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A lower house is one of two "chambers of a "bicameral "legislature, the other chamber being the "upper house.[1]

Despite its official position "below" the upper house, in many legislatures worldwide, the lower house has come to wield more power. The lower house typically is the more numerous of the two chambers. A legislature composed of only one house is described as "unicameral.


Common attributes[edit]

In comparison with the upper house, lower houses frequently display certain characteristics.

Status of lower house

Titles of lower houses[edit]

Common names[edit]

Dáil Éireann, Republic of Ireland

Many lower houses are named in the following manner: House/Chamber of Representatives/the People/Commons/Deputies.

Unique Names[edit]

Government Lower House Unique Name Meaning
"Austria "Austria "Nationalrat National Council
"Germany "Germany "Bundestag Federal "Diet
"Greece "Greece "Βουλή των Ελλήνων Council of the Hellenes
"India "India "Lok Sabha House of the People
"Indonesia "Indonesia "Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat People's Representative Council
"Republic of Ireland "Ireland "Dáil Éireann Assembly of Ireland
"Isle of Man "Isle of Man "House of Keys
"Italy "Italy "Camera dei Deputati Chamber of Deputies
"Kazakhstan "Kazakhstan "Mazhilis Assembly
"Malaysia "Malaysia "Dewan Rakyat People's Hall
"Myanmar "Myanmar "Pyithu Hluttaw [2] House of Representatives
"Netherlands "Netherlands "Tweede Kamer Second Chamber
"Poland "Poland "Sejm
"Russia "Russia "State Duma
"Spain "Spain "Congreso de los Diputados Congress of Deputies

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bicameralism (1997) by George Tsebelis.
  2. ^ "http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/". www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm. Retrieved 2016-03-02.  External link in |title= ("help)
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