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Merger Treaty
Treaty establishing a Single Council and a Single Commission of the European Communities
Type Merging the judicial, legislative and administrative bodies of the three European communities
Signed 8 April 1965
Location "Brussels, "Belgium
Effective 1 July 1967
Expiration 1 May 1999 ("Treaty of Amsterdam)
Parties

""The Six" (original signatories)
 "Belgium
 "France
 "West Germany
 "Italy
 "Luxembourg

 "Netherlands
Depositary Government of the Italian Republic
Languages Dutch, French, German and Italian
Merger Treaty at "Wikisource

The Merger Treaty (or Brussels Treaty[1]) was a "European treaty which combined the "executive bodies of the "European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), "European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) and the "European Economic Community (EEC) into a single "institutional structure.

The treaty was signed in "Brussels on 8 April 1965 and came into force on 1 July 1967. It set out that the "Commission of the EEC and the "Council of the EEC should replace the Commission and Council of Euratom and the "High Authority and Council of the ECSC. Although each Community remained legally independent, they shared common institutions (prior to this treaty, they already shared a "Parliamentary Assembly and "Court of Justice) and were together known as the "European Communities. This treaty is regarded by some as the real beginning of the modern "European Union.

This treaty was abrogated by the "Amsterdam Treaty signed in 1997:

Without prejudice to the paragraphs following hereinafter, which have as their purpose to retain the essential elements of their provisions, the Convention of 25 March 1957 on certain institutions common to the European Communities and the Treaty of 8 April 1965 establishing a Single Council and a Single Commission of the European Communities, but with the exception of the Protocol referred to in paragraph 5, shall be repealed.

— Article 9(1) of the "Amsterdam Treaty

Contents

Structural evolution of the European Commission[edit]

Signed
In force
"Document
1951
1952
"Paris Treaty
1957
1958
"Rome treaties
1965
1967
Merger Treaty
"2007
2009
"Lisbon Treaty
       
  "Commission of the European Atomic Energy Community "Commission of the European Communities "European Commission   
"High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community
  "Commission of the European Economic Community
     

EU evolution timeline[edit]

Signed
In force
"Document
1948
1948
"Brussels Treaty
1951
1952
"Paris Treaty
1954
1955
"Modified Brussels Treaty
1957
1958
"Rome
Treaty
1965
1967
Merger Treaty
1975
N/A
"European Council conclusion
1985
1995
"Schengen
Treaty
1986
1987
"Single
European Act
1992
1993
"Maastricht Treaty
1997
1999
"Amsterdam Treaty
2001
2003
"Nice Treaty
"2007
2009
"Lisbon
Treaty
 
                         
"Three pillars of the European Union:  
"European Communities:  
"European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM)   
"European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Treaty expired in 2002 "European Union (EU)
    "European Economic Community (EEC)
        "Schengen Rules   "European Community (EC)
    "TREVI "Justice and Home Affairs (JHA)  
  "Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters (PJCC)
          "European Political Cooperation (EPC) "Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
"Western Union Defence Organization (WUDO) "Western European Union (WEU)    
Treaty terminated in 2011  
                       

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brussels Treaty (European history 1965-93) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia

External links[edit]

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