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"Britannia arm-in-arm with "Uncle Sam symbolizes the British-American alliance in "World War I.
An early example of National personification in a "gospel book dated 990: "Sclavinia, "Germania, "Gallia, and "Roma, bringing offerings to Emperor "Otto III.
1909 cartoon in Puck shows (clockwise) US, Germany, Britain, France and Japan engaged in naval race in a "no limit" game.

A national personification is an "anthropomorphism of a "nation or its people.["citation needed] It may appear in "editorial cartoons and "propaganda.

Some early personifications in the Western world tended to be national manifestations of the majestic wisdom and war goddess "Minerva/"Athena, and often took the "Latin name of the ancient "Roman province. Examples of this type include "Britannia, "Germania, "Hibernia, "Helvetia and "Polonia. Examples of personifications of the "Goddess of Liberty include "Marianne, the "Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World), and many examples of United States coinage. Another ancient model was "Roma, a female "deity who personified the city of "Rome and more broadly, the Roman state, and who was revived in the 20th Century as the personification of "Mussolini's ""New Roman Empire". Examples of representations of the "everyman or citizenry—rather than of the nation itself—are "Deutscher Michel, "John Bull and "Uncle Sam.[1]


Personifications by country or territory[edit]

Country Image Personification
 "Albania ""Mother Albania Tirana 2.JPG "Mother Albania (Nëna Shqipëria)
 "Argentina ""20060128 - Mausoleo del General San Martín en la Catedral de Buenos Aires.jpg "Effigy of the Republic/Liberty/Progress/Fatherland, "Gaucho, "Martín Fierro
 "Armenia ""Arm-3897-65 amyak end K 2.jpg "Mother Armenia (Mayr Hayastan; lit. "Mother "Hayastan")
 "Australia ""LBM-Lindsay.jpg "Little Boy from Manly, alternatively native animals like the "Kangaroo
 "Austria ""Wien 01 Austriabrunnen 07.jpg Austria
 "Bangladesh "Bangamata (lit. Mother Bengal); "Bengal tiger.[2]

"Joy Bangla ("Bengali: জয় বাংলা; meaning "Victory to Bengal") was the slogan and war cry of the "Mukti Bahini that fought for the independence of "Bangladesh during the "Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.[3]

 "Belgium ""La-Belgique-couronnant-ses-enfants-illustres-Jamar-1854.tif La Belgique or Belgica. The country is also commonly represented by a lion, historically known as "Leo Belgicus.
 "Brazil ""Rodrigues-republica-mab.jpg "Efígie da República; the "Bandeirante (only in "São Paulo State); the Candango (in "Brasília); the "Gaúcho (in "Rio Grande do Sul)
 "Bulgaria ""Georgi-Danchov-Svobodna-Bulgaria.jpg Mother Bulgaria
 "Cambodia "Preah Thong and Neang Neak
 "Canada ""Statue Dollard des Ormeaux, parc Lafontaine, Montréal 2005-08-29.jpg "Mountie["disputed ], "Johnny Canuck, "Le Vieux de '37 (French Canada), "Adam Dollard des Ormeaux (used during the two World Wars as a military example), Mother Canada (at the "Canadian National Vimy Memorial)
 "Chile ""Roto chileno.jpg El "Roto, El "Huaso, La Carmela, "Doña Juanita (an average Chilean woman from the countryside), "Moya (a common surname used as N.N.)
 "Czech Republic ""Vaclav Maly -The National Museum in Prague 048 "Čechie, "Czech Vašek, "double-tailed Czech lion, "Svejk.
 "Denmark ""Holger danske.jpg "Holger Danske
 "Dominican Republic ""Conchoprimo.jpeg Conchoprimo
 "Egypt ""Nahdet Misr.jpg Mother of the World (Om El Donia)
 "El Salvador ""SalvadorDelMundo.jpg "Monumento al Divino Salvador del Mundo
 "Europe ""Enlèvement d'Europe by Nöel-Nicolas Coypel (detail).jpg "Europa or "Europa regina
 "Finland ""SuomiNeito.png "Finnish Maiden (Suomi-neito)
 "France ""Marianne - symbol of French Republic.jpg "Marianne
 "Georgia ""Saint George - Carlo Crivelli.jpg Georgia: "Saint George, ""Mother of a Georgian" (Kartvlis Deda)
 "Germany ""Image Germania (painting).jpg Germany: "Germania, "Arminius (Hermann der Cherusker), "Deutscher Michel

Bavaria: "Bavaria, Berlin: "Berolina, Brunswick: Brunonia, Franconia: Franconia, Hamburg: "Hammonia, Prussia: Borussia, Palatinate: Palatia, Saxony: Saxonia

 "Greece ""Theodoros Vryzakis, Grateful Hellas (1858).jpg Hellas
 "Haiti ""Czestochowska.jpg "Ezili Dantor, "Katrin (based off the real life Haitian hero, Catherine Flon)
 "Hungary ""Hungária nőalak Aradon.jpg The "Lady of Hungaria
 "Iceland ""Arnason-front.jpg The "Lady of the Mountains (Fjallkonan)
 "India ""Bharat matha.jpg "Bharat Mata ("Mother India")
 "Indonesia ""Statue of Goddess or Queen at Monas.JPG "Ibu Pertiwi
 "Iran ""Illustrerad Verldshistoria band I Ill 058.jpg "Cyrus the Great
 "Ireland ""Edmund Dwyer Gray Hibernia.png "Ériu, "Banba, "Fódla, "Kathleen Ni Houlihan, "Hibernia, "Scotia,[4] "Granuaile, "The Old Woman of Beare[5]
 "Israel ""PikiWiki Israel 5668 cartoon museu in holon.jpg "Srulik
 "Italy ""Reggio calabria monumento all'italia.jpg "Italia Turrita
 "Japan ""Amaterasu cave crop.jpg "Amaterasu
 "Jordan "Abu Mahjoob
 "Kenya Wanjiku
"Korea ( "North Korea and  "South Korea) "Dangun, "Ungnyeo, "Korean Tiger, "Yangban, "Chollima
 "Macedonia Mother Macedonia[6][7]
 "Malaysia ""TuahNatlHistoryMuseumKL.jpg "Hang Tuah, "Harimau Malaya
 "Malta ""Malta 1922 One Pound.jpg "Melita
 "Mexico ""Alegoría de la Patria Mexicana 1.jpg Alegoría de la Patria Mexicana (es), "Our Lady of Guadalupe, La "China Poblana
 "Morocco ""BarbaryLionB1898bw.jpg "Barbary Lion
 "Netherlands ""Wapen Bataafse Republiek.svg "Dutch Maiden, "Dutch Republic Lion
 "New Zealand ""1901 Universal Postage 1 penny red.JPG "Kiwi, "Zealandia, "southern man (for the "South Island)
 "Norway ""Norges Grundlov 1814 Frihed Lighed Broderskab, 1914.jpg Mother Norway (no), stereotyp. "Ola Nordmann & "Kari Nordmann, hist. "Nór
 "Pakistan Pak sar zamin
 "Palestine ""Handala.gif "Handala
 "Peru The chalán, La Madre Patria
""RizalParkIntramurosGolfClubjf8588 13.JPG
"Juan dela Cruz, "María Clara, Ináng Bayan, Filipinas, "Philippine eagle
 "Poland ""Quincunx Polonia.jpg "Polonia
 "Portugal ""Zepovinho.jpg "Zé Povinho, "Eu nacional (National Self), "Republic effigy, "Guardian Angel of Portugal
 "Romania ""Gheorghe Tattarescu - 11 februarie 1866 Romania Moderna.jpg România
 "Russia ""RossiiaLaveretsky.jpg "Mother Russia/Mother Motherland
 "Serbia ""Kosovo Maiden, Uroš Predić, 1919.jpg "Mother Serbia, "Kosovo Maiden
 "Singapore ""Singapore Mini Merlion.JPG "Merlion
 "Slovakia ""Wladyslaw Skoczylas - Janosik.jpg "Jánošík
 "Slovenia Kranjski Janez ("John from "Carniola", an average man from Slovenia's central region), Peter Klepec
 "Spain ""Biblioteca Nacional de España (Madrid) 03b.jpg "Hispania
 "Suriname ""Mama Sranan Sculpture Mama Sranan (Mother Suriname), a 1965 sculpture by Jozeph Klas in the center of "Paramaribo, of a mother figure holding five children representing Suriname's ethnic groups in her arms.[8]
 "Sweden ""Moder svea berga.JPG "Mother Svea
  "Switzerland ""Zweifranken (cropped).jpg "Helvetia
 "Thailand ""Pra Siamdevadhiraj.png "Phra Siam Devadhiraj (พระสยามเทวาธิราช "The guardian angel of "Siam"), "Thailand
 "Ukraine ""Cossack Mamay 1890.jpg "Cossack Mamay
 "United Kingdom ""Britannia-Statue.jpg "Britannia, "John Bull
 "United States ""Unclesamwantyou.jpg "Uncle Sam (government personification), "Statue of Liberty as Lady Liberty, "Columbia, "Johnny Rebel ("The South, obsolete), "Billy Yank ("The North, obsolete), "Brother Jonathan ("New England, obsolete)
 "Vietnam "The Four Immortals

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Eric Hobsbawm, "Mass-Producing Traditions: Europe, 1870-1914," in Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger, eds., The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge, 1983), 263-307.
  2. ^ "NATIONAL SYMBOLS". Bangladesh Tourism Board. Bangladesh: Ministry of Civil Aviation & Tourism. 
  3. ^ Ahmed, Salahuddin (2004). Bangladesh: Past and Present. APH Publishing. p. 310. "ISBN "8176484695. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ O'Clery, M. (2003) Annals of Ireland by the Four Masters as translated into English
  5. ^ O'Rourke Murphy, M. & MacKillop, J. (2006). An Irish Literature Reader: Poetry, Prose, Drama.
  6. ^ "A Manifesto from the Provisional Government of Macedonia". 1881. Our mother Macedonia became now as a widow, lonely and deserted by her sons. She does not fly the banner of the victorious Macedonian army 
  7. ^ ""Bulgarian graphic representation of Bulgaria, East Rumelia and Macedonia
  8. ^ http://www.parbode.com/opinie/item/2629-kunstschatten-mama-sranan

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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