|"Chairman of Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People|
|Preceded by||post established|
|Succeeded by||"Refat Cubarov|
13 November 1943 (73 years ago)
"Ay-Serez, "Crimean ASSR, "Russian SFSR, "Soviet Union
Mustafa Abduldzhemil Dzhemilev ("Crimean Tatar: Mustafa Abdülcemil Cemilev, "Russian: Мустафа́ Абдулджеми́ль Джеми́лев, "Ukrainian: Мустафа́ Абдульджемі́ль Джемі́лєв, also known widely with his adopted descriptive surname Qırımoğlu, "Crimean Tatar Cyrillic: Къырымогълу, "Russian: Кырымоглу́, "Ukrainian: Киримоглу́, born 13 November 1943, "Mizhrichia, Crimea), is former Chairman of the "Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People and a member of the "Ukrainian Parliament since 1998. He is the recognized leader of the Crimean Tatar National Movement and a former "Soviet "dissident.
Dzhemilev was born on November 13, 1943 in "Ay-Serez, "Crimea, then Russian SFSR, though at the time under Nazi German occupation. He was only six months old when his family, with the rest of the "Crimean Tatar population, was deported by Soviet authorities in May 1944, soon after Soviet forces retook the peninsula. He grew up in exile, in "Uzbekistan.
At the age of 18, Dzhemilev and several of his activist friends established the Union of Young Crimean Tatars. He thus began the arduous and long struggle for the recognition of the rights of Crimean Tatars to return to their homeland. Between 1966 and 1986, Dzhemilev was arrested six times for anti-Soviet activities and served time in Soviet prisons and "labor camps, or lived under "surveillance. Dzhemilev is also remembered for going on the longest "hunger strike in the history of "human rights movements. The hunger strike lasted for 303 days, but he survived due to forced feeding.
In May 1989, he was elected to head the newly founded Crimean Tatar National Movement. The same year he returned to Crimea with his family, a move that would be followed by the eventual return of 250,000 Tatars to their homeland.
On June 3, 2014 he was the first to receive the Lech Wałęsa Prize of Solidarity.
During the "Ukrainian parliamentary election, 1998 he was elected into the "Ukrainian parliament on the "Rukh list; in "2002, "2006 and "2007 he was re-elected as a member of "Our Ukraine.
"Interior Minister "Yuriy Lutsenko stated in October 2009 that a grouping related to "Taliban and "Al-Qaeda called "At-Takfir val-Hijra" had been preparing an attempt on Dzhemilev's life; two members of the group were arrested.
Early November 2011 Dzhemilev announced his retirement from politics. But during the "2012 parliamentary elections he joined the "All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" election list and was re-elected to parliament.
Dzhemilev was in "Ankara during the "Crimean referendum. After the preliminary results of the referendum were announced, he held a joint press conference with the "Turkish foreign minister "Ahmet Davutoğlu. Dzhemilev declared that the Mejlis had a stance identical with "Turkey in considering the referendum illegal and claimed that the results were manipulated by Russia.
In April 2014 Dzhemilev was handed a document on the Ukrainian border informing him he is banned by federal law from entering Russian territory for five years. The typewritten document was unsigned, with no official heading, and was made public by the Crimean Tatar parliament, the Mejlis. A spokesman for the Russian Federal Migration Service (FMS) said the agency did not have any information on the travel ban. On the 3rd of May Mustafa tried to cross the "border" between the "Kherson oblast and the breakaway Republic of Crimea, but he was unable to do so, due to Russian occupational forces blocking the road with tanks.
Russian authorities then issued an arrest warrant for Dzhemilev and placed him on the federal wanted list, allegedly for trying to illegally cross the border when he attempted to return to Crimea 
In October 1998, the "United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees awarded Dzhemilev the "Nansen Medal for his outstanding efforts and "his commitment to the right of return of the Crimean Tatars." In an interview Dzhemilev gave shortly after receiving the Nansen Medal, he emphasized that "when violent means are used, innocent people die, and no just cause can justify the taking of innocent lives." The Crimean Tatar National Movement has been marked by persistent reliance on non-violence.
For more information about Mustafa Dzhemilev and related links to his interviews and writings, see the Web site of the International Committee for Crimea.
|"Chairman of Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People