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N
N n
("See below)
""Writing cursive forms of N
Usage
Writing system "Latin script
Type "Alphabetic and "Logographic
Language of origin "Latin language
Phonetic usage ["n]
["ŋ]
["ɲ]
["ɳ]
"[nˠ]
["]
["◌̃]
"/ɛn/
Unicode value U+004E, U+006E
Alphabetical position 14
History
Development
I10
Time period ~-700 to present
Descendants  • "
 • "Ƞ
 • "Ŋ
 • "ɧ
 • "ʩ
Sisters "Н
"Ң
"Ӊ
"Ӈ
"Ԋ
"נ
ן
ن
ܢ

"ނ
Ն ն
Մ մ
"
"
"
"
"
"
Variations ("See below)
Other
Other letters commonly used with "n(x), "nh, "ng, "ny

N ("named en "/ɛn/[1]) is the fourteenth "letter in the "modern English alphabet and the "ISO basic Latin alphabet.

Contents

History[edit]

Egyptian hieroglyph
Phoenician
"Nun
Etruscan
N
Greek
"Nu
D
""PhoenicianN-01.svg ""EtruscanN-01.svg ""Nu uc lc.svg

One of the most common "hieroglyphs, "snake, was used in "Egyptian writing to stand for a sound like the English ⟨"J⟩, because the Egyptian word for "snake" was djet. It is speculated by many["who?] that "Semitic people working in Egypt adapted hieroglyphics to create the first "alphabet, and that they used the same snake symbol to represent N, because their word for "snake" may have begun with that sound. However, the name for the letter in the "Phoenician, "Hebrew, "Aramaic and "Arabic alphabets is "nun, which means ""fish" in some of these languages. The sound value of the letter was /n/—as in "Greek, "Etruscan, "Latin and modern languages.

Use in writing systems[edit]

⟨n⟩ represents a "dental or "alveolar nasal in virtually all languages that use the Latin alphabet, and in the "International Phonetic Alphabet. A common "digraph with ⟨n⟩ is ⟨ng⟩, which represents a "velar nasal in a variety of languages, usually positioned word-finally in "English. Often, before a "velar plosive (as in ink or jungle), ⟨n⟩ alone represents a "velar nasal. In Italian and French, ⟨gn⟩ represents a "palatal nasal /ɲ/. The "Portuguese and "Vietnamese spelling for this sound is ⟨nh⟩, while "Spanish, "Breton, and a few other languages use the letter ⟨"ñ⟩. In English, ⟨n⟩ is generally silent when it is preceded by an ⟨m⟩ at the end of words, as in hymn; however, it is pronounced in this combination when occurring word medially, as in hymnal.

⟨n⟩ is the sixth most "common letter and the second-most commonly used "consonant in the "English language (after ⟨t⟩).[2]

Other uses[edit]

In "mathematics, the italic form n is a particularly common symbol for a "variable quantity which represents an "integer.

Related characters[edit]

Descendants and related characters in the Latin alphabet[edit]

Ancestors and siblings in other alphabets[edit]

Derived signs, symbols and abbreviations[edit]

Computing codes[edit]

Character N n
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER N     LATIN SMALL LETTER N
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
"Unicode 78 U+004E 110 U+006E
"UTF-8 78 4E 110 6E
"Numeric character reference N N n n
"EBCDIC family 213 D5 149 95
"ASCII 1 78 4E 110 6E
1 Also for encodings based on ASCII, including the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 and Macintosh families of encodings.

Other representations[edit]

"NATO phonetic "Morse code
November –·
""ICS November.svg ""Semaphore November.svg ""Sign language N.svg ""⠝
"Signal flag "Flag semaphore "American manual alphabet ("ASL "fingerspelling) "Braille
"dots-1345

References[edit]

  1. ^ "N" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "en," op. cit.
  2. ^ English Letter Frequency
  3. ^ Constable, Peter (2003-09-30). "L2/03-174R2: Proposal to Encode Phonetic Symbols with Middle Tilde in the UCS" (PDF). 
  4. ^ a b c Constable, Peter (2004-04-19). "L2/04-132 Proposal to add additional phonetic characters to the UCS" (PDF). 
  5. ^ Constable, Peter (2004-04-19). "L2/04-132 Proposal to add additional phonetic characters to the UCS" (PDF). 
  6. ^ "Everson, Michael; et al. (2002-03-20). "L2/02-141: Uralic Phonetic Alphabet characters for the UCS" (PDF). 
  7. ^ Ruppel, Klaas; Aalto, Tero; Everson, Michael (2009-01-27). "L2/09-028: Proposal to encode additional characters for the Uralic Phonetic Alphabet" (PDF). 
  8. ^ Everson, Michael; Dicklberger, Alois; Pentzlin, Karl; Wandl-Vogt, Eveline (2011-06-02). "L2/11-202: Revised proposal to encode "Teuthonista" phonetic characters in the UCS" (PDF). 
  9. ^ Cook, Richard; Everson, Michael (2001-09-20). "L2/01-347: Proposal to add six phonetic characters to the UCS" (PDF). 

External links[edit]

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