Various "Algonquian ("Abenaki and "Pennacook) tribes inhabited the area before European settlement. English and French explorers visited New Hampshire in 1600–1605, and English fishermen settled at "Odiorne's Point in present-day "Rye in 1623. The first permanent settlement was at Hilton's Point (present-day "Dover). By 1631, the Upper Plantation comprised modern-day "Dover, "Durham and "Stratham; in 1679, it became the "Royal Province". "Father Rale's War was fought between the colonists and the "Wabanaki Confederacy throughout New Hampshire.
New Hampshire was one of the "thirteen colonies that rebelled against British rule during the "American Revolution. By the time of the American Revolution, New Hampshire was a divided province. The economic and social life of the Seacoast region revolved around sawmills, shipyards, merchants' warehouses, and established village and town centers. Wealthy merchants built substantial homes, furnished them with the finest luxuries, and invested their capital in trade and land speculation. At the other end of the social scale, there developed a permanent class of day laborers, mariners, indentured servants and even slaves.
The only battle fought in New Hampshire was the raid on "Fort William and Mary, December 14, 1774, in "Portsmouth Harbor, which netted the rebellion sizable quantities of gunpowder, small arms and cannon. ("General Sullivan, leader of the raid, described it as, "remainder of the powder, the small arms, bayonets, and cartouche-boxes, together with the cannon and ordnance stores") over the course of two nights. This raid was preceded by a warning to local patriots the previous day, by "Paul Revere on December 13, 1774, that the fort was to be reinforced by troops sailing from Boston. According to unverified accounts, the gunpowder was later used at the Battle of Bunker Hill, transported there by Major Demerit, who was one of several New Hampshire patriots who stored the powder in their homes until it was transported elsewhere for use in revolutionary activities. During the raid, the British soldiers fired upon the rebels with cannon and muskets. Although there were apparently no casualties, these were among the first shots in the American Revolutionary period, occurring approximately five months before the "Battles of Lexington and Concord.
The "United States Constitution was ratified by New Hampshire on June 21, 1788, when New Hampshire became the ninth state to do so.
New Hampshire was a Jacksonian stronghold; the state sent "Franklin Pierce to the White House in the election of 1852. Industrialization took the form of numerous textile mills, which in turn attracted large flows of "immigrants from Quebec (the "French Canadians") and "Ireland. The northern parts of the state produced lumber, and the mountains provided tourist attractions. After 1960, the textile industry collapsed, but the economy rebounded as a center of high technology and as a service provider.
Starting in 1952, New Hampshire gained national and international attention for its "presidential primary held early in every presidential election year. It immediately became the most important testing grounds for candidates for the Republican and Democratic nominations. The media gave New Hampshire (and "Iowa) about half of all the attention paid to all states in the primary process, magnifying the state's decision powers (and spurring repeated efforts by out-of-state politicians to change the rules.)
The "United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of New Hampshire was 1,334,795 on July 1, 2016, a 1.39% increase since the "2010 United States Census. The "center of population of New Hampshire is located in "Merrimack County, in the town of "Pembroke. The center of population has moved south 12 miles (19 km) since 1950, a reflection of the fact that the fastest growth in the state has been along its southern border, which is within commuting range of Boston and other Massachusetts cities.
Race and ancestry
According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the racial makeup of New Hampshire was:
- 93.9% "White American (92.3% "Non-Hispanic White, 1.6% "White Hispanic)
- 2.2% "Asian American
- 1.1% Black or "African American
- 0.2% "Native American/American Indian
- 1.6% "Two or more races
- 1.0% Some other race
"Hispanic and Latino Americans of any race made up 2.8% of the population in 2010.
|"Native Hawaiian and
"other Pacific Islander
|"Two or more races||-||1.1%||1.6%|
The largest ancestry groups in New Hampshire are, per 2015 Census Bureau estimates:
- 23.4% "French and "French Canadian
- 20.6% "Irish
- 16.3% "English
- 10.2% "Italian
- 9.4% "German
- 5.2% "American
- 4.3% "Scottish
- 4.2% "Polish
- 2.2% "Swedish
- 1.5% "Portuguese
- 1.2% "Scotch-Irish
- 1.2% "Greek
- 1.0% "Dutch
The large "Irish American and "French-Canadian populations are descended largely from mill workers, and many still live in the former mill towns, like Manchester. As of 2015[update], New Hampshire has the highest percentage (23.4%) of residents with French/French-Canadian/Acadian ancestry of any U.S. state.
According to the Census Bureau's "American Community Survey estimates from 2015, 2.1% of the population aged 5 and older speak "Spanish at home, while 1.8% speak "French. In "Coos County, 9.6% of the population speaks French at home, down from 16% in 2000.
A Pew survey showed that the religious affiliations of the people of New Hampshire was as follows: "Protestant 34%, "Catholic 29%, "LDS ("Mormon) 1%, Jewish 1%, Jehovah's Witness 0.5%, Muslim 0.5%, Buddhist 1%, Hindu 0.5% and non-religious at 26%.
A survey suggests that people in New Hampshire and Vermont are less likely than other Americans to attend weekly services and only 54% say that they are "absolutely certain there is a God" compared to 71% in the rest of the nation. New Hampshire and Vermont are also at the lowest levels among states in religious commitment. In 2012, 23% of New Hampshire residents in a Gallup poll considered themselves "very religious", while 52% considered themselves "non-religious". According to the "Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) the largest denominations are the "Roman Catholic Church with 311,028 members; The "United Church of Christ with 26,321 members; and the "United Methodist Church with 18,029 members.
The "Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that New Hampshire's "total state product in 2014 was $66 billion, ranking 40th in the United States. "Median household income in 2008 was $49,467, the seventh highest in the country. Its agricultural outputs are dairy products, nursery stock, cattle, apples and eggs. Its industrial outputs are machinery, electric equipment, rubber and plastic products and tourism.
New Hampshire experienced a significant shift in its economic base during the last century. Historically, the base was composed of the traditional New England manufactures of textiles, shoe making, and small machining shops drawing upon low-wage labor from nearby small farms and from parts of Quebec. Today, these sectors contribute only 2% for textiles, 2% for leather goods, and 9% for machining of the state's total manufacturing dollar value (Source: U.S. Economic Census for 1997, Manufacturing, New Hampshire). They experienced a sharp decline due to obsolete plants and the lure of cheaper wages in the "South.
The state's "budget in FY2008 was $5.11 billion, including $1.48 billion in federal funds. The issue of taxation is controversial in New Hampshire, which has a "property tax (subject to municipal control) but no broad "sales tax or income tax. The state does have narrower taxes on meals, lodging, vehicles, business and investment income, and tolls on state roads.
According to the "Energy Information Administration, New Hampshire's energy consumption and per capita energy consumption are among the lowest in the country. The "Seabrook Station Nuclear Power Plant, located near Portsmouth, is the largest nuclear reactor in New England and provides about 30 percent of New Hampshire's electricity. Two natural gas-fired plants and some fossil-fuel powered plants, including the coal-fired Merrimack Station plant in Bow, provide most of the rest.
New Hampshire's residential electricity use is low compared with the national average, in part because demand for air conditioning is low during the generally mild summer months and because few households use electricity as their primary energy source for home heating. Over half of New Hampshire households use "fuel oil for winter heating. New Hampshire has potential for renewable energies like "wind power, "hydroelectricity, and "wood fuel.
The state has no general sales tax and no personal "state income tax (the state does tax, at a 5 percent rate, income from dividends and interest), and the legislature has exercised fiscal restraint. Efforts to diversify the state's general economy have been ongoing.
New Hampshire's lack of a broad-based tax system has resulted in the state's local communities having some of the nation's highest property taxes. However, the state's overall tax burden is relatively low; in 2010 New Hampshire ranked 44th highest among states in combined average state and local tax burden.
As of February 2010, the state's unemployment rate was 7.1%. By October 2010, the unemployment rate dropped to 5.4%.
According to a 2013 study by Phoenix Marketing International, New Hampshire had the eighth-highest number of millionaires per capita in the United States, with a ratio of 6.48 percent. In 2013, New Hampshire also had the nation's lowest poverty rate at just 8.7% of all residents according to the Census Bureau.
Law and government
The governor of New Hampshire, as of January 5, 2017, is "Chris Sununu (Republican). New Hampshire's two U.S. senators are "Jeanne Shaheen and "Maggie Hassan (both Democrats). New Hampshire's two U.S. representatives are "Carol Shea-Porter and "Ann McLane Kuster (both Democrats).
New Hampshire is an "alcoholic beverage control state, and through the "State Liquor Commission it takes in $100 million from the sale and distribution of liquor.
New Hampshire is the only state in the US that does not require adults to wear seat belts in their vehicles. The state made "same-sex marriage legal on January 1, 2010, just two years after it had made "civil unions legal.
The "New Hampshire State Constitution of 1783 is the supreme law of the state, followed by the "New Hampshire Revised Statutes Annotated and the "New Hampshire Code of Administrative Rules. These are roughly analogous to the federal "United States Constitution, "United States Code and "Code of Federal Regulations respectively.
Branches of government
New Hampshire has a bifurcated executive branch, consisting of the governor and a five-member "executive council which votes on state contracts worth more than $5,000 and "advises and consents" to the governor's nominations to major state positions such as department heads and all judgeships and "pardon requests. New Hampshire does not have a "lieutenant governor; the Senate president serves as "acting governor" whenever the governor is unable to perform the duties.
The legislature is called the "General Court. It consists of the "House of Representatives and the "Senate. There are 400 representatives, making it one of the largest elected bodies in the English-speaking world, and 24 senators. Most are effectively volunteers, nearly half of which are "retirees. (For details, see the article on "Government of New Hampshire.)
The state's sole appellate court is the "New Hampshire Supreme Court. The "Superior Court is the court of general jurisdiction and the only court which provides for jury trials in "civil or "criminal cases. The other state courts are the "Probate Court, "District Court, and the "Family Division.
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New Hampshire has "10 counties and "234 cities and towns.
New Hampshire is a ""Dillon Rule" state, meaning that the state retains all powers not specifically granted to municipalities. Even so, the legislature strongly favors local control, particularly with regard to land use regulations. New Hampshire municipalities are classified as "towns or cities, which differ primarily by the form of government. Most towns generally operate on the "town meeting form of government, where the registered voters in the town act as the town legislature, and a "board of selectmen acts as the executive of the town. Larger towns and the state's thirteen cities operate either on a "council-manager or "council-mayor form of government. There is no difference, from the point of view of the state government, between towns and cities besides the form of government. All state-level statutes treat all municipalities identically.
New Hampshire has a small number of "unincorporated areas that are titled as grants, locations, purchases, or townships. These locations have limited to no self-government, and services are generally provided for them by neighboring towns or the county or state where needed. As of the 2000 census, there were 25 of these left in New Hampshire, accounting for a total population of 173 people (as of 2000[update]); several were entirely depopulated. All but two of these unincorporated areas are located in "Coos County.
|"2016||47.22% 345,789||47.59% 348,521|
|"2012||46.40% 329,918||51.98% 369,561|
|"2008||44.52% 316,534||54.13% 384,826|
|"2004||48.87% 331,237||50.24% 340,511|
|"2000||48.07% 273,559||46.80% 266,348|
The "Republican Party and the "Democratic Party are the two largest parties in the state. A plurality of voters are registered as undeclared, and can choose either ballot in the primary and then regain their undeclared status after voting. The "Libertarian Party had official party status from 1990 to 1996. There is also a program known as the "Free State Project with the goal of turning New Hampshire into a libertarian stronghold by suggesting that libertarians move there so they can concentrate their power. The "Libertarian Party regained ballot access after the 2016 election because the gubernatorial candidate received over 4% of the vote.
As of February 5, 2016, there were 882,959 registered voters, of whom 389,472 (44.1%) did not declare a political party affiliation, 262,111 (29.7%) were Republican, and 231,376 (26.2%) were Democratic.
New Hampshire primary
New Hampshire is internationally known for the "New Hampshire primary, the first "primary in the quadrennial American presidential election cycle. State law requires that the Secretary of State schedule this election at least one week before any "similar event." However, the "Iowa caucus has preceded the New Hampshire primary. This primary, as the nation's first contest that uses the same procedure as the general election, draws more attention than those in other states, and has often been decisive in shaping the national contest.
State law permits a town with fewer than 100 residents to open its polls at midnight, and close when all registered citizens have cast their ballots. As such, the communities of "Dixville Notch in "Coos County and "Hart's Location in "Carroll County, among others, have chosen to implement these provisions. Dixville Notch and Hart's Location are traditionally the first places in both New Hampshire and the U.S. to vote in presidential primaries and elections.
Nominations for all other partisan offices are decided in a separate "primary election. In Presidential election cycles, this is the second primary election held in New Hampshire.
"Saint Anselm College in "Goffstown has become a popular campaign spot for politicians as well as several national presidential debates because of its proximity to "Manchester-Boston Regional Airport.
In the past, New Hampshire has often voted Republican. Between 1856 and 1988, New Hampshire cast its electoral votes for the Democratic presidential ticket six times: "Woodrow Wilson (twice), "Franklin D. Roosevelt (three times), and "Lyndon B. Johnson (once).
Beginning in 1992, New Hampshire became a "swing state in both national and local elections. The state supported Democrats "Bill Clinton in 1992 and 1996, "John Kerry in 2004, and "Barack Obama in 2008 and 2012. It was the only state in the country to switch from supporting Republican "George W. Bush in the "2000 election to supporting his Democratic challenger in the "2004 election, when "John Kerry, a senator from neighboring Massachusetts, won the state. "Donald Trump very narrowly lost the state in 2016.
The Democrats dominated elections in New Hampshire in 2006 and 2008. In 2006, Democrats won both congressional seats (electing "Carol Shea-Porter in the 1st district and "Paul Hodes in the 2nd district), re-elected Governor "John Lynch, and gained a majority on the Executive Council and in both houses of the legislature for the first time since 1911. Democrats had not held both the legislature and the governorship since 1874. Neither U.S. Senate seat was up for a vote in 2006. In 2008, Democrats retained their majorities, governorship, and Congressional seats; and former governor "Jeanne Shaheen defeated incumbent Republican "John E. Sununu for the U.S. Senate in a rematch of the 2002 contest.
The 2008 elections resulted in women holding a majority, 13 of the 24 seats, in the New Hampshire Senate, a first for any legislative body in the United States.
In the 2010 midterm elections, Republicans made historic gains in New Hampshire, capturing veto-proof majorities in the state legislature, taking all five seats in the Executive Council, electing a new U.S. senator, "Kelly Ayotte, winning both U.S. House seats, and reducing the margin of victory of incumbent Governor "John Lynch compared to his 2006 and 2008 landslide wins.
In the 2012 state legislative elections, Democrats took back the "New Hampshire House of Representatives and narrowed the Republican majority in the "New Hampshire Senate to 13-11. In 2012, New Hampshire became the first state in U.S. history to elect an all-female federal delegation: Democratic Congresswomen "Carol Shea-Porter of "Congressional District 1 and "Ann McLane Kuster of "Congressional District 2 accompanied U.S. Senators "Jeanne Shaheen and "Kelly Ayotte in 2013. Further, the state elected its second female governor: Democrat "Maggie Hassan.
In the 2014 elections, Republicans retook the "New Hampshire House of Representatives with a 239-160 majority and expanded their majority in the "New Hampshire Senate to 14 of the Senate's 24 seats. On the national level, incumbent Democratic Senator "Jeanne Shaheen defeated her Republican challenger, former Massachusetts senator "Scott Brown. New Hampshire also elected "Frank Guinta (R) for its First Congressional District representative and "Ann Kuster (D) for its Second Congressional District representative.
In the 2016 elections, Republicans held the "New Hampshire House of Representatives with a majority of 220-175, and held onto their 14 seats in the "New Hampshire Senate. In the gubernatorial race, retiring Governor "Maggie Hassan was succeeded by Republican "Chris Sununu, who defeated Democratic nominee "Colin Van Ostern. Sununu became the state's first Republican governor since "Craig Benson, who left office in 2005 following defeat by "John Lynch. Republicans control the governor’s office and both chambers of the state legislature, a governing trifecta in which the Republicans have full governing power. In the presidential race, the state voted for the Democratic nominee, former "Secretary of State "Hillary Clinton over the Republican nominee, Donald Trump, by a margin of 2,736 votes, or 0.03%, one of the closest results the state has ever seen in a presidential race, while Libertarian nominee "Gary Johnson received 4.12% of the vote. The Democrats also won a competitive race in the Second Congressional District, as well as a competitive senate race. New Hampshire's congressional delegation currently consists of exclusively Democrats. It is one of only six states with an entirely Democratic delegation, five of which are in New England (the sixth is Delaware).
Free State Project
The "Free State Project seeks to entice 20,000 individuals with libertarian-leaning views to move to New Hampshire with the intent of reducing the size and scope of government at the local, state and federal levels through active participation in the political process. On February 3, 2016, the project reached its goal of 20,000 signers. The Free State Project holds the annual "New Hampshire Liberty Forum and the annual Porcupine Freedom Festival, also known as "PorcFest.
New Hampshire has a well-maintained, well-signed network of "Interstate highways, U.S. highways, and state highways. State highway markers still depict the "Old Man of the Mountain despite that rock formation's demise in 2003. Several route numbers align with the same route numbers in neighboring states. State highway numbering does not indicate the highway's direction. Major routes include:
- "" "Interstate 89 runs northwest from near "Concord to "Lebanon on the "Vermont border.
- "" "Interstate 93 is the main Interstate highway in New Hampshire and runs north from "Salem (on the Massachusetts border) to "Littleton (on the Vermont border). I-93 connects the more densely populated southern part of the state to the Lakes Region and the White Mountains further to the north.
- "" "Interstate 95 runs north–south briefly along New Hampshire's seacoast to serve the city of "Portsmouth, before entering "Maine
- "" "U.S. Route 1 runs north–south briefly along New Hampshire's seacoast to the east of and paralleling I-95.
- "" "U.S. Route 2 runs east–west through "Coos County from Maine, intersecting "Route 16, skirting the "White Mountain National Forest passing through "Jefferson and into Vermont.
- "" "U.S. Route 3 is the longest numbered route in the state, and the only one to run completely through the state from the Massachusetts border to the Canada–US border. It generally parallels "Interstate 93. South of Manchester, it takes a more westerly route through "Nashua. North of Franconia Notch, U.S. 3 takes a more easterly route, before terminating at the Canada–US border.
- "" "U.S. Route 4 terminates at the "Portsmouth Traffic Circle and runs east–west across the southern part of the state connecting "Durham, Concord, "Boscawen and Lebanon.
- "" "New Hampshire Route 16 is a major north–south highway in the eastern part of the state that generally parallels the border with "Maine, eventually entering Maine as Maine Route 16. The southernmost portion of NH 16 is a four-lane freeway, co-signed with U.S. Route 4.
- "" "New Hampshire Route 101 is a major east–west highway in the southern part of the state that connects "Keene with "Manchester and the Seacoast region. East of Manchester, NH 101 is a four-lane, limited access highway that runs to "Hampton Beach and I-95.
New Hampshire has 25 public-use airports, three with some scheduled commercial passenger service. The busiest airport by number of passengers handled is "Manchester-Boston Regional Airport in Manchester and "Londonderry, which serves the "Greater Boston metropolitan area.
Long-distance intercity passenger rail service is provided by "Amtrak's "Vermonter and "Downeaster lines.
"Greyhound, "Concord Coach, "Vermont Translines and Dartmouth Coach all provide intercity bus connections to and from points in New Hampshire and to long-distance points beyond and in between.
As of 2013[update], Boston-centered "MBTA Commuter Rail services reach only as far as northern Massachusetts. The "New Hampshire Rail Transit Authority is working to extend "Capital Corridor" service from "Lowell, Massachusetts, to Nashua, Concord, and Manchester, including "Manchester-Boston Regional Airport; and "Coastal Corridor" service from "Haverhill, Massachusetts, to "Plaistow, New Hampshire. Legislation in 2007 created the "New Hampshire Rail Transit Authority (NHRTA) with the goal of overseeing the development of commuter rail in the state of New Hampshire. In 2011, Governor John Lynch vetoed HB 218, a bill passed by Republican lawmakers, which would have drastically curtailed the powers and responsibilities of NHRTA. The I-93 Corridor transit study suggested a rail alternative along the "Manchester and Lawrence branch line which could provide freight and passenger service. This rail corridor would also have access to Manchester-Boston Regional Airport.
Eleven public transit authorities operate local and regional bus services around the state, and eight private carriers operate express bus services which link with the national intercity bus network. The "New Hampshire Department of Transportation operates a statewide ride-sharing match service, in addition to independent ride matching and guaranteed ride home programs.
"Tourist railroads include the "Conway Scenic Railroad, "Hobo-Winnipesaukee Railroad, and the "Mount Washington Cog Railway.
Freight railways in New Hampshire include "Claremont & Concord Railroad (CCRR), "Pan Am Railways via subsidiary Springfield Terminal Railway (ST), the "New England Central Railroad (NHCR), the "St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad (SLR), and "New Hampshire Northcoast Corporation (NHN).
The first public high schools in the state were the Boys' High School and the Girls' High School of "Portsmouth, established either in 1827 or 1830 depending on the source.
New Hampshire has more than 80 public high schools, many of which serve more than one town. The largest is "Pinkerton Academy in "Derry, which is owned by a private non-profit organization and serves as the public high school of a number of neighboring towns. There are at least 30 private high schools in the state.
New Hampshire is also the home of several prestigious "university-preparatory schools, such as "Phillips Exeter Academy, "St. Paul's School, "Brewster Academy, and "Kimball Union Academy.
In 2008 the state tied with Massachusetts as having the highest scores on the SAT and ACT standardized tests given to high school students.
Colleges and universities
- "Antioch University New England
- "Colby-Sawyer College
- "Community College System of New Hampshire:
- "Daniel Webster College
- "Dartmouth College
- "Franklin Pierce University
- "Hellenic American University
- "Lebanon College
- "Mount Washington College
- "New England College
- "New Hampshire Institute of Art
- "Northeast Catholic College
- "Rivier University
- "Saint Anselm College
- "Southern New Hampshire University
- "Thomas More College of Liberal Arts
- "University System of New Hampshire:
- "Berlin Daily Sun
- "Concord Monitor
- "Conway Daily Sun
- "The Dartmouth of "Dartmouth College/Hanover
- "Eagle Times of "Claremont
- "Eagle Tribune ("Lawrence, Massachusetts area, including parts of southern New Hampshire)
- "Foster's Daily Democrat of "Dover
- "Keene Sentinel
- "Laconia Citizen
- "Laconia Daily Sun
- "New Hampshire Union Leader of "Manchester, formerly known as the Manchester Union-Leader
- "The Portsmouth Herald
- "The Telegraph of "Nashua
- "The Sun ("Lowell, Massachusetts area, including parts of southern New Hampshire)
- "Valley News of "Lebanon
- "Area News Group
- Business New Hampshire Magazine
- The Cabinet Press
- "Milford Cabinet
- Bedford Journal
- Hollis/Brookline Journal
- Merrimack Journal
- Carriage Towne News (covering "Kingston and surrounding towns)
- "The Exeter News-Letter
- "The Hampton Union
- "Hippo Press (covering Manchester, Nashua and Concord)
- "Manchester Express
- Manchester Ink Link
- "The New Hampshire (University of New Hampshire student newspaper)
- "New Hampshire Business Review
- "New Hampshire Free Press
- "The New Hampshire Gazette (Portsmouth alternative biweekly)
- The New Hampshire Herald (Manchester alternative biweekly)
- NH Living Magazine
- Salmon Press Newspapers (family of weekly newspapers covering Lakes Region & North Country)
- See "List of radio stations in New Hampshire.
- "ABC affiliate "WMUR, Channel 9, Manchester
- "PBS affiliate "WENH, Channel 11, Durham ("New Hampshire Public Television); repeater stations in Keene and Littleton
- Independent station "WBIN, Channel 50, Derry/Manchester
- "NBC affiliate "WBPX-TV, Virtual Channels 21, 58, 68; simulcast on power station in "Concord, New Hampshire
The following professional and professional development sports teams are located in New Hampshire:
|Club||Sport / League||Level|
|"New Hampshire Fisher Cats||"Eastern League (class AA baseball)||"Professional|
|"Manchester Monarchs||"ECHL ("ice hockey)||"Professional|
|"Berlin River Drivers||"Federal Hockey League (ice hockey)||Professional|
|"Seacoast United Phantoms||"USL Premier Development League (soccer)||Professional development (adult)|
|"Manchester Freedom||"Independent Women's Football League||"Professional|
|NH Olympic Development Program (soccer)||US Soccer Region 1||Professional development (youth: ages 11–17)|
The "New Hampshire Motor Speedway in "Loudon is an oval track and road course which has been visited by national motorsport championship series such as the "NASCAR "Sprint Cup Series, the NASCAR "Nationwide Series, the NASCAR "Camping World Truck Series, NASCAR "Whelen Modified Tour, "American Canadian Tour (ACT), the "Champ Car and the "IndyCar Series. Other motor racing venues include "Star Speedway and "New England Dragway in "Epping, Lee Speedway in "Lee, Twin State Speedway in "Claremont, Monadnock Speedway in "Winchester and "Canaan Fair Speedway in "Canaan.
New Hampshire has two "NCAA Division I teams: the "Dartmouth Big Green ("Ivy League) and the "New Hampshire Wildcats ("America East Conference), as well as three Division II teams: Franklin Pierce Ravens, Saint Anselm Hawks and Southern New Hampshire Penmen ("Northeast-10 Conference).
The "Seacoast United Phantoms are a "soccer team based in "Portsmouth. Founded in 1996, the team plays in the "USL Premier Development League (PDL), the fourth tier of the "American Soccer Pyramid, in the Northeast Division of the Eastern Conference. The team plays its home games in the stadium on the campus of "Portsmouth High School, where they have played since 2011.
Annually since 2002, high-school statewide all-stars compete against Vermont in ten sports during "Twin State" playoffs.
In the spring, New Hampshire's many "sap houses hold sugaring-off open houses. In summer and early autumn, New Hampshire is home to many "county fairs, the largest being the "Hopkinton State Fair, in "Contoocook. New Hampshire's "Lakes Region is home to many summer camps, especially around "Lake Winnipesaukee, and is a popular tourist destination. The Peterborough Players have performed every summer in "Peterborough, New Hampshire since 1933. The "Barnstormers Theatre in Tamworth, New Hampshire, founded in 1931, is one of the longest-running professional summer theaters in the United States. In the fall New Hampshire is host to the "New Hampshire Highland Games. New Hampshire has also registered an official "tartan with the proper authorities in "Scotland, used to make kilts worn by the "Lincoln Police Department while its officers serve during the games. The "fall foliage peaks in mid-October. In the winter, "New Hampshire's ski areas and "snowmobile trails attract visitors from a wide area. After the lakes freeze over they become dotted with "ice fishing ice houses, known locally as bobhouses. "Funspot, the world's largest video arcade["citation needed] (now termed a museum), is located in "Laconia.
- Bob Montana, the original artist for "Archie Comics, attended "Manchester Central High School for a year, and may have based Riverdale High School in part on Central.
- Al Capp, creator of the comic strip "Li'l Abner, used to joke that "Dogpatch, the setting for the strip, was based on "Seabrook, where he would vacation with his wife.
- "A Separate Peace (1972) was filmed in "Exeter at "Phillips Exeter Academy, alma mater of author "John Knowles.
- "Animal House (1978) is said to be inspired by "Dartmouth College, alma mater of one of the scriptwriters, "Chris Miller.
- "On Golden Pond (1981) was filmed and takes place at "Squam Lake.
- "The World According to Garp (1982), although filmed elsewhere, is set in a thinly disguised Phillips Exeter, alma mater of author "John Irving.
- "What About Bob? (1991) takes place primarily at "Lake Winnipesaukee but was actually filmed in Virginia.
- "Jumanji (1995) was filmed in "Keene.
- "In Dreams (1999) had location shots filmed in "New Castle, showing a ghostly "Wentworth-by-the-Sea Hotel before its restoration.
- "Live Free or Die (2006) was filmed in "Claremont.
- "In Your Eyes (2014) was primarily shot in New Hampshire and partially takes place in Exeter and "Hooksett.
Many novels, plays and screenplays have been set in New Hampshire. The state has played other roles in fiction, including:
- New Hampshire born "Daniel Webster is a prominent figure in "Stephen Vincent Benét's short story entitled ""The Devil and Daniel Webster" (1937), about a New Hampshire farmer who sells his soul to the devil and is defended by Daniel Webster.
- "Peterborough is the inspiration for the town of "Grover's Corners, in "Thornton Wilder's play "Our Town (1938).
- The novel "Peyton Place (1956) was inspired by the town of "Gilmanton.
- "John Knowles based the Devon School in "A Separate Peace (1959) on "Phillips Exeter Academy in "Exeter.
- The prep school in "John Irving's "The World According to Garp (1978) was also based on Phillips Exeter Academy. Irving's stepfather was a faculty member at the school, and Irving is an alumnus; New Hampshire settings are common in his works, including "The Hotel New Hampshire (1981).
- In the cable television series "Breaking Bad, the character "Walter White escapes to a cabin in a fictional county in Northern New Hampshire, and two of the show's episodes are titled ""Live Free or Die" and ""Granite State".
- In "The Sopranos episode, ""Live Free or Die", the character "Vito Spatafore hides out, for a time, from the New Jersey and New York mob families in New Hampshire.
- The character of "Josiah Bartlet, President of the United States on the television series "The West Wing, was depicted as a two-term New Hampshire governor.
- In the television show "Gilmore Girls, characters Rory and Lorelai stay at a bed and breakfast in "Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in the episode "Road Trip to Harvard."
- In an episode of "Bob's Burgers, Wag the Hog, Critter mentions he will be going up to "Laconia, New Hampshire, likely for the annual motorcycle week.
Notable residents or natives
See article "List of people from New Hampshire.
New Hampshire firsts
- On January 5, 1776 at "Exeter, the Provincial Congress of New Hampshire ratified the first independent "constitution in the Americas, free of British rule.
- On June 12, 1800, Fernald's Island in the "Piscataqua River became the first government-sanctioned US Navy shipyard.
- Started in 1822, "Dublin's Juvenile Library was the first free public library.
- In 1828, the first women's strike in the nation took place at "Dover's Cocheco Mills.
- Founded in 1833, the "Peterborough Town Library was the first public library, supported with public funds, in the world.
- On August 3, 1852, "Center Harbor was the site of the first intercollegiate athletic event. "Harvard defeated "Yale in a 2-mile (3.2 km) rowing race on "Lake Winnipesaukee, the first meeting in a rivalry that continues to this day.
- Finished on June 27, 1874, the first trans-Atlantic telecommunications cable between Europe and America stretched from Balinskelligs Bay, Ireland, to "Rye, New Hampshire.
- On February 6, 1901, a group of nine conservationists founded the "Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests, the first forest-conservation advocacy group in the US.
- In 1908, Monsignor "Pierre Hevey organized the nation's first "credit union, "La Caisse Populaire, Ste-Marie" (The People's Bank) in Manchester, to help mill workers save and borrow money, which is now St. Mary's Bank.
- In 1933 the League of New Hampshire Craftsmen held the first "crafts fair in the nation.
- In July 1944, the "Bretton Woods Agreement, the first fully negotiated system intended to govern monetary relations among independent nation-states, was signed at the "Mount Washington Hotel.
- On May 5, 1961, "Alan Shepard of "Derry rode a Mercury spacecraft and became the first American in space.
- In 1963, New Hampshire's legislature approved the nation's first modern state "lottery, which began play in 1964.
- In 1966, "Ralph Baer of "Sanders Associates, Inc., Nashua, recruited engineers to develop the first home video game.
- "Christa McAuliffe of Concord became the first private citizen selected to venture into space. She perished with her six space shuttle "Challenger crewmates on January 28, 1986.
- On May 17, 1996 New Hampshire became the first state in the country to install a green "LED "traffic light. New Hampshire was selected because it was the first state to install the red and yellow variety statewide.
- On May 31, 2007, New Hampshire became "...the first state to "recognize same-sex unions without a court order or the threat of one."
- "New Hampshire Almanac: Fast New Hampshire Facts". NH.gov. New Hampshire State Library. 2011. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- "New Hampshire Almanac: State Official and Honorary State Song". NH.gov. New Hampshire State Library. 2012. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- "New Hampshire Revised Statutes, Title 1, Chapter 3-C:1 — Official State Language". State of New Hampshire. 1995. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "New Hampshire Revised Statutes, Title 1, Chapter 3-C:2 — Exceptions". State of New Hampshire. 1995. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "Geographic Identifiers: New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 (PEPANNRES)". American Factfinder. "U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
- "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "Mt Wash". NGS data sheet. "U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". "United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
- Elevation adjusted to "North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
- The summit of "Mount Washington is the highest point on the northeastern "Northern American Continent.
- In the event of a vacancy in the office of Governor, the President of the "State Senate is first in line to assume the gubernatorial powers and duties as Acting Governor.
- "Visit NH: State Facts". NH Department of Resources and Economic Development. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "Origin of 'New Hampshire'". State Symbols USA. Retrieved 30 August 2015.
- New Hampshire Coastal Access Map (PDF) (Map). New Hampshire Coastal Program. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- Beaver, Janice Cheryl (November 9, 2006). "U.S. International Borders: Brief Facts" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- Filipov, David (January 31, 2010). "Record blown away, but pride stays put: N.H. summit's claim to nasty weather intact". "The Boston Globe. Retrieved February 9, 2010.
- "Mount Washington...Home of the World's Worst Weather". Mt. Washington Observatory. Retrieved March 22, 2010.
- Vermont v. New Hampshire "289 "U.S. 593 (1933)
- "HJR 1 - Final Version". "New Hampshire General Court. Retrieved 2015-09-22.
- "New Hampshire Water Resources Primer, Chapter 6: Coastal and Estuarine Waters" (PDF). NH Dept. of Environmental Services. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
- Nowak, David J.; Greenfield, Eric J. (May 9, 2012). "Tree and impervious cover in the United States (2012)" (PDF). "Landscape and Urban Planning. 107: 21–30. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- Olson, D. M.; Dinerstein, E.; et al. (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". "BioScience. 51 (11): 933–938. "doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2. Archived from the original on October 14, 2011.
- Dellinger, Dan (June 23, 2004). "Snowfall — Average Total in Inches". "NOAA. Archived from the original on June 19, 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- "Annual average number of tornadoes 1953–2004". NOAA. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- "2006 arborday.org Hardiness Zone Map". "National Arbor Day Foundation. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- "New Hampshire USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map". PlantMaps. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
- "New Hampshire climate averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved November 21, 2015.
- "Observing Constitution Day". www.archives.gov. Retrieved 2016-04-07.
- "Resident Population Data – 2010 Census". 2010.census.gov. US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 20, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
- "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 18, 2008. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- "Population Center of New Hampshire, 1950–2000" (PDF). NH Office of Energy and Planning. October 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 24, 2008. Retrieved September 10, 2008.
- "New Hampshire QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
- Historical Census Statistics on Population Totals by Race, 1790 to 1990, and by Hispanic Origin, 1970 to 1990, for the United States, Regions, Divisions, and States
- Population of New Hampshire: Census 2010 and 2000 Interactive Map, Demographics, Statistics, Quick Facts
- Center for New Media and Promotions (C2PO). "2010 Census Data". U.S. Census Bureau.
- "Selected Social Characteristics in the United States: 2015 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates (DP02): New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
- "Selected Social Characteristics in the United States: 2015 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates (DP02): All States within United States and Puerto Rico". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
- "Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over: 2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (B16001): New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
- "Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Population 5 Years and Over: 2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (B16001): Coos County, New Hampshire". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
- "MLA Language Map Data Center". Modern Language Association. July 17, 2007. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- "U.S. Religion Map and Religious Populations — U.S. Religious Landscape Study". Religions.pewforum.org. Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
- which were polled jointly
- 86% in Alabama and South Carolina
- Allen, Mike (June 23, 2008). "Pew survey finds believers flexible". Politico.com. Politico. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- Frank Newport (March 27, 2012). "Mississippi Is the Most Religious U.S. State". Gallup.
- "The Association of Religion Data Archives | State Membership Report". www.thearda.com. The Association of Religion Data Archives. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
- "Broad Growth Across States in 2014". Bea.gov. US Bureau of Economic Analysis. June 10, 2015. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- "State at a Glance — New Hampshire". U.S. Department of Labor. October 12, 2007. Retrieved October 14, 2007.
- "EIA State Energy Profiles: New Hampshire". U.S. Energy Information Administration. June 12, 2008. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- "New Hampshire's State and Local Tax Burden, 1970–2006". The Tax Foundation. August 7, 2008. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
- "Local Area Unemployment Statistics". Bureau of Labor Statistics. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- "NH unemployment rate drops to 5.4 percent in Oct.". BusinessWeek. November 16, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2010.
- Frank, Robert. "Top states for millionaires per capita". CNBC. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
- Hess, Alexander E.M. (October 6, 2014). "The 10 states with the best quality of life". Yahoo Finance. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- "State of New Hampshire Monthly Revenue Focus (FY 2005)" (PDF). NH Department of Administrative Services. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- ""House Fast Fact", New Hampshire House of Representatives". Gencourt.state.nh.us. New Hampshire General Court. Retrieved July 31, 2010.["permanent dead link]
- "United States Presidential Election Results". David Leip's Atlas of US Presidential Elections. David Leip. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- "Independents Become Largest Voting Bloc in New Hampshire". Archived from the original on September 8, 2008. Retrieved December 29, 2008.
- Brooks, David (November 11, 2016). "Libertarian Party likely on N.H. ballots by 2018". Concord Monitor. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "2016 Election Information". NH Secretary of State. February 5, 2016. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- "CBS's Face the Nation: Saint Anselm College". Blogs.saintanselmcollege.net. Saint Anselm College. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
.anselm .edu /news+and+events /college+news /news /2007-11-29-primarydebates .htm "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved January 19, 2010.
- William Schpero (January 7, 2008). "Candidates Face Off at St. Anselm's College". CBS News. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- Kocher, Fred (December 22, 2006). "Storm of change sweeps through N.H. Legislature". Mass High Tech: The Journal of New England Technology. Retrieved April 28, 2008.
- Senate President Sylvia Larsen, quoted in "Women make up majority in state Senate," "New Hampshire Union Leader, November 6, 2008.
- Sullivan, Sean (November 9, 2012). "New Hampshire's Democratic wave, explained". "The Washington Post. Washington, DC.
- Free State Project (February 3, 2016). "Free State Project 'Triggers the Move'". Freestateproject.org. The Free State Project. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- "Liberty Forum". Freestateproject.org. The Free State Project. March 21, 2010. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- Liberty Forum Porcupine Festival External (June 27, 2010). "PorcFest". Freestateproject.org. The Free State Project. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- "Draft NHRTA Prioritized Goals" (PDF). Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- "NH Rail Transit Authority Meeting". Nashua Regional Planning Commission. Archived from the original on June 5, 2009. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- "Business groups unite to support NH Rail Transit Authority". New Hampshire Journal. Archived from the original on August 23, 2011.
- "Governor Lynch's Veto Message Regarding HB 218". Press Releases. Governor John Lynch. Archived from the original on June 19, 2011.
- New Hampshire State Rail Plan
- "NH Rideshare – Your Source for Transportation Alternatives". NH Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- Grizzell, Emit Duncan (1923). Origin and Development of the High School in New England Before 1865. New York: "Macmillan Company. p. 181. "ISBN "978-1-4067-4258-9. "OCLC 1921554.
- Bush, George Gary (1898). "№ 22, History of Education in New Hampshire". United States Bureau of Education Circular of Information, № 3, 1898. Washington, D. C.: "GPO: 134. "OCLC 817663.
- Wallace, R. Stuart; Hall, Douglas E. "A New Hampshire Education Timeline" (PDF). "New Hampshire Historical Society. Retrieved January 28, 2009.
- "The IQ-Trapper". V-weiss.de. Volkmar Weiss. May 30, 2009. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- "ManchesterInkLink.com". Manchester Ink Link. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
- "NH Vacations and Travel". New Hampshire Living. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- Fantino, John A. (July 20, 2008). "Vermont breaks through". "Burlington Free Press.
- "Bureau of Trails". nhstateparks.org. NH Division of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- Morse, Susan (July 4, 2004). "Last of the Yankees". "Portsmouth Herald. Archived from the original on September 26, 2005. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- Goodman, Tim (September 22, 2013). "'Breaking Bad' Deconstruction, Ep. 15: 'Granite State'". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "Bob's Burgers – TV Series News, Show Information – FOX". Bob's Burgers on FOX. Retrieved 2016-04-15.
- "NH Firsts & Bests". Nh.gov. State of New Hampshire. Archived from the original on November 28, 2011. Retrieved December 13, 2011.
- "The Peterborough Town Library". Libraryhistorybuff.org. The Library History Buff. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- "History". St. Mary's Bank. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- Nowers, E. (August 25, 2007). "League of New Hampshire Craftsmen's Fair". nhcrafts.org. League of N.H. Craftsmen. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
- "Sending a bright signal", "Concord Monitor pg B-6, May 18, 1996
- Wang, Beverley (April 26, 2007). "State Senate approves civil unions for same-sex couples". Concord Monitor. Archived from the original on November 3, 2007. Retrieved April 26, 2007.
- State government
- Official state website
- New Hampshire Almanac
- Visitnh.gov, New Hampshire Office of Travel and Tourism Development
- U.S. Government
- New Hampshire State Guide from the Library of Congress
- Energy Facts for New Hampshire
- New Hampshire State Facts, USDA Economic Research Service
- USGS real-time, geographic, and other scientific resources of New Hampshire
- Internet Movie Database listing of films shot in the state
- New Hampshire Historical Society
- New Hampshire at "DMOZ
- Geographic data related to New Hampshire at "OpenStreetMap
|"List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union
Ratified "Constitution on June 21, 1788 (9th)