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Roman statue of Melpomene, 2nd century AD. The muse is shown in a long-sleeved garment with a high belt, clothing that was associated with tragic actors. Her wreath of vines and grapes alludes to "Dionysus, the god of the theatre.
Melpomene by Joseph Fagnani (1819–1873) (1869)

Melpomene ("/mɛlˈpɒmɪn/; "Greek: Μελπομένη; "to sing" or "the one that is melodious"), initially the "Muse of Chorus, she then became the Muse of Tragedy, for which she is best known now.[1] Her name was derived from the Greek verb melpô or melpomai meaning "to celebrate with dance and song." She is often represented with a tragic mask and wearing the "cothurnus, boots traditionally worn by tragic actors. Often, she also holds a knife or club in one hand and the tragic mask in the other.

Melpomene is the daughter of "Zeus and "Mnemosyne. Her sisters include "Calliope (muse of epic poetry), "Clio (muse of history), "Euterpe (muse of lyrical poetry), "Terpsichore (muse of dancing), "Erato (muse of erotic poetry), "Thalia (muse of comedy), "Polyhymnia (muse of hymns), and "Urania (muse of astronomy). She is also the mother of several of the "Sirens, the divine handmaidens of "Kore (Persephone/Proserpina) who were cursed by her mother, "Demeter/"Ceres, when they were unable to prevent the kidnapping of Kore (Persephone/"Proserpina) by "Hades/"Pluto.

In Roman and Greek poetry, it was traditional["citation needed] to invoke the goddess Melpomene so that one might create beautiful lyrical phrases (see "Horace's Odes) in mythology she is Mother of "sirens in some versions of myth.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Blyth, Charles (1990), Virgilian Tragedy and "Troilus, 24 (3), "The Chaucer Review, pp. 211–218 

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