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Marie-Denise Villers
""Villers Young Woman Drawing.jpg
Marie-Denise Villers, Portrait of Charlotte du Val d'Ognes, 1801, oil on canvas. "Metropolitan Museum of Art, "New York City
Born Marie-Denise Lemoine
1774
"Paris
Died 19 August 1821 (aged 46–47)
Nationality "French
Known for "Portrait painting
Movement "Neoclassicism

Marie-Denise Villers (née Lemoine; 1774 – 19 August 1821) was a French "painter who specialized in "portraits.

Contents

Life[edit]

Marie-Denise Lemoine was born in Paris to Charles Lemoine and Marie-Anne Rouselle. Two of her three sisters, "Marie-Victoire Lemoine (1754–1820) and "Marie-Élisabeth Gabiou (1755–1812), as well as distant cousin "Jeanne-Elisabeth Chaudet (1767–1832), were all trained as portraitists. Within her family, Marie-Denise was known as "Nisa."[1] The family lived on the Rue Traversière-Saint-Honoré (today "Rue Molière) near the Palais Royal in the "1st arrondissement of Paris. Little is known about Marie-Denise's childhood, however it is likely that through her much older sisters and cousin she would have been introduced to the "salons of Paris. It was In the Paris Salon of 1799 that she met the artist "Anne-Louis Girodet-Trioson, and also began to take painting lessons with "François Gérard and "Jacques-Louis David.[2]["better source needed]

In 1794, she married an architecture student, Michel-Jean-Maximilien Villers. Her husband supported her art, during a time when many women were forced to give up professional art work after marriage.[3] Her life between the time of her last dated painting (1814) and her death in 1821 remains unknown.[4]

Career[edit]

She first exhibited artwork at the "Paris Salon of the Year VII (1799). Villers' most famous painting, "Portrait of Charlotte du Val d'Ognes (1801) has been attributed to various artists and shown under a variety of titles through its long history. Originally, the portrait was in the du Val d'Ognes family for generations, where it had been attributed to "Jacques-Louis David. When the "Metropolitan Museum of Art bought it in 1917, it was known as "the New York David." However, in 1951 curator Charles Stirling hypothesized that it was actually painted by a "little known woman."[5] For decades afterwards, it was stripped of its title and artist, as per the Met's policy. In 1995, Margaret Oppenheimer successfully argued that Villers painted the work. Furthermore, art historian Anne Higonnet argues that Young Woman Drawing is a self-portrait.[6]

Villers exhibited Study of a young woman sitting on a window and two other works at the Salon of 1801, followed in 1802 by a genre painting entitled A child in its cradle and A Study of a Woman from Nature.[7] Her last known work is a portrait of the "Duchess of Angoulême, exhibited in 1814.[8]

Works[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Quinn 2017, p. 56.
  2. ^ "Marie-Denise Villers – Wikipedia". Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  3. ^ Quinn 2017, p. 58-59.
  4. ^ Quinn 2017, p. 59.
  5. ^ "Through a Louvre Window". Journal18: a journal of eighteenth-century art and culture. 2016-10-26. Retrieved 2017-03-08. 
  6. ^ Higonnet, Anne. “White Dress, Broken Glass: Starting All Over Again in the Age of Revolution.” Norma Hugh Lifton Lecture. School of the Art Institute, Chicago. October 2011.
  7. ^ a b Harris, Ann Sutherland and Linda Nochlin. Women Artists:1550–1950. Alfred A. Knopf, New York (1976). 217.
  8. ^ Siegfried, Susan L. "The Visual Culture of Fashion and the Classical Ideal in Post-Revolutionary France". The Art Bulletin. 97 (1): 77–99. "doi:10.1080/00043079.2014.943619. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

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