Powered by
TTSReader
Share this page on
Article provided by Wikipedia


""Standard cross-cultural sample, Africa region
""Standard cross-cultural sample, Circum-Mediterannean region
""Standard cross-cultural sample, East Eurasia region
""Standard cross-cultural sample, Insular-Pacific region
""Standard cross-cultural sample, North America region
""Standard cross-cultural sample, South America region
From top, clockwise: Africa, Circum-Mediterranean, East Eurasia, South America, North America and Insular-Pacific "cultural areas in the "Standard cross-cultural sample.

This is a partial list of the world's indigenous / aboriginal / native people. "Indigenous peoples are any "ethnic group of peoples who are considered to fall under one of the internationally recognized definitions of Indigenous peoples, such as "United Nations, the "International Labour Organization and the "World Bank, i.e. "those ethnic groups that were indigenous to a territory prior to being incorporated into a national state, and who are politically and culturally separate from the majority ethnic identity of the state that they are a part of".[1]

This list is grouped by region, and sub-region. Note that a particular group may warrant listing under more than one region, either because the group is distributed in more than one region (example: "Inuit in North America and eastern Russia), or there may be some overlap of the regions themselves (that is, the boundaries of each region are not always clear, and some locations may commonly be associated with more than one region).

Contents

Definition[edit]

Indigenous communities, peoples and nations are those which, having a historical continuity with pre-invasion and pre-colonial societies that developed on their territories, consider themselves distinct from other sectors of the societies now prevailing on those territories, or parts of them. They form at present non-dominant sectors of society and are determined to preserve, develop and transmit to future generations their ancestral territories, and their ethnic identity, as the basis of their continued existence as peoples, in accordance with their own cultural patterns, social institutions and legal system.[2]

This historical continuity may consist of the continuation, for an extended period reaching into the present of one or more of the following factors:

Africa[edit]

African Great Lakes[edit]

""
""
"Hadza people, who are indigenous to the "African Great Lakes
""
""
A "Maasai traditional dance.

Central Africa[edit]

""
""
"Baka pygmy dancers in the East Province of Cameroon.
""
""
"Batwa "Pygmy with traditional bow and arrow

Horn of Africa[edit]

""
""
"Somali women in traditional headresses
""
""
"Tigrinya women in traditional attire
""
""
"Wolayta chief
""
""
"Berta people playing trumpets during a wedding ceremony

Maghreb[edit]

""
""
""
"Sanhaja "Berber traditional dancers

Nile Valley[edit]

""
""
"Egyptian women in traditional dress
""
""
"Nilotic men in "Kapoeta, "South Sudan.

Southwestern Africa[edit]

""
""
San people, who are indigenous to Southern Africa.

Southeastern Africa[edit]

West Africa[edit]

""
""
""
"Tuareg man from "Algeria.

Eurasia[edit]

Asia[edit]

Southwest Asia (Middle East)[edit]

""
""
"Marsh Arabs/Ma'dan poling a mashoof
""
""
An "Assyrian woman wearing "traditional clothing, "Zakho.
""
""
"Druze residents of "Mount Carmel
""
""
"Jewish man praying during "Tisha B'Av at the "Western Wall
""
""
"Soqotri men
""
""
"Armenian women in "Diyarbakır
""
""
""
"Yazidi festival at "Lalish
""
""
"Baloch of "Nimruz Province, Afghanistan

Caucasus[edit]

""
""
Traditional "Adyghe clothing.

Eurasian Steppe[edit]

South Asia[edit]

""
""
An old "Munda man, "Dinajpur
""
""
Kodava men in traditional attire, India
""
""
An "Adivasi woman from the Kutia "Kondh tribal group in "Odisha, India
""
""
An Indigenous Assamese woman of "Assam
""
""
"Veddha chief Uruwarige Wannila Aththo, leader of the indigenous people "Sri Lanka

Southeast Asia[edit]

"Mainland Southeast Asia ("Indochina)[edit]
""
""
A "Wa woman carrying her child
""
""
"Akha girl in "Laos
""
""
"Yi/Nuosu women
""
""
A Tai Dam lady in Laomeng village, "Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County, "Yunnan Province, China.
"Maritime Southeast Asia (Indonesia)[edit]
""
""
A "Murut man (a member of one of the "Dayak ethnicities) in Monsopiad Cultural Village, Kg. Kuai Kandazon, "Penampang, "Sabah, "Borneo Island
""
""
"Ati woman, the "Philippines, 2007[16] The "Negritos were the earliest inhabitants of Southeast Asia.[17]

East Asia[edit]

North China[edit]
South China[edit]
""
""
"Miao ("Hmong) girls in China
""
""
"Bunun dancer
Taiwan[edit]
Japan[edit]

Siberia[edit]

""
""
Representation of a "Chukchi family by Louis Choris (1816)
""
""
"Buryat "shaman of "Olkhon, Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia.
""
""
"Nenets child

Europe[edit]

Eastern Europe[edit]

""
""
"Gagauz old and young people.
""
""
"Mordvin women of "Penza Oblast dressed in traditional costumes.

Northern and western Europe[edit]

Oceania[edit]

"Oceania includes most islands of the Pacific Ocean, "New Guinea and the continent of "Australia.

List of peoples by geographical and ethnolinguistic grouping:

Australia[edit]

""
""
Aboriginal farmers in Victoria, Australia, 1858

"Australia includes the continental landmass, and associated islands.

"Indigenous Australians by native cultural regions

North[edit]

Arnhem[edit]


Desert[edit]

Torres Strait[edit]

Rainforest[edit]

Tasmania[edit]


Melanesia[edit]

""
""
Fijians.

"Melanesia generally includes "New Guinea and other (far-)western Pacific islands from the "Arafura Sea out to "Fiji. The region is mostly inhabited by the "Melanesian peoples.

Micronesia[edit]

"Micronesia generally includes the various small island chains of the western and central Pacific. The region is mostly inhabited by the "Micronesian peoples.

Polynesia[edit]

""
""
"Samoan family

"Polynesia includes New Zealand and the islands of the central and southern Pacific Ocean. The region is mostly inhabited by the "Polynesian peoples.

"Polynesian outliers

The Americas[edit]

"The Americas is the supercontinent comprising North and South America, and associated islands.

List of peoples by geographical and ethnolinguistic grouping:

North America[edit]

"North America includes all of the continent and islands east of the "Bering Strait and north of the "Isthmus of Panama; it includes "Greenland, "Canada, "United States, "Mexico, Central American and Caribbean countries. However a distinction can be made between a broader "North America and a narrower "Northern America and "Middle America due to ethnic and cultural characteristics.


Arctic[edit]

""
""
Two "Inuit women in traditional "amauti (packing parkas)

Subarctic[edit]

Pacific Northwest Coast[edit]

Northwest Plateau-Great Basin-California[edit]

Northwest Plateau[edit]
Great Basin[edit]
California[edit]

Great Plains[edit]

Eastern Woodlands[edit]

Northeastern Woodlands[edit]
Southeastern Woodlands[edit]

Southwest[edit]

Mesoamerica[edit]

""
""
"Tzeltal dancers waiting to perform, "San Cristobal.
""
""
"Mam people.
""
""
"Mayan family from "Yucatán
""
""
"Amuzgos in traditional dress.
""
""
"Mazatec girls performing a dance in "Huautla de Jimenez.
""
""
"Huichol woman and child.

Circum-Caribbean[edit]

""
""
A "Kuna woman in traditional dress.
""

Caribbean[edit]

""
""
Portrait of the Kali'na exhibited at the Jardin d'Acclimatation in Paris in 1892

"The Caribbean, or "West Indies, generally includes the island chains of the "Caribbean.

South America[edit]

""
""
"Emberá women
""
""
"Urarina "shaman, 1988
""
""
"Bororo-Boe man from Mato Grosso at Brazil's Indigenous Games, 2007
""
""
"Pai Tavytera people in "Amambay Department, Paraguay, 2012
""
""
"Quechua woman and child in the "Sacred Valley, Peru

"South America generally includes all of the continent and islands south of the "Isthmus of Panama.


Circum-Caribbean (Chibcha)[edit]

Amazon[edit]

Guianas[edit]

Eastern Highlands (Brazilian Highlands)[edit]

Chaco[edit]

Andes[edit]

Southern Cone[edit]

Araucania[edit]
Patagonia[edit]
Fire Land (Tierra del Fuego)[edit]

Circumpolar[edit]

"Circumpolar peoples is an umbrella term for the various indigenous peoples of the "Arctic. List of peoples by ethnolinguistic grouping:

See also[edit]

See all pages that start with "indigenous people or "indigenous

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sanders, Douglas (1999). "Indigenous peoples: Issues of definition". International Journal of Cultural Property. 8 (1): 4–13. "doi:10.1017/S0940739199770591. 
  2. ^ Jose R. Martinez Cobo
  3. ^ Definition of indigenous peoples
  4. ^ Unrepresented Nations and People Organization | UNPO, Assyrians the Indigenous People of Iraq [1]
  5. ^ Sawahla & Dloomy (2007, pp. 425–433)
  6. ^ Tubb, 1998. pg-13-14.
  7. ^ Mark Smith in "The Early History of God: Yahweh and Other Deities of Ancient Israel" states "Despite the long regnant model that the Canaanites and Israelites were people of fundamentally different culture, archaeological data now casts doubt on this view. The material culture of the region exhibits numerous common points between Israelites and Canaanites in the Iron I period (c. 1200 – 1000 BC). The record would suggest that the Israelite culture largely overlapped with and derived from Canaanite culture... In short, Israelite culture was largely Canaanite in nature. Given the information available, one cannot maintain a radical cultural separation between Canaanites and Israelites for the Iron I period." (pp. 6–7). Smith, Mark (2002) "The Early History of God: Yahweh and Other Deities of Ancient Israel" (Eerdman's)
  8. ^ Rendsberg, Gary (2008). "Israel without the Bible". In Frederick E. Greenspahn. The Hebrew Bible: New Insights and Scholarship. NYU Press, pp. 3–5
  9. ^ "Josephus. War of the Jews 9:2.
  10. ^ http://www.khazaria.com/genetics/abstracts.html
  11. ^ http://journals.plos.org/plosgenetics/article?id=10.1371/journal.pgen.1003316
  12. ^ http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v466/n7303/full/nature09103.html
  13. ^ http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2010/06/tracing-roots-jewishness
  14. ^ The UN Refugee Agency | UNHCR, World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples [2]
  15. ^ Department of Evolutionary Biology at University of Tartu Estonian Biocentre | Reconstruction of Patrilineages and Matrilineages of Samaritans and Other Israeli Populations From Y-Chromosome and Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Variation, Molecular Anthropology Group [3]
  16. ^ "World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples – Philippines: Overview, 2007", UNHCR | Refworld.
  17. ^ Hanihara, T (1992). "Negritos, Australian Aborigines, and the proto-sundadont dental pattern: The basic populations in East Asia". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 88 (2): 183–96. "doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330880206. "PMID 1605316. 
  18. ^ Johansson, Peter (2016-02-05). "Indigenous self-determination in the Nordic countries: the Sami, and the Inuit of Greenland". In Short, Damien; Lennox, Corinne. Handbook of Indigenous Peoples' Rights. London: Routledge. pp. 424–442. "ISBN "9781136313868. 
  19. ^ Osherenko, Gail (April 1, 2001). "Indigenous rights in Russia: Is title to land essential for cultural survival?". Georgetown International Environmental Law Review. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. 
  20. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/this-britain/crofters-fight-for-rights-of-indigenous-people-811791.html
  21. ^ Rouse (1992)

References[edit]

Kipuri, Naomi (2007), "Kenya", in Sille Stidsen (compilation and ed.), The Indigenous World 2007, International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs yearbooks ("ISSN 1024-0217), Marianne Wiben Jensen (Horn of Africa and East Africa regional ed.), Copenhagen: "IWGIA, distributed by "Transaction Publishers, pp. 468–476, "ISBN "978-87-91563-23-2, "OCLC 30981676, archived from the original ("PDF online edition) on 2008-10-22 
"Minority Rights Group International (1997), World Directory of Minorities, London, UK: Minority Rights Group International, "ISBN "978-1-873194-36-2 
Rouse, Irving (1992), The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People who greeted Columbus, New Haven, Connecticut: "Yale University Press, "ISBN "0-300-05181-6, "OCLC 24469325 
Tubb, Jonathan N. (1998). Canaanites. University of Oklahoma Press. "ISBN "0-8061-3108-X. 
) ) WikipediaAudio is not affiliated with Wikipedia or the WikiMedia Foundation.