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Main article: "Nobel Prize controversies
""Barack Obama with Thorbjørn Jagland
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Barack Obama with "Thorbjørn Jagland at the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize ceremony
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From left-to-right, Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin receiving the 1994 Nobel Peace Prize following the Oslo Accords
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Nobel Peace Prize 2001 "United Nations - diploma in the lobby of the "United Nations Headquarters in "New York City

The awards given to "Mikhail Gorbachev,[24] "Yitzhak Rabin, "Shimon Peres, "Menachem Begin and "Yasser Arafat,[25][26] "Lê Đức Thọ, "Henry Kissinger,[27] "Jimmy Carter,[28] "Al Gore,[29] "IPCC,[30] "Liu Xiaobo,[31][32][33] "Barack Obama,[34][35][36][37] and the "European Union[38] have all been the subject of controversy.

The awards given to "Lê Đức Thọ and "Henry Kissinger prompted two dissenting Committee members to resign.[39] Thọ refused to accept the prize, on the grounds that such "bourgeois sentimentalities" were not for him[40] and that peace had not actually been achieved in Vietnam. Kissinger donated his prize money to charity, did not attend the award ceremony and would later offer to return his prize medal after the "fall of South Vietnam to North Vietnamese forces 18 months later.[40]

Notable omissions[edit]

"Foreign Policy has listed "Mahatma Gandhi, "Eleanor Roosevelt, "U Thant, "Václav Havel, "Ken Saro-Wiwa, "Fazle Hasan Abed, "Sari Nusseibeh, and "Corazon Aquino as people who "never won the prize, but should have".[41][42] Other notable omissions that have drawn criticism include Pope "John Paul II,[43] "Hélder Câmara,[44] and "Dorothy Day.[45] Both Eleanor Roosevelt and Dorothy Day were recipients of the "Gandhi Peace Award.

The omission of Mahatma Gandhi has been particularly widely discussed, including in public statements by various members of the Nobel Committee.[46][47] The Committee has confirmed that Gandhi was nominated in 1937, 1938, 1939, 1947, and, finally, a few days before his assassination in January 1948.[48] The omission has been publicly regretted by later members of the Nobel Committee.[46] "Geir Lundestad, Secretary of Norwegian Nobel Committee in 2006 said, "The greatest omission in our 106-year history is undoubtedly that Mahatma Gandhi never received the Nobel Peace prize. Gandhi could do without the Nobel Peace prize, whether Nobel committee can do without Gandhi is the question".[49] In 1948, following Gandhi's death, the Nobel Committee declined to award a prize on the ground that "there was no suitable living candidate" that year. Later, when the Dalai Lama was awarded the Peace Prize in 1989, the chairman of the committee said that this was "in part a tribute to the memory of Mahatma Gandhi".[50]

List of laureates[edit]

List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Announcement - Nobels fredspris" [Nobel Peace Prize]. Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2016-10-07. 
  2. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1901". "NobelPrize. 1972. Retrieved 2016-03-19. 
  3. ^ "Nobel Peace Prize", The Oxford Dictionary of Twentieth Century World History
  4. ^ "Excerpt from the Will of Alfred Nobel". "Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 31 March 2008. 
  5. ^ a b "Why Norway?". The Norwegian Nobel Committee. Retrieved 11 October 2009. 
  6. ^ Altman, L. (2006). Alfred Nobel and the prize that almost didn't happen. New York Times. Retrieved 14 October 2006.
  7. ^ BBC History – 1916 Easter Rising – Profiles – The Irish Republican Brotherhood BBC
  8. ^ "Nomination for the Nobel Peace Prize". Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on 30 August 2009. Retrieved 10 September 2009. 
  9. ^ a b "Who may submit nominations?". The Norwegian Nobel Committee. Retrieved 10 September 2009. 
  10. ^ "President Barack Obama wins Nobel Peace Prize". Associated Press on yahoo.com. Retrieved 9 October 2009. 
  11. ^ "Nominations for the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize". "Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 7 October 2011. 
  12. ^ "Nominations for the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize". The Norwegian Nobel Committee. Archived from the original on 21 September 2009. Retrieved 11 October 2009. 
  13. ^ "Who may submit nominations – Nobels fredspris". Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "Nomination Database – The Nobel Peace Prize, 1901–1956". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 11 September 2011. 
  15. ^ "How are Laureates selected?". The Norwegian Nobel Committee. Retrieved 10 September 2009. 
  16. ^ What the Nobel Laureates Receive. nobelprize.org.
  17. ^ "Prisutdelingen | Nobels fredspris". Nobelpeaceprize.org. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  18. ^ a b "Obama Peace Prize win has some Americans asking why?". 9 October 2009 – via Reuters. 
  19. ^ "Obama's peace prize didn't have desired effect, former Nobel official says". Associated Press. Retrieved 17 September 2015. 
  20. ^ Murphy, Clare (10 August 2004). "The Nobel: Dynamite or damp squib?". BBC online. BBC News. Retrieved 11 October 2009. 
  21. ^ "Aspøy, Arild (4 October 2011). "Fredsprisens gråsoner". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). p. 4. Nobelkomiteen bør ta inn medlemmer med faglig og internasjonal bakgrunn... som gjøre en like god jobb som pensjonerte stortingsrepresentanter. 
  22. ^ Nobel, Michael (9 December 2011). "I strid med Nobels vilje". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Oslo, Norway. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  23. ^ "Criminal Investigation of the Nobel Peace Prize". 25 February 2014. Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  24. ^ "Gorbachev Gets Nobel Peace Prize For Foreign Police Achievements". The New York Times. 16 October 1990. 
  25. ^ Said, Edward (1996). Peace and Its Discontents: Essays on Palestine in the Middle East Peace Process. Vintage. "ISBN "0-679-76725-8. 
  26. ^ Gotlieb, Michael (24 October 1994). "Arafat tarnishes the Nobel trophy". The San Diego Union – Tribune. p. B7. 
  27. ^ "Worldwide criticism of Nobel peace awards". The Times. London. 18 October 1973. Retrieved 11 October 2009. 
  28. ^ Douglas G. Brinkley. The Unfinished Presidency: Jimmy Carter's Journey to the Nobel Peace Prize (1999)
  29. ^ "A Nobel Disgrace". National Review Online. 22 September 2009. Retrieved 2 October 2011. 
  30. ^ "Nobel Peace Prize nominations show how 'hopelessly politicized' and 'screwy' the controversial award has been". 14 February 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  31. ^ "Overseas Chinese in Norway Protest Against Nobel Committee's Wrong Decision". English.cri.cn. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  32. ^ "Not so noble". Frontlineonnet.com. 5 November 2010. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  33. ^ "Nobel Harbors Political Motives behind Prize to Liu Xiaobo". English.cri.cn. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  34. ^ http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-34277960?post_id=641257059307725_682012315232199 Nobel secretary regrets Obama peace prize
  35. ^ "Surprised, humbled Obama awarded Nobel Peace Prize". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 9 October 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2009. 
  36. ^ Otterman, Sharon (9 October 2009), "World Reaction to a Nobel Surprise", The New York Times, retrieved 9 October 2009 
  37. ^ "Obama Peace Prize win has some Americans asking why?". "Reuters.com. 9 October 2009. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  38. ^ "Norwegian protesters say EU Nobel Peace Prize win devalues award". Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  39. ^ Tønnesson, Øyvind (29 June 2000). "Controversies and Criticisms". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 27 February 2010. 
  40. ^ a b Horne, Alistair. Kissinger's Year: 1973. p. 195. 
  41. ^ Kenner, David. (7 October 2009). "Nobel Peace Prize Also-Rans". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 10 October 2009
  42. ^ James, Frank (9 October 2009). "Nobel Peace Prize's Notable Omissions". NPR. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  43. ^ "Pope John Paul II deserves the Nobel Peace Prize". The Kingdom. 6 June 2005. Archived from the original on 18 November 2007. Retrieved 10 October 2009. 
  44. ^ Governo militar destrói sonho do Nobel da Paz – Sementes do Dom
  45. ^ Roberts, Nancy L. (1984). "Dorothy Day and the Catholic Worker". "ISBN "978-0-87395-938-4. 
  46. ^ a b Tønnesson, Øyvind (1 December 1999). "Mahatma Gandhi, the Missing Laureate". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 17 October 2007. 
  47. ^ [1] Archived 23 March 2007 at the "Wayback Machine.
  48. ^ "The Nomination Database for the Nobel Peace Prize, 1901–1956: Gandhi". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 13 October 2008. 
  49. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 September 2011. Retrieved 15 September 2011.  Relevance of Gandhian Philosophy in the 21st Century
  50. ^ "Presentation Speech by Egil Aarvik, Chairman of the Norwegian Nobel Committee". Retrieved 10 October 2014. 

External links[edit]

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