Mercurous chloride is "toxic, although due to its low solubility in water it is generally less dangerous than its "mercuric chloride counterpart. It was used in medicine as a "diuretic and "purgative (laxative) in the "United States from the late 1700s through the 1860s. Calomel was also a common ingredient in "teething powders in Britain up until 1954, causing widespread mercury poisoning in the form of "pink disease, which at the time had a mortality rate of 1 in 10. These medicinal uses were later discontinued when the compound's toxicity was discovered.
It has also found uses in cosmetics as soaps and "skin lightening creams, but these preparations are now illegal to manufacture or import in many countries including the US, Canada, Japan and the European Union. A study of workers involved in the production of these preparations showed that the sodium salt of "2,3-dimercapto-1-propanesulfonic acid (DMPS) was effective in lowering the "body burden of mercury and in decreasing the urinary mercury concentration to normal levels.
- "Mercury compounds [except (organo) alkyls] (as Hg)". Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health. "National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
- Zumdahl, Steven S. (2009). Chemical Principles 6th Ed. Houghton Mifflin Company. p. A22. "ISBN "0-618-94690-X.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Calomel". "Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Housecroft, C. E.; Sharpe, A. G. (2004). Inorganic Chemistry (2nd ed.). Prentice Hall. pp. 696–697. "ISBN "978-0130399137.
- Skoog, Douglas A.; Holler, F. James; Nieman, Timothy A. (1998). Principles of Instrumental Analysis (5th ed.). Saunders College Pub. pp. 253–271. "ISBN "0-03-002078-6.
- Buczacki, S., Pests, Diseases and Disorders of Garden Plants, Collins, 1998, pp 449-50. "ISBN 0-00-220063-5
- Koehler, Christopher S. W. (January 2001). "Heavy Metal Medicine". Today's Chemist at Work. "American Chemical Society. 10 (1): 61–65. "ISSN 1062-094X. Retrieved 2009-02-02.
- Johnston, Elizabeth Lichtenstein (1901). Recollections of a Georgia Loyalist...written in 1836. New York: Mansfield & Company. pp. 82-83.
- Wells A.F. (1984) Structural Inorganic Chemistry 5th edition Oxford Science Publications "ISBN 0-19-855370-6
- Roseveare, W. E. (1930). "The X-Ray Photochemical Reaction between Potassium Oxalate and Mercuric Chloride". "J. Am. Chem. Soc. 52 (7): 2612–2619. "doi:10.1021/ja01370a005.
- Sneader, Walter (2005). Drug Discovery: A History. "John Wiley and Sons. pp. 45–46. "ISBN "0-471-89980-1. Retrieved 2009-02-02.
- "Commission Directive 86/199/EEC, OJ L 149, p. 38 of 3.6.1986".
- D. Gonzalez-Ramirez; M. Zuniga-Charles; A. Narro-Juarez; Y. Molina-Recio; K. M. Hurlbut; R. C. Dart; H. V. Aposhian (1 October 1998). "DMPS (2,3-Dimercaptopropane-1-sulfonate, Dimaval) Decreases the Body Burden of Mercury in Humans Exposed to Mercurous Chloride" (free full text). Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapy. 287 (1): 8–12. "PMID 9765315.
|""||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mercury(I) chloride.|