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"Guy Pratt, a professional "session musician, playing bass guitar.

A musician (or instrumentalist) is a person who plays a "musical instrument or is musically talented.[1] Anyone who composes, conducts, or performs "music may also be referred to as a musician.[2]

Musicians can specialize in any musical style, and some musicians play in a variety of different styles depending on cultures and background. Examples of a musician's possible skills include "performing, "conducting, "singing, "producing, "composing, "arranging, and the "orchestration of music.[3]

Contents

Medieval musicians[edit]

In the "Middle Ages, instrumental musicians performed with soft "ensembles inside and "loud instruments outdoors. Many European musicians of this time catered to the "Roman Catholic Church, providing arrangements structured around "Gregorian chant structure and "Masses from church texts.[4]

Notable musicians[edit]

Renaissance musicians[edit]

"Renaissance musicians produced music that could be played during masses in "churches and important "chapels. Vocal pieces were in "Latin—the language of church texts of the time—and typically were "Church-polyphonic or "made up of several simultaneous "melodies." By the end of the 16th century, however, "patronage split among many areas: the "Catholic Church, "Protestant churches, royal courts, wealthy amateurs, and music printing—all provided income sources for composers.[5]

Notable musicians[edit]

Baroque musicians[edit]

The "Baroque period (about 1600 to 1750) introduced heavy use of "counterpoint and "basso continuo characteristics. Vocal and instrumental "color" became more important compared with the "Renaissance style of music, and emphasized much of the volume, texture and pace of each piece.[6]

Notable musicians[edit]

Classical musicians[edit]

"Classical music was created by musicians who lived during a time of a rising middle class. Many middle-class inhabitants of "France at the time lived under long-time "absolute monarchies. Because of this, much of the music was performed in environments that were more constrained compared with the flourishing times of the "Renaissance and "Baroque eras.[7]

Notable musicians[edit]

Romantic musicians[edit]

The foundation of Romantic period music coincides with what is often called the age of "revolutions, an age of upheavals in "political, "economic, "social, and "military traditions. This age included the initial transformations of the "Industrial Revolution. A revolutionary energy was also at the core of "Romanticism, which quite consciously set out to transform not only the theory and practice of "poetry and art, but the common perception of the world. Some major Romantic Period precepts survive, and still affect modern culture.[8]

Notable musicians[edit]

20th century[edit]

The world transitioned from 19th-century "Romanticism to 20th century "Modernism, bringing major musical changes. In 20th-century music, composers and musicians rejected the emotion-dominated "Romantic period, and strove to represent the world the way they perceived it. Musicians wrote to be "...objective, while objects existed on their own terms. While past eras concentrated on "spirituality, this new period placed emphasis on physicality and things that were concrete."[9]

The advent of "audio recording and "mass media in the 20th century caused a boom of all kinds of music—"popular music, "rock music, "electronic music, "folk music and all forms of "classical music.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Musician". Oxford Dictionary. 
  2. ^ "Musician". MacMillan Dictionary. 
  3. ^ "Types of Musician". About MusicSchools.com. 
  4. ^ "IB Music Technology II Study Guide" (PDF). IBO- International Bacccalaureate International. 
  5. ^ "Music in the Renaissance". The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 
  6. ^ "The Baroque Era". Oracle Education Foundation. 
  7. ^ "Unit IV 1750–1914". West Forsyth HS History. 
  8. ^ "Romanticism". Brooklyn College. 
  9. ^ "The 20th Century". Fine Arts Society Radio. 
  10. ^ Blanning, Tim "The Triumph of Music; The Rise of Composers, Musicians and Their Art" "Harvard University Press 2008, "ISBN "9780674057098

External links[edit]

"" Media related to Musicians at Wikimedia Commons

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