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Marne
"Department
""Prefecture building of the Marne department, in Châlons-en-Champagne
"Prefecture building of the Marne department, in Châlons-en-Champagne
""Flag of Marne
Flag
""Coat of arms of Marne
Coat of arms
""Location of Marne in France
Location of Marne in France
Coordinates: 49°00′N 04°15′E / 49.000°N 4.250°E / 49.000; 4.250"Coordinates: 49°00′N 04°15′E / 49.000°N 4.250°E / 49.000; 4.250
"Country "France
"Region "Grand Est
"Prefecture "Châlons-en-Champagne
"Subprefectures "Épernay
"Reims
"Sainte-Menehould
"Vitry-le-François
Government
 • "President of the General Council René-Paul Savary
Area1
 • Total 8,162 km2 (3,151 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 569,999
 • Rank "45th
 • Density 70/km2 (180/sq mi)
"Time zone "CET ("UTC+1)
 • Summer ("DST) "CEST ("UTC+2)
"Department number 51
"Arrondissements "5
"Cantons "23
"Communes "616
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude "estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Marne (French pronunciation: ​"[maʁn]) is a "department in north-eastern "France named after the river "Marne (Matrona in Roman times) which flows through the department. The "prefecture (capital) of Marne is "Châlons-en-Champagne (formerly known as Châlons-sur-Marne). The "subprefectures are "Épernay, "Reims, "Sainte-Menehould, and "Vitry-le-François.

The "Champagne vineyards producing the world-famous sparkling wine are located within Marne.

Contents

History[edit]

Marne is one of the original 83 departments created during the "French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from the province of "Champagne.

Marne has a long association with the "French Army. The training ground of the Camp Militaire de Mailly straddles the border with the département of Aube in the south while that of the Camp de Mourmelon occupies a large area north of "Châlons-en-Champagne. The smaller Camp de Moronvilliers lies to the east of Reims and the Camp Militaire de Suippes lies to the east of that. These are all on the chalk of the Champagne plateau, a feature comparable in geology but not size, with the British military training ground on "Salisbury Plain.

Geography[edit]

Marne is part of the "region of "Grand Est and is surrounded by the departments of "Ardennes, "Meuse, "Haute-Marne, "Aube, "Seine-et-Marne, and "Aisne.

Geologically, it divides into two distinct parts; the "Upper Cretaceous "chalk plain in the east and the more wooded and hilly "Eocene and "Oligocene in the west.

Rivers draining the department include the "Marne, "Vesle, "Ardre and Somme-Soude. Numerous other rivers, such as the Grande and the Petite Morin rise in the department but flow mainly in others. Conversely, the "Aube joins the "Seine in the department of Marne.

Demographics[edit]

The inhabitants of the department are called Marnais.

Tourism[edit]

"Reims, with its famous cathedral in which the "kings of France were "traditionally crowned, is a major attraction. Other branches of tourism are provided by the bird reserve on the "Lake Der-Chantecoq and the fishing lakes nearby. The Parc Naturel Régional de la Montagne de Reims is a major area of country recreation. In the west of the département there are many scenic routes to be explored as also are the several wine cellars of "Épernay.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


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