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Main article: "100-Hour Plan

Prior to the "U.S. 2006 midterm elections, Pelosi announced a plan for action: If elected, she and the newly empowered Democratic caucus would push through most of its program during the first hundred hours of the 110th Congress' term.[35][36]

The origin for the name "first hundred hours" is a play on words derived from former Democratic "President "Franklin D. Roosevelt's promise for quick action on the part of government (to combat the "Great Depression) during his ""first hundred days" in office. "Newt Gingrich, who became Speaker of the House in 1995, had a similar 100-day agenda to implement the "Contract with America.

Opposition to Iraq War troop surge of 2007
Iraq War troop surge of 2007

On January 5, 2007, reacting to suggestions from President Bush's confidantes that he would increase troop levels in Iraq (which he announced in a speech a few days later), Pelosi joined with Senate Majority Leader "Harry Reid to condemn the plan. They sent Bush a letter saying, "[T]here is no purely military solution in Iraq. There is only a political solution. Adding more combat troops will only endanger more Americans and stretch our military to the breaking point for no strategic gain. ... Rather than deploy additional forces to Iraq, we believe the way forward is to begin the phased redeployment of our forces in the next four to six months, while shifting the principal mission of our forces there from combat to training, logistics, force protection and counter-terror."[37]

2008 Democratic National Convention
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Pelosi conducts convention business during the first day of the "2008 Democratic National Convention in "Denver, Colorado.

Pelosi was named Permanent Chair of the "2008 Democratic National Convention in "Denver, Colorado.[38]

Health Care Reform

Pelosi has been credited for spearheading "President Obama's "health care law when it seemed that it would go down in defeat. After Republican "Scott Brown won Democratic "Ted Kennedy's former senate seat in the "January 2010 Massachusetts special election and thereby causing the Senate Democrats to lose their filibuster proof majority, Obama agreed with then chief of staff "Rahm Emanuel's idea that he should do smaller initiatives that could pass easily. Pelosi, however, dismissed the president's fear and instead mocked his scaled-back ideas as "kiddie care."[39] After convincing the president that this would be their only shot at health care because of the large Democratic majorities they currently had, she rallied her Democratic caucus as she began an "unbelievable marathon" of a two-month session to craft the health care bill, which successfully passed the House. In Obama's remarks before signing the bill into law, he specifically credited Pelosi as being "one of the best Speakers the House of Representatives has ever had."[40][41][42]

Post-Speakership career[edit]

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President "Barack Obama meets with Congressional Leadership, July 2011

Though Pelosi was re-elected by a comfortable margin in the "2010 midterm elections, the Democrats lost 63 seats and ceded control of the House of Representatives to the Republicans. Despite the electoral setback suffered by her party, Pelosi sought to continue leading the House Democratic Caucus in the position of Minority Leader, the office she held prior to becoming Speaker. After Pelosi's disparate intra-party opposition failed to pass a motion to delay the leadership vote,[43] Pelosi was elected Minority Leader for the "112th Congress. On November 14, 2012, Pelosi announced she would remain on as Democratic leader.[44]

"Tim Ryan initiated a bid to replace Pelosi as House Minority Leader on November 17, 2016, prompted by colleagues following the "2016 presidential election.[45] After Pelosi agreed to give more leadership opportunities to junior members,[46] she defeated Ryan by a vote of 134-63 on November 30.[47]

Allegations of insider trading[edit]

In November 2011, "60 Minutes alleged that Pelosi and several other member of Congress had used information they gleaned from closed sessions to make money on the stock market. The program cited Pelosi's purchases of Visa stock while a bill that would limit credit card fees was in the House. Pelosi denied the allegations and called the report "a right-wing smear."[48][49][50] When the Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge Act (or "STOCK Act) was introduced the next year, Pelosi voted for the bill and lauded its passing. Of Representatives "Louise Slaughter and "Tim Walz, who drafted the bill, Pelosi said they "shined a light on a gaping hole in our ethics laws and helped close it once and for all."[51][52]

Political positions[edit]

Pelosi was a founding member of the "Congressional Progressive Caucus, but left in 2003 after being elected Minority Leader. Her longtime friend "Jim McDermott of Washington told "Newsweek that he and other left-leaning Democratic congressmen sometimes wish that "she would tilt a little more our way from time to time". As Speaker, Pelosi has tried to focus more on economic than social issues.[53]

In San Francisco, Pelosi has experienced conflicts with anti-war activists.[54][55] Nonetheless, she has never faced a serious challenger in the Democratic primary or from the "Green Party, which is competitive in local elections.

On September 2, 2008, she visited "Hiroshima, Japan, for a "G8 summit meeting of lower house speakers and offered flowers in "Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park for the victims of the "1945 atomic bombing.[56]

China[edit]

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Pelosi with "Chinese Premier "Wen Jiabao during a trip to China in 2009

On March 21, 2008, Pelosi criticized the People's Republic of China for its handling of the "unrest in Tibet and called on "freedom-loving people" worldwide to denounce China.[57] She was quoted as saying, "The situation in Tibet is a challenge to the conscience of the world", while addressing a crowd of thousands of Tibetans in Dharamsala, India.[57] She however did not call for a boycott of the "2008 Summer Olympics that were held in Beijing.[58]

On October 24, 2008, Pelosi commended the "European Parliament for its "bold decision" to award the "Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought to "Chinese dissident and human rights activist "Hu Jia. Pelosi's statement read, "I call on the Chinese government to immediately and unconditionally release Hu Jia from prison and to respect the fundamental freedoms of all the people in China."[59]

Colombia[edit]

Pelosi publicly scolded Colombian President "Álvaro Uribe during Uribe's May 2007 state trip to America. Pelosi met with Uribe and later released a statement that she and other members of Congress had "expressed growing concerns about the serious allegations" of links between Paramilitary groups and Colombian government officials.[60] Pelosi also came out against the Colombian free trade agreement.[61]

Cuba[edit]

In 2001, Pelosi voted in favor of keeping the travel restrictions on American citizens to Cuba, until the President has certified that Cuba has released all "political prisoners, and extradited all individuals sought by the U.S. on charges of air piracy, drug trafficking and murder.[62]

Iran[edit]

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Pelosi before greeting the new King "Salman of Saudi Arabia, Riyadh, January 2015. Saudi Arabia regards Iran as its main regional rival.

In a February 15, 2007, interview, Pelosi noted that Bush consistently said he supports a diplomatic resolution to differences with Iran "and I take him at his word". At the same time, she said, "I do believe that Congress should assert itself, though, and make it very clear that there is no previous authority for the president, any president, to go into Iran".[63][64] On January 12, 2007, Congressman "Walter B. Jones of "North Carolina introduced a resolution[65] requiring that – absent a national emergency created by an attack, or a demonstrably imminent attack, by Iran upon the United States or its armed forces – the President must consult with Congress and receive specific authorization prior to initiating any use of military force against Iran.[66] This resolution was removed from a military spending bill for the war in Iraq by Pelosi on March 13, 2007.

Turkey[edit]

In mid-October 2007, after the House Foreign Affairs Committee passed a resolution to label "the 1915 killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks as genocide, Pelosi pledged to bring the measure to a vote.[67] The draft resolution prompted warnings from President Bush and fierce criticism from Turkey, with Turkey's prime minister saying that approval of the resolution would endanger U.S.-Turkey relations.[68] After House support eroded, the measure's sponsors dropped their call for a vote, and in late October Pelosi agreed to set the matter aside.[69]

Use of government aircraft[edit]

In March 2009, the "New York Post wrote that the conservative watchdog group "Judicial Watch obtained emails sent by Pelosi's staff that requested that the "United States Air Force (USAF) provide specific aircraft—a "Boeing 757—for Pelosi to use for taxpayer-funded travel.[70][71][72] Pelosi responded that the policy was initiated by President Bush due to post-"9/11 security concerns (Pelosi was third in line for "presidential succession) and was initially provided for the previous Speaker, "Dennis Hastert. The "Sergeant at Arms requested, for security reasons, that the plane provided be capable of non-stop flight, requiring a larger aircraft. The Pentagon said "no one has rendered judgment" that Pelosi's use of aircraft "is excessive."[73]

Abortion[edit]

Pelosi voted against the "Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 2003 and earlier attempts at similar bans, and voted against the criminalization of certain situations where a minor is transported across state lines for an abortion (HR 748, passed).[74]

She has voted in favor of lifting the ban on privately funded abortions at U.S. military facilities overseas (HA 209, rejected), in favor of an amendment that would repeal a provision that forbids service women and dependents from getting an abortion in overseas military hospitals (HA 722, rejected), in favor of stripping the prohibition of funding for organizations working overseas that uses its own funds to provide abortion services or engage in advocacy related to abortion services (HA 997, rejected). She also voted in favor of the 1998 Abortion Funding Amendment, which would have allowed the use of district funds to promote abortion-related activities, but would have prohibited the use of federal funds.[74]

In February 2009, Pelosi met with her "bishop, Archbishop "George Hugh Niederauer of "San Francisco, and with "Pope Benedict XVI as a result of comments she made to "Tom Brokaw on "Meet the Press that many observers felt inaccurately portrayed "Church teaching on the subject of "abortion and the beginning of life.[75][76]

Gun laws[edit]

Pelosi stands in favor of increased background checks for potential gun owners, as well as the controversial "banning of "assault weapons. In February 2013, she called for the "Boldest possible move" on gun control, similar to a stance made just weeks earlier by former Representative, mass shooting victim and fellow gun control advocate, "Gabrielle Giffords.[77] In 2012, she was given 0% ratings by both the "National Rifle Association and "Gun Owners of America for her stances on gun control.[78]

In a February, 2013, interview with "Fox News, Pelosi misstated that gun ownership was protected by the "First Amendment of the "United States Constitution.[79][80][81] The "First Amendment addresses freedom of speech and the press, and it is the "Second Amendment that addresses "gun ownership.

Fiscal/monetary policy[edit]

Pelosi voted against the "1995 Balanced Budget Proposed Constitutional Amendment, which was passed by the House by a 300–132 vote, but in the Senate fell two votes short of the 2/3 supermajority required (with 65 out of 100 Senators voting in favor).[82]

As Speaker of the House, she also spearheaded the "Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007 as part of the "100-Hour Plan. The Act raises the "minimum wage in the United States and the territories of the "Northern Marianas Islands and "American Samoa. American Samoa was initially absent from the act, but as part of "HR 2206 it was included. One Republican congressman who voted against the initial bill accused Pelosi of unethically benefiting "Del Monte Foods (headquartered in her district) by the exclusion of the territory, where Del Monte's "StarKist Tuna brand is a major employer.[83] Pelosi co-sponsored legislation that omitted American Samoa from a raise in the minimum wage as early as 1999, prior to Del Monte's acquisition of StarKist Tuna in 2002.[84] As of the 2002, 2004, and 2006 election cycles, Del Monte has not contributed to Democratic candidates.[85]

Pelosi opposed the "welfare reform proposed by President Bush as well as reforms proposed and passed under President Clinton.[86]

Civil liberties[edit]

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Pelosi and "Keith Ellison (right) at his swearing-in ceremony with "Thomas Jefferson's "Quran

The "American Civil Liberties Union's Congressional Scorecard has given Pelosi a lifetime rating of 92% for her voting record on civil liberties.[87] In 2001, she voted in favor of the "USA Patriot Act, but voted against reauthorization of certain provisions in 2005.[88] She voted against a "Constitutional amendment banning flag-burning.[89]

Contraception[edit]

In a January 25, 2009, interview with "George Stephanopoulos for "ABC News, Pelosi said, "Well, the family planning services reduce cost. They reduce cost. The states are in terrible fiscal budget crises now and part of what we do for children's health, education and some of those elements are to help the states meet their financial needs. One of those – one of the initiatives you mentioned, the contraception, will reduce costs to the states and to the federal government."[90]

Education[edit]

In 1999, Pelosi voted against the Ten Commandments being displayed in public buildings, including schools[91] Pelosi voted for the "No Child Left Behind Act, which instituted testing to track students' progress and authorized an increase in overall education spending.[92]

Environment[edit]

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President "George W. Bush and Pelosi honor 300 "Tuskegee Airmen at the Capitol building, March 2007

Pelosi has supported the development of new technologies to reduce U.S. dependence upon foreign oil and remediate the adverse environmental effects of burning fossil fuels.[93] Pelosi has widely supported conservation programs and energy research appropriations. She has also voted to remove an amendment that would allow for oil and gas exploration in the "Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.[94]

Pelosi has blocked efforts to revive offshore oil drilling in protected areas, reasoning that "offshore drilling could lead to an increase in dependence on fossil fuels.[95]

Health care[edit]

Speaker Pelosi was instrumental in the passage of the "Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010. Pelosi was a key figure in convincing President "Barack Obama to continue pushing for health care reform after the election of "Massachusetts "Sen. "Scott Brown in a January "special election, a defeat that was seen as potentially fatal to Democratic reform efforts.[41] After delivering 219 votes in the House for Obama's signature health care package, Pelosi was both praised and heckled as she made her way to Capitol Hill.[96]

Pelosi has voted to increase "Medicare and "Medicaid benefits.[97]

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Pelosi at San Francisco's "Chinese New Year Festival

Immigration[edit]

Pelosi voted against the "Secure Fence Act of 2006.[98]

Iraq War[edit]

In 2002, Pelosi opposed the "Iraq Resolution authorizing President Bush to use military force against Iraq,[99] while stating that Iraq, like "other countries of concern", had WMDs.[100] In explaining her opposition to the resolution, Pelosi noted that "Central Intelligence Agency Director "George Tenet had told Congress that the likelihood of Iraq's "Saddam Hussein launching an attack on the U.S. using weapons of mass destruction was low. "This is about the Constitution", Pelosi said. "It is about this Congress asserting its right to declare war when we are fully aware what the challenges are to us. It is about respecting the United Nations and a multilateral approach, which is safer for our troops." Despite Pelosi's opposition, Congress still passed a resolution authorizing President Bush to use the Armed Forces of the United States against Iraq.[101]

Israel[edit]

Pelosi reaffirms that "America and "Israel share an unbreakable bond: in peace and war; and in prosperity and in hardship".[102] Pelosi emphasized that "a strong relationship between the "United States and Israel has long been supported by both Democrats and Republicans. America's commitment to the safety and security of the State of Israel is unwavering,...[h]owever, the "war in Iraq has made both America and Israel less safe." Pelosi's voting record shows consistent support for Israel. Prior to 2006 elections in the Palestinian Authority, she voted for a Congressional initiative disapproving of participation in the elections by "Hamas and other organizations defined as terrorist by the legislation. She agrees with the current U.S. stance in support of land-for-peace. She has applauded Israeli "hopeful signs" of offering land, while criticizing Palestinian "threats" of not demonstrating peace in turn. She states, "If the Palestinians agree to coordinate with Israel on the evacuation, establish the rule of law, and demonstrate a capacity to govern, the world may be convinced that finally there is a real partner for peace".[102]

During the "2006 Lebanon War, Pelosi voted in favor of Resolution 921 on the count that "the seizure of Israeli soldiers by "Hezbollah terrorists was an unprovoked attack and Israel has the right, and indeed the obligation, to respond". She argues that organizations and political bodies in the Mideast like "Hamas and "Hezbollah "have a greater interest in maintaining a state of hostility with Israel than in improving the lives of the people they claim to represent". Pelosi asserts that civilians on both sides of the border "have been put at risk by the aggression of Hamas and Hezbollah" in part for their use of "civilians as shields by concealing weapons in civilian areas".[103]

In September 2008, Pelosi hosted a reception in Washington with Israeli "Knesset speaker "Dalia Itzik, along with 20 members of Congress, where they toasted the "strong friendship" between Israel and the United States. During the ceremony, Pelosi held up the replica dog tags of the three Israeli soldiers captured by Hezbollah and Hamas in 2006 and stated that she keeps them as a "symbol of the sacrifices made, sacrifices far too great by the people of the state of Israel".[104]

First Gulf War[edit]

Pelosi opposed U.S. intervention in the "1991 Gulf War.[86][105]

LGBT rights[edit]

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The 2013 "San Francisco Pride Festival

Pelosi received a 100% rating from the "Human Rights Campaign for the "107th, "108th, and "109th sessions of "Congress, indicating that she voted in agreement with HRC's slate of pro-gay legislative issues.[106] In 1996 she voted against the "Defense of Marriage Act,[107] and in 2004 and 2006, she voted against the proposed "Federal Marriage Amendment, which would amend the "United States Constitution to define marriage federally as being between one man and one woman, thereby overriding states' individual rights to legalize "gay marriage.[108][109] When the "Supreme Court of California overturned the "state's ban on same-sex marriage, Pelosi released a statement welcoming the "historic decision." She voiced her opposition to "Proposition 8, the "successful ballot initiative, which defined marriage in California as a union between one man and one woman.[110] Pelosi states that her "Catholic faith is behind her position on LGBT rights such as same-sex marriage: "My religion compels me—and I love it for it—to be against discrimination of any kind in our country, and I consider [the ban on gay marriage] a form of discrimination. I think it’s unconstitutional on top of that."[111]

Marijuana legalization[edit]

Pelosi supports "reform in marijuana laws.[112] She also supports use of "medical marijuana.[113]

Military draft[edit]

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Speaker-designate Pelosi and House Minority Whip "Steny Hoyer meeting with "President "George W. Bush on November 9, 2006

In regard to Representative "Charles Rangel's (D-NY) plan to introduce legislation that would reinstate the draft, Pelosi stated that she did not support such legislation.[114]

NSA Spying/PRISM Program[edit]

Pelosi supports the Bush/Obama NSA spying program called "PRISM. On June 22, 2013 she was booed at "Netroots Nation for saying "Edward Snowden was a criminal.[115]

Syria[edit]

Pelosi supports the "Syria Accountability Act and "Iran Freedom and Support Act. In a speech at the "AIPAC 2005 annual conference, Pelosi said that "for too long, leaders from both parties haven't done enough" to put pressure on "Russia and China who are providing "Iran with technological information on nuclear issues and missiles. "If evidence of participation by other nations in Iran's nuclear program is discovered, I will insist that the Administration use, rather than ignore, the evidence in determining how the U.S. deals with that nation or nations on other issues."[116] In April 2007, she visited "Damascus and stated there "the road to Damascus is a road to peace."[117]

Waterboarding[edit]

Pelosi has stated that she now opposes the interrogation technique of "waterboarding.[118]

According to the CIA, while Pelosi was the "ranking member of the "House Intelligence Committee, she was briefed on the ongoing use of so-called ""enhanced interrogation techniques", including waterboarding authorized for a captured terrorist, Abu Zubaydah,[119][120][121] in one hour-long briefing in 2002. After the briefing, Pelosi said she "was assured by lawyers with the CIA and the Department of Justice that the methods were legal."[122] Two unnamed former "Bush Administration officials say that the briefing was detailed and graphic, and at the time she didn't raise substantial objections.[123] One unnamed U.S. official present during the early briefings said, "In fairness, the environment was different then because we were closer to "September 11 and people were still in a panic. But there was no objecting, no hand-wringing. The attitude was, 'We don't care what you do to those guys as long as you get the information you need to protect the American people.' "[124]

However, several top Democratic lawmakers in the House signed a letter on June 26, 2009, alleging that "CIA Director "Leon Panetta had asserted that the CIA misled Congress for a "number of years" spanning back to 2001, casting clouds on the controversy.[125] Neither letter, lawmakers or the CIA provided details and the circumstances surrounding the allegations make it hard to assess the claims and counterclaims of both sides.[126]

Officials in Congress say her ability to challenge the practices may have been hampered by strict rules of secrecy that prohibited her from being able to take notes or consult legal experts or members of her own staffs.[127] In an April 2009 press conference, Pelosi stated, "In that or any other briefing...we were not, and I repeat, were not told that waterboarding or any of these other enhanced interrogation techniques were used. What they did tell us is that they had some legislative counsel – the "Office of Legislative Counsel opinions that they could be used, but not that they would. And they further – further, the point was that if and when they would be used, they would brief Congress at that time"[128][129] Pelosi's office stated that she later protested the technique and that she concurred with objections raised by Democratic colleague "Jane Harman in a letter to the "CIA in early 2003.[118]

On President Bush[edit]

In mid-July 2008, two days after President "George W. Bush stated that Congress was ineffective and said, "This is not a record to be proud of, and I think the American people deserve better",[130] Pelosi responded by calling the president "a total failure, losing all credibility with the American people on the war, on the economy, on energy, you name the subject" and that Congress had been "sweeping up after his mess over and over and over again".[130]

Electoral history[edit]

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The city of "San Francisco named a street in "Golden Gate Park in honor of Pelosi after her many years representing the city in "Congress.
Electoral history of Nancy Pelosi

Pelosi's only close race so far has been the special election to succeed Sala Burton's seat after her death in February 1987. In the special election's Democratic primary, Pelosi narrowly defeated San Francisco Supervisor "Harry Britt, considered the more "progressive" candidate, with 36 percent of the vote to his 32 percent.[15][131] In the runoff against Republican candidate Harriet Ross, Pelosi received more than a 2-to-1 majority of votes cast in a turnout that comprised about 24% of eligible voters.[132] Since then, Pelosi has enjoyed overwhelming support in her political career, collecting 76 and 77 percent of the vote in "California's 5th congressional district for the 1988 and 1990 Race for U.S. House of Representatives. In 1992, after the redistricting from the "1990 Census, Pelosi ran in "California's 8th congressional district, which now covered the San Francisco area. She has continued to post landslide victories since, dropping beneath 80 percent of the vote only twice.

Personal background[edit]

Family[edit]

Her husband, since 1963, is "Paul Pelosi. They have five children: Nancy Corinne, "Christine, Jacqueline, "Paul, and "Alexandra, as well as eight grandchildren. Alexandra, a journalist, covered the Republican presidential campaigns in 2000 and made a film about the experience, "Journeys with George. In 2007, Christine published a book, Campaign Boot Camp: Basic Training for Future Leaders.[133]

Pelosi lives in the "Pacific Heights neighborhood of San Francisco.

Financial status[edit]

While members of Congress are not required to disclose their exact net worth, organizations such as the nonpartisan "Center for Responsive Politics (CRP) prepare estimated ranges based on public disclosures. In 2014, CRP reported Pelosi's average net worth in 2014 was $101,273,023 having ranked 8th out of 25 wealthiest members of Congress.[134] In 2009, CRP reported Pelosi's average net worth was $58,436,537 having ranked 13th among 25 wealthiest members of Congress[135]

Roll Call's Wealth of Congress Index reported that Pelosi's net worth was $29.35 million and having ranked 15th out of 50 wealthiest members of Congress for 2014.[136] According to Roll Call, Pelosi and her husband, Paul, hold properties "worth at least $14.65 million, including a St. Helena vineyard in Napa Valley worth at least $5 million, and commercial real estate in San Francisco." [136] Roll Call said Pelosi's earnings are connected to her husband's heavy investments in stocks including "Apple, Comcast, Facebook, Shutterfly and Walt Disney." [136] Roll Call reported that the Pelosi's have $13.46 million in liabilities including mortgages on seven properties. [136]

Business Insider reported that Pelosi's worth was $26.4 million in 2012 and was 13th among the 15 richest members of Congress.[137]

Involvement in Italian-American community[edit]

Pelosi is a board member of the "National Organization of Italian American Women.[138] Additionally, Pelosi served for 13 years as a board member of the "National Italian American Foundation (NIAF). In 2007, she received the NIAF Special Achievement Award for Public Advocacy and continues to be involved in the Foundation today.

Honors and decorations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "[1]," Associated Press. Retrieved November 17, 2010. Archived November 23, 2010, at the "Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Annunciata Lombardi 1909-1985 - Ancestry". Retrieved November 30, 2016. 
  4. ^ Puzzanghera, Jim (November 14, 2002). "Pelosi's aim for center may steer pundits wrong". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved March 20, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Baltimore City History of Mayors – THOMAS J. D'ALESANDRO III". 
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  9. ^ Date of birth found on the "California Birth Index 1905–1995, under Pelosi, Paul Frank, on April 15, 1940, in San Francisco.
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  30. ^ Sandalow, Marc. "Bush claims mandate, sets 2nd-term goals," San Francisco Chronicle, November 5, 2004 . Retrieved February 3, 2010.
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  36. ^ Nancy Pelosi (November 7, 2006). "One Hundred Hours". "The Huffington Post. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  37. ^ Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) and Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) (2007-01-05). "Congressional Leaders Call on President to Reject Flawed Iraq Troop Surge".  Retrieved on January 24, 2007
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Further reading[edit]

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Articles[edit]

"United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
"Sala Burton
Member of the "U.S. House of Representatives
from "California's 5th congressional district

1987–1993
Succeeded by
"Bob Matsui
Preceded by
"Ron Dellums
Member of the "U.S. House of Representatives
from "California's 8th congressional district

1993–2013
Succeeded by
"Paul Cook
Preceded by
"Jackie Speier
Member of the "U.S. House of Representatives
from "California's 12th congressional district

2013–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
"David Bonior
"House Minority Whip
2002–2003
Succeeded by
"Steny Hoyer
Preceded by
"Dick Gephardt
"House Minority Leader
2003–2007
Succeeded by
"John Boehner
Preceded by
"John Boehner
"House Minority Leader
2011–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
"David Bonior
"House Democratic Deputy Leader
2002–2003
Succeeded by
"Steny Hoyer
Preceded by
"Dick Gephardt
"House Democratic Leader
2003–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
"Gary Locke
"Response to the State of the Union address
"2004, "2005
Served alongside: "Tom Daschle (2004), "Harry Reid (2005)
Succeeded by
"Tim Kaine
Preceded by
"Bill Richardson
"Permanent Chair of the Democratic National Convention
"2008
Succeeded by
"Antonio Villaraigosa
Political offices
Preceded by
"Dennis Hastert
"Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
2007–2011
Succeeded by
"John Boehner
"United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
"Fred Upton
"United States Representatives by seniority
16th
Succeeded by
"Jimmy Duncan
) )