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"Acheulean hand axes from "Kent. The types shown are (clockwise from top) cordate, ficron and ovate. It was the longest-used "tool of "human history.

The following "outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to prehistoric technology.

"Prehistoric technology – "technology that predates "recorded history. History is the study of the past using written records; it is also the record itself. Anything prior to the first written accounts of history is "prehistoric (meaning "before history"), including earlier technologies. About 2.5 million years before writing was developed, technology began with the earliest "hominids who used "stone tools, which they may have used to start fires, hunt, cut food, and bury their dead.

Nature of prehistoric technology[edit]

Prehistoric technology can be described as:

Old World prehistoric technology[edit]

Stone Age technology in the Old World[edit]

Paleolithic technology[edit]

Lower Paleolithic technology[edit]

Middle Paleolithic technology[edit]

Upper Paleolithic Revolution[edit]

Mesolithic technology[edit]

Neolithic Revolution[edit]

Prehistoric Bronze Age technology in the Old World[edit]

Prehistoric Iron Age technology in the Old World[edit]

End of prehistory and the beginning of history[edit]

Transition from proto-writing to true writing[edit]

Prehistoric technology of the Americas[edit]

The New World, or American, periods began with the crossing of the "Paleo-Indians, "Athabaskan, "Aleuts, "Inuit, and "Yupik peoples along the "Bering Land Bridge onto the North American continent.[36] In their book, Method and Theory in American Archaeology, Gordon Willey and Philip Phillips defined five cultural stages for the Americas, including the three prehistoric "Lithic, "Archaic and "Formative stages. The historic stages are the "Classic and "Post-Classic stages.[37][38]

Lithic technology[edit]

Archaic period technology[edit]

Formative stage technology[edit]

Prehistoric technologies by type[edit]

Primitive skills[edit]

Prehistoric art[edit]

Domestication of animals[edit]

Language / numbers[edit]

Prehistoric fishing[edit]

Prehistoric hunting[edit]

Prehistoric mining[edit]

Prehistoric medicine[edit]

Prehistoric tools[edit]

Prehistoric clothing[edit]

Stone Age tools[edit]

Prehistoric weapons[edit]


See also[edit]



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  22. ^ Balter M. (2009). Clothes Make the (Hu) Man. Science. 325(5946):1329. "doi:10.1126/science.325_1329a "PMID 19745126
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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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