Powered by
TTSReader
Share this page on
Article provided by Wikipedia


The Pearl GTL is a "gas to liquids (GTL) plant based in "Ras Laffan, "Qatar. It converts "natural gas into liquid "petroleum products. It is the largest GTL plant in the world.[1][2] The first commercial shipment from the Pearl GTL was made on 13 June 2011.[3]

Contents

Technical features[edit]

Upon achieving its full capacity within 2012, the Pearl GTL will convert 1.6 billion cubic feet per day (45×10^6 m3/d) of natural gas into 140 thousand barrels per day (22×10^3 m3/d) of petroleum liquids and 120 kilo barrels of oil equivalent (730 TJ) into "natural gas liquids and "ethane. The integrated process automation and control system for the main plant and the onplot tank farm will be designed and implemented by "Honeywell, while that for the offplot tank farm and the loading berths will be designed and implemented by "Invensys. Page Europa was contracted as overall Telecom System Integrator for both onshore and offshore telecommunications systems. "ABB Group was contracted to supply all of the electrical and control systems. The first train will be commissioned in 2010, followed by the second train in 2011.[4][5]

The main contractors are "KBR and "JGC Corporation. Other contractors are "J. Ray McDermott, "CB&I, "Consolidated Contractors Company, "Kentz, Descon Engineering Limited.[1] The process pumps are supplied by "Flowserve, chemical injection pumps are by LEWA Germany and eight turbomachinery trains for use in the air separation systems are supplied by "Linde. Six reactors for the "Fischer-Tropsch process are supplied by "MAN AG.[5][6]

The Pearl GTL project builds upon the foundations of the smaller scale GTL project in "Bintulu, "Malaysia, which has been in operation since 1993.[7] The plant is expected to reach full production in mid-2012.[8]

Cost[edit]

In 2003, the project cost was estimated to be US$5 billion. However, after facing huge cost escalation, it was reported to be $18 billion in 2007,[1] and, according to Qatar Petroleum sources, final project cost is expected to reach as high as $24 billion.[9] Because Shell's contract provided them with the input gas for free, the project was calculated to be viable once the price of oil exceeded $40 per "barrel.[10]

Project company[edit]

The project is a Production Sharing Agreement (PSA) between "Qatar Petroleum and "Shell.

GTL fuel[edit]

The primary products of the Pearl GTL plant is "naphtha and transport fuels, with "paraffins and "lubricant oils as smaller by-products of the process. The transport fuel can be used in existing light and heavy diesel engines and has been shown to have a number of benefits, such as lower emissions and engine performance enhancement.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Damon Evans (2008-03-11). "Pearl GTL set for big payback". "Upstream Online. "NHST Media Group. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  2. ^ "Pearl plant on schedule, says Shell". "Upstream Online. "NHST Media Group. 2007-10-30. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  3. ^ Marshall, Steve (2011-06-13). "First cargo for Pearl GTL". "Upstream Online. "NHST Media Group. Retrieved 2011-12-05. 
  4. ^ "Pearl GTL on track for 2010 start-up". "Upstream Online. "NHST Media Group. 2008-03-04. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  5. ^ a b "Flowserve bags Pearl GTL orders". "Upstream Online. "NHST Media Group. 2007-12-06. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  6. ^ "MAN adds to Pearl's lustre". "Upstream Online. "NHST Media Group. 2006-08-14. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  7. ^ "Shell shrugs off Sasol GTL warning". "Upstream Online. "NHST Media Group. 2007-05-27. Retrieved 2008-04-20. 
  8. ^ "Shell's Qatar Pearl GTL plant to reach full production mid-2012". "Arabian Business. "ITP Publishing Group. 2011-03-22. Retrieved 2011-03-23. 
  9. ^ "GTL Approaching End Of Its Road (requires a subscription)". World Gas Intelligence. 2009-02-18. Retrieved 2009-03-07. 
  10. ^ "Shell waits on Pearl's first flows". "Upstream Online. "NHST Media Group. 2010-01-26. Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  11. ^ "Qatar Petroleum & Shell Sign DPSA for Pearl GTL Project". Rigzone. 2004-07-24. Retrieved 2008-04-22. 

"Coordinates: 25°54′18″N 51°30′19″E / 25.90500°N 51.50528°E / 25.90500; 51.50528

) ) WikipediaAudio is not affiliated with Wikipedia or the WikiMedia Foundation.