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A National Research and Education Network (NREN) is a specialised "internet service provider dedicated to supporting the needs of the "research and "education communities within a country.

It is usually distinguished by support for a high-speed "backbone network, often offering dedicated channels for individual research projects.

NRENs are usually the places where new Internet protocols and architectures are introduced before deployment within the Public Internet.["citation needed] Two examples of these protocols are "IPv6 and IP "multicast. Two examples of architecture are client/server and "Cloud computing.

In recent years NRENs have also developed many 'above the net' services. National Identity federations, many of which are represented in REFEDs, are one example of such services.


List of NRENs by geographic area[edit]

East and Southern Africa[edit]

North Africa[edit]

West and Central Africa[edit]

Indian Subcontinent[edit]

Asia Pacific[edit]

North America[edit]

Name Type
"Internet2 national
"National LambdaRail national [closed]
"vBNS national [closed]
"ESnet national
NEREN regional ("New England)
"CalREN state ("California)
"CEN state ("Connecticut)
"Illinois Century Network state ("Illinois)
KanREN state ("Kansas)
"Merit Network state ("Michigan)
NERO state ("Oregon)
NCREN state ("North Carolina)
"NYSERNet state ("New York)
"OARnet state ("Ohio)
"OSHEAN state ("Rhode Island)
PennREN state ("Pennsylvania)
"UEN state ("Utah)
Name Type
"CANARIE national
ACORN-NL provincial ("Newfoundland and Labrador)
"ACORN-NS provincial ("Nova Scotia)
BCNET provincial ("British Columbia)
"Cybera provincial ("Alberta)
GTAnet provincial ("Ontario)
ECN provincial ("New Brunswick and "Prince Edward Island)
MRnet provincial ("Manitoba)
"ORION provincial ("Ontario)
"RISQ provincial ("Quebec)
"SRNet provincial ("Saskatchewan)

Latin America[edit]

High-speed Fibre Optic Data Link to "ALMA and REUNA.[2]



Nordic countries[edit]

Middle East[edit]

Central Asia[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ National Research Council (U.S.). National Research Network Review Committee, Leonard Kleinrock; et al. (1988). Toward a National Research Network. National Academies. 
  2. ^ "New High-speed Fibre Optic Data Link to ALMA". www.eso.org. European Southern Observatory. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 

External links[edit]

Annual Compendiums[edit]

Further reading and case studies[edit]

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