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Main article: "List of parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention

All 192 parties to the Chemical Weapons convention are automatically members of the OPCW.[21] Other states which are eligible to become members are "UN member states Israel, which is a signatory state that has not ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention, and Egypt, North Korea and South Sudan, which have neither signed nor acceded to the Chemical Weapons Convention, as well as "UN observer state Palestine, which has also neither signed nor acceded to the CWC.[22][23] Angola was the most recent state to submit its instrument of accession to the treaty.[24]


"Ahmet Üzümcü, Director-General of the OPCW

The Organisation is led by the Director-General, who is directly appointed by the Conference for a maximum of two four-year terms.[25] An overview of Directors-General is shown below.

Country Name Start of term
 "Brazil "José Bustani 13 May 1997[26]
 "Argentina "Rogelio Pfirter 25 July 2002[27]
 "Turkey "Ahmet Üzümcü 25 July 2010[3]

The first Director-General only served about one year of his second term, after which he was removed from office on grounds of lack of confidence by the member states.[28][29] Some suspect that Director-General Bustani was forced out by the U.S. government because Bustani wanted international chemical weapons monitors inside Iraq and thus was seen as impeding the U.S. push for war against Iraq.[30][31][32] The US gave three main arguments for the removal of Bustani's from his position: "polarising and confrontational conduct", "mismanagement issues" and "advocacy of inappropriate roles for the OPCW".[33] The removal was subsequently determined to be improper by an Administrative Tribunal of the "International Labour Organization and consequently Bustani was awarded €50,000 in moral damages, his pay for the remainder of his second term, and his legal costs.[34]

2013 Nobel Peace Prize[edit]

2013 Nobel Peace Prize

On 11 October, the Norwegian Nobel Committee announced that the OPCW had been awarded the "Nobel Peace Prize for "extensive work to eliminate chemical weapons". In the announcement, the OPCW and the Chemical Weapons Convention were praised. The committee further indicated how ""Recent events in "Syria, where chemical weapons have again been put to use, have underlined the need to enhance the efforts to do away with such weapons.”[4][6][35][36] In the year ending September 2014, the OPCW had overseen the destruction of some 97 percent of Syria's declared chemical weapons.[37]

The OPCW-The Hague Award[edit]

OPCW-The Hague Award

In 2014, "The OPCW–The Hague Award was established to honour select individuals and institutions by highlighting their exceptional contributions towards the goal of a world permanently free of chemical weapons. The award was created as a legacy of the OPCW winning the "2013 Nobel Peace Prize. The OPCW—The Hague Award Fund was created using the approximately €900,000 monetary prize which accompanied the "Nobel Peace Prize, and is also supported financially by the "City of The Hague, where the OPCW is based.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Chemical Weapons - Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)". "United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs. Retrieved 2013-10-11. 
  2. ^ Oliver Meier and Daniel Horner (November 2009). "OPCW Chooses New Director-General". Arms Control Association. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)". Nuclear Threat Initiative. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Cowell, Alan (11 October 2013). "Chemical Weapons Watchdog Wins Nobel Peace Prize". "New York Times. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "Syria chemical weapons monitors win Nobel Peace Prize". "BBC News. 2013-10-11. Retrieved 2013-10-12. 
  6. ^ a b "Official press release from Nobel prize Committee". Nobel Prize Organization. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "Nuclear Threat Initiative - NTI". Retrieved 14 January 2017. 
  8. ^ Destruction of Chemical Weapons and Its Verification Pursuant to Article IV. [CWC], Verification Annex
  9. ^ "List of new inspection equipment and revised specifications for approved inspection equipment". OPCW. Retrieved 1 November 2010. 
  10. ^ "The Intersection of Science and Chemical Disarmament". Retrieved 14 January 2017. 
  11. ^ "Australia's National Authority for the Chemical Weapons Convention". Australian Government, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved 31 March 2011. 
  12. ^ a b Verification Annex, part VI,VII, VIII and IX of the Chemical Weapons Convention. OPCW
  13. ^ "An inspector calls! Your company site and the Chemical Weapons Convention" (PDF). Department of Energy of Climate Change (United Kingdom). Retrieved 1 April 2011. 
  14. ^ Tom Z. Collina. "The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) at a Glance". Retrieved 24 April 2011. 
  15. ^ "United Nations General Assembly Session 55 Resolution A/RES/55/283 Retrieved 21 August 2007.
  16. ^ OPCW, The Legal Texts TMC Asser Press, p336
  17. ^ Hevesi, Dennis (2012-06-24). "Gerhard Kallmann, Architect, Is Dead at 97". "New York Times. Retrieved 2012-07-16. 
  18. ^ "An Expat's View: Peter Kaiser". city of "The Hague. 8 October 2009. Retrieved 1 November 2010. 
  19. ^ "HM Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands opens the purpose-built OPCW building.". OPCW. Retrieved 1 November 2010. 
  20. ^ "Secretary-General calls chemical weapons memorial 'a symbol of suffering and hope'". "United Nations. 9 May 2007. Retrieved 24 April 2011. 
  21. ^ "OPCW Member States". Retrieved 2013-10-11. 
  22. ^ "Non-Member States". Retrieved 2013-10-11. 
  23. ^ "O’Brien, Patricia (2013-02-06). "EU Council Working Group on Public International Law - COJUR" (PDF). "United Nations Office of Legal Affairs. Retrieved 2016-04-25. 
  24. ^ "Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction". United Nations Treaty Collection. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  25. ^ "Technical Secretariat of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)". Retrieved 14 January 2017. 
  26. ^ A Stanič (2004). "Bustani v. Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons". "The American Journal of International Law. 98 (4): 810. "JSTOR 3216704. 
  27. ^ "Speech of Dr. Rogelio Pfirter, Director-General of the OPCW 16 September 2008". Netherlands Institute for International Relations. 22 September 2008. Retrieved 24 April 2011. 
  28. ^ "Draft decision of the First Special Session of the Conference of the States Parties of the OPCW". Retrieved 2013-10-11. 
  29. ^ "Chemical weapons body sacks head". BBC News. 22 April 2002. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  30. ^ The Guardian, 2002 April 16, "The War against the Peacemaker,"
  31. ^ The Institute for Public Accuracy, 24 April 2002, "Chemical Weapons Agency 'Coup'"?,
  32. ^ The New York Times, 13 October 2013, "To Ousted Boss, Arms Watchdog Was Seen as an Obstacle in Iraq,"
  33. ^ "Preserving the Chemical Weapons Convention: The Need For A New Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) Director-General". US "Bureau of Arms Control. 2002-04-01. Retrieved 2013-10-11. 
  34. ^ The ILO called the decision "an unacceptable violation of the principles on which international organizations' activities are founded ..., by rendering officials vulnerable to pressures and to political change." See the ILO decision
  35. ^ "Chemicals weapons watchdog OPCW wins Nobel peace prize". Times of India. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  36. ^ "Global chemical weapons watchdog wins 2013 Nobel Peace Prize". Fox News. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2013. 
  37. ^ Eaves, Elisabeth. "Ahmet Uzumcu: Getting Rid of Chemical Weapons in Syria and Beyond". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. SAGE. Retrieved October 14, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
"European Union
Laureate of the "Nobel Peace Prize
Succeeded by
"Kailash Satyarthi
"Malala Yousafzai
) )