The following three confederal trade unions are considered and recognised by the "Italian state as relevant counterpart:
A list of other minor sectorial or independent trade union centers includes (alphabetical order):
An incomplete list of sectorial trade unions includes (alphabetical order):
Italian unions are built around local chambers of labor (camera del lavoro). These chambers largely do not collectively bargain but serve as the clearinghouse for Italian worker assistance, as opposed to other countries, where workers might first appeal to a national union. Workers organize around these chambers rather than at worksites. Italian unions are loose affiliations based on occupation.