On 26 June, government forces launched an airborne assault on "Tikrit and an all-out ground offensive two days later in an attempt to recapture the city. However, by 30 June the assault had stalled and government troops pulled back from Tikrit to the south, after meeting stiff resistance, in an attempt to regroup.
Also during this time, on the morning of 26 June, militants captured the town of Mansouriyat al-Jabal, which is the home to four natural gas fields, although government forces managed to recapture the town the next day. They also reportedly recaptured al-Alam.
On 4 July, the ISIL published a video claiming its leader, "Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, delivered a sermon for half an hour during "Friday prayers at the Great Mosque of al-Nuri Mosul, Iraq. "Iraqi agencies are still investigating the video and comparing it with its intelligence," Iraq's military spokesman, Lt. Gen. Qassim Atta, said on 7 July. On the other hand, the United States "has no reason to doubt" the authenticity of a video that purports to show ISIL leader.
On 15 July, the military launched a new assault on Tikrit from Awja. However, by the next day, government troops had been repelled and once again retreated. Several security force's vehicles were seen abandoned, with at least one of them burnt out.
On 17 July, insurgents launched an assault on Camp Speicher, near Tikrit, in an attempt to capture the air base. However, by 21 July, the attack had reportedly been repelled.
August ISIL offensive
In early August 2014, ISIL launched a new offensive against Kurdish-held territory in northern Iraq and within days "captured the town of Sinjar, displacing its "Yazidi population. ISIL had also advanced to within 40 kilometers from the Kurdish capital of "Erbil. This prompted the United States to start launching "air-strikes on advancing ISIL forces.
Proclamation of a Caliphate
On 29 June 2014, ISIL or ISIS announced its name change to the Islamic State and announced the formation of a 'Caliphate', which would include Iraq and Syria, and in theory covers the global Muslim population. They called upon Muslims all over the world to pledge allegiance to their Caliph, "Ibrahim Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. ISIL claimed to have a plan to take over the city of "Arar in Saudi Arabia, which is very close to the Iraqi border.
In July NBC news reported that disagreements had erupted between ISIL and two large Sunni insurgent groups in Iraq, the "Army of the Men of the Naqshbandi Order and "1920 Revolution Brigade, leading to skirmishes between the allies on July. NBC quoted an unnamed senior U.S. counterterrorism official claiming that "the tribal groups do not necessarily follow strict Islamic law the way ISIS does, which naturally leads to conflict".
Kurdish referendum for independence
"Masoud Barzani, the leader of the "Kurdistan autonomous region expressed on 3 July his will to "organize a referendum to push forward the area's independence from Iraq. The Kurdish forces indeed control "an important area in northern Iraq, outside of ISIL's control, and now away from the Iraqi government's influence. "Israel's prime minister "Benyamin Netanyahu declared in June 2014 that his government would support an independent Kurdistan.
Massacre of minorities
Reports tell that thousands of Christians, "Yezidis and other ethnic minorities were massacred by ISIL fighters. After the capture of "Qaraqosh, the Iraq city with largest Christian population, on 7 August, thousands fled their homes from the city and Mosul as they were given an ultimatum by the insurgents. The Christians, Yezidis and other minorities were massacred. They were buried alive, burnt alive, shot down, the women of these groups were raped and killed or married to ISIL fighters.
"Qaraqosh, Tal Kayf, "Bartella and Karamlesh have been emptied of their original population and are now under the control of militants", Joseph Thomas, the Arch Bishop of the Iraqi cities of Kirkuk and Sulaimaniyah, told AFP. Qaraqosh has an estimated Christian population of about 50,000.
Chaldean Patriarch Louis Sako said the ISIL advance into Iraq created a 'humanitarian disaster' and that more than 100,000 Christians were forced to leave their homes. "The churches are occupied and crosses taken down", and more than 1,500 documents had been destroyed, he said.
'ISIL' forces were even criticized by "Al-Qaeda because of their brutality in killing even Sunni Muslims. The group had issued an ultimatum to the Christians to either convert to Islam, pay taxes or prepare to die. Thousands of Christian families left Mosul after the ultimatum was issued. ISIL also destroyed Christian, Jewish and Muslim shrines, churches and mosques in Mosul. Among the religious sites destroyed were the tomb of Jonah (a sacred site for Christians and Jews, and even a mentioned prophet in the quran), an accompanying mosque and the tomb of George.["citation needed]
Despite the security crisis, Iraq's Parliament was not convened and did not allow Maliki to declare a state of emergency; many Sunni and Kurdish legislators boycotted the session because they opposed expanding the prime minister's powers.
Most Iraqis view the conflict as a partial Sunni uprising, rather than as a simple lunge for power by ISIL.
On 13 June 2014, the highest religious authority for the "Shia in Iraq, "Grand Ayatollah "Ali Sistani, asked people to fight the Islamic State. According to one of his representatives, "Sheikh Abdulmehdi al-Karbalai, he asked for "people who are capable of carrying arms and fighting the terrorists in defense of their country... (to) volunteer to join the security forces to achieve this sacred goal".
In late June, powerful Shiite cleric "Muqtada al-Sadr vowed to "shake the ground" under the feet of the militants, days after fighters loyal to him paraded with weapons in the Sadr City area of north Baghdad, vowing to fight the militant offensive.
Fugitive Iraq Vice President "Tariq al-Hashimi, a Sunni who described the fall of Mosul as a "Revolution of the oppressed, downtrodden and marginalized people in Mosul", denied ISIL played a leading role amongst the government's opponents and alleged the militancy against the central government was led by Sunni tribes and disenfranchised Sunnis.
Another prominent Sunni, "Ali Hatem al-Suleiman (emir of the large "Dulaim tribe), claimed "It is the tribal rebels who are in control of the situation in Mosul. It is not reasonable to say that a group like ISIL, which has a small number of men and vehicles, could be in control of a large city like Mosul. Therefore, it is clear that this is a tribal revolution, but the government is trying to force us all to wear the robe of the terrorists and ISIS."
A member of insurgent held Mosul's governing council, a former colonel in the Ba'ath era military alleged that the opposition to the government was composed of multiple Sunni Arab factions, most of which are led by officers from the "disbanded military. The former officer claimed that the various opposition factions were working to minimize ISIL influence and appoint officials capable of restoring services in insurgent held areas.
Kurdish parliamentarian Shoresh Haji stated "I hope that the Kurdish leadership will not miss this golden opportunity to bring Kurdish lands in the disputed territories back under Kurdish control".
- International bodies
- Arab League – On 12 June, "Arab League Secretary-General, "Nabil al-Arabi condemned what he described as the "criminal activities" committed by ISIL group in Mosul. He emphasized on the necessity of "national consensus in Iraq at this critical time, which threatens Iraq's security and political stability."
- United Nations – On 10 June, the "United Nation's Secretary-General, "Ban Ki-moon, asked all political leaders in Iraq to show national unity against the ISIL invasion, expressed grave concern about the "serious deterioration", and condemned the recent attacks that have left scores dead and wounded in Iraq's northern and eastern provinces. He recalled that all UN Member States have an obligation to implement and enforce the targeted financial sanctions, arms embargo and travel ban imposed on ISIS under the sanctions regime pursuant to "Security Council Resolution 1267 (1999) and "Security Council Resolution 1989 (2011). It also evacuated its 60 staff members from "Baghdad to neighboring "Jordan. After ISIL released graphic photographs of its fighters shooting scores of young men, the United Nations said on 16 June, cold blooded "executions" said to have been carried out by militants in northern Iraq almost certainly amount to "war crimes.
- U.N. member states
- India – On 16 June, "Indian External Affairs Ministry condemned the takeover of Iraqi cities like "Mosul and "Tikrit by ISIL and reiterated its support to the government and the people of Iraq in their fight against international terrorism. It also set up a 24-hour helpline at Indian embassy in "Baghdad for assistance of Indian nationals stranded in these cities. It has been reported that 46 Indian nurses were abducted from the Iraqi town of Mosul who were later freed and flown back to India.
- Iran – On 12 June, the "Iranian president, "Hasan Rouhani, stated: "For our part, as the government of the "Islamic Republic of Iran ... we will combat violence, extremism and terrorism in the region and the world." On 11 June, the "Foreign Minister of Iran, "Mohammad Javad Zarif, had condemned the "murder of Iraqi citizens" as he offered Iraq's government support against terrorism. However, Iranian officials have not explained how Iran will help Iraq's government. "Iran dispatched "Revolutionary Guard forces to help Iraq's government recapture Tikrit. Iran sent three "battalions of the special operations "Quds Force and has sent a total of 2000 men between 12–14 June. According to "Washington Post, any support from Iran will be subtler, confined to military planning and strategy rather than manpower.
- Russia - Russian President "Vladimir Putin has expressed "full support" to the Iraqi government. Eight days later, Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov announced that "Russia will not stand idle toward attempts by terrorist groups to spread terrorism in regional states" and urged Europe and the United States to take action against ISIL. On 29 June, Russia delivered "Sukhoi Su-25 ground attack aircraft to the Iraqi Air Force, days after a request by the Iraqi government. Unconfirmed reports suggest that six "Sukhoi Su-30 multirole aircraft are to be delivered as well. Photos have appears on Iraqi social media depicting Russian-made rocket artillery "TOS-1 arriving in Baghdad.
- Syria – On 11 June, "Syrian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates condemned recent acts of militants from the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant on the territory of Iraq. It also expressed support and solidarity to the Iraqi government in its fight against the armed terrorist groups in Iraq. On 15 June, the "Syrian Air Force was carrying out airstrikes on ISIL bases in coordination with Iraq. Airstrikes were carried out against ISIL bases in "Raqqa and "Al-Hasakah inside Syria, and headquarters in "Shaddadi, a town close to the border with Iraq.
- Saudi Arabia – The Saudi Arabia government said that the tensions there were due to sectarian policies which threatened its stability and sovereignty, according to the official Saudi Press Agency. It warned against foreign intervention and urged Iraqis to form a national unity government.
- Turkey – ISIL captured Ankara's consul general in Mosul and detained 49 Turkish citizens including the Consul-General, Öztürk Yılmaz. It also took hostage 31 Turkish truck drivers. Some reports suggest that the hostages have been moved to the residence of the ISIL-sponsored Mosul governor, in possible preparation for their release. Turkey has called an emergency "NATO meeting.
- The hostages were freed in mid September 2014. Turkey denied paying ransom  but prisoner swaps were hinted at. It was later revealed that Turkish authorities had initially paid a certain amount of money to ISIL officials and the hostages were later swapped for 180 militants who had been apprehended or undergoing medical treatment in Turkey.
- United Kingdom – On 17 June, Prime Minister "David Cameron said the UK would be reopening the British Embassy in Iran in an effort to rebuild the nations' diplomatic relationship to help combat the recent event in Iraq. On 18 June, PM Cameron said that he believed ISIL was planning a terror attack on the UK.
- United States – On 12 June, U.S. President "Barack Obama said he was exploring all options to save Iraq's security forces from collapse, and U.S. companies evacuated hundreds from a major air base. "Our national security team is looking at all the options... I don't rule out anything," he declared. U.S. Senator "Lindsey Graham warned an ISIL takeover in both "Iraq and "Syria would create a "hell on earth" and called for the urgent deployment of U.S. air power to "change the battlefield equation."
- On 13 June, Obama said the United States "will not be sending U.S. troops back into combat in Iraq," but that he would be reviewing a range of other options in coming days. He called on Iraq's neighbors to help out, too, and told the only guarantee of success involved political reforms by al-Maliki that promoted cooperation with Sunnis.
- On 15 June, US government announced that it was drawing down staff at its embassy in Baghdad. Referring to the "ongoing instability and violence in certain areas," a State Department statement said the embassy will also increase the number of security personnel deployed at the heavily guarded mission. A separate Pentagon statement said "a small number" of Defense Department personnel were being sent to augment security at the facility.
- On 16 June, "President Obama notified "Congress that a total of 275 U.S. "soldiers and "Marines could be deployed to Iraq to provide security for the "U.S. Embassy in Baghdad and other U.S. personnel in Iraq. About 160 troops were already in the country and 100 will be stationed as reserve forces in a nearby country to be deployed if needed. The special forces team would operate under the U.S. ambassador in Baghdad and would be barred from engaging in ground combat.
- "The Guardian reported on 18 June that "Dianne Feinstein, the chair of the "Senate Intelligence Committee, and "John McCain thought Maliki's government should step down. "White House spokesman "Jay Carney said, "we will aggressively attempt to impress upon that leader the absolute necessity of rejecting sectarian governance". The Secretary of State, "John Kerry, stated that Washington was not focused Maliki, but on the Iraqi people. A spokesman for the Nouri al-Malik said he will not stand down.
- As of 19 June, reports emerged suggesting that if the United States carries out airstrikes over Iraq, as requested by the Iraqi government, that Obama may act without Congressional approval. Also on 19 June, Barack Obama announced he is sending up to 300 military advisers to Iraq, and could down the road authorize targeted military action, if necessary. According to CNN, one aircraft carrier and five warships are already positioned in the Persian Gulf, U.S. drones are flying intelligence missions over Iraq and a list of ISIL targets has been compiled.
- On 23 June, John Kerry met with Nouri al-Malik, Iraq's Foreign Minister "Hoshyar Zibari, and Sunni and Shia leaders in Baghdad. The purpose was to affirm the US commitment to Iraq during the crisis and to discuss the formation of a new government. These meetings occur as ISIL proceeded to capture more territory north and west of the capital. Kerry also rejected al-Maliki's request for prompt American airstrikes on the militants' positions in Iraq and Syria, saying that care must be taken before such attacks are launched to avoid giving the impression that the Americans are targeting Sunnis.
- On 8 August 2014, President Obama authorized airstrikes and humanitarian aid to civilians trapped in the mountains, who didn't have access to food or water. He said the move for airstrikes was to stop the advancement of the IS convoys into Erbil. He strongly asserted that the minorities, including the Christians and the Yezidis must be protected from the 'genocide'.
On 14 June, Shaykh "Yusuf al-Qaradawi, chairman of the "International Union of Muslim Scholars, described the event as a "national revolution" He said the insurgency "could not have been led by one Islamist party," a reference to ISIL, instead describing it as a "all-out Sunni revolution" (or "Overwhelming revolution for "Sunnah" ) and warned against sectarian war. Calling for the formation of a "national unity government", he said that "this is not a revolution against the Shias".
According to the "Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, "The Kurds, seeing the Iraqi central regime's weakness, will take all the necessary measures to protect their autonomy and expand their influence to neighboring "Syrian Kurdistan. The Kurds understand very well that they could be the next target after the "Assyrians and accordingly will preempt any attempt by the jihadists to set foot in their areas. The fall of Mosul could become the beginning of Kurdish quest for independence."
Tirana Hassan, of the "Human Rights Watch, reports that Khorasani Brigade, a Shia militia, has ethnically cleansed the village of Yengija, 50 miles south of Kirkuk. The Sunni population was driven from the village and their homes were razed.
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- إن ما يحدث من انهيار شامل ٍلقوى العسكر والأمن والشرطة في العراق لم يأت من فراغ، ولا يمكن أن يفسر إلا على أنه جاء بسبب ثورة ٍشعبية، كما دعا العراقيين جميعاً إلى الإسراع بتأليف اتحاد علماء المسلمين برئاسة القرضاوي: ما يحدث في العراق ثورة شعبية
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