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Merger Treaty
Treaty establishing a Single Council and a Single Commission of the European Communities
Type Merging the judicial, legislative and administrative bodies of the three "European Communities;
and amending the three community treaties accordingly
Signed 8 April 1965
Location "Brussels, "Belgium
Effective 1 July 1967
Expiration 1 May 1999 ("Amsterdam Treaty)
Parties

""The Six" (original signatories)
 "Belgium
 "France
 "West Germany
 "Italy
 "Luxembourg

 "Netherlands
Depositary Government of Italy
Citations Subsequent amendment treaty: "Single European Act (1986)
Languages Dutch, French, German and Italian
Merger Treaty at "Wikisource

The Merger Treaty (or Brussels Treaty[1]) was a "European treaty which combined the "executive bodies of the "European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), "European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) and the "European Economic Community (EEC) into a single "institutional structure.

The treaty was signed in "Brussels on 8 April 1965 and came into force on 1 July 1967. It set out that the "Commission of the EEC and the "Council of the EEC should replace the Commission and Council of Euratom and the "High Authority and Council of the ECSC. Although each Community remained legally independent, they shared common institutions (prior to this treaty, they already shared a "Parliamentary Assembly and "Court of Justice) and were together known as the "European Communities. This treaty is regarded by some as the real beginning of the modern "European Union.

This treaty was abrogated by the "Amsterdam Treaty signed in 1997:

Without prejudice to the paragraphs following hereinafter, which have as their purpose to retain the essential elements of their provisions, the Convention of 25 March 1957 on certain institutions common to the European Communities and the Treaty of 8 April 1965 establishing a Single Council and a Single Commission of the European Communities, but with the exception of the Protocol referred to in paragraph 5, shall be repealed.

— Article 9(1) of the "Amsterdam Treaty

Contents

Structural evolution of the European Commission[edit]

Signed
In force
"Document
1951
1952
"Paris Treaty
1957
1958
"Rome treaties
1965
1967
Merger Treaty
"2007
2009
"Lisbon Treaty
       
  "Commission of the European Atomic Energy Community "Commission of the European Communities "European Commission   
"High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community
  "Commission of the European Economic Community
     

EU evolution timeline[edit]

Signed
In force
"Document
1948
1948
"Brussels
Treaty
1951
1952
"Paris
Treaty
1954
1955
"Modified
Brussels
Treaty
1957
1958
"Rome
Treaty
&
"EURATOM
1965
1967
Merger
Treaty
1975
1976
"Council
Agreement
on TREVI
1986
1987
"Single
European
Act
1985+90
1995
"Schengen
Treaty
&
"Convention
1992
1993
"Maastricht Treaty (TEU)
1997
1999
"Amsterdam
Treaty
2001
2003
"Nice
Treaty
"2007
2009
"Lisbon
Treaty
 
Content (founded WUDO) (founded ECSC) (protocol amending WUDO to become WEU) (founded EEC and EURATOM) (merging the legislative & administrative bodies of the 3 European communities) (founded TREVI) (amended: EURATOM, ECSC, EEC)+
(founded EPC)
(founded Schengen)
(implemented Schengen)
(amended: EURATOM, ECSC, and EEC to transform it into EC)+
(founded: JHA+CFSP)
(amended: EURATOM, ECSC, EC to also contain Schengen, and TEU where PJCC replaced JHA) (amended with focus on institutional changes: EURATOM, ECSC, EC and TEU) (abolished the 3 pillars and WEU by amending: EURATOM, EC=>TFEU, and TEU)
(founded EU as an overall legal unit with "bill of rights, and reformed governance structures & decision procedures)
 
                         
"Three pillars of the European Union:  
"European Communities
(with a single Commission & Council)
 
"European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM)   
"European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Treaty expired in 2002 "European Union (EU)
    "European Economic Community (EEC)   "European Community (EC)
        "Schengen Rules  
    "Terrorism, Radicalism, Extremism and Violence Internationally (TREVI) "Justice and Home Affairs
(JHA)
  "Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters (PJCC)
  "European Political Cooperation (EPC) "Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
"Western Union Defence Organization (WUDO) "Western European Union (WEU)    
Treaty terminated in 2011    
                     

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brussels Treaty (European history 1965-93) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia

External links[edit]


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