King Olav in 1957
|"King of Norway|
|Reign||21 September 1957 – 17 January 1991|
|Benediction[a]||22 June 1958|
2 July 1903|
Appleton House, "Sandringham, Norfolk, England
|Died||17 January 1991
"The Royal Lodge, "Holmenkollen, "Oslo, Norway
|Burial||30 January 1991
"Akershus Castle, Oslo
|Spouse||"Princess Märtha of Sweden (m. 1929; d. 1954)|
"Harald V of Norway
|Father||"Haakon VII of Norway|
|Mother||"Maud of Wales|
|"1928 Amsterdam||"6 m mixed|
|"5.5 Metre World Championships|
Olav V (born Prince Alexander of Denmark; 2 July 1903 – 17 January 1991) was "King of Norway from 1957 until his death.
Olav was the only child of "Haakon VII and "Maud of Wales. He became "heir apparent to the Norwegian throne when his father was elected King of Norway in 1905. He was the first heir to the Norwegian throne to be brought up in Norway since "Olav IV, and his parents made sure he was given as Norwegian an upbringing as possible. In preparation for his future role, he attended both civilian and military schools. In 1929, he married his first cousin Princess "Märtha of Sweden. During "World War II his leadership was much appreciated and he was appointed "Norwegian Chief of Defence in 1944. At his death in 1991, he was the last surviving grandchild of "Edward VII of the United Kingdom and "Alexandra of Denmark.
Due to his considerate, down-to-earth style, King Olav was immensely popular, resulting in the nickname Folkekongen ("The People's King"). In a 2005 poll by the "Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation, Olav was voted ""Norwegian of the century".
Olav was born Prince Alexander Edward Christian Frederik in Appleton House on the royal "Sandringham Estate, "Flitcham, United Kingdom. His parents were Prince Carl, second son of "Crown Prince Frederick of Denmark (later King Frederick VIII), and "Princess Maud, youngest daughter of "King Edward VII of the United Kingdom who was the eldest son of Britain's "Queen Victoria. When his father was elected king of Norway, he took the Norwegian name "Haakon VII, and on the day he was inaugurated, he gave his son the Norwegian name Olav after "Olaf II Haakonsson.
Olav was thus the first heir to the throne since the "Middle Ages to have been raised in Norway. Unlike his father, who was a naval officer, Olav chose to complete his main military education in the army. He graduated from the three-year "Norwegian Military Academy in 1924, with the fourth best score in his class. Olav then went on to study jurisprudence and economics for two years at "Balliol College, Oxford.
During the 1930s, Crown Prince Olav was a naval cadet serving on the minelayer/cadet training ship "Olav Tryggvason. Olav moved upwards in the ranks of the Norwegian armed forces, rising in the army from an initial rank of first lieutenant, to captain in 1931 and colonel in 1936.
He was an accomplished athlete. Olav jumped from the "Holmenkollen ski jump in Oslo, and also competed in sailing regattas. He won a gold medal in sailing at the "1928 Summer Olympics in "Amsterdam and remained an active sailor into old age.
On 21 March 1929 in Oslo, he married his first cousin "Princess Märtha of Sweden with whom he had two daughters, "Ragnhild and "Astrid and one son, "Harald. As exiles during "World War II, Crown Princess Märtha and the royal children lived in "Washington, D.C., where she struck up a close friendship with "Franklin D. Roosevelt. She died in 1954, before her husband ascended the throne.
The British Film Institute houses an early film, made in 1913, in which a miniature car (a "baby Cadillac") commissioned by Queen Alexandra for the Crown Prince Olav tows a procession of Londoners through the streets of the capital, before being delivered to a pair of "royal testers" of roughly Olav's age. The car is a battery-powered one-third size replica on a four-foot wheelbase, and is on permanent loan to the "Norsk Teknisk Museum in Oslo.
As Crown Prince, Olav had received extensive military training and had participated in most major Norwegian military exercises. Because of this he was perhaps one of the most knowledgeable Norwegian military leaders and was respected by other Allied leaders for his knowledge and leadership skills. During a visit to the United States before the war, he and his wife had established a close relationship with President Roosevelt. These factors would prove to be important for the Norwegian fight against the "attacking German forces. In 1939, Crown Prince Olav was appointed an admiral of the "Royal Norwegian Navy and a general of the "Norwegian Army.
During "World War II, Olav stood by his father's side in resisting the "occupation of Norway by Nazi Germany. During the campaign he was a valuable advisor both to civilian and military leaders. When the Norwegian government decided to go into exile, he offered to stay behind with the Norwegian people, but this was declined. He reluctantly followed his father to the "United Kingdom, where he and his staff and servants and aides continued to be a key advisor to the government-in-exile and his father. It is a popular legend among his countrymen that he did not allow himself any dessert or sweets for the duration of the Norwegian occupation.["citation needed]
Olav made several visits to Norwegian and Allied troops in the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States. In 1944, he was appointed to the post of "Norwegian Chief of Defence and after the war he led the Norwegian disarmament of the German occupying forces. His war decorations from other nations, including the "War Crosses of Norway, France, Greece and the Netherlands, the US "Legion of Merit and the French "Médaille Militaire, are testament to the international recognition of his contribution to the war against "Hitler.
"House of Oldenburg
Succeeding to the Norwegian throne in 1957 upon his father's death, Olav reigned as a "People's King," and became extremely popular. He liked to drive his own cars, and would drive in the public lanes, even though as a monarch he was allowed to drive in bus lanes. During the "1973 energy crisis driving was banned on certain weekends. King Olav never wanted to miss an opportunity to go skiing, and while he could have driven legally, he wanted to lead by example. So he dressed up in his skiing outfit, and boarded the "Holmenkollbanen suburban railway carrying his skis on his shoulder. He was later asked how he dared to go out in public without bodyguards. He replied that "he had 4 million bodyguards" —the population of Norway was at the time 4 million.
For his athletic ability and role as King, Olav earned the "Holmenkollen medal in 1968, the "Medal for Outstanding Civic Achievement in 1970 and was made "Name of the Year in 1975. He had a strong interest in military matters and took his role as titular Commander-in-Chief very seriously. As well as his ceremonial roles in the Norwegian Army, he also served as "Colonel-in-Chief of the "Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Yorkshire Regiment), the British regiment named for his grandmother "Queen Alexandra.
The King represented Norway extensively abroad during his reign, conducting "state visits to both neighbouring countries and more distant destinations such as "Ethiopia and "Iran. King Olav V opened the "14th World Scout Jamboree in July 1975 in the presence of 17,259 Scouts from 94 countries.
During the summer of 1990, the King suffered from health problems, but recovered somewhat during Christmas the same year. At the age of 87, on 17 January 1991, while residing in the Royal Lodge "Kongsseteren in "Oslo, he became ill and died in the evening of a "myocardial infarction. An interview given by King "Harald V, and hints in a biography by "Jo Benkow, who was the "President of the Storting that time, mention the possibility that King Olav suffered great "trauma upon learning of the outbreak of the first "Gulf War, which began the day of his death. Olav's son "Harald V succeeded him as "King.
The night of his death (and for several days up until the state funeral), Norwegians mourned publicly, lighting hundreds of thousands of candles in the "courtyard outside the "Royal Palace in Oslo, with letters and cards placed amongst them. The National Archives have preserved all these cards.
The funeral of King Olav was held on January 30. 1991. During the funeral procession from the "Royal Palace to "Oslo Cathedral, over 100,000 people lined up along "Karl Johans gate to pay their respects. Prime minister "Gro Harlem Brundtland held the eulogy at the state funeral before the casket was moved to "Akershus Fortress where a private service was held.
King Olav's rôle during the "dissolution between the union of Norway and Sweden and his leadership during the "second world war made him a symbol of Norwegian independence and national unity. As King Olav's wife, "Princess Märtha, died of cancer, the "King Olav V's Prize for Cancer Research was established in 1992.
Viktor Andersen portrayed the two-year old Prince Alexander (Olav) in the 2009 "NRK drama series "Harry & Charles. Actor "Anders Baasmo Christiansen was chosen to portray Crown Prince Olav in the 2016 drama "The King's Choice.
King Olav V of Norway
|"Reference style||"His Majesty|
|Spoken style||Your Majesty|
|"Princess Ragnhild of Norway||9 June 1930||16 September 2012||married 1953, "Erling Lorentzen||Haakon Lorentzen (b.1954)
Ingeborg Lorentzen Ribeiro (b.1957)
Ragnhild Lorentzen Long (b.1968)
|Olav Lorentzen (b.1985)
Christian Lorentzen (b.1988)
Sophia Lorentzen (b.1994)
Victoria Ribeiro Falcao (b.1988)
Alexandra Long (b.2007)
Elizabeth Long (b.2011)
|Frederik Falcao (b.2016)|
|"Princess Astrid of Norway||12 February 1932||married 1961, "Johan Ferner||Cathrine Ferner Johansen (b.1962)
Benedikte Ferner (b.1963)
Alexander Ferner (b.1965)
Elisabeth Ferner Beckmann (b.1969)
Carl-Christian Ferner (b.1972)
|Sebastian Johansen (b.1990)
Madeleine Johansen (b.1993)
Edward Ferner (b.1996)
Stella Ferner (b.1998)
Benjamin Beckmann (b.1999)
|"Harald V, King of Norway||21 February 1937||married 1968, "Sonja Haraldsen||Princess Märtha Louise (b.1971)
Crown Prince Haakon Magnus (b.1973)
|Maud Behn (b.2003)
Leah Behn (b.2005)
Emma Behn (b.2008)
Princess Ingrid Alexandra (b.2004)
Prince Sverre Magnus (b.2005)
This section does not "cite any "sources. (August 2017) ("Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Ancestors of Olav V of Norway|
"Märtha and Olav on the cover of Time on the occasion of their wedding
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Olav V of Norway.|
Cadet branch of the "House of OldenburgBorn: 2 July 1903 Died: 17 January 1991
|"King of Norway
as Crown Prince of Sweden and Norway
|"Crown Prince of Norway
"Wilhelm von Tangen Hansteen
|"Chief of Defence of Norway