See more Noblesse oblige articles on AOD.

Powered by
Share this page on
Article provided by Wikipedia

( => ( => ( => Noblesse oblige [pageid] => 603385 ) =>

Noblesse oblige is a "French phrase literally meaning "nobility obliges". It denotes the concept that nobility extends beyond mere entitlements and requires the person who holds such a status to fulfill social responsibilities. For example, a primary obligation of a nobleman could include generosity towards those around him.

The "Dictionnaire de l'Académie française defines it thus:

  1. Whoever claims to be noble must conduct himself nobly.
  2. (Figuratively) One must act in a fashion that conforms to one's position and with the reputation that one has earned.

The "Oxford English Dictionary meanwhile states that the term, "suggests noble ancestry constrains to honourable behaviour; privilege entails to responsibility."


Meaning and variants[edit]

"Noblesse oblige" is generally used to imply that with wealth, "power, and prestige come "responsibilities.

In "ethical discussion, it is sometimes used to summarize a "moral economy wherein privilege must be balanced by duty towards those who lack such privilege or who cannot perform such duty. Finally, it has been used recently primarily to refer to public responsibilities of the rich, famous and powerful, notably to provide good examples of behaviour or to exceed minimal standards of decency. It has also been used to describe a person taking the blame for something in order to solve an issue or save someone else.

History and examples[edit]

Figurative armories of "de Mortsauf" in Le lys dans la Vallée by "Honoré de Balzac

An early instance of this concept in literature may be found in "Homer's "Iliad. In Book XII, the "Trojan prince "Sarpedon delivers a famous speech in which he urges his comrade "Glaucus to fight with him in the front ranks of battle. In "Pope's translation, Sarpedon exhorts Glaucus thus:

'Tis ours, the dignity they give to grace
The first in valour, as the first in place;
That when with wondering eyes our confidential bands
Behold our deeds transcending our commands,
Such, they may cry, deserve the sovereign state,
Whom those that envy dare not imitate!

In "Le Lys dans la Vallée, written in 1835 and published in 1836, "Honoré de Balzac recommends certain standards of behaviour to a young man, concluding: "Everything I have just told you can be summarized by an old word: noblesse oblige!"[1] His advice had included comments like "others will respect you for detesting people who have done detestable things."

The phrase is carved into "Bertram Goodhue's "Los Angeles Public Library on a sculpture by "Lee Lawrie as part of "Hartley Burr Alexander's iconographic scheme for the building.[2][3]


Noblesse oblige, while seeming to impose on the nobility a duty to behave nobly, thereby apparently gives the aristocracy a justification for their privilege. Their argument is "as nobles, we have rights, but we have duties also; so such duties validate our rights". Jurists "Dias and "Hohfeld have pointed out that rights and duties are "jural correlatives, [4] which means that if someone has a right, someone else owes a duty to him. This reasoning of Dias' was used in "Murphy v Brentwood District Council (1991) to disapprove "Lord Denning "MR's judgment in "Dutton v Bognor Regis Urban District Council (1972).

See also[edit]



  1. ^ (English translation: Lily of the Valley)
  2. ^ Lawrie, Lee, Lee Lawrie: Sculpture, J.H. Jansen, Cleveland, Ohio, 1936
  3. ^ Masters, Margaret Dale, Hartley Burr Alexander: Writer-in-Stone, Jacob North Printing Company, Lincoln, Nebraska, 1992, pp. 54-55
  4. ^ Dias, Reginald Walter Michael (1976). Jurisprudence. "OCLC 2668655. 


) )