9 million for a secret Republican slush fund.[481] He also promised an "ambassador a better post in exchange for $100,000, which led to conviction and imprisonment.[482] Kalmbach pleaded guilty to violation of the Federal Corrupt Practices Act and one count of promising federal employment.[483]
  3. White House Aide Jack A. Gleason (R) pleaded guilty to violations of Federal election law concerning an illegal fund raising operation run by the White House.[484]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Judicial Branch[edit]

Even if he were mediocre, there are a lot of mediocre judges and people and lawyers. They are entitled to a little representation, aren't they, and a little chance? We can't have all "Brandeises, "Frankfurters and "Cardozos."[501][502]

Lyndon B. Johnson administration (1963–1969)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Judicial Branch[edit]

John F. Kennedy administration (1961–1963)[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Dwight D. Eisenhower administration (1953–1961)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Harry S. Truman administration (1945–1953)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Franklin Delano Roosevelt administration (1933–1945)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Judicial Branch[edit]

Herbert Hoover administration (1929–1933)[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Calvin Coolidge administration (1923–1929)[edit]

Executive[edit]

Legislative[edit]

Judicial[edit]

Warren G. Harding administration (1921–1923)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

  1. "Albert Fall, "Secretary of the Interior, was bribed by "Harry F. Sinclair for control of the "Teapot Dome federal oil reserves in "Wyoming. He was the first U.S. cabinet member to ever be convicted; he served two years in prison. (1922)[558]
  2. "Edwin C. Denby, "Secretary of the Navy, resigned for his part in the "Teapot Dome oil reserve scandal.[559]
  3. "Attorney General "Harry M. Daugherty resigned on March 28, 1924, because of an investigation about a bootlegging kickback scheme by his chief aide "Jess Smith. Found not guilty. (1924)[560]
  4. "Jess Smith, aide to Attorney General Daugherty, destroyed incriminating papers and then committed suicide.[560]
  5. "Charles R. Forbes was appointed by Harding as the first director of the new "Bureau of Veterans Affairs. After constructing and modernizing VA hospitals, he was convicted of bribery and corruption and sentenced to two years in jail.[561]
  6. Charles Cramer, Forbes' general counsel, committed suicide. (1923)[562]
  7. "Thomas W. Miller, Head of the Office of Alien Property, was convicted of fraud by selling valuable German patents seized after "World War I for far below market price as well as bribery. Served 18 months.[563]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Woodrow Wilson administration (1913–1921)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

William Howard Taft administration (1909–1913)[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Judicial Branch[edit]

Theodore Roosevelt administration (1901–1909)[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

William McKinley administration (1897–1901)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Grover Cleveland administration (1885–1889)[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Chester A. Arthur administration (1881–1885)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

James A. Garfield administration (1881–1881)[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Rutherford B. Hayes administration (1877–1881)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

Judicial Branch[edit]

Ulysses S. Grant administration (1869–1877)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

  1. "Orville E. Babcock (R), a personal secretary to Grant, was indicted in the Whiskey Ring scandal and ten days later in the Safe Burglary Conspiracy. He was acquitted both times.[593]
  2. John J. McDonald (R), Supervisor of the Internal Revenue Service, was convicted and sentenced to three years.[593]
  3. W.O. Avery, Chief Clerk of the Treasury Department, was convicted.[593]
  4. Eastern Wisconsin Federal Attorney "Levi Hubbell (R) was suspended from office for his involvement with the Whiskey Ring through contact with Milwaukee brewers. (1875)[594][595]

Legislative Branch[edit]

  1. "Oakes Ames (R-MA) bribed Congress with Union Pacific stock.[603]
  2. "James Brooks (D-NY) also implicated; both were censured for their involvement. (1872)[604]
  3. US Senator "James W. Patterson (R-NH) was found to have given false testimony to both the House and Senate Committees, both of whom found him guilty of bribery in the "Crédit Mobilier Scandal. He was also recommended for expulsion from the Senate, but Patterson's term expired before such action could be taken. (1873)[605]

Judicial Branch[edit]

Andrew Johnson administration (1865–1869)[edit]

Executive branch[edit]

Abraham Lincoln administration (1861-1865)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

James Buchanan administration (1857–1861)[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Zachary Taylor administration (1849–1850)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

Andrew Jackson administrations (1829–1836)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

James Monroe administrations (1817–1824)[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Thomas Jefferson administrations (1801–1808)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

Judicial Branch[edit]

John Adams administration (1797–1800)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

George Washington administration (1789–1796)[edit]

Legislative Branch[edit]

Government under the Articles of Confederation (1777–1788)[edit]

Executive Branch[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Matt Zapotosky; Rosalind S. Helderman; Carol D. Leonnig; Spencer S. Hsu (October 30, 2017). "Three former Trump campaign officials charged by special counsel". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 30, 2017. 
  2. ^ Andrea Mitchell, Tracy Connor, Tom Winter and Pete Williams (February 23, 2018) "Former Trump campaign aide Rick Gates pleads guilty to conspiracy, lying" NBC News
  3. ^ Danika Fears (February 23, 2018). "Ex-Trump aide pleads guilty in Russia probe". "New York Post. 
  4. ^ "Plea Offer and Defendant's Acceptance: United States v. George Papadopoulos. United States Department of Justice. October 5, 2017.
  5. ^ "Statement of Facts of Guilt". United States v. George Papadopoulos. United States Department of Justice. October 5, 2017.
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Haberman, Maggie; Rosenberg, Matthew; Apuzzo, Matt; Thrush, Glenn (February 13, 2017). "Michael Flynn Resigns as National Security Adviser". Politics. The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 21, 2017. Retrieved April 16, 2017. 
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