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Main article: "Mount Washington Cog Railway

Since 1869, the "Mount Washington Cog Railway has provided tourists with a train journey to the summit of Mount Washington.[43] It uses a "Marsh rack system and was the first successful "rack railway in the US.[44]

Races[edit]

Every June, the mountain is the site of the "Mount Washington Road Race, an event which attracts hundreds of "runners. In August the "Mount Washington Auto Road Bicycle Hillclimb, a "bicycle race, takes place along the same route as the road race.[45] The hillclimb's notable contestants include former "Tour de France contender "Tyler Hamilton.[46]

On August 7, 1932, Raymond E. Welch became the first one-legged man to climb Mount Washington.[47] An official race was held and open only to one-legged people. Mr. Welch climbed the "Jacob's Ladder" route and descended via the carriage road. At the time of his climb, he was the station agent for the "Boston & Maine Railroad in "Northumberland, New Hampshire.[47]

The mountain is also the host to one of the oldest car races in the country, the "Mount Washington Hillclimb Auto Race, which has been held on and off since 1904. In September 2010, "Travis Pastrana set an unofficial record at 6 minutes, 20.47 seconds, driving a Vermont sports car "Subaru WRX STi.[48] In June 2014, "David Higgins set a new record for ascent of Mt. Washington in a car, at 6:09.09 with an average speed of 75 mph, using the same model vehicle.[49]

""Mount Washington view
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Stitched 360-degree panorama from around the summit
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Panorama of the buildings on the summit

Transmission stations[edit]

"Edwin H. Armstrong installed an "FM-broadcasting station on the top of Mount Washington in 1937. The station included the original broadcast tower, the Yankee Building, which housed the crew and transmitter equipment, and the first power house building. The station stopped operating in 1948, due to excessive maintenance costs. The original Armstrong tower still stands today. The Yankee Building also remains and continues to serve as a communications facility, housing equipment for numerous tenants including cellular telephone providers and public safety agencies. The only building no longer standing from Armstrong's original station is the original power house which was destroyed by fire in 2003 when a fire spread to it that had started in a neighboring building. In 1954 a "TV tower and "transmitters were installed for "WMTW, Channel 8, licensed to "Poland Spring, Maine. The station continuously broadcast until 2002 from the top of the mountain, including local forecasts by (now retired) WMTW transmitter engineer Marty Engstrom.[50]

Mount Washington continued FM broadcasting in 1958 with the construction of WMTW-FM 94.9, which became "WHOM in 1976. WHOM and WMTW-TV shared a transmitter building, which also housed the "generators to supply power to the mountain. A second radio station moved to the summit in 1987. "WPKQ-FM (then known as WMOU) installed its transmitters in the Yankee building and constructed a new broadcast tower behind the building which is the tallest structure on the summit. On February 9, 2003, a fire broke out in the generator room of the WMTW/WHOM transmitter building, which had become the property of the state only a year earlier when WMTW left the summit. Though WMTW had left, the building at the time still had WHOM's transmitters inside it. The fire destroyed the building, including WHOM's transmitters, as well as the summit's main generators, and also spread to the adjacent Old Yankee Power House building which housed the emergency generator, destroying that building also and disrupting all power to the summit. Temporary generators had to be transported up the mountain to restore power to the observatory and to the Yankee building, which houses important public safety communications equipment. A makeshift generator room was constructed underneath the canopy of the Sherman Adams building across from the public entrance to replace the destroyed buildings. The makeshift generator room was later made permanent when power cables were installed in 2009, delivering grid power to the summit for the first time. The old sign from the destroyed Old Yankee Power House building was placed above the doorway to the new generator room. WHOM subsequently built a new transmitter building on the site of the old power building, and also constructed a new standby "antenna on the Armstrong tower. (For the first time since 1948, the Armstrong tower was used for broadcasts.)[51]

The National Weather Service forecast office in "Gray, Maine, operates "NOAA Weather Radio station KZZ41 on 162.5 MHz from the summit of Mount Washington. Due to its point as the highest elevation in the Northeast and the frequency range NWR broadcasts on, the station can be heard at very far distances. It has been heard in northwest "Vermont (at "Vergennes), much of western Maine, and northern "Massachusetts (at "Dracut and "Salisbury, the latter of which had clear reception). Based on the official NWS coverage area map, it can be heard clearly throughout most of New Hampshire, western Maine, northeast Vermont, and portions of southern "Canada.[52] During very clear conditions, KZZ41 has the potential to reach the majority of northern Massachusetts (including some northern areas of "Greater Boston and much of the "North Shore) as well as the majority of Vermont and Maine.[52]

In June 2008, the possibility of television returning to Mount Washington came to light, with the filing by "New Hampshire Public Television to move WLED-TV from its current location near "Littleton to the old WMTW mast on top.[53][54]

Deaths[edit]

Since 1849, nearly 150 people have died on Mount Washington.[36] Author Nicholas Howe has detailed many of the fatalities on this mountain in his book Not Without Peril published in 2000 and updated in 2009.[55] The foreword to the 2009 edition states that many of the deaths over the past 150 years can be attributed to poor planning and lack of understanding of "the difference in weather between Boston and the mountains. The latter are farther north, farther inland and much higher than the city." "William Buckingham Curtis, often called "the father of American amateur athletics" after his death, died from exhaustion on June 30, 1900, during a snowstorm near Lakes of the Clouds Hut.[56]

Artistic tributes[edit]

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Mount Washington from "Glen House in a "stereographic image by "John P. Soule

Mount Washington has been the subject of several famous paintings, part of a New England school of art known as "White Mountain art.[57] Inspired by the "Hudson River School of "landscape painting, a number of artists during the Victorian era ventured into the White Mountains in search of natural subjects.[58] Train service in the area spurred increased tourism and the construction of the "Glen House where "Albert Bierstadt and his photographer brother ("Bierstadt Brothers) stayed. "John P. Soule,[59] "John B. Heywood[60] and the "Kilburn Brothers[61] also produced stereographic images of scenery in the area.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The current record gust of 254 miles per hour (409 km/h) was measured at "Barrow Island, Australia, on October 4, 1996 (verified in 2010).[5]
  2. ^ Measurable (0.1 in or 2.5 mm) precipitation occurs on an average 210 days annually, with 26 of those days seeing 1 in or 25 mm or more.
  3. ^ The snow season is defined as July 1 through June 30 of the following calendar year

References[edit]

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  3. ^ "Mount Washington". "Geographic Names Information System. "United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 28 November 2008. 
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  5. ^ "World: Maximum Surface Wind Gust (3-Second)". World Weather / Climate Extremes Archive, "Arizona State University. 
  6. ^ a b The Indian Heritage of New Hampshire and Northern New England (ed. Thaddeus Piotrowski), "McFarland & Company: 2002, p. 182.
  7. ^ Ford, Daniel (2010). The Country Northward: A Hiker's Journal, on the Trail in the White Mountains of New Hampshire. p. 111. "ISBN "978-1-4528-3092-6. 
  8. ^ a b c Howe, Nicholas (2009). Not WIthout Peril: 150 Years of Misadventure on the Presidential Range of New Hampshire. Guilford, Connecticut: Appalachian Mountain Club. p. 2. "ISBN "978-1-934028-32-2. 
  9. ^ Johnson, Christopher (2006). This Grand & Magnificent Place: The Wilderness Heritage of the White Mountains. "UPNE. p. 22. "ISBN "978-1-58465-461-2. 
  10. ^ a b c Condensed Facts About Mount Washington, Atkinson News Co., 1912.
  11. ^ Mount Washington: A Handbook for Travellers. Illustrated by Frank Hunt Burt (3rd ed.). G. H. Ellis Company. 1906. Retrieved 13 November 2010. 
  12. ^ "About Among the clouds. (Mount Washington, N.H.) 1885–1917". Chronicling America. "Library of Congress. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c Heald, Bruce D. (2011). The Mount Washington Cog Railway: Climbing the White Mountains of New Hampshire. The History Press. p. 74. "ISBN "978-1-60949-196-3. 
  14. ^ "Battle Brews Over Attempt To Trademark 'Mount Washington'". "WMUR-TV, Manchester. November 11, 2010. Retrieved 13 November 2010. 
  15. ^ "Hotel Owners Say Concerns Over Mount Washington Name Overblown". "WMUR-TV, Manchester. November 12, 2010. Retrieved 13 November 2010. 
  16. ^ U.S. Trademark Applications Serial Nos. 7669738, 76690735 and 76690740
  17. ^ a b c d e f "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". "National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 19, 2013. 
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  20. ^ "Info note No.58 — World Record Wind Gust: 408 km/h". World Meteorological Organization. 22 January 2010. 
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  24. ^ "Nature Phenomenon". "Backpacker: 46. April 2007. 
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  26. ^ a b Smith, Alan A. (September 1982). "The Mount Washington Weather Observatory - 50 Years Old". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 63 (9). Retrieved March 29, 2016. 
  27. ^ Heald, Bruce D. (2011). The Mount Washington Cog Railway: Climbing the White Mountains of New Hampshire. The History Press. p. 72. "ISBN "978-1-60949-196-3. 
  28. ^ Briede, Cyrena-Marie. "Product Testing and Research Capabilities with Mount Washington Observatory" (PDF). "Mount Washington Observatory. Retrieved 18 March 2016. 
  29. ^ Brooks, Charles F. (1940). "The worst weather in the world". Appalachia: 194–202. 
  30. ^ "Record Maximum Annual Precipitation by State (thru 1998)" (PDF). NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved March 29, 2016. 
  31. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for MOUNT WASHINGTON, NH 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  32. ^ "Today's Weather atop Mount Washington". Mount Washington Observatory. 14 January 2013. Archived from the original on 14 January 2013. 
  33. ^ "Alpine Garden: Alpine Zone". Division of Forests and Lands. Retrieved March 29, 2016. 
  34. ^ "History of Skiing in Tuckerman Ravine". Tuckerman Ravines. Archived from the original on 17 March 2007. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  35. ^ "Presidential Range". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  36. ^ a b Steiner, Christopher (6 April 2009). "Quiet Monster". "Forbes. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  37. ^ Daley, Jason; Wong, Melanie. "The 20 Most Dangerous Hikes". Outside Online. 
  38. ^ "Mount Washington, New Hampshire - No. 14". National Soaring Museum. Retrieved March 29, 2016. 
  39. ^ "A Day Hike in New Hampshire's White Mountains". White Mountain Explorer. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  40. ^ "Skurka's Top Ten Favorite Hikes —Short (1 to 2 Days)". National Geographic Adventure Magazine. 
  41. ^ "Getting and Staying Here". Mount Washington Observatory. Retrieved March 29, 2016. 
  42. ^ a b "Lion Head Winter Route, Mount Washington". The Peak Seeker. Retrieved March 29, 2016. 
  43. ^ Heald, Bruce D. (2011). The Mount Washington Cog Railway: Climbing the White Mountains of New Hampshire. The History Press. p. 8. "ISBN "978-1-60949-196-3. 
  44. ^ "Sylvester Marsh and the Mount Washington Cog Railway". Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  45. ^ Heald, Bruce D. (2011). The Mount Washington Cog Railway: Climbing the White Mountains of New Hampshire. The History Press. p. 27. "ISBN "978-1-60949-196-3. 
  46. ^ "History". Newton's Revenge. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  47. ^ a b "Raymond Edward Welch" (PDF). Coös County GenWeb. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  48. ^ Glucker, Jeff (10 September 2010). "Travis Pastrana smashes 12-year-old Mt. Washington Auto Road record". AutoBlog. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  49. ^ Flierl, Denis (30 June 2014). "Subaru WRX STI wins and smashes course record at Mt. Washington Hillclimb". Torque News. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  50. ^ Engstrom, Marty. Marty on the Mountain: 38 Years on Mt. Washington. 
  51. ^ "WMTW: fire on the mountain". GGN Information Systems. Retrieved 13 October 2008. 
  52. ^ a b "KZZ41". National Weather Service. U.S. Department of Commerce/National Weather Service Gray, ME. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  53. ^ "Application for Construction Permit for Reserved Channel Noncommercial Educational Broadcast Station". U.S. "Federal Communications Commission (FCC). June 20, 2008. Retrieved 13 October 2008. 
  54. ^ "Mount Washington, N.H.: A Look Back". Tower Site of the Week. fybush.com. 2003-02-20. Retrieved March 29, 2016. 
  55. ^ "Globe Pequot Press, Guiford, Connecticut - "ISBN 978-1-934028-32-2
  56. ^ "The Life of an Athlete: William B. Curtis, the Father of American Amateur Athletics. The Tragic End of an Existence Filled with Much That Was Good and Healthful". "The New York Times. July 8, 1900. Retrieved 6 January 2014. By the tragic death of William B. Curtis in a blinding storm on Mount Washington about a week ago, the world of amateur sport has lost one of its most commanding figures ... 
  57. ^ "Mount Washington Gallery". White Mountain Art & Artists. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  58. ^ "Hudson River School - a taste for the landscape". The Art Wolf. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  59. ^ "Summit House Mount Washington, John P. Soule". Museum of the White Mountains. "Plymouth State University. 
  60. ^ "Ledge and Mt. Adams Peak, from Mt. Washington Carriage Road". NYPL Digital Collections. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 
  61. ^ "New Hampshire Historical Society Features Cog Railway Historic Photos". Mount Washington Cog Railway. Retrieved 28 March 2016. 

External links[edit]

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