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Neukölln
Quarter of "Berlin
""Hermannplatz
Hermannplatz
""Neukölln  is located in Germany
Neukölln
Neukölln
Coordinates: 52°28′53″N 13°26′07″E / 52.48139°N 13.43528°E / 52.48139; 13.43528"Coordinates: 52°28′53″N 13°26′07″E / 52.48139°N 13.43528°E / 52.48139; 13.43528
Country "Germany
"State "Berlin
City "Berlin
Borough "Neukölln
Founded 1360
Area
 • Total 11.7 km2 (4.5 sq mi)
Elevation 52 m (171 ft)
Population (2009-06-30)
 • Total 167,248
 • Density 14,000/km2 (37,000/sq mi)
"Time zone "CET/"CEST (UTC+1/+2)
"Postal codes (nr. 0801) 12043, 12045, 12047, 12049, 12051, 12053, 12055, 12057, 12059
"Vehicle registration B

Neukölln is an inner-city locality (Ortsteil) of "Berlin in the homonymous "borough (Bezirk) of "Neukölln, including the historic village of Rixdorf and numerous "Gründerzeit apartment blocks. The Ortsteil is densely settled with a population of 154,127 inhabitants (2009) and is the most populated one of Berlin. It is characterized by a high percentage of immigrants, especially of "Turkish and "Russian descent. In the past few years, northern Neukölln, frequently known as "Kreuzkölln", has undergone a transformation and has seen a huge influx of students and artists as the area becomes increasingly popular.[1]

Contents

Geography[edit]

Overview[edit]

The locality is situated in the north of the Neukölln borough, adjacent to "Kreuzberg (in "Friedrichshain-Kreuzberg) at the "Landwehrkanal. It also borders with "Alt-Treptow, "Plänterwald and "Baumschulenweg (all part of "Treptow-Köpenick) in the east and "Tempelhof (in "Tempelhof-Schöneberg) in the west, separated by the vast field of the former "Tempelhof Airport. In the south, the "Stadtring motorway forms the border with the "Britz locality.

The "Sonnenallee, connecting Neukölln at "Hermannplatz with Baumschulenweg in former "East Berlin was the site of a "border crossing of the "Berlin Wall, perpetuated by the 1999 "Sonnenallee comedy film.

Subdivision[edit]

Neukölln counts 3 zones (Ortslagen):

History[edit]

When first mentioned in 1360 the village south-east of Berlin, around the present-day Richardplatz, was called Richardsdorf and owned by the "Order of St. John; hence the coat of arms of the current city borough bears the "Maltese cross. It may have been the site of a former stronghold erected by the dissolved "Knights Templar at neighbouring Tempelhof.

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Richardplatz

In 1737, King "Frederick William I of Prussia allowed about 350 "Moravian Protestants expelled from "Bohemia to settle in the area, then called Rixdorf. They built their own church and houses off the village centre along the road to Berlin, today called Richardstraße. This new Bohemian village (Böhmisch Rixdorf) was granted its own constitution in 1797.

In the course of industrialization in the 19th century a network of new streets was laid out in the "Hobrecht-Plan in an area that came to be known architecturally as the "Wilhelmine Ring. In 1863 a Turkish cemetery was laid out north of Rixdorf, the successor of a smaller burial ground in Kreuzberg established in 1798 for the Turkish members of the "Prussian Army. It contains the mortal remains of the "Ottoman ambassador "Giritli Ali Aziz Efendi, the exiled Grand Vizier "Mehmed Talat and "Bahattin Şakir.

When both parts of the village were reunited in 1874, the place had 8,000 inhabitants, growing to 15,000 the next year. On May 1, 1899 Rixdorf, then the largest village of "Prussia, received the status of an "independent city and had become notorious for its taverns and amusement sites. In 1912, the local authorities tried to get rid of this reputation by assuming the current name derived from the Old "Cölln part of "medieval Berlin - an attempt that ultimately failed. Nevertheless, it was during this time, when the architect Reinhold Kiehl was called on by the local council to upgrade the city's infrastructure. This has led to some of the areas most iconic buildings being erected, such as the Rathaus Neukölln ('City Hall') or the Stadtbad Neukölln ('Public Bath').[2] Neukölln's independence ended in 1920 when it was incorporated into "Greater Berlin. From 1945 to 1990, it was part of the American sector of "West Berlin.

Main sights[edit]

Transportation[edit]

"U-Bahn
"S-Bahn ("Ringbahn)

People who live or lived in Neukölln[edit]

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Memorial plate Ursula Goetze (1987)
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Engelbert Zaschka 1927

Photo gallery[edit]

International relations[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Szene zieht nach Neukölln" (in German). Berliner Zeitung. Retrieved 2009-07-19. 
  2. ^ Krawczynski, Wolfgang. Architekt Reinhold Kiehl, Stadtbaurat in Rixdorf bei Berlin: Biographie, Werkverzeichnis, Beiträge : Jubiläumsbeitrag zur 750-Jahr-Feier Berlin. 1987
  3. ^ Berlin Guide - Neukölln City Getaway Guide - Berlin
  4. ^ "Council of Europe (2010). "Projekt Intercultural Cities - Berlin.de". berlin.de. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 

External links[edit]

"" Media related to Neukölln at Wikimedia Commons


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