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A map of transcontinental countries, and countries that control territory in more than one continent.
  Contiguous transcontinental countries.
  Non-contiguous transcontinental countries.
  Countries whose transcontinental status depends on either the legal status of their "claims or the definition of continental boundaries used.

This is a list of countries located on more than one "continent, known as transcontinental states or intercontinental states. While there are many countries with non-contiguous "overseas territories fitting this definition, only a limited number of countries have territory straddling an overland "continental boundary, most commonly the line that separates "Europe and "Asia.

The "boundary between Europe and Asia is purely conventional, and several conventions remained in use well into the 20th century. However, the now-prevalent convention, used for the purposes of this list, follows the "Caucasus northern chain, the "Ural River and the "Ural Mountains. It has been in use by some cartographers since about 1850.[1] This convention results in several countries finding themselves almost entirely in "Asia", with a few small enclaves or districts technically in "Europe". Notwithstanding these anomalies, this list of transcontinental or intercontinental states respects the convention that Europe and Asia are full continents rather than subcontinents or component landmasses of the larger "Eurasian continent.["original research?]

Listed further below, separately, are countries with distant non-contiguous parts (overseas territories) on separate continents.

Contents

Contiguous boundary[edit]

Africa and Asia[edit]

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  African land part of Egypt
  Asian land part of Egypt
  The rest of Africa
  The rest of Asia

The modern convention for the land boundary between "Asia and "Africa runs along the Isthmus of Suez and the "Suez Canal in "Egypt. The border continues through the "Gulf of Suez, "Red Sea and "Gulf of Aden. In antiquity, Egypt had been considered part of Asia, with the "Catabathmus Magnus escarpment taken as the boundary with "Africa (Libya).

Asia and Europe[edit]

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Conventions used for the "boundary between Europe and Asia during the 18th and 19th centuries. The red line shows the modern convention, in use since c. 1850.
  Europe
  Asia
  historically placed in either continent

The conventional "Europe-Asia boundary was subject to considerable variation during the 18th and 19th centuries, indicated anywhere between the "Don River and the "Caucasus to the south or the "Ural Mountains to the east. Since the later 19th century, the Caucasus-Urals boundary has become almost universally accepted. According to this now-standard convention, the boundary follows the "Aegean Sea, the "Turkish Straits, the "Black Sea, along the "watershed of the "Greater Caucasus, the northwestern portion of the "Caspian Sea and along the "Ural River and "Ural Mountains to the "Arctic Ocean.[2][3]

According to this convention, the "Russian Federation, the "Republic of Turkey, "Kazakhstan, "Azerbaijan and "Georgia have territory both in Europe and in Asia.


Non-contiguous[edit]

Asia and Europe[edit]

Europe and North America[edit]

Europe and South America[edit]

Europe, North America, South America, and Africa[edit]

Africa and Europe[edit]

Asia and Africa[edit]

Asia and Australasia[edit]

North America and Asia[edit]

North and South America[edit]

North American Caribbean islands belonging to South American countries:

South American Caribbean islands:

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"Aruba
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"Bonaire

Other examples[edit]

Antarctica: claims[edit]

A number of nations claim ownership over portions of the continent of "Antarctica. Some, including "Argentina and "Chile, consider the Antarctic land they claim to be integral parts of their national territory. Some nations also have "sub-Antarctic island possessions north of 60°S latitude and thus recognized by international law under the "Antarctic Treaty System, which holds in "abeyance land claims south of 60°S latitude.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The question was treated as a "controversy" in British geographical literature until at least the 1860s, with "Douglas Freshfield advocating the Caucasus crest boundary as the "best possible", citing support from various "modern geographers" (Journey in the Caucasus, Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society, Volumes 13-14, 1869). In 1958, the Soviet Geographical Society formally recommended that the boundary between Europe and Asia be drawn in textbooks from "Baydaratskaya Bay, on the "Kara Sea, along the eastern foot of the Ural Mountains, then the "Ural River to the "Mugodzhar Hills, the "Emba River, and the Kuma–Manych Depression (i.e. passing well north of the Caucasus); "Do we live in Europe or in Asia?" (in Russian). ; Orlenok V. (1998). "Physical Geography" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2011-10-16. . Nevertheless, most Soviet-era geographers continued to favour the boundary along the Caucasus crest. (E. M. Moores, R. W. Fairbridge, Encyclopedia of European and Asian regional geology, Springer, 1997, "ISBN "978-0-412-74040-4, p. 34: "most Soviet geographers took the watershed of the Main Range of the Greater Caucasus as the boundary between Europe and Asia.")
  2. ^ National Geographic Atlas of the World (9th ed.). Washington, DC: "National Geographic. 2011. "ISBN "978-1-4262-0634-4.  "Europe" (plate 59); "Asia" (plate 74): "A commonly accepted division between Asia and Europe ... is formed by the Ural Mountains, Ural River, Caspian Sea, Caucasus Mountains, and the Black Sea with its outlets, the Bosporus and Dardanelles."
  3. ^ World Factbook. Washington, DC: "Central Intelligence Agency. 
  4. ^ "Encyclopædia Britannica, Kazakhstan, Retrieved: 8 May 2016
  5. ^ World Factbook. Washington, D.C.: "Central Intelligence Agency.  Kazakhstan: Geography
  6. ^ "Papua New Guinea asks RP support for Asean membership bid". GMA News. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 

External links[edit]

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