|Città di Pesaro|
|"Province||"Pesaro e Urbino (PU)|
|• Mayor||Matteo Ricci ("PD)|
|• Total||126.77 km2 (48.95 sq mi)|
|Elevation||11 m (36 ft)|
|Population (21 October 2011)|
|• Density||750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)|
|"Time zone||"CET ("UTC+1)|
|• Summer ("DST)||"CEST ("UTC+2)|
|Postal code||61121, 61122|
|Patron saint||"St. Terence|
|Saint day||September 24|
Pesaro (Italian pronunciation: "[ˈpeːzaro] ("" listen)) is a town and "comune in the "Italian region of "the Marche, capital of the "Pesaro e Urbino province, on the "Adriatic. According to the 2011 census, its population was 95,011, making it the second most populous city in the Marche, after "Ancona. Pesaro is known as "City of Bicycle", thanks to its big net of "bicycle paths. The city received this award by "Legambiente, the most important "ecologist society in "Italy, in 2015, because it is the city with the biggest bicycle use in Italy. It is also known as "City of Music" thanks to the bond with "Gioacchino Rossini, the famous composer born in Pesaro. For this reason, in 2015, the Italian Government officially candidate Pesaro as "Creative City" in the group of "World Heritage Sites of "UNESCO.
The city was founded as "Pisaurum by the "Romans in 184 BC as colony in the territory of the "Picentes, the people who lived on the northeast coast during the "Iron Age. However, in 1737, 13 ancient "votive stones were unearthed in a local farm field, each bearing the inscription of a "Roman god; these were written in a pre-"Estrucan script, indicating a much earlier occupation of the area than the 184 BC Picentes colony.
A settlement of the Picentes tribe has been found at Novilara. The northern Picentes were invaded in the 4th century BC by the Gallic "Senones, earlier by the Etruscans, and when the Romans reached the area the population was an ethnic mixture. Within it the "Gauls at least were still distinct, as the Romans separated them out and expelled them from the country.
Under the Roman administration Pesaro, a hub across the "Via Flaminia, became an important center of trading and craftmanship. After the fall of the "Western Empire, Pesaro was occupied by the Ostrogoths, and destroyed by "Vitigis (539) in the course of the "Gothic War. Hastily rebuilt five years later after the Byzantine reconquest, it formed the so-called Pentapolis, part of the "Exarchate of Ravenna. After the Lombard and Frankish conquests of that city, Pesaro became part of the "Papal States.
During the "Renaissance it was ruled successively by the houses of "Malatesta (1285–1445), "Sforza (1445–1512) and "Della Rovere (1513–1631). Under the last family, who selected it as capital of their duchy, Pesaro saw its most flourishing age, with the construction of numerous public and private palaces, and the erection of a new line of walls (the Mura Roveresche). In 1475, a legendary wedding took place in Pesaro, when "Costanzo Sforza and "Camilla d'Aragona married.
Pesaro is "twinned with:
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