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Main article: "European Union

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jackson, James K. (9 March 2009). "The Financial Crisis: Impact on and Response by the European Union" (pdf). Federation of American Scientists: Congressional Research Service. p. 28. Retrieved 6 July 2009. The European Union is a political and economic union of 27 member states, formally established in 1993 by the Treaty of Maastricht out of existing structures that had evolved in steps since the 1950s. 
  2. ^ Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations. "What is the European Union?". Archived from the original on 3 March 2009. Retrieved 6 July 2009. Europe is a geographical and cultural notion. The European Union is a political and economic union among 27 States on the European continent 
  3. ^ "Cabinet statement on German EU Presidency". Regierung Online. Press and Information Office of the [German] Federal Government. 5 November 2006. Retrieved 6 July 2009. The European Union is a political union... 
  4. ^ "European Union", New Oxford Dictionary of English, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2001, p. 635, "ISBN "0-19-860441-6:"an economic and political association of certain European countries as a unit with internal free trade and common external tariffs...." 
  5. ^ Craig, Paul; Grainne De Burca; P. P. Craig (2006). EU Law: Text, Cases and Materials (4th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 15. "ISBN "978-0-19-927389-8. ; "Treaty of Maastricht on European Union". Activities of the European Union. Europa web portal. Retrieved 20 October 2007. 
  6. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2009 Edition". "International Monetary Fund. April 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2009.
    Gross domestic product, current prices; US dollars, Billions;
    2007 = 16,927.173
    2008=18,394.115
    2009=15,342.908 [projection]
    Gross domestic product based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) valuation of country GDP; Current international dollar, Billions;
    2007 = 14,762.109
    2008 = 15,247.163
    2009 = 14,774.525 [projection]
    GDP based on PPP share of world total
    2007 = 22.605%
    2008 = 22.131% 2009 = 21.609% [projection]
    World "GDP", current prices; US dollars, Billions;
    2007 = 54,840.873
    2008= 60,689.812
    2009= 54,863.551 [projection]
    These data were published in 2009. Data for 2009 are projections based on a number of assumptions.
     
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