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"Britannia arm-in-arm with "Uncle Sam symbolizes the British-American alliance in "World War I.
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An early example of National personification in a "gospel book dated 990: "Sclavinia, "Germania, "Gallia, and "Roma, bringing offerings to Emperor "Otto III.

A national personification is an "anthropomorphism of a "nation or its people.["citation needed] It may appear in "editorial cartoons and "propaganda.

Some early personifications in the Western world tended to be national manifestations of the majestic wisdom and war goddess "Minerva/"Athena, and often took the "Latin name of the ancient "Roman province. Examples of this type include "Britannia, "Germania, "Hibernia, "Helvetia and "Polonia. Examples of personifications of the "Goddess of Liberty include "Marianne, the "Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World), and many examples of United States coinage. Examples of representations of the "everyman or citizenry—rather than of the nation itself—are "Deutscher Michel and "John Bull.[1]

Contents

Personifications by country or territory[edit]

Country Image Personification
 "African Union ""Black African woman art statue bust.png Mother Africa
 "Albania ""Mother Albania Tirana 2.JPG "Mother Albania (Nëna Shqipëria)
 "Argentina ""20060128 - Mausoleo del General San Martín en la Catedral de Buenos Aires.jpg "Effigy of the Republic/Liberty/Progress/Fatherland, "Gaucho, "Martín Fierro
 "Armenia ""Arm-3897-65 amyak end K 2.jpg "Mother Armenia (Mayr Hayastan; lit. "Mother "Hayastan")
 "Australia ""LBM-Lindsay.jpg "Little Boy from Manly
 "Austria ""Wien 01 Austriabrunnen 07.jpg Austria
 "Bangladesh "Bangamata (lit. Mother Bengal); "Bengal tiger.[2]

"Joy Bangla ("Bengali: জয় বাংলা; meaning "Victory to Bengal") was the slogan and war cry of the "Mukti Bahini that fought for the independence of "Bangladesh during the "Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.[3]

 "Belgium ""La-Belgique-couronnant-ses-enfants-illustres-Jamar-1854.tif La Belgique or Belgica. The country is also commonly represented by a lion, historically known as "Leo Belgicus.
 "Brazil ""Rodrigues-republica-mab.jpg "Efígie da República; the "Bandeirante (only in "São Paulo State); the Candango (in "Brasília); the "Gaúcho (in "Rio Grande do Sul)
 "Bulgaria ""Georgi-Danchov-Svobodna-Bulgaria.jpg Mother Bulgaria
 "Cambodia "Preah Thong and Neang Neak
 "Canada ""Statue Dollard des Ormeaux, parc Lafontaine, Montréal 2005-08-29.jpg "Mountie["disputed ], "Johnny Canuck, "Le Vieux de '37 (French Canada), "Adam Dollard des Ormeaux (used during the two World Wars as a military example), Mother Canada (at the "Canadian National Vimy Memorial)
 "Chile ""Roto chileno.jpg El "Roto, El "Huaso, La Carmela, "Doña Juanita (an average Chilean woman from the countryside), "Moya (a common surname used as N.N.)
 "Czech Republic ""Vaclav Maly -The National Museum in Prague 048 "Čechie, "Czech Vašek, "double-tailed Czech lion, "Svejk.
 "Denmark ""Holger danske.jpg "Holger Danske
 "Dominican Republic ""Conchoprimo.jpeg Conchoprimo
 "Egypt ""Nahdet Misr.jpg Mother of the World (Om El Donia)
 "El Salvador ""SalvadorDelMundo.jpg "Monumento al Divino Salvador del Mundo
 "Europe ""Enlèvement d'Europe by Nöel-Nicolas Coypel (detail).jpg "Europa or "Europa regina
 "Finland ""SuomiNeito.png "Finnish Maiden (Suomi-neito)
 "France ""Marianne Symbol of french republic 3.jpg "Marianne
 "Georgia ""Saint George - Carlo Crivelli.jpg Georgia: "Saint George, ""Mother of a Georgian" (Kartvlis Deda)
 "Germany ""Image Germania (painting).jpg Germany: "Germania, "Arminius (Hermann der Cherusker), "Deutscher Michel

Bavaria: "Bavaria, Berlin: "Berolina, Brunswick: Brunonia, Franconia: Franconia, Hamburg: "Hammonia, Prussia: Borussia, Palatinate: Palatia, Saxony: Saxonia

 "Greece ""Athena Parthenos Altemps Inv8622.jpg "Athena, Hellas (es)
 "Haiti ""Czestochowska.jpg "Ezili Dantor, "Katrin (based off the real life Haitian hero, Catherine Flon)
 "Hungary ""Hungária nőalak Aradon.jpg The "Lady of Hungaria
 "Iceland ""Arnason-front.jpg The "Lady of the Mountains (Fjallkonan)
 "India ""Bharat matha.jpg "Bharat Mata ("Mother India"), earlier the goddess "Durga. Also the "tiger or the "Indian elephant is used to personify the nation. But strictly speaking of national personification, the figure of "Bharat Mata as a goddess, wearing a white or saffron sari, holding the national flag, and having a lion as her "vahana is the most widely popular personification. The battle cry, "Bharat Mata ki Jai" (Victory for Mother India) is used by the "Indian Army and is one of the most popular patriotic slogans used in "India.
 "Indonesia ""Statue of Goddess or Queen at Monas.JPG "Ibu Pertiwi
 "Iran ""Illustrerad Verldshistoria band I Ill 058.jpg "Cyrus the Great
 "Ireland ""Edmund Dwyer Gray UnitedIrelandCartoon April1888.png "Ériu, "Banba, "Fódla, "Kathleen Ni Houlihan, "Hibernia, "Scotia,[4] "Granuaile, "The Old Woman of Beare[5]
 "Israel ""PikiWiki Israel 5668 cartoon museu in holon.jpg "Srulik
 "Italy ""Reggio calabria monumento all'italia.jpg "Italia Turrita
 "Jordan "Abu Mahjoob
 "Korea ( "North Korea and  "South Korea) "Dangun, "Ungnyeo, "Korean Tiger, "Yangban, "Chollima
 "Macedonia Mother Macedonia[6][7]
 "Malaysia ""TuahNatlHistoryMuseumKL.jpg "Hang Tuah, "Harimau Malaya
 "Malta ""Malta 1922 One Pound.jpg "Melita
 "Mexico ""Alegoría de la Patria Mexicana 1.jpg Alegoría de la Patria Mexicana (es), "Our Lady of Guadalupe, La "China Poblana
 "Morocco ""BarbaryLionB1898bw.jpg "Barbary Lion
 "Netherlands ""Wapen Bataafse Republiek.svg "Dutch Maiden, "Dutch Republic Lion
 "New Zealand ""1901 Universal Postage 1 penny red.JPG "Kiwi, "Zealandia, "southern man (for the "South Island)
 "Norway ""Norges Grundlov 1814 Frihed Lighed Broderskab, 1914.jpg Mother Norway (no), stereotyp. "Ola Nordmann & "Kari Nordmann, hist. "Nór
 "Palestine ""Handala.gif "Handala
 "Peru The chalán, La Madre Patria
 "Philippines "Juan dela Cruz, Ináng Bayan, Filipinas, "Philippine eagle
 "Poland ""Quincunx Polonia.jpg "Polonia
 "Portugal ""Zepovinho.jpg "Zé Povinho, "Eu nacional (National Self), "Republic effigy, "Guardian Angel of Portugal
 "Romania ""Gheorghe Tattarescu - 11 februarie 1866 Romania Moderna.jpg România
 "Russia ""RossiiaLaveretsky.jpg "Mother Russia/Mother Motherland
 "Serbia ""Kosovo Maiden, Uroš Predić, 1919.jpg "Mother Serbia, "Kosovo Maiden
 "Singapore ""Singapore Mini Merlion.JPG "Merlion
 "Slovakia ""Wladyslaw Skoczylas - Janosik.jpg "Jánošík
 "Slovenia Kranjski Janez ("John from "Carniola", an average man from Slovenia's central region), Peter Klepec
 "Spain ""Biblioteca Nacional de España (Madrid) 03b.jpg "Hispania
 "Suriname ""Mama Sranan Sculpture Mama Sranan (Mother Suriname), a 1965 sculpture by Jozeph Klas in the center of "Paramaribo, of a mother figure holding five children representing Suriname's ethnic groups in her arms.[8]
 "Sweden ""Moder svea berga.JPG "Mother Svea
  "Switzerland ""Zweifranken (cropped).jpg "Helvetia
 "Thailand ""Pra Siamdevadhiraj.png Phra Siam Devadhiraj (พระสยามเทวาธิราช "The guardian angel of "Siam"), Thailandia, "Khun Borom
 "Ukraine ""Cossack Mamay 1890.jpg "Cossack Mamay
 "United Kingdom ""Britannia-Statue.jpg "Britannia, "John Bull
 "United States ""Unclesamwantyou.jpg "Uncle Sam (government personification), "Statue of Liberty as Lady Liberty, "Columbia, "Johnny Rebel ("The South, obsolete), "Billy Yank ("The North, obsolete), "Brother Jonathan
 "Vietnam "The Four Immortals

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eric Hobsbawm, "Mass-Producing Traditions: Europe, 1870-1914," in Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger, eds., The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge, 1983), 263-307.
  2. ^ "NATIONAL SYMBOLS". Bangladesh Tourism Board. Bangladesh: Ministry of Civil Aviation & Tourism. 
  3. ^ Ahmed, Salahuddin (2004). Bangladesh: Past and Present. APH Publishing. p. 310. "ISBN "8176484695. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ O'Clery, M. (2003) Annals of Ireland by the Four Masters as translated into English
  5. ^ O'Rourke Murphy, M. & MacKillop, J. (2006). An Irish Literature Reader: Poetry, Prose, Drama.
  6. ^ "A Manifesto from the Provisional Government of Macedonia". 1881. Our mother Macedonia became now as a widow, lonely and deserted by her sons. She does not fly the banner of the victorious Macedonian army 
  7. ^ ""Bulgarian graphic representation of Bulgaria, East Rumelia and Macedonia
  8. ^ http://www.parbode.com/opinie/item/2629-kunstschatten-mama-sranan

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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