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In "Greek mythology, Paean ("Greek: Παιάν), Paeëon or Paieon ("Greek: Παιήων), or Paeon or Paion ("Greek: Παιών) was the "physician of the gods.[1][2]


Mycenaean Greece[edit]

The name Paean is believed to be first attested in "Mycenaean Greek as an alternative name of "Apollo; the attested form of the name, written in "Linear B, is 𐀞𐀊𐀍𐀚, pa-ja-wo-ne.[3][4][5]

Homer and Hesiod[edit]

A god of healing named Παιήων is mentioned twice in the "Iliad.[6] In book 5, the "Olympian god of war "Ares is wounded by mortal hero "Diomedes, who is assisted by "Athena. Ares is taken up to Olympus in a hurry, where Paeon applies medicine ("Ancient Greek: φάρμακα) that produces an instant relief.[7] "Hades too had a similar medical treatment by Paeon when he was shot with an arrow by "Heracles.[8] In the "Odyssey, Homer says of "Egypt, "[T]here the earth, the giver of grain, bears greatest store of drugs, many that are healing when mixed, and many that are baneful; there every man is a physician, wise above human kind; for they are of the race of Paeeon."[9]

"Hesiod identifies Paeon as an individual deity: "Unless Phoebus Apollo should save him from death, or Paean himself who knows the remedies for all things."[10][11]

In time, Paeon (more usually spelled Paean) became an epithet of "Apollo, in his capacity as a god capable of bringing disease and therefore propitiated as a god of healing.[12] Later, Paeon becomes an "epithet of "Asclepius, the healer-god.[13]


  1. ^ Παιάν. "Liddell, Henry George; "Scott, Robert; "A Greek–English Lexicon at the "Perseus Project.
  2. ^ Marshall Cavendish Corporation (2005). Gods, Goddesses, and Mythology. Marshall Cavendish. p. 1069. "ISBN "978-0-7614-7559-0. 
  3. ^ Schofield, Louise (2007). The Mycenaeans. The British Museum Press. p. 160. "ISBN "978-0-89236-867-9. 
  4. ^ "KN V 52+". Deaditerranean: Minoan Linear A & Mycenaean Linear B. 
  5. ^ "Chadwick, John (1976). The Mycenaean World. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 89. "ISBN "0-521-29037-6.  At Google Books.
  6. ^ Gantz, p. 96.
  7. ^ "Homer, Iliad,Book 5, line 899". www.perseus.tufts.edu. Tufts University. 
  8. ^ "Homer, Iliad,Book 5, line 363". www.perseus.tufts.edu. Tufts University. 
  9. ^ "Homer, Odyssey, Book 4, line 219". www.perseus.tufts.edu. Tufts University. 
  10. ^ Hesiod & Evelyn-White 2007, p. 159.
  11. ^ Graf 2009, p. 66–67.
  12. ^ Graf 2009, pp. 66–67.
  13. ^ "Eustathius of Thessalonica, on Homer, §1494; "Virgil. "Aeneid, vii. 769.


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