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Nike
Goddess of victory
""Goddess Nike at Ephesus, Turkey.JPG
Stone carving of the goddess Nike at the ruins of the ancient city of "Ephesus
Abode "Mount Olympus
Symbol golden sandals, wings, wreaths
Personal Information
Parents "Pallas and "Styx
Siblings "Kratos, "Bia, "Zelus
Roman equivalent "Victoria

In "ancient Greek religion, Nike ("/ˈnki/; "Greek: Νίκη, "Victory", Ancient Greek: "[nǐːkɛː]) was a "goddess who personified "victory. Her Roman equivalent was "Victoria. She was variously described as the daughter of the "Titan "Pallas and the goddess "Styx, and the sister of "Kratos (Strength), "Bia (Force), and "Zelus (Zeal).[1]

Contents

Etymology[edit]

The word νίκη nikē is of uncertain etymology. "R. S. P. Beekes has suggested a "Pre-Greek origin.[2]

Ancient references[edit]

Nike and her siblings were close companions of "Zeus, the dominant deity of the "Greek pantheon. According to classical (later) myth, Styx brought them to Zeus when the god was assembling allies for the "Titanomachy against the older deities. Nike assumed the role of the divine "charioteer, a role in which she often is portrayed in Classical Greek art. Nike flew around battlefields rewarding the victors with glory and fame, symbolized by a wreath of laurel leaves (bay leaves).

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Statuette of goddess Nike found in "Vani, "Georgia

Nike is seen with wings in most statues and paintings, with one of the most famous being the "Winged Victory of Samothrace. Most other winged deities in the Greek pantheon had shed their wings by Classical times. Nike is the goddess of strength, speed, and victory. Nike was a very close acquaintance of "Athena, and is thought to have stood in Athena's outstretched hand in the statue of Athena located in the "Parthenon.[3] Nike is also one of the most commonly portrayed figures on Greek coins.[4]

Names stemming from Nike include among others: "Nikolaos, "Nicholas, "Nicola, Nick, Nicolai, Niccolò, Nikolai, Nicolae, Nils, Klaas, Nicole, Ike, Niki, Nikita, Nikitas, Nika, Nieke, Naike, Niketas, Nikki, Nico, and "Veronica.

Contemporary usage[edit]

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Statue of the Goddess Nike on the "Titanic Engineers' Memorial, Southampton

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Smith, Nice.
  2. ^ "R. S. P. Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009, pp. 1021–2.
  3. ^ "Nike: Greek goddess of victory". Theoi.com. Retrieved 2011-11-15. 
  4. ^ Sayles, Wayne G. (2007). Ancient Coin Collecting II. Krause Publications. p. 149. "ISBN "978-0-89689-516-4. 
  5. ^ Levinson, Philip. "How Nike almost ended up with a very different name". Business Insider. Retrieved 2017-06-07. 
  6. ^ Morgan, Mark L.; Berhow, Mark A. (2002). Rings of Supersonic Steel: Air Defenses of the United States Army 1950-1979 : an Introductory History and Site Guide. Hole In The Head Press. "ISBN "978-0-615-12012-6. 
  7. ^ Winner's medal for the 1948 Olympic Games in London, Olympic.org. Accessed 5 August 2011.
  8. ^ "Picture of 2004 Athens Games Medal". Retrieved 2010-01-28. 
  9. ^ "The Honda logotype | The Honda Trials History". www.onlytrial.com. Retrieved 2017-05-19. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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