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In "Greek mythology, Paean ("Greek: Παιάν), Paeëon or Paieon ("Greek: Παιήων), or Paeon or Paion ("Greek: Παιών) was the physician of the gods.
The name Paean is believed to be first attested in "Mycenaean Greek as an alternative name of "Apollo; the attested form of the name, written in "Linear B, is 𐀞𐀊𐀍𐀚, pa-ja-wo-ne.
Homer and Hesiod
A god of healing named Παιήων is mentioned twice in the "Iliad. In book 5, the "Olympian god of war "Ares is wounded by mortal hero "Diomedes, who is assisted by "Athena. Ares is taken up to Olympus in a hurry, where Paeon applies medicine ("Ancient Greek: φάρμακα) that produces an instant relief. "Hades too had a similar medical treatment by Paeon when he was shot with an arrow by "Heracles. In the "Odyssey, Homer says of "Egypt, "[T]here the earth, the giver of grain, bears greatest store of drugs, many that are healing when mixed, and many that are baneful; there every man is a physician, wise above human kind; for they are of the race of Paeeon."
"Hesiod identifies Paeon as an individual deity: "Unless Phoebus Apollo should save him from death, or Paean himself who knows the remedies for all things."
In time, Paeon (more usually spelled Paean) became an epithet of "Apollo, in his capacity as a god capable of bringing disease and therefore propitiated as a god of healing. Later, Paeon becomes an "epithet of "Asclepius, the healer-god.
- ^ Παιάν. "Liddell, Henry George; "Scott, Robert; "A Greek–English Lexicon at the "Perseus Project.
- ^ Marshall Cavendish Corporation (2005). Gods, Goddesses, and Mythology. Marshall Cavendish. p. 1069. "ISBN "978-0-7614-7559-0.
- ^ Schofield, Louise (2007). The Mycenaeans. The British Museum Press. p. 160. "ISBN "978-0-89236-867-9.
- ^ "KN V 52+". Deaditerranean: Minoan Linear A & Mycenaean Linear B.
- ^ "Chadwick, John (1976). The Mycenaean World. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 89. "ISBN "0-521-29037-6. At Google Books.
- ^ Gantz, p. 96.
- ^ "Homer, Iliad,Book 5, line 899". www.perseus.tufts.edu. Tufts University.
- ^ "Homer, Iliad,Book 5, line 363". www.perseus.tufts.edu. Tufts University.
- ^ "Homer, Odyssey, Book 4, line 219". www.perseus.tufts.edu. Tufts University.
- ^ Graf 2009, pp. 66–67.
- ^ "Eustathius of Thessalonica, on Homer, §1494; "Virgil. "Aeneid, vii. 769.
- Connor, Peter, "Paeon" in Gods, Goddesses, and Mythology, Publisher: Marshall Cavendish Corporation (January 2005). "ISBN "978-0-7614-7559-0.
- Hesiod; Evelyn-White, Hugh G. (2007). Hesiod the Homeric Hymns and Homerica. BiblioBazaar, LLC. "ISBN "1-4264-7293-5.
- Gantz, Early Greek Myth: A Guide to Literary and Artistic Sources, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996, Two volumes: "ISBN "978-0801853609 (Vol. 1), "ISBN "978-0801853623 (Vol. 2).
- Graf, Fritz (2009). Apollo. Taylor & Francis. "ISBN "0-415-31711-8.
- Homer. The Iliad with an English Translation by A.T. Murray, Ph.D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1924.
- Homer. The Odyssey with an English Translation by A.T. Murray, PH.D. in two volumes. Cambridge, MA., Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann, Ltd. 1919.
- Liddell, Henry George; Scott, Robert (1940). A Greek-English Lexicon. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
- "Smith, William; "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, London (1873). "Paean"