|President of the "Inkatha Freedom Party|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Inkosi (Chieftain) of the Buthelezi Tribe|
|Preceded by||Chief Mathole Buthelezi|
|"Minister of Home Affairs|
10 May 1994 – 29 April 2004
|Preceded by||Danie Schutte|
|Succeeded by||"Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula|
|"Chief Minister of KwaZulu|
1 April 1972 – 26 April 1994
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
|Chief Executive Councillor of the Zululand Territorial Authority|
9 June 1970 – 1 April 1972
27 August 1928 |
|Political party||"Inkatha Freedom Party|
Mangosuthu Buthelezi (born 27 August 1928) is a South African politician and "Zulu tribal leader who founded the "Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) in 1975 and was "Chief Minister of the "KwaZulu "bantustan until 1994. He was "Minister of Home Affairs of South Africa from 1994 to 2004. His "praise name is Shenge.
Throughout most of the apartheid era, Buthelezi was considered one of the foremost black leaders. He played a key role in creating a framework for a negotiated solution to South Africa's racial conflict, signing the landmark "Mahlabatini Declaration of Faith in 1974 with "Harry Schwarz. During the CODESA negotiations of the early 1990s, he represented the IFP. Following the introduction of the universal franchise in the 1994 general election, Buthelezi led the IFP to join the government of national unity, led by "Nelson Mandela. Buthelezi served as Minister of Home Affairs until 2004. He continues to serve as both leader of the IFP and an MP, retaining his seat in the 2014 general election.
Mangosuthu (born Gatsha["clarification needed]) was born on 27 August 1928, in "Mahlabathini, "KwaZulu, to Chief Mathole Buthelezi and Princess "Magogo kaDinuzulu, the sister of King "Solomon kaDinuzulu. He was educated at Impumalanga Primary School, Mahashini, "Nongoma from 1933 to 1943, then at "Adams College, "Amanzimtoti from 1944 to 1947.
Mangosuthu studied at the "University of Fort Hare from 1948 to 1950, where he joined the "African National Congress Youth League and came into contact with "Robert Mugabe and "Robert Sobukwe. He was expelled from the university after student boycotts. He later completed his degree at the "University of Natal.
Buthelezi inherited the chieftainship of the large Buthelezi tribe in 1953: a position he still holds today.
In 1970, Buthelezi was appointed leader of the KwaZulu territorial Authority and in 1976 became "chief minister of the quasi-independent "Bantustan of "KwaZulu. The emerging "Black Consciousness Movement of the 1970s branded him an "Apartheid regime collaborator, because of his strong anti-Communist beliefs. However, he consistently declined homeland independence and political deals until "Nelson Mandela was released from prison and the ban on the African National Congress was lifted.
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In 1975, Buthelezi started the "IFP with the blessing of the African National Congress, but broke away from the ANC in 1979 and his relationship with the ANC sharply deteriorated. He was encouraged by "Oliver Tambo, the President of the "ANC mission-in-exile, to revive the cultural movement. In the mid-1970s, it was clear that many in the Black Consciousness Movement were at odds with Buthelezi's politics. For instance, during the funeral of "Robert Sobukwe; he was barred from attending the service since they argued that he was a notable collaborator of the "National Party government. In 1979, Inkosi Buthelezi and the Inkatha Yenkululeko Yesizwe, as it was then known, severed ties with the main "ANC since the ANC favoured military strategies by employing the use of "Umkhonto we Sizwe, Spear of the Nation. The meeting that was held in "London between the two organisations did not succeed in ironing out differences.
In 1982, Buthelezi opposed the National Party government's plan to cede the "Ingwavuma region in northern "Natal to the Government of "Swaziland. The courts decided in his favour on the grounds that the government had not followed its own black constitution act of 1972, which required consultation with the people of the region. He was also instrumental in setting up the teacher training and nursing colleges throughout the late-1970s and the early-1980s. He requested "Harry Oppenheimer, his great friend and ally, to establish "Mangosuthu Technikon in "Umlazi, south of "Durban. In 1993, he broke the record for the world's longest-ever speech in an address he gave to the Natal legislature.
On 4 January 1974, "Transvaal leader of the "United Party "Harry Schwarz met with Mangosuthu Buthelezi and signed the "Mahlabatini Declaration of Faith. They agreed on a five-point plan for racial peace in South Africa. The declaration's purpose was to provide a blueprint for government of South Africa for racial peace in South Africa. It called for negotiations involving all peoples, to draw up constitutional proposals stressing opportunity for all with a "Bill of Rights to safeguard these rights. It suggested that the federal concept was the appropriate framework for such changes to take place. It also first affirmed that political change must take place though non-violent means.
The declaration was the first of such agreements by acknowledged black and white leaders in South Africa that affirmed to these principles. The commitment to the peaceful pursuit of political change was declared at a time when neither the National Party nor African National Congress were looking for peaceful solutions or dialogue. The declaration was heralded by the English speaking press as a breakthrough in race relations in South Africa. The declaration was endorsed by several chief ministers of the black homelands, including "Cedric Phatudi ("Lebowa), "Lucas Mangope ("Bophuthatswana) and Hudson Nisanwisi ("Gazankulu). The declaration also received praise from liberal figures such as "Alan Paton.
Buthelezi was said to have been working with General "Magnus Malan in training the youth of "Ulundi and other parts of the erstwhile "KwaZulu in setting up a para-military unit ostensibly because he feared that a lot of property and life were lost during the cataclysmic conflicts of 1984 to 1994. He was even implicated in the "Truth and Reconciliation Commission Report as a person who was responsible for the gross violations of Human Rights but before the report was published he took them to court and before the court's ruling Buthelezi and the Truth Commission agreed to settle out of court.
Buthelezi at first refused to stand at the 1994 general election, but chose to enter at the very last minute; after a meeting held on 8 April, where "Mandela and "De Klerk tried to sway the Zulu king, "Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu from his dependence on Buthelezi by offering him a guarantee of special status of the Zulu monarchy after the election. The offer was not immediately successful, but Buthelezi seemed sympathetic to the idea. The foreign mediation team led by former "US Secretary of State "Henry Kissinger and former "UK Foreign Secretary "Peter Carrington were pivotal in reaching a compromise, and convinced the IFP leader to give up his boycott of the election. Buthelezi therefore signed an agreement with De Klerk and Mandela that guaranteed the ceremonial status of the Zulu king and was promised that foreign mediators would examine Inkatha's claims to more autonomy in the Zulu area. It was probably too late though, because Buthelezi was losing support fast, and as a consequence, his party only narrowly won the elections in "KwaZulu-Natal. In May 1994, Buthelezi was appointed Minister of "Home Affairs in the first post-apartheid government, a position he retained following the 1999 election. He was appointed as acting president a number of times during this period.
Though his appointment in the Government of National Unity was a kind of catharsis, the "Zulu King openly lambasted Buthelezi and told many members of the ruling party that he was like Mandela because for 24 years of KwaZulu government, he could not operate freely. Buthelezi countered that by saying that His Majesty should not interfere in political matters, rather the Zulu monarchy should be modelled along the same lines as "the British one. Looking at the ballot paper for the 1994 election, one would notice that the name of the IFP is bolded, the line between the NP and IFP is bolded but the line between other parties is not bolded to show that all the parties were printed at one time, but IFP was added to the ballot paper at a later stage.
Prior to the "2004 general election, President "Thabo Mbeki refused to sign into law Buthelezi's attempt to overhaul the Immigration laws. For the first time in South African history, a Cabinet Minister took the President to court in an attempt to secure stricter immigration regulations.
Following the 2004 election, President Thabo Mbeki offered Buthelezi the Deputy Presidency, which he refused, as in exchange the IFP would have to relinquish the Premiership of the IFP-dominated province of "KwaZulu-Natal. Since 1994, South Africa had been governed by a multi-party "Government of National Unity, consisting of the ANC, the "South African Communist Party and the [[Congress of South African Trade Unions]. By the time of the 1999 general election, a coalition agreement was not required, but the majority ANC again invited the IFP to join it in government. After the 2004 election, with Buthelezi declining the offer of the Deputy Presidency, the IFP left the coalition government and sat in the opposition benches.
He was married 2 July 1952 to Irene Audrey Thandekile Mzila, and they had three sons and five daughters:
Prince Mangosuthu Buthelezi is the president of the Inkatha Freedom Party, and a Member of Parliament in South Africa. He is the “Traditional Prime Minister” to the Zulu Monarch and Zulu Nation.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mangosuthu Buthelezi.|
|New title||Chief Executive Councillor of "KwaZulu
as Chief Minister
as chief executive Councillor
|"Chief Minister of KwaZulu
as "Premier of KwaZulu-Natal
|"Minister of Home Affairs
|Party political offices|
|New political party||President of the "Inkatha Freedom Party