Representatives of "Ukraine, the "Russian Federation, the "Donetsk People's Republic (DPR), and the "Lugansk People's Republic (LPR) signed the Minsk Protocol, an agreement to halt the "war in the Donbass region of Ukraine, on 5 September 2014. It was signed after extensive talks in "Minsk, "Belarus, under the auspices of the "Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). The agreement, which followed multiple previous attempts to stop fighting in the "Donbass, implemented an immediate "ceasefire. It failed to stop fighting in Donbass.
The agreement was drawn-up by the "Trilateral Contact Group on Ukraine, which consisted of representatives from Ukraine, Russia, and the OSCE. The group was established in June as a way to facilitate dialogue and resolution of the strife across eastern and southern Ukraine. Meetings of the group, along with informal representatives of the breakaway "Donetsk and "Lugansk People's Republics, took place on 31 July, 26 August, 1 September, and 5 September. The details of the agreement, signed on 5 September, largely resembled Ukrainian president "Petro Poroshenko's 20 June ""fifteen-point peace plan". The following representatives signed the document:
The text of the protocol consists of twelve points:
In the two weeks after the Minsk Protocol was signed, there were frequent violations of the ceasefire by both parties to the conflict. Talks continued in Minsk, and a follow-up to the Minsk Protocol was agreed to on 19 September 2014. This memorandum clarified the implementation of the Protocol. Amongst some of the peacemaking measures agreed to were:
After the follow-up memorandum, the "Second Battle of Donetsk Airport broke out, and both parties continued to accuse each other of ceasefire violations. In late October, DPR prime minister and Minsk Protocol signatory "Alexander Zakharchenko said that his forces would retake the territory it had lost to Ukrainian forces during a "July 2014 offensive, and that DPR forces would be willing to wage "heavy battles" to do so. Subsequently, Zakharchenko said that he had been misquoted, and that he had meant to say that these areas would be taken through "peaceful means". While campaigning in the lead-up to the "2 November elections held by the DPR and LPR in violation of the Protocol, Zakharchenko said "These are historical times. We are creating a new country! It's an insane goal". OSCE chairman "Didier Burkhalter confirmed that the elections ran "counter to the letter and spirit of the Minsk Protocol", and said that they would "further complicate its implementation".
Speaking on 5 December, Russian foreign minister "Sergey Lavrov said that the "2 November DPR and LPR elections were "exactly within the range in which they had been negotiated in Minsk", and that the Ukrainian parliament was supposed to pass an amnesty bill for DPR and LPR leaders after the "Ukrainian parliamentary election in late October. According to Lavrov, closer monitoring of the "Russo-Ukrainian border, as specified by the Minsk Protocol, could only take place after such an amnesty law was approved. He noted that he thought that a Ukrainian presidential decree banning prosecution of Donbass separatist combatants was issued on 16 September, but said that "a bill has now been filed proposing to overturn" the decree.
By January 2015, the Minsk Protocol ceasefire had completely collapsed. Following the "separatist victory at "Donetsk International Airport in defiance of the Protocol, DPR spokesman "Eduard Basurin said that "the Minsk Memorandum will not be considered in the form it was adopted". Later in the day, DPR leader Alexander Zakharchenko said that the DPR "will not make any attempts at ceasefire talks any more", and that his forces were going to "attack right up to the borders of Donetsk region". The New York Times said that the ceasefire had "all but vanished".
Amidst increasing violence in the combat zone, another round of Minsk talks was scheduled for 31 January. Members of the "Trilateral Contact Group travelled to Minsk to meet representatives of the DPR and LPR. The DPR and LPR signatories of the Protocol did not attend, and those representatives that did attend were not able to discuss the implementation of the Protocol or memorandum. These representatives asked for the revision of the Protocol and the memorandum. The meeting was adjourned with no result.
Both sides are guilty of breaking the Minsk Protocol. Although, international monitors report that most of the ceasefire violations come from the territories controlled by the separatists.