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Olga Spessivtseva
""Olga Spessiva.jpg
Native name Ольга Алекса́ндровна Спеси́вцева
Born Olga Alexandrovna Spessivtseva
(1895-07-18)July 18, 1895
"Rostov-on-Don, "Russian Empire
Died September 16, 1991(1991-09-16) (aged 96)
"Valley Cottage, New York, "New York, United States
Occupation "ballet dancer, choreographer, ballet teacher
Spessivtseva in 1917

Olga Alexandrovna Spessivtseva[1] ("Russian: Ольга Алекса́ндровна Спеси́вцева (18 July ["O.S. 6 July] 1895 – 16 September 1991) was a "Russian "ballerina whose stage career spanned from 1913 to 1939.

She was one of the finest prima ballerinas of the twentieth century. She had the excellent classical technique, immaculate style and scenic spirituality which are considered the embodiment of the romantic ballerina.



Olga Spessivtseva was born in "Rostov-on-Don, the daughter of an opera singer and his wife. After her father's death, she was sent to an orphanage with theatrical connections in "St. Petersburg, a center of culture . She entered St. Petersburg's "Imperial Ballet Academy in 1906, where she was a student of Klavdia Kulichevskaya and later of Yevgenia Sokolova and "Agrippina Vaganova.

After graduating in 1913, she joined the "Mariinsky Theatre company, where she was promoted to soloist in 1916. An exquisite romantic dancer with perfect technique, ideally suited for roles such as "Giselle and Odette-Odile in "Swan Lake, she quickly became one of the most admired dancers in the company.

In 1916, "Sergei Diaghilev invited her to tour with the "Ballets Russes in the "United States, where she danced with "Vaslav Nijinsky in "Le Spectre de la Rose, "Les Sylphides and the "Bluebird pas de deux" from "The Sleeping Beauty. In 1918 she returned to the Mariinsky, renamed the "Petrograd Opera and Ballet Theater after the "Russian Revolution of 1917. She was promoted to the rank of ballerina. At this time she was almost unknown in the West.

She continued to perform with the Ballets Russes abroad, dancing "Aurora" in Diaghilev's renowned The Sleeping Princess in "London in 1921, and at the "Teatro Colón in "Buenos Aires in 1923. With the aid of her ex-husband Boris Kaplun, a Bolshevik functionary and lover of the arts, she left Russia for the last time in 1924. She had accepted an invitation to dance as an étoile ("prima ballerina) at the "Paris Opera Ballet, where she remained until 1932. During that time, she maintained her relationship with the "Ballets Russes. In 1932 she made another historic guest appearance in London, dancing Giselle with "Anton Dolin of the "Royal Ballet. From 1932 to 1937, she toured with a number of companies throughout the world, performing roles from both the classical repertoire and contemporary ballets by choreographers such as "Michel Fokine and "Bronislava Nijinska. When dancing abroad, she was frequently inaccurately billed as Olga Spessiva.["citation needed]

Spessivtseva had experienced periods of "clinical depression as early as 1934, when she showed signs of mental illness in Sydney and needed hospitalisation. In 1937 she left the stage due to a nervous breakdown. She did some teaching, then briefly returned to performing, making her farewell appearance at the Teatro Colón in 1939. That same year, she moved to the United States, where she taught and served as an advisor to the Ballet Theatre Foundation in "New York City. She suffered another nervous breakdown in 1943, for which she was hospitalized.[2]

The "BBC produced a short programme about her life in 1964, and two years later "Anton Dolin wrote a book about her. Both works are titled The Sleeping Ballerina. Expert dance writers have described her as "the greatest of Russian ballerine at this period",[3] and "The supreme classical ballerina of the century".[4]

In 1998, Russian choreographer "Boris Eifman made her the heroine of his ballet, Red Giselle.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Surname also transcribed in English as Spesivtseva or Spessivtzeva
  2. ^ "The Tragic Downfall of Olga Spessivtseva: From Great Ballerina to Electric Shock Therapy – We Heart Vintage blog". Weheartvintage.co. Retrieved 31 August 2017. 
  3. ^ Beaumont, Cyril 1940. The Diaghilev Ballet in London. Written of her engagement for the premiere of the Sleeping Princess in 1921. p. 193
  4. ^ Clarke, Mary and Clement Crisp. (1981), The History of the Dance. Orbit, London, UK. p. 174
  5. ^ Kisselgoff, Anna. "A Doomed Russian Ballerina Swept Up by the Revolution." The New York Times. The New York Times, 31 Jan. 1999. Web. 04 June 2017.


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